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2. Electors of President and Vice-President. May determine,

1st. The time when the States shall choose their electors of

President and Vice-President of the United States ;
2d. Also the day on which the electors shall give their votes,

which day shall be the same throughout the United States.

55.
3 Acts, Records, Judicial Proceedings. — May by general laws

prescribe the manner in which the public acts, records, and
judicial proceedings of the several States shall be proved, and

the effect thereof. 71.
4. Imposts and Duties.- May revise and control any State laws

in reference to laying any imposts or duties on imports or
exports. 52.

ART. XII. - EXECUTIVE VACANCY.

1. May by law provide for the case of removal, death, resignation,

or inability, both of the President and Vice-President.
2. May by law declare what officer shall then act as President, until,

1st. Such disability be removed ; or,
2d. A President shall be elected. 57.

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ART. XIII.- APPOINTMENTS.
May by law vest the appointment of such inferior officers as they
think proper,

1. In the President alone ;
2. In the courts of law; or,
3. In the heads of departments. 61.

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ART. XIV.- CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS. 1. Shall propose amendments to the Constitution whenever two

thirds of both houses of Congress shall deem it necessary; or, 2. On application of the legislatures of two-thirds of the several

States, Congress shall call a convention for proposing amend

ments. 3. May propose either of two modes of ratifying the proposed amend

ments :

1st. By the State Legislatures (78); or,
2d. By State Conventions.

ART. XV.-SLAVERY. 1. Shall have power to enforce the abolition of slavery by appro

priate legislation. 98. 2. While the foreign slave-trade was lawful (until 1808), Congress

had the power to impose a tax or duty not exceeding ten dollars on each slave imported. 44.

ART. XVI.-GENERAL LAW-MAKING.

Shall have power to make all laws wbich shall be necessary and

proper for carrying into execution the powers vested by the Constitution,

1. In the government of the United States; or,
2. In any department thereof; or,
3. In any officer thereof. 43.

ART. XVII.- MEETING.

1. Shall assemble at least once in every year ; which meeting shall

be on the first Monday in December, unless, 2. They shall by law appoint a different day. 16.

CHAPTER V.

LAW-MAKING.

ARTICLE I. - PROCEEDINGS. A bill may become a law through any one of the three following processes :

FIRST PROCESS.

1. The bill shall pass both houses of Congress. 2. It shall then be presented to the President : 3. If he approve, he shall sign it. 24.

SECOND PROCESS.

1. The bill shall pass both houses of Congress; 2. It shall then be presented to the President ;

3. If he disapprove it, he shall return it, with bis objections, to that

house in which it originated; 4. That house shall enter the objections at large on their journal ; 5. They shall proceed to reconsider it; and if, after such recop

sideration, two-thirds of that house shall agree to pass it, 6. It shall be sent with the objections to the other house ; 7. The other house shall reconsider the bill ; 8. If approved by two-thirds of that house, it shall become a law; 9. The votes of both houses shall be determined by the yeas and

nays in all such cases; 10. The names of the persons voting for and against the bill shall

be entered on the journal of each house respectively. 24.

THIRD PROCESS.

1. The bill shall pass both houses of Congress. 2. It shall then be presented to the President. 3. He neglects to approve and sign it. 4. He also neglects to return it to the house in which it origi

pated. 5. It becomes a law at the end of ten days (Sundays excepted),

unless Congress, by adjournment within that time, prevents its return. 24.

ART. II.-ORDERS, RESOLUTIONS, AND VOTES. Every order, resolution, or vote, to which the concurrence of the Senate and House of Representatives may be necessary (except on a question of adjournment),

1. Shall be presented to the President of the United States. 2. It shall be approved by him before the same shall take effect;

or, being disapproved by him, 3. It shall be passed by the two Houses of Congress, by two

thirds of each, according to the rules and limitations prescribed in case of a bill. 25.

CHAPTER VI.

PROHIBITIONS ON THE UNITED STATES.

ARTICLE I.-LABEAS CORPUS. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended unless when the public safety may require it,

1. In cases of rebellion ;
2. In cases of invasion. 45.

ART. II. DIRECT TAXES.

No capitation or other direct tax shall be laid unless in proportion to the census. 5, 47.

ART. III.- EXPORT-DUTIES.

No tax or duties shall be laid on articles exported from any State. 48.

ART. IV.- INTER-STATE COMMERCE. 1. No preference shall be given, by any regulation of commerce or

revenue, to the ports of one State over another. 2. Nor shall vessels bound to or from one State be obliged to

enter, clear, or pay duties, in another. 48.

ART. V.- PUBLIC MONEY. 1. No money shall be drawn from the treasury but in consequence

of appropriations made by law. 2. A regular statement and account of the receipts and expenditures

of all public money shall be published from time to time.

49. 3. No appropriation of money to raise and support armies shall be

for a longer term than two years. 37.

ART. VI.- NOBILITY.

No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States. 50.

ART. VII.- PENALTIES.

1. No bill of attainder shall be passed.
2. No ex-post-facto law shall be passed. 46.

3. No attainder of treason shall work,

1st. Corruption of blood ; nor,
2d. Forfeiture except during the life of the person attainted.

70.

ART. VIII. – FOREIGN SLAVE-TRADE.
The importation of slaves was not to be prohibited,

1. By Congress, prior to 1808, 44; nor,
2. By any amendment to the Constitution prior to that time.
78.

ART. IX. REPUDIATION. 1. Nothing in the Constitution shall be construed so as to prejudice

any claim,

1st. Of the United States ; nor,
21. Of any particular State. 76. (See appendix to

Analysis E, page 107.) 2. All debts contracted, and engagements entered into before the

adoption of the Constitution, shall be as valid against the United States under the Constitution as under the Confederation. 79.

ART. X. - FREEDOM.
1. Civil. — 1st. Congress shall make no law abridging,

1st. The freedom of speech; nor,
2d. The freedom of the press; nor,
3d. The right of the people peaceably to assemble and

petition the government for a redress of grievances.

83. 2d. The right of the people to keep and bear arms shall

not be infringed. 84. 2. Religious. — 1st. No religious test shall ever be required as a

qualification to any public office or trust under the United

States. 81.
2a. Congress shall make no law,

1st. Respecting an establishment of religion ; or,
2d. Prohibiting the free exercise thereof. 83.

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