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ART. X.-SPEAKERS OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.

The following is a list of the Speakers of tne House of Repre. sentatives, from the adoption of the Constii. tion to 1887, with dates of election :

NAME. FRED. A. MUHLENBERG, JONATHAN TRUMBULL, FRED. A. MUHLENBERG. JONATHAN DAYTON, JONATHAN DAYTON, THEODORE SEDGWICK, NATHANIEL MACON, NATHANIEL MACON, NATHANIEL MACON, JOSEPH B. VARNUM, JOSEPH B. VARNUM, HENRY CLAY, HENRY CLAY, LANGDON CHEVES, HENRY CLAY, HENRY CLAY, HENRY CLAY, JOHN W. TAYLOR, PHILIP P. BARBOUR, HENRY CLAY, John W. TAYLOR, ANDREW STEVENSON, ANDREW STEVENSON, ANDREW STEVENSON, ANDREW STEVENSON, HENRY HUBBARD, JOHN BELL, JAMES K. POLK, JAMES K. POLK, ROBERT M. T. HUNTER, JOHN WHITE, JOHN W. JONES, GEORGE W. HOPKINS,

RESIDENCE. Pennsylvania, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New Jersey, Massachusetts, North Carolina, North Carolina, North Carolina, Massachusetts, Massachusetts, Kentucky, Kentucky, South Carolina, Kentucky, Kentucky, Kentucky, New York, Virginia, Kentucky, New York, Virginia, Virginia, Virginia, Virginia, New Hampshire, Tennessee, Tennessee, Tennessee, Virginia, Kentucky, Virginia, Virginia,

WHEN ELECTED. April 1, 1789. Oct. 24, 1791. Dec. 2, 1793. Dec.

7, 1795. May

15, 1797. Dec. 2, 1799. Dec.

7, 1801. Oct. 17, 1803. Dec. 2, 1805. Oct.

26, 1807. May 22, 1809. Nov 4, 1811. May 24, 1813. Jan. 19, 1814, Dec. 4, 1815. Dec. 1, 1817. Dec.

6, 1819. Nov 15, 1820. Dec 3. 1821. Dec. 1, 1823. Dec. 5, 1825. Dec. 3, 1827. Dec.

7, 1829. Dec. 5, 1831. Dec. 2, 1833. May 19, 1834. June 2, 1834. Dec.

7, 1835. Sept. 4, 1837. Dec. 16, 1839 May 31, 1841. Dec. 4, 1843. Feb. 28, 1845.

NANE. John W. DAVIS, ROBERT C. WINTHROP, ARMISTEAD BURT, HOWELL COBB, LIXX BOYD, Lixx BOYD, NATHANIEL P. BANKS, JAMES L. ORR, WILLIAM PENNINGTON, GALUSHA A. GROW, SCHUYLER COLFAX, SCHCYLER COLFAX. SCHUYLER COLFAX, JAMES G. BLAINE, JAMES G. BLAINE, JAMES G. BLAINE, MICHAEL C. KERR, SAMUEL J. RANDALL, SAMUEL J. RANDALL, SAMUEL J. RANDALL, J. WARREN KEIFER, JOHN G. CARLISLE, John G. CARLISLE, JOHN G. CARLISLE,

RESIDENCE Indiana, Massachusetts, South Carolina, Georgia, Kentucky, Kentucky, Massachusetts, South Carolina, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Indiana, Indiana, Indiana, Maine, Maine, Maine, Indiana, Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Kentucky, Kentucky, Kentucky,

WHEN ELECTED.
Dec.

1, 1845. Dec.

6, 1847. June 20, 1848. Dec.

22, 1849 Dec.

1, 1851. Dec.

5, 1853. Feb. 2, 1856. Dec.

7, 1857. Feb. 1, 1860. July 4, 1861. Dec. 7, 1863. Dec.

4, 1865. Dec. 4, 1867. March 4, 1869. March 4, 1871. Dec. 2, 1873. Dec. 6, 1875. Dec. 4, 1876. Oct.

15, 1877. March 18, 1879. Dec. 5, 1881. Dec.

3, 1883. Dec.

7, 1885. Dec. 5, 1887.

ART. XI.-PRESIDENTS PRO TEMPORE OF THE SENATE.

