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410. DELIVERI — addresses itself to the Proverbs. 1. Constant occupation-stas mind through two mediums, the eye and the out temptation. 2. A fiatterer-is a most dangerear: hence, it naturally divides itself into ous enemy. 3. Unless we aim at perfection, we two parts, voice and gesture; both of which shall never attain it. 4. They who love the longmust be sedulously cultivated, under the est, love the best. 5. Pleasure—is not the rule for guidance of proper feeling, and correct rest, but for health. 6. The President is but the thought. That style is the best, which is the head-servant of the people. 7. Knowledge-is nou most transparent ; hence the grand aim of truly ours, till we have given it away. 8. Our
debts, and our sins, are generally greater than we the elocutionist should be perfect transparency; and when this part is attained, he suppore. 9. Some folks--are like snakes in the
grass. 10. He-injuries the good, who spares the will be listened to with pleasure, be perfectly dad. 11. Beauty will neither feed or clothe us. understood, and do justice to his sulyject, 12. Woman's work is never done. his powers, and his audience.
Anecdote. What for? After the close 411. Young GENTLEMEN,—(said Wil of the Revolutionary war, the king of Great liam Wirt,) you do not, I hope, expect from Britain--ordered a Thanksgiving to be kepe me, an oration for display. Al my time of throughout the kingdom. A minister of the life, and worn down, as I am, by the toils of gospel inquired of him, “ For what are we a laborious profession, you can no longer to give thanks ? that your majesty has lost look for the spirit and buoyancy of youth. thirteen of your best provinces ?" The king Spring—is the season for flowers ; but am answered, “ No." "Is it then, that your main the autumn of life, and you will, I hope, jesty has lost one hundred thousand lives of accept from me, the fruits of my EXPERI- your best subjects.?" "No, no.!" said the ENCE, in lieu of the more showy, but less king. “Is it then, that we have expended, and substantial blossoms of Spring. I could lost, a hundred millions of money, and for not have been tempted hither, for the pue- the defeat and tarnishing of your majesty's rile purpose of DISPLAY. My visit has a
arms ?” “No such thing,''—said the king much graver motive and object. It is the pleasantly. “What then, is the object of the hope of making some suggestions, that may thanksgiving ?” “Oh, give thanks that it is be serviceable in the journey of life, that is
no worse.” before you ; of calling into action some dor
Varieties. 1. Who does not see, in Cemant energy; of pointing your exertions to sar's Commentaries, the radical elements of some attainable end of practical utility; in the present French character? 2. “ A man,” short, the hope of contributing, in some says Oliver Cromwell, “ never rises so high, small degree, towards making you happier as when he knows not whither he is going." in yourselves, and more useful to your 3. The virtue, that vain persons affect to descountry.
pise, might have saved them; while the beau412. The conversational-must be deliv- ty, they so highly prized, is the cause of their ered in the most natural, easy, familiar, dis- ruin. 4. He, who flatters, without designtinct, and agreeable manner; the narrative ing to benefit by it, is a fool; and whoever and didactive, with a clear and distinct artic- encourages that flattery, that has sense ulation, correct emphasis, proper inflections, enough to see through, is a vain coxcomb. 6. and appropriate modulations ; because, it is the business of the teacher—is not so much not so much your object to excite the affec- to communicate knowledge to the pupil, as tions, as to inform the understanding: the to set him to thinking, and show him how argumentative, and reasoning, demand great to educate himself ; that is, he must rather deliberation, slowness, distinctness, frequent teach him the way to the fountain, than carpauses, candor, strong emphasis and occa- ry him to the water. 6. Many buy cheap, sional vehemence. No one can become a and sell dear ; i. e. make as good bargains as good reader and speaker, without much prac- they can; which is a trial of skill, between tice and many failures.
two knaves, to see which shall overreach the Ploneers. The “ eccentric" man--is gen- other ; but honest men set their price and erally the pioneer of mankind, cutting his adhere to it. 7. If you put a chain round way the first—into the gloomy depths of un- the neck of a slave, the other end fastens itexplored science, c: coming difficulties, that would check meaner spirits, and then--hold- self around your own. ing up the light of his knowledge—to guide Would you then learn to dissipare the band thousands, who, but for him, would be wan. That, in the weak man's way-like lions stand,
Of these huge threatening difficulties dire, dering about in all the uncertainty of igno
His soul appal, and damp his rising fire ? rance, or be held ir „ne fetters of some self
Resolve, resolre, and to be men aspiie. ish policy, which they had not, of themselves Exer that noblest privilege, alone, -the energy to throw off.
