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399. STRENGTH OF VOICE. The voice Proverbs. 1. To subdue a trisling error, do is weak, or strong, in proportion to the less, not incur a greater. 2. Anger and hasic-hinder cr greater, number of organs and muscles, good counsel. 3. All complain of want of memory, that are brought into action. If one uses but none of want of judgment. 4. Good men are only the upper part of the chest, his voice a public good, and bad men-a public calamity. will be weak: if he uses the whole body, 5. Human laws reach not our thoughts

. 6. Rw as he should do, (not in the most powerful lers--have no power over souls. 7. No one ever manner, of course, on common occasions,) suffered-by not speaking ill of others. 8. Silly his voice will be strong. Hence, to strength people are generally pleased with silly things. 9. en a weak voice, the student must practice Zeal, without knowledge, is religious wildfire. 10. expelling the vowel sounds, using all the The example of a good man-is visible philos. abdominal and dorsal nerves and muscles : ophy. in addition to which, he should read and re- Anecdote. Clients' Bones. A certain cite when standing or silting, and walking mechanic, having occasion to boil some caton a level plain, and up hill: success will tle's feet, emptied the bones near the court be the result of faithful practice.

house. A lawyer, observing them, inquired So soft, so elegant, so fair,

of a bystander, what they were." I believe Sure, something more than human's there. they are clients' bones," replied the wit, " as Upon my lute-there is one string

they appear to be well picked.Broken; the chords-were drawn too fast:

The Deceiver. A Base Character. Must

not that man be abandoned, even to all man. My heart—is like that string; it tried Too much, and snapt in twain at last.

ner of humanity, who can deceive a woman She will, and she will nol, she grants and she de- for no other end, but to torment her with

with appearances of affection and kindness, Consents, retracts, advances, and then flies. (nies; more ease and authority? Is anything more Mental fragrance-still will last,

unlike a gentleman, than, when his honor is When our youthful charms are past. engaged for the performing his promises, Ir little labor, little are our gains;

because nothing but that can oblige him to Man's fortunes-are according to his pains.

it, to become afterwards false to his word,

and be alone, the occasion of misery to one, Delightful task-to rear the tender thought,

whose happiness he but lately pretended was To teach the young idea-how to shoot,

dearer to him than his own ? Ought such a To pour the fresh instruction o'er the mind, one to be trusted in his common affairs ? or To breathe thi enliv'ning spirit, and 10 fix treated, but as one whose honesty-consisted The generous purpose in the glowing breast. only in his capacity of being otherwise.

400. Demosthenes-had three particular Varieties. 1. Is it strange, that beauti. defects; first, weakness of the voice; which ful flowers should wither and die? 2. Trust he strengthened by declaiming on the sea- thyself; every heart vibrates to that iron shore, amid the roar of waters; which effort string. 3. Our American character is mark. would tend directly to bring into use the cd by a more than average delightin ac. lower parts of the body; second, shortness curate perception; which is shown by the of breath; which he remedied by repeating currency of the by.word—no mistake." 4. his orations as he walked up hill; which act In sickness, and languor, give us a strain serves to bring into use the appropriate or- of poetry, or a profound sentence, and we are gans, and fully inflate the lungs: and third, refreshed; when the great Herder was dya thick, mumbling way of speaking; which ing, he said to his friends, who were veephe overcame by reading and reciting with ing around him: "Give me some great pebbles in his mouth; which required him thought." Blessed are they, who minister to to make a greater effort from below, and the cry of the soul. 5. The christian sces, open his mouth wider. Examine yourself in all that befalls the human race, whether and act accordingly.

it be good or evil, only the manifestations Inconststeney. Montaigue-condemns of Divine Love, as exercised in training and cruelty, as the most odious of all vices; yet preparing souls, for the approach of that he confesses, that hunting-was his favorite perfection, which they are one day destinod diversion. He acknowledges the inconsist to realize. 6. For every friend, that we ency of man's conduct, but he does not as. lose for truth, God gives us a better one. cribe it to the right cause; which is the pre. The love of praise, howe'er concealed by art, dominance, at the time, of those associations Reigns, more or less, and glows in every heart: it awakens, conducing 10 pleasure. If he The proud-to gain it-toils on toils endure, had not been accustomed to it, the associa. The modestshun it, but to make it sure; tions of hunting, would have been painful, O'er globes and sceptres, now on thrones it swells, and his aversion to cruelty in the abstract, Now truns the midnight lamp-in college cells. would have been realized in the concrete and Tis tory, whig; it plots, prays, preaches, pleads, particulars.

