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OR,

MENTAL AND VOCAL PHILOSOPHY:

INVOLVING THE PRINCIPLES OF

READING AND SPEAKING;

AND DESIGNED

FOR THE DEVELOPMENT AND CULTIVATION

OF

BOTH BODY AND MIND,

IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE

NATURE, USES, AND DESTINY OF MAN:

ILLUSTRATED BY

TWO OR THREE HUNDRED CHOICE ANECDOTES; THREE THOUSAND ORATORICAL AND POETICAL READINGS; FIVE THOUSAND PROVERBS, MAXIMS AND LACONICS, AND SEVERAL HUNDRED

ELEGANT ENGRAVINGS.

BY PROF. BRONSON, A. M., M. D.

TIIRTIETII TIOUSAND, AEVISED AND CORRECTED, WITH LARGE ADDITIONS, ORIGINAL AND SELECTED DLALOQUES AND

SPEECHES, WHICH ARE COPE-RIQUTED.

LOUISVILLE, KY.: MORTON & GRISWOLD.

9 280.645.10

KARVARD COLLEGE LIBRARY

GIFT OF
GEORGE ARTHUR PLINPTON

JANUARY 25, 1924
ADVERTISEMEN.

THE FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF THIS SYSTEM. Some years ago, the Author was extensively engaged as a Public Speaker and, in consequence of the habit of speaking, principally, with the muscles of mine throat and breast, he finally broke down, -falling senseless, after speaking about an hour and a half: that was followed by a protracted illness; during which, he providentially discovered the Causes, and also the Remedies, of the dif. ficulties under which he had labored; and now, for months in succession, by the aid of these principles, he often speaks from six to ten hours a day, without the least inconvenience: the principal cause of which is, that the effort is made from the dorsal and abdominal region. Few are aware of the comprehensive nature of the principles here partially unfolded ; and probably the Author would now be in a similar state, had it not been for the teachings afforded by children and Indians. To secure a perfectly healthy distribution of the vital fluids throughout the body, and a free and powerful activity of the mind, there must be a full and synchronous action in the brain, the lungs, and the viscera of the abdomen; the soul operating, naturally, on the dorsal and abdominal muscles, and thus setting in motion the whole body.

That he was the first to teach the specific use of those muscles, for a healthy breathing, and the exercise of the vocal organs, as well as blowing on wind instruments for hours together, without injury, he has not the least doubt; and, if any person will produce evidence to the contrary, from any medical writer, or teacher of elocution, previous to 1830, he shall be handsomely rewarded. The time is fast approaching, when this, and its kindred subjects, will be duly ap. preciated ; and it will be seen and felt, that without a practical knowledge of ihese important principles, no one can become a successful speaker, or teacher : and the opinion is advisedly expressed, that they will produce as great a revolution in regard to the promotion of health, the art of reading and speaking with science and effect, and the perfect development and cultivation of mind, voice, and ear,-as the discovery of the mariner's compass, or the invention of the steam engine, in navigation, manufacture, and travel ;-and, to be the medium of introducing such a system, by which so many thousands have been greatly benefited, and hundreds of lives saved, is the occasion of devout gratitude to the INFINITE AUTHOR of all that is Good and TRUE.

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1845, by C. P. Bronsos,

In the Clerk's office for the District Court of Kentucky.

Printed by Morton & Griswold, Louisville, Ky

meet.

Testimonials and References. ftion, combined with other causes, produced bronch Five classes were formed in the Academical decis, from which I have been suffering more than 18 partment of Yale College, and three in the Theolog- monthBy your directions, can speak and sing ical Department. The following is an extract from freely without irritating my thrcat My voice har the testimonials of the latter:

its natural tono and compass; and I have the de Resoired, That we consider his system exceeding, lightful prospect or soon resuming my accustomed ly well adapted to develop and train the voice, and give expression to the passions; and we believe it

“ Professor Bronson's Recitations are the best we calculated to promote the health of public speakers. cver heard.”—National Intelligencer. Being persuaded that we have derived essential ad. Pror' Bronson's Lectures and Recitations, have tantage from his instructions, we hereby express given universal delight.-- Louisville Journal. our thanks for the assiduity and skill with which he has directed us in our practice, and most cordially rect."- Baltimore Atheneum and Visitor.

" The Recitations of Mr. Bronson. are almost perrecomiend him to the patronage of all who would cultivate their voices with a view to public speaking. - U.S. Guzette.

" Mr. Bronson's success has been most complete. EXTRACT -From Professors of Princeton College and Theological Seminary, N. J.-We have had good the wonderful capabilities of the human voice, and

“Mr. B. exhibits with surprising ease and power opportuni:ies for witnessing the success of Mr Bron: ilkistratos convincingly the practibuity and impor. son. His method of using the organs of speech with tance of cultivating its powers.—Teachers, public most advantage, is preferable to any we have known lle is distinguished froin other teachers of elocution speakers, and the youth or both sexes, showki avail by the fact, that instead of trying to impart his own

themselves of this opportunity."—Nevark Adv. style of declamation, he aims at cultivating the voice, " Kis superior as a speaker, we have yet and then leaves the pupil to nature.

either at the bar, in the pulpit, or on the floor of a EXTRACT.--From the Rev. Mr. Binghain, Marietta, Icgislative body."--Ohio state Journal, Columbus. 0. to Professor Stuart, Andover, Mass.--" Will you

A lady, (Mrs. G. of Boston) says "Ilaving been permit ire to introduce to your acquaintance, Prof much injured by tight lacing, when very young and Bronson, a popular and successful Lecturer

on Elo- also by keeping in a bent position at school for years, cution. He has been for some time past, lecturing I was bent forward in such a manner as to suppose to the Professors and students in this College. As I was afflicted with permanent distortion of the spine a Lecturer on Elocation I have never seen his supe. Still I resulved 10 join the class, and prove the irutti rior. Our Professors, who have been under the in. or falschood of professor B's predictions, that I struction of Dr Barber, say the saine. lle has inade should become straight by faithfully attending to tuis subject one of very thorough study-and, what the principles. In a few days I was restored." is best of all, he has studied Nature.

EXTRACT_From the Faculty of Marietta College, EXTRACT:- Letter from a distinguished lady in Ohio.- Prof. Bronson has just closed a very suc

Boston. Prof. Bronson ; Sir-I wish to express to cessful course of instruction on Elocation in this in- you my grateful acknowledgements for the great stitution. The principles which he teaches appear benefit I have received from your system. I have to be founded on a philosophical view of man. His for many years been afflicted with extreme weakness illustrations are copious and pertinent; and in his la of the lungs, which fatigue, either in exercise, contors to train the soice and develop and cultivate versation or reading, produced not only hoarseness, the affections and passions he is indefatigable. His but loss of voice. I have found, upon trial, my exwhole course of instruction is marked by a rigid pectations more than realized I can now, with per. teference to Natnre, and is truly simple and unaf. fect ease, converse, or read aloud, hour after hour fected. We take pleasure in recommending him to without the least fatigue. PROP BRONSON is a gentleman of much original following resolntion was wanimously adopted by a

At the close of his Lectures in the Apollo, the ity of thought, extensive reading and remarkable crowded house of ticket holders : powers. His Lectures, beyond the charm of novel

Resolved, that the thaoks of the members of this ty, are very interesting.-Albany Evening Journal meeting be presented to Prof. BRONBON for his

We warmly recomninend l'rof. Bronson's reading successful efforts in connection with Mr. F. H. end recitations to the attention of all those who are Nash, his Assistant,) to interest, amuse and instruct are an excellent substitute for drumatic exhibitions miration of Prof Bronson's sincerity, zeal and abi-Deily Signal, N. Y We feel anxious that a knowledge of Mr. Bronson's

lity in the cause of truth and humanity, and tende

ring to him their best wishes, that success and pecular views should be extended, believing them

prosperity may attend him in his noble and genenighly important. not only in juvenile education,

rous enterprise. AMOS BELDEN, Chairman. but to the professioni speaker.-National Gazette

E. PARMly, Secretary. Philadelphia

Prof. Bronson's new theory in relation to the sci. At a meeting of the Classes, the Rev. CHARLES ence of Elocution, is, in our judgment, founded in G. SOMMERS, Chairman, and Dr Amos JOHNSON, truth, the author being a practical illustration of the Secretary, the following Resolution was unanisoundness of his doctrine.-Oneida Whig, (Ulica) mously adopted:

Resolved, That the Ladies and Gentlemen, who From the Philadelphia Daily World. have attended a series of Lessons and Lectures, by We render no more than justice in pronouncing Prof BRONSON, on Elocution, Music and Physiolo Prof Bronson's Recitations the best we ever heard.gy, feel great pleasure in expressing their high His recitation of "The Maniac," by Lewis, was sense of his urbanity, uncompromising regard lor derrific. We never be ínre saw confirmed, hopeless TRUTH, as the basis of Religion and sound Philoso raving insanity so thorougly counterfeited by any phy; as well as their entire belief that his method actor. In the course of his recitations he explains or imparting knowledge is as natural and interesi. his discoveries (for such they are,) in Elocution. ling, as it is novel; and that it is admirably calcula.

From the Rev. MR. Cook, of Hartíned, Connied to promote the health of the Bopy, and the in. who received only twelve lessons.

provement of the Mind. The Classes desire also in Proy BRONSON-Dear Sir-My Physician, Dr. express their indebtedness to Me Nasu, Prof. B.' Sherwood, of N. Y., directed me to you for aid in accomplished Associate, whose critical knowledge recnvering the use of my voice. A babit

of speaking or VOCAL SCIENCE, so happily connected with un. tolely with the uscles of my breast and throat, usual Melody and Power of Voice, eminently qual wributable in part at least to Dr Barber's instruc-fies

him for an Instructor in Music.

PREFACE

TO THE FIFTH EDITION.

In this work, the Author has given some of the results of his study and practice, in the department of Mental and Vocal Philosophy, for the last fifteen years. Persons, who are familiar with the subjects discussed, can see how much he is indebted to books, and how much to investigation and experience. Whatever is good and TRUE in it, belongs to all; for it is from above. If there be anything false and evil, the Author holds himself responsible for it. His endeavor has been, to furnish a book, which may be useful to every one. He believes that a greater variety will be found in this, than in any other work on the subject;—a variety, too, which will induce deep and careful thinking, and right feeling; and which tends directly, to the end in view, to wit: the development and application, of those principles of Mind and Voice, which the Author has been engaged in practicing and teaching, in our principal towns and cities, and Institutions of Learning : notices of which may be seen among the accompanying testimonials.

This work is an abridgment of what the Author has written, in three connected, yet separate volumes, as yet unpublished, embracing the subjects of Body and Mind, their natures, relations, and destinies: the work, next in order, is Physiology and PsychoLOGY, which, it is expected, will be published the coming year.

One reason why no more quotations are made from the Bible is, that the SACRED VOLUME is nearly ready for the press,-prepared with such a notation as will aid the reader, to pronounce and emphasize it, at sight-it being both a Pronouncing and Rhetorical Bible: it was commenced several years ago, at the request of clergymen and others, who have attended the Author's Biblical Readings and Recitations; and would probably have been laid before the public before this, but for the destruction of a portion of it by fire.

The following work is now "cast upon the waters," in a stereotyped form, not likely soon to be changed. An affectionate Teacher's kindest regards to his Pupils, and respects to a candid and generous public.

New York, 1845.

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