Here to mankind indulged: control desire; Tis not in folly-not to scorn a fool,
Let godiike reason, from her sovereign throne, And scarce in human wisdom--to do more. Speak the commanding word—I will, and it is domus
413. EARSESTSESS OF MASTER-s of Proverbs. 1. People generally love truth vital importance in sustaining a transparent more than goodness ; knowledge more than koli style; and this must be imbibed interually, ness. 2 Never magnanimity--fell to the ground. and felt with all the truth and certainty of 3. He, who would gather immortal palms, must naturt. By proper exercises on these prin- rot be hindered by the name of goodness, but ciples, a person may acquire the power of must erplore-if it be goodness. 4. No author passing, at will, from grare to gay, and from was ever written down, by any but himself. 5. lively to severe, without confounding one
Bet*er be a nettle in the side of your friend, than with the other : there are times, however, blows on fair reputation ; tbe corroding dex, that
his ecko. 6. Surmise is the gossamer, that malice when they may be united; as in the kumor destroys the choicest blossoms. 7. A genera ous and pathetic, together.
prostration of morals-must be the inevitable reBreathes there a mes with soul so dead, sult of the diffusion of bad principles. 8. To Who neser, to himself hath said,
Knor-is one thing; and to dois another. 9. * This-is my own, my native land 9"
Candor-lends an open ear to all men. 10. Art Whose deart-hath ne'er within him burned, -is never so beautiful, as wben it reflects the As lome-his footsteps he hath turned, pbilosophy of religron and of man. From wandering on a foreign strand !
We cannot honor our country-with too If rack there breathe, go mark him well: For him, no monstrel raptures swell;
deep a rererence; we cannot love her-with High tho' his titles, powers, or pelf,
an affection too pure and ferrent ; we can
not serre her-with an energy of purpose, or The wretch-concentred all in self, Luonny-shall forfeit fair reners,
a faithfulness of zeal—too steadfast and arAnd, douby dying, sball go down
dent. And what is our country! It is not To the vile dust, from whence he sprung,
the East, with her hills and her valleys, with Cameptd, unkonered, and unsung.
her countless sails, and the rocky ramparts 414. The following are the terms usually of her shores. It is not the North, with her applied to style, in writing, and also in speak thousand rillages, and her harrest-home, with ing ; each of which has its distinctive charac- her frontiers of the lake, and the ocean. It is teristics; though all of them have something not the West, with her forest-sea, and her in common. Bombastie, dry, elegant, epis-inland isles, with her luxuriant expanses, tolary, floring, harsh, laconie, Infty, loose, clothed in the verdant corn ; with her beautiterse, tumid, verbose. There are also styles ful Ohio, and her majestic Missouri. Nor is of occasion, time, place, &c.: such as the it yet the South, opulent in the mimic snow style of the bar, of the legislature, and of the of the cotton, in the rich plantations of the pulpet; also the dramatic style, comedy, rustling cane, and in the golden robes of the
rice-field. What are there, but the sister (high and low,) farce and tragedy. pliterate and se'fisk people, are often op- our counter!
families of one greater, better, holier family, posed to persons traveling through the coun
VARIETIES. try. to lecture on any subject whatever; and
Give thy thoughts no tongue, especially, on such as the grumblers are ig. Nor any unproportioned thought his uct. norant of. But are not books and newspa- Be thou familiar ; but by no means ouiger. pers, itinerants too! In olden time, the wor- i The friends thou hest, and their edspisa tried, shipers of the goddess Diana, were violently Grapple them to thy soul, with books of steel; opposed to the Apostles; because, thro' their But do not dull thy palm-with entertainment preaching of the cross, their croft was in 'ofev'ry new hauck'd, unfede'd comrade Beware donger. The liberally educated, and those Of entrance into quarrell but, berng in, who are in favor of a universal spread of Bear it, that the opposer--may bevare of thee. kmwledge, are ready to bid them "God Give every man thine eer, but few thy raice, (ment
. speed." if they and their subject are praise- Take each man's censure, but reserve thy judge worthy.