Harangues in senates, speaks in masquerades. Then, pilgrim, turn, thy cares forego; It aids the dancer's heel, the toriter's head,

All earth-bom cares--are rorong; And heaps the plain--with mountains of the dead; Man-wants but little-here below, Nor ends with life; but nodsin sable pluma, Nor wants that little-long.

Adorns our hearse and flatters-on our tombs. BRONSON. 10

8. The

401. TRANSITION-means, in speech, the Proverbs. 1. Be just to others, that you may changes of pitch, from one note to another; be just to yourself. 2. The mind of the idleras from the eighth to the third: or from the never knows what it wishes for. 3. Every rose sixth to the first; and vice versa; to corres- has its thorn. 4. There is nothing good, that pond in variety and character, to the senti- may not be converted to evil purposes. 5. Fero ment and emotion. In singing, it means persons are aware-of the importance of rigid changing the place of the key-note, so as to economy. 6. Do not suffer yourself to be deceived keep the tune within the scale of twenty-two -by outward appearances. 7. Never take addegrees. In transition—the pitches of voice vantage of another man's ignorance.

word, that has gone forth-can never be recalled. are not only changerl, but its qualities, agreea-9. A bird in the hand, is worth Iwo in the bush. bly to the nature and object of the composi- 10. That load appears light, which is borne with tion; however, there must never be any sac- cheerfulness. 11. Virtue is the forerunner 01 rifice of other principles—all the proportions happiness. 12. Foresight—is the eye of prudence. must be preserved. Example:

Anecdote. Obey Orders. A brave veteAn hour passed on; the Turk awoke,

ran officer, reconnoitering a battery, which That (6) bright dream-(3) was his last. was considered impregnable, and which it He (5) woke--10 hear his sentry's shriek, [Greek!" was necessary to storm, laconically answered (8) “To Arms! they(6)come! the (8) Greek! the (10) the engineers, who were endeavoring to disHe woke-to die-midsi (3) flame, and (5) smoke, suade him from the attempt;"Gentlemen, And (6) shout, and (3) groan, and sabre stroke, you may think and say what you please : And death-shots falling thick and fast

all I know, is,—that the American flagAs lightnings-from the mountain-cloud ;

must be hoisted on the ramparts to-morrow And heurd with voice as trumpet loud,

morning; for I have the order in my pocket.Bozzarris--cheer his band. (8) Strike! till the last armed foe expires ;

Effects of Perseverance. All the per(9) Strike ! for your (6) altars and your (8) fires, formances of human art, at which we look (10) Strike! for the green graves of your sires,

with praise or wonder, are instances of the (6) God--and your native land.

resistless force of perseverance; it is by this 402. To succeed in these higher parts of that the quarry becomes a pyramid, and that

distant countries are united with canals and oratory, one must throw himself into the condition, and shape, he wishes to fill, or be, and rail-roads. If a man was to compare the ef

fect of a single stroke of a pickaxe, or of one bring the body into perfect subjection: by assuming the appropriate language of action impression of the spade, with the general de

sign and last result, he would be overwhelmand earnestness, he may work himself into any frame of mind, that the subject demands. those petty operations, incessantly continued,

ed by the sense of their disproportion ; yet He must be sure to keep up the life, spirit, in time, surmount the greatest difficulties, and and energy of the composition; and let there mountains are levelled, and oceans bounded, be a light and glow in his style. He must by the slender force of human beings. also cultivate a bold and determined manner;