NAME. JOHN LANGDON, RICHARD HENRY LEE, JOHN LANGDON, JOHN LANGDON, RALPH IZARD, HENRY TAZEWELL, SAMUEL LIVERMORE, WILLIAM BINGHAM, WILLIAM BRADFORD, JACOB READ, THEODORE SEDGWICK, JOHN LAWRENCE, JAMES Ross, SAMUEL LIVERMORE, URIAH TRACY, JOHN E. HOWARD, JAMES HILLHOUSE, ABRAHAM BALDWIN, STEPHEN R. BRADLEY, JOHN BROWN, JESSE FRANKLIN, JOSEPH ANDERSON, SAMUEL SMITH, STEPHEN R. BRADLEY, JOHN MILLEDGE, ANDREW GREGG, JOHN GAILLARD, JOHN POPE, WILLIAM H. CRAWFORD, JOSEPH B. VARNUM, JOHN GAILLARD, JAMES BARBOUR, JOHN GAILLARD. NATHANIEL MACON, SAMUEL SMITH, LITTLETON W. TAZEWELL, HUGH L. WHITE, GEORGE POINDEXTER,

RESIDENCE. New Hampshire, Virginia, New Hampshire, New Hampshire, South Carolina, Virginia, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Maryland, Connecticut, Georgia, Vermont, Kentucky, North Carolina, Tennessee, Maryland, Vermont, Georgia, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Kentucky, Georgia, Massachusetts, South Carolina, Virginia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Maryland, Virginia, Tennessee, Massachusetts,

WHEN CHOSEN. April, 1789. April, 1792. May, 1792. March, 1793. May, 1794. February, 1795. May, 1796. February, 1797. July, 1797. November, 1797. June, 1798. December, 1798. March, 1799. December, 1799. May, 1800. November, 1800. February, 1801. December, 1801. December, 1802. October, 1803. March, 1804. January, 1805. December, 1805. December, 1808. January, 1809. January, 1809. February, 1810. February, 1811. March, 1812. December, 1813. April, 1814. February, 1819. January, 1820. May, 1826. May,

1828, July, 1832. December, 1832. June, 1834.

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RESIDENCE. Virginia, Alabama, New Jersey, North Carolina, Missouri, Alabama, Missouri, Indians, Alabama, Alabama, bliana, As bams, Vermont, Connecticut, Ohio Rhode Island, Wisconsin, Rhode Island, Nichigan. De aware, Tiinois, Vermont, Đàn, Kanses,

WHEN CHOSEN. March, 1835. July, 1836. March, 1841. May,

1842. August, 1846. July,

1847. December, 1852. June, 1856. June, 1857. December, 1859. June 1860. June 1860. March, 1861. March,

1865. March, 1867. March, 1869. March, 1873. January, 1875. March, 1875. October, 1881. October, 1881. March, 1883. December, 1885. April, 1887.

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GLOSSARY.

NOTE. — The author is indebted to John M. DUNNING, Esq., attorney and counselor at law, Rochester, N.Y., for the following carefully-compiled glossary of legal terms and phrases.

A.

Accomplice. An associate or confederate in crime, not actually pres

ent at its commission. Acknowledgment. 1. A declaration or avowal of one's own signature or act to a written

instrument, as a deed or mortgage, before a proper officer, to give

it legal validity. 2. The certificate of the officer on the instrument, that such a declara

tion has been made. Act. 1. The formal declaration or expression of the will of the people, as

made by their legal representatives, acting in a legislative ca

pacity. 2. A law passed by legislative authority. A statute. Administrator. A person lawfully appointed, with his assent, by an

officer having jurisdiction, to manage and settle the estate of an intestate, or person who dies leaving no last will and testament, or of a person who dies leaving a last will and testament, but with no competent executor to carry the same into execution. One to whom letters of

administration are granted. Administratrix. A female administrator. Admiralty.

1. The power or officers appointed for the management of naval affairs. 2. The name of a jurisdiction which takes cognizance of suits or

actions which arise in consequence of acts done upon or relating

to the sea. In the United States, all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdic

tion are vested in the district courts of the United States. Affidavit. A statement in writing, prefaced by the name of the State,

and the county, or city, or town, or other municipal division, over which the officer's jurisdiction before whom it is made extends, and

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