Costly thy habit--as thy purse can bay, Anecdote. A Kingly Dinner in Nature's For the epperel-oft proclaims the mas.
But not expressed in fancy ; rich, not gaudy. Palace. Cyrus, king of Persia, was to dine Neither a borrever, nor a lender be ; with one of his friends ; and, on being asked for lear-oft loses both itself and friend, to name the place, and the riands with which And berrowing dulls the edge of husbandry. he would have his table spread, he replied, ' This above als—to thine own self be true, * Prepare the banquet at the side of the riret, I And it must follow, as the right the day. and let one loaf of bread be the only dish." Thou canst not, then- e false to any man. Bright, as the pillar, rose at Hearen's command: Dere to be true-nothing can need a lie ; When Israel--marched along the desert land, The fault that needs it-grows tra—thereby, Blazed through the right-on lonely rilds afar, What do you think of marrage ? And told the path, - never-setting star;
I take it, as those that deny purgatory; So, beavenly Genius, in thy course divine,
It locally contains or desren or Aell; Hape-i thy star, her light-is erer thine.
There is no third place in it.
415. Beware of a slavish attention to Laconies. 1. God has given us vocal organs, rules; for nothing should supercede Nature, and reason to use them. 2. True gesture—is the who knows more than Art; therefore, let her language of nature, and makes its way to the stand in the foreground, with art for her heart, without the utterance of a single word. 3. servant. Emotion-is the soul of oratory : Coarseness and vulgarity-are the effects of a bad one flash of passion on the cheek, one beam education; they cannot be chargeable to nature. of feeling from the eye, one thrilling note of 4. Close observation, and an extensive knowledge sensibility from the tongue, one stroke of of human nature alone, will enable one to adapt hearty emphasis from the arm, have infinite himself to all sorts of character. 5. Paintingly more value, than all the rhetorical rules describes what the object is in itself : poetry-what and flourishes of ancient or modern times. it inspires or suggests : one-represents the visible, The great rule is—BE IN EARNEST. This is the other—both the risible and the invisible. 6. what Demosthenes more than intimated, in It is uncandid self-will, that condemns without a tirke declaring, that the most important hearing. 7. The mind—wills to be free; and the trag in eloquence, was action. There wil signs of the umes-proclaim the approach of its be no execution without fire.
restoration. Whoever thinks, must see, that man—was made Woman. The right education of this sex To face the storm, not languish in the shade; is of the utmost importance to human life. Action-shis sphere, and, for that sphere designed, There is nothing, that is more desirable for Eternal pleasures--open on his mind.
the common good of all the world; since, as For this-fair hope~leads on th’ impassioned soul, they are mothers and mistresses of families, Through life's wild labyrinth--to her distant goal: they have for some time the care of the ed. Paints, in each dream, 1o fan the genial flame, ucation of their children of both sorts; they The pomp of riches, and the pride of fame; are intrusied with that, which is of the Or, fondly gives reflection's cooler eye,
greatest consequence to human life. As the A glance, an image, of a future sky.
health and strength, or weakness of our bodies, Notes. The standard for propriety, and force, in publie is very much owing to their methods of speaking is--to speak just as one would naturally express himself treating us when we were young; so-the in earnest conversation in private company. Such should we all soundness or folly of our minds is not less do, if left to ourselves, and early pains were not taken to substitute owing to their first tempers and ways of an artificial method, for that which is natural. Beware of im. thinking, which we eagerly received from agining that you must read in a different way, with different tones the love, tenderness, authority, and constant and cadences, from that of common speaking.
conversation of our mothers. As we call our Anecdote. The severity of the laws of first language our mother-tongue, so-we Draco, is proverbial; he punished all sorts may as justly call our first tempers our moth. of crime, and even idleness, with death: er-tempers; and perhaps it may be found hence, De-ma-des said — " He writes his more easy to forget the language, than to laws, not with ink-but with blood." On part entirely with those tempers we learned being asked why he did so, he replied, that in the nursery. It is, therefore, to be lathe smallest crime deserved death, and that mented, that the ser, on whom so much de. there was not a greater punislonenl he could pends, who have the first forming both of find out, for greater crimes.