Varieties. 1. Can Omnipotence do things for if he takes no special interest in what he

incompatible and contradictory? 2. St. Auis reading or speaking, he may rest assured gustine described the nature of God, as a cirothers will not.

cle, whose centre was everywhere, and his In! from the regions of the north,

circumference nowhere. 3. The walls of rude The reddening storm of battle pours,

minds are scrawled all over with facts and (5) Rolls along the trembling earth,

with thoughts ; then shall one bring a lan(6) Fastens on the Olynthian towers ; (8) Where rests the sword? Where sleep the dren," said an old man to his boys, scared by

[brave? Tern, and read the inscriptions ? 4. “My chil(9) Awake! (8) Cecropia's ally save (6) From the fury of the blast;

a figure in the dark entry, "you will never (8) Burst the storm--on Phoci's walls;

see anything worse than yourselves.5. (10) Rise, or Greece (8) forecer falls :

Some one says, “ There are no pro-ligies, but (12) Up / or (10) freedom-breathes her (6) last.

the first death, and the first night, that deserve (4) The jarring states-obsequious now,

astonishment and sadness!6. When we (5) View the patriot's hand on h.gh;

have broken our god of Tradition, and ceas(2) Thunder-gathering on his brow,

ed from our god of Persuasion, then, God 16) Lightning-flashing from his eye :

may fire our hearts, with his own presence ; (8) Grasp the shield-and draw the (6) sword: but not before. 7. No love can be bound by (9) Lead us to (8) Philippi's lord ;

oath, or covenant, to secure it against a higher (6) Let 18 (10) conquer him, --15) or (2) die. love.

God--scatters love-on every side, Behold the Book, whose leaves display

Freely-among his children all; Jesus, the life, the truth, the way;

And always-hearts are open ride, Read it with diligence and prayer,

Wherein some grains may fall. Sear:h it, and you shall find him there.

To know and lo• e God, is everything.


403. MALE AND FEMALE Voices. The Maxims. 1. Bad counsel confounds the advoices of men--are generally an octave lower riser. 2. No one can do wrong, without suffering than those of women; or, comparatively, wrong. 3. He is greatest, who is most useful. 4. men's voices are like the bass viol, and wo-Love-and you shall be loved. 5 A great manmen's voices like the violin. The voice is is willing to be lille. 6. Blame is safer than made grave, that is, to run on lower pitches, praise. 7. All the devils respect virtue. 8. A by elongating, and enlarging the vocal sincere word was never losi. 9. Curses—always

recoil chords; and it is made acute, that is, to run

upon the head of him, who imprecales them. on higher pitches, by shortening and dimin- 10. God-will not make himself manifest to come ishing them; in connection, however, with ards. 11. The love of society is natural. the size of the chest, which always has its Anecdote. An old alderman, after having influence. Few are aware of the extent to lived for fifty years on the fat of the land, and which the voice is capable of being cultivat- losing his great toe with a mortificatum, ined; and hence, we should beware of setting sisted, to his dying day, that he owed it to two limits to it.

grapes, which he ate one day, after dinner; If every one's internal care

he said, he felt them lie cold at his stomach Were writéen on liis brow,

the moment they were eaten. How many would our pity share

Education. The time, which we usually Who raise our envy now!

bestow on the instruction of our children-in The fatal secret. when revealed,

principles, the reasons of which they do not Or every aching breast, Would fully prove, that while concealed,

understand, is worse than lost ; it is teaching

them to resign their faculties to authority; it Their lot appears the best.

is improving their memories, instead of their How calm, how beautiful, comes on 'The stilig hours, when storms are gone ;

understandings; it is giving them credulity

instead of knowledge, and it is preparing When warring winds have died away, And clouds, beneath the glancing may,

them for any kind of slavery which can be Melt off, and leave the land and sea,

imposed on them. Whereas, if we assisteil Sleeping-in bright tranquillity.

them in making experiments on then selves, 104. To acquire the ability to change, at induced them to attend to the consequence of trill, your pitch of voice, so as to be able every action, to adjust their little deviations, wo adapt the manner to the matter, prac

and fairly and freely to exercise their powers, uice throwing the voice on different pitches, they would collect facts which nothing could varying from one to fire, five to cight, controvert. These facts they would deposit right to one, and in other ways; also, recite in their memories, as secure and eternal freasuch pieces as have a number and varicty of sures; they would be materials for reflectim, speakers, as found in dinlogues; and imitate and, in time, be formed into principles of conthe roice and manner of each, as far as pos- duet, which no circumstances or templations sible. But remember, no one can accomplish could remove. This would be a method of much, without committing the examples to forming a man, who would answer the end memory; thus, after long practice in this of his being, and make himself and others way, you may make the book talk and speak. happy. All developments are from within-out, not Varteties. 1. Did not the Greek philosofrom without-in.

phu--corrupt the simplicity of the christian Miscellaneous. 1. Tuo things are in- religion? 2. There are two sorts of popular rumbent on the historian ; to avoid stating corruption; one, when the people do not obwhat is false, and fully and fairly to place be serve the lau's; the other, when they are fore us the truth. 2. One of the greatest blun- corrupted by the laws. 3. Cesar--added the ders an orator can commit is, to deviate into punishment of confiscation, for this reason ; abstruse erpressions, and out of the beaten Jest the rich, by preserving their estates, should fruck. 3. Man-was created for a state of become bolder in the perpetration of crime. urder, and he was in order, till he fell, or be- 4. No localities can bound the dominum, or rame deprared; or, what is the same thing, the superiority of man. 5. What constitutes duertered-i.e. the rererse of order. 4. Man a church? Divine goodness and truth conis in order, when he acts from supreme love joined by love, and exemplified in the life. to the Lord, and charity towards his neigh- 6. Madame de Stael's idea, that architecture sor, in obedience to the Divine Will ; but he --is like frozen music, must have been sugo is deprare:l, and disordered, in the degree he gested on a cold day. 7. We are often made acts from the love of self, and the love of the to feel that there is another youth and axe, tuld. 5. No man is compelled to evil; his than that which is measured from the year of consent only makes it his.

our natural birth; some thoughts always A diamond,

find us young, and keep us so; such a Tho set in horn, is still a diamona, thought is the lore of the l'niversal and Eler And sparklesmas in purest goid. nal Beauty

405. STYLE-comprehends all the princi- Proverbs. 1. A good word for a bad oneples of elocution, and denotes the manner in worth much, and costs tittle. 2. He, who knows which different kinds of composition should not when to be silent, knows not when to speak. be read, or spoken: of course, there are as 3. Oppression-causes rebellion. 4. Where conmany kinds of style, as there are of compo- tent is, there is a feast. 5. The drunkard contingsition; and unless a person has command of ally assaults his own life. 6. Show me a liar, body and mind, he cannot harmonize his and I will show you a thief. 7. That which helps manner and matter. If in writing, styleone man, may hinder another

. 8. A good elucameans proper words, in proper places ; in owe their origin to self-lore. 10. No free--akes so

tion is the foundation of happines. 9. Most follies speaking, it must signify, proper sounds in deep a root as prejudice. 11. Inform yourself, and proper places. Ex.

instruct others. 12. Truth-is the only bond of What is wit? a meteor, bright and rare,

friendship. Th't comes and goes, we know not whence, or where;

Learning. We have been often told, that A brilliant nothing-out of something wrought,

"a little learning is a dangerous thing," and A mental racuum-by condensing thought.

we may be just as well assured, that a little O the eye's cloquence,

bread is not the safest of all things; it would (Twin-born with thought,) outstrips the tardy roice; be far better to have plenty of both : but the Far swifter-than the nimble lightning's flash,

sophism of those who use this argument, is, The sluggish thunder-peal, that follows it.

that they represent the choice between little True courage—but from opposition grows, And what are fifty-what-a thousand slaves,

and much; whereas our e'cction must be

made befween little—and none at all; if the Matched to the sinew-of a single arm, That strikes for LIBERTY ?

choice is to be-between a small portion of

information, or of food, and absolate igno 406. What causeth the earth to bring forth and yield her increase? Is it not the light decision in the homely proverbe "half a loay

rance, or starvation, common sense gives it and heat of the sun, that unlocks her native is better than no bread." energies and gives them their power? In an analogous manner should the light of the

Varteties. 1. The best and surest course thought, and the heat of its accompanying is-never to have recourse to deception, bu: affection, act upon the mind, which will com- prove ourselves, in every circumstance of life municate the influence received to the whole equally upright and sincere. 2. The mosi body, and the body to the voice and actions. consummate hypocrite-cannot, at au times This is what is meant by imbibing the au- conceal the workings of his mind. 3. When thor's feelings, and bringing before you all we employ moneyto good purposes, it is a the circumstances, and plunging amid the great blessing; but when we use it for ever living scenes, and feeling that whatever you

and wicked ends, or become so devoted to a describe, is actually present, and passing be- as to endeavor to acquire it by dishones fore your mind.

means, it is a great curse. 4. None are so

fond of secrets, as those who do not mean to 407. Lyceums and Debating societies, are admirable associations for the improvement spendthrifts do mony, for the purpose of cir

keep them: such persons covet them, as of mind, and cultivation of talent, for pub- culation. 5. Burke--called the French revlic or private speaking. Franklin and Roger Sherman, (the one a printer, and the oth that the world ever saw.” 6. Trifles—always

olutionists, “the ablest architects of ruin, er a shoe-maker,) rose from obscurity to great require exuberance of ornament ; the buildeminence, and usefulness, by their own ef-ing that has no strength, can be valued only forts: so may we, by using the proper for the grace of its decorations. 7. We canmeans. It was in a debating society, that not part with our heart-friends : we cannot Lord Brougham first displayed his superior let our angels go. talents and unrivaled eloquence ; and there, also, Henry Clay, the greatest American Nor fame I slight, nor for her favors call; orator, commenced his brilliant career.

She comes unlook'd for, if she comes at all. word to those who would be wise is enough. But, if the purchase cost so dear a price, Anecdote. An appropriate Sign. A man

As soothing folly, or exaluing rue; who had established a tippling-house, being And follow stil! where fortune leads the way;

And if the muse-must flatter lawiess sicey, about to erect his sign, requested his neigh-Or, if no basis-bear my rising name, bor's advice—what inscription to put upon But the fall'n ruins of another's fame; it. His friend replied, “I advise you to write Then, teach me, heaven, to scorn the guilty baye ; on it-Drunkards and Beggars made here." Drive from my breast that wretched lust of praise. Honoris-a sacred tie, the law of kings,

Unblemish'd let me lire, or dieunknoten: The mble mind's distinguishing perfection, O, grant me honest fame, or grant me none. 'That ards and strengthens virtue, when it meets her,

'Tis sweet-to hear And imitates her actions, where she is not: The song and oar-of Adria's gondolier, li ongti not to be sported with.

(By distance mellowed.) o'er the waters sweep,


408. Public speakers ought to live longer, the point you are to aim at, is, the greatest and enjoy better health, than other persons; possible degree of usefulness. 7. He who and if they conform to the principles here only aims at little, will accomplish but little. taught, and the laws of life and health gener- Anecdote. A silly, but very pretty woally, this will be the result. Pulmonary dis- man, complained to the celebrated and beaueases may be thrown off by these exercises; tiful Sophia Arnold, of the number of her the author being a living witness, having been | admirers, and wished to know how she given over at three different times with con- should get rid of them. “Oh, my dear," sumption. The celebrated Cuvier and Dr. (was the satiric reply,) “it is very easy for Brown, the metaphysician, and many others you to do it: you have only to speak." that might be mentioned, are also witnesses Proverbs. 1. Those, who possess any real of this truth. One reason is, that natural excellence, think and say, the least about it. 2 speaking induces one to use a very large The active only, have the true relish of life. 3. quantity of air, whereby the capacity of the Many there are, who are ererything by turns, and fungs is much enlarged, the quantity of air nothing-long. 4. 'To treat trifles—as matters of increased, and the blood more perfectly puri- importance

, is to show our own unimportance. 5. fied; the use of the whole body insures a free Grief

, cherished unseen, is genuine; while thai,

which has witnesses, may be affected. 6. Errorcirculation, and, of course, contributes to universal health.

does not so often arise from our ignorance of the

truth, as an unwillingness to receire it. 7. SomeThink'st thou--there are no serpents in the world. mistake the love-for the practice of virtue, and are But those, which slide along the grassy sod, not so much good themselves, as they are the And sung the luckless foot, that presses them! friends of goodness. 8. To love any oue, and not There are, who, in the path of social life, do him good, when there is ability and opportuDo bask their spotted skins, in fortune's sum, mity, is a contradiction. 9. Pity-will always be And sting the soul, aye, till its healthful frame

his portion in adversity, who acted with kindness Is changed to secret, festering, sore disezse; in prosperity. 10. The best mode of proving any So deadiy-is its wound.

science, is by echibiting it. The brare, 'tis sure, do never shun the light; A Good Example. Mr. Clay, in a deJust are their thoughts, and open are their tempera; bate upon the Loan Bill, remarked, that, for Still are they found-in the fair face of day, twenty or thirty years, neither he nor his And heaven, and men-are judges of their actions. wife, had owed any man a dollar. Both of

409. DISEASES OF THE Throat-are con- them, many years gone by, had come to the nerted, particularly, with those parts of the conclusion, that the best principle of economy body, which are involved in breathing, and was this,—“ never to go in debt. To indulge relate to the understanding, or reasoning fa- your wants when you were able to do so, and culties of the mind: thus, thinking and to repress them when you are not able to inbreathing are inseparably connected toge- dulge them.” The example is not only an ther; as are feeling and acting; hence, the excellent one fer itself, but comes from a high predominance of thought, in the exercise of source. To repress a want—is one of the the roire, or in any kind of action, and zeal wisest, sofest, and most necessary principles without knowledge, tend directly to such per- of political economy. It prevents, no: only versions of mind and body, asinduce, not only the dangerous practice of living beyond our diseases of the throat, but even pulmonary means, but encourages the safe precedent of diseases: if, then, we will to be free, in any re- living within them. If all who could, would spect, we must return to truth and nature; for live within their means, the world would be they will guide the obedient in the right way. much happier and much better than it is. Miscellaneons. 1. Whatever one pos

Henry Clay and his noble housewife-give seuses, becomes doubly valuable, by having us an example worthy of all imitation. the happiness of dividing it with a friend.

Varieties. 1. Is pride-a mark of talent? 2. He who loves riches more than his friend, 2. Byron .says, of Jack Bunting, “ He knew does not deserve to be loved. 3. He who not what to do, and so he swore :" so we may would pass the latter part of his life with say of many a one's preposterous use of books, humor, and usefulness, must, when he is -He knew not what to do, and so he read. young, consider that he shall one day be old;

Wifs-a feather-Pope nas said, and when he is old, remember that he has

And ladies--do not doubt it: once been young. 4. The rolling planets,

For those, who've least-tcithin the head, and the glorious sun, Still keep that order,

Display the most-about it.

They sin, who tell us lore can die; which they first begun; But wretched man,

Its froly flame forerer uu. neth; alone, has gone astray, Suerred from his

From hearen it came, to heaven returneth. God, and walks another way. 5. The old-Forgireness-to the injured dors belong; live in the past, as the young do—in the fu- But they ne'er pardon, who have done ibe wrong ture. 6. Fix upon a high standard of char. Be thou as chaste as ice, as pure as show, ester: to be thought well af-is not sufficient: Thou shalt not escape valumay.

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