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ART. VIII. - OFFICIAL OATH.

The senators and representatives shall be bound by oath or affir

mation to support the Constitution of the United States. 81.

ART. IX. -SALARIES.

1. The members sball receive a compensation for their services, to

be ascertained by law; and, 2. The same shall be paid out of the treasury of the United States

21.

CHAPTER IV.

POWERS OF CONGRESS.

ARTICLE I. - FINANCES. 1. Resources.

1st. To lay and collect taxes, uniform duties, imposts and
excises. 26.
But all direct taxes must be apportioned among the sev-

eral States according to their respective numbers. 5,

47. 2d. To borrow money on the credit of the United States. 27. 3d. To dispose of the territory belonging to the United States. 4th. To dispose of other property belonging to the United

States. 76. 2. Disbursements. 1st. To

pay

the debts of the United States. 2d. To provide for the common defense. 3d. To provide for the general welfare of the United States. 26.

ART. II.-COMMERCE.
To regulate commerce,

1. With foreign nations ;
2. Among the several States;
3. With the Indian tribes. 28.

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3. To regulate the value of foreign coin;
4. To fix the standard of weights and measures. 30.
5. To establish uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies

throughout the United States. 29.

ART. IV. - PENALTIES.

1. To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting,

1st. The securities of the United States;

2d. The current coin of the United States. 31.
2. To define piracies and felonies committed on the high seas,

and offenses against the law of nations ;
3. Also to provide for punishing these crimes. 35.
4. To declare the punishment of treason. 70.

ART. V.-- POSTAL.

1. To establish post-offices;
2. To establish post-roads. 32.

ART. VI. - PATENT AND COPY RIGHTS. To promote the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times,

1. To authors, the exclusive right to their respective writings; 2. To inventors, the exclusive right to their respective dis

coveries. 33.

ART. VII. - WAR.

1. To declare war ; 2. To grant letters of marque and reprisal ; 3. To make rules concerning captures on land and water. 36. 4. To raise and support armies. 37. 5. To provide and maintain a navy. 38. 6. To make rules for the government and regulation of the land and

naval forces. 39. 7. To provide, 1st. For organizing, arming, and disciplining the

militia; 2d. For governing such part of the militia as may be em

ployed in the service of the United States. 41.

ART. VIII. - OFFICIAL OATH.

The senators and representatives shall be bound by oath or affir

mation to support the Constitution of the United States. 81.

ART. IX.-SALARIES.

1. The members sball receive a compensation for their services, to

be ascertained by law; and, 2. The same shall be paid out of the treasury of the United States

21.

CHAPTER IV.

POWERS OF CONGRESS.

ARTICLE I. -- FINANCES.

1. Resources.

1st. To lay and collect taxes, uniform duties, imposts and
excises. 26.
But all direct taxes must be apportioned among the sev.

eral States according to their respective numbers. 5,

47. 2d. To borrow money on the credit of the United States. 27. 3d. To dispose of the territory belonging to the United States. 4th. To dispose of other property belonging to the United

States. 76. 2. Disbursements.

1st. To pay the debts of the United States.
2d. To provide for the common defense.
3d. To provide for the general welfare of the United States.
26.

ART. II.-COMMERCE.
To regulate commerce,

1. With foreign nations ;
2. Among the several States;
3. With the Indian tribes. 28.

ART. III.- COMMERCIAL

1. To coin money ;
2. To regulate the value thereof;

3. To regulate the value of foreign coin ;
4. To fix the standard of weights and measures. 30.
5. To establish uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies

throughout the United States. 29.

ART. IV.- PENALTIES.
1. To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting,

1st. The securities of the United States ;

2d. The current coin of the United States. 31.
2. To define piracies and felonies committed on the high seas,

and offenses against the law of nations ;
3. Also to provide for punishing these crimes. 35.
4. To declare the punishment of treason. 70.

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ART. V. -- POSTAL.

1. To establish post offices;
2. To establish post-roads. 32.

ART. VI. - PATENT AND COPY RIGHTS.
To promote the progress of science and useful arts by securing for
limited times,

1. To authors, the exclusive right to their respective writings ;
2. To inventors, the exclusive right to their respective dis-

coveries. 33.

ART. VII. - WAR.

1. To declare war;
2. To grant letters of marque and reprisal ;
3. To make rules concerning captures on land and water. 36.
4. To raise and support armies. 37.
5. To provide and maintain a navy. 38.
6. To make rules for the government and regulation of the land and

naval forces. 39.
7. To provide, 1st. For organizing, arming, and disciplining the

militia;
2d. For governing such part of the militia as may be em-

ployed in the service of the United States. 41.

3d. For calling forth the militia,

1st. To execute the laws of the Union;
2d. To suppress insurrections ;
3d. To repel invasions. 40,

ART. VIII. - JUDICIARY. 1. To constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court. 34. 2. To determine by law where the trials of crimes shall be held which are not committed within

any

State. 68. 3. May make exceptions and regulations in cases over which the

Constitution gives the Supreme Court appellate jurisdiction.
67.

ART. IX.- NATURALIZATION.
To establish a uniform rule of naturalization. 29.

ART. X. - TERRITORY. 1. Government. To make all needful rules and regulations re

specting the territory belonging to the United States. 76. 2. Seat of Government. - To exercise exclusive legislation in all

cases whatsoever over such district (not exceeding ten miles square) as may, by cession of particular States and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of the government of the

United States. 42. 8. Public Works. — Also over all places purchased by the consent

of the legislature of the State in which the same shall be, for the erection, 1st, of forts; 2d, magazines; 3d, arsenals; 4th,

dockyards; and, 5th, other needful buildings. 42. 4. Alienation. — To dispose of the territory belonging to the

United States. 76. 5. New States. May admit new States into the Union. 75.

ART. XI. - STATES.

1. Elections. - May alter the times, places, and manner of holding

elections for senators and representatives prescribed in the several States, by the legislatures thereof, except as to the places of choosing senators. 15.

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