our bodies and our minds, are not only eduMiscellaneous. 1. Envy—is the daugh. cated in pride, but in the silliest and most ter of pride, the author of revenge and mur. contemptible part of it. Girls are indulged der, the beginning of secret sedition and the in great vanily; and mankind seem to con. perpetual tormentor of virtue; it is the filthy sider them in no other view than as so many slime of the soul, a venom, a poison, that painted idols, who are to allure and gratify consumeth the flesh, and drieth up the mar- their passions. row of the bones. 2. What a pity it is, that Varieties. 1. Was England - justified there are so many quarter and half men and in her late warlike proceeding against Chiwomen, who can take delight in gossip, be. na? 2. Fit language there is none, for the cause they are not great enough for any heart's deepest things. 3. The honor of a thing else.
maid-is her name; and no legacy is so rich Were I so talimas to reach the pole, as honesty. 4. O, how bitter a thing it isAnd grasp the ocean-with a span, to look into happiness—hro' another's eyes. I would be measured-by my soul,
Ungrateful man, with liquorish draughts, The mind's--the standard of the man. And morsels unctuous, greases his pure mind, 4. What is the difference between loving That from it-all consideration slips. the minds, and the persons of our friends?
To persist 5. How different is the affection, the thought, In doing wrong, extenuates not wrong, action, form and manners of the male, from Bat makes it much more heavy. the affection, thought, action, form and man
He cannot be a perfect man, ners of the female.
Not being tried or tutored in the world :
Experience is by industry achieved,
And perfected-by the swift course of time
A confused report-passed thro' my ears; Than trust a lore-as false as thine.
But, full of hurry, like a morning dream, The stomach-hath no ears.
li vanished-in the business of the day.
416. THE DECLAMATORY AND HORTA-] Proverbs. 1. The more-wmen look inin torr-indicate a deep interest for the per- their glasses, the less—hey attend to their houses. sons addressed, a horror of the evil they are 2. Works, and not words, are the proof of love. 3. entreated to avoid, and an exalted estimate There is no better looking-glass, ihan a true friend. of the good, they are exhorted to pursue. 4. When we obey our superiors, we instruct our The exhibition of the strongest feeling, re- inferiors. 5. There is more trouble in having noquires such a degree of self-control, as, in the thing to do, than in having much to do. 6. The
best throw of the dice-is to throw then away. 7. very torrent, tempest and whirlwind of pas- Virtue, that parleys, is near the surrender. 8. The sion, possesses a temperance to give it spirit of truth-dwelleth in meekness. 9. Resist a smoothness. The Dramatic — sometimes temptation, till you conquer it. 10. Plain dealing calls for the exercise of all the vocal and is a jewel. mental powers: hence, one must consider
Anecdote. Faithful unto Death. When the character represented, the circumstances the venerable Polycarp— was tempted by under which he acted, the state of feeling he Herod, the proconsul, to deny, and blaspheme possessed, and every thing pertaining to the the LORD Jesus Christ, he answered, scene with which he was connected. “ Eighty and six years—have I served my
417. Rolla's ADDRESS TO THE PERU- Lord and Savion; -and in all that timevians. My brave assóciates--partners--of he never did me any injury, but always my tóil, my féelings, and my fime! Can good; and therefore, I cannot, in conscience, Rolla's words-add vigor—to the virtuous reproach my King and my REDEEMER.” energies, which inspire your hearts ? No;
A Wife; not an Artist. When a man you have judged as I have, the foulness of of sense comes to marry, it is a companion be the crafty pka, by which these bold invaders wants, and not an artist. It is not merely a would delude you. Your generous spirit creature who can paint, and play, and sing, has compared, as mine has, the motives, and dance. It is a being who can comfort which, in a war like this, can animate their and counsel him; one who can reason and minds and ours. They, by a strange frenzy reflect, and feel and judge, and discourse and driven, fight for power, for plunder, and ex- discriminate ; one who can assist him in his tended rule; we, for our country, our altars, affairs, lighten his sorrows, purify his joys, and our homes. They-follow an adventur- strengthen his principles and educate his childer, whom they fear, and obey a power, which ren. Such is the woman who is fit for a mothey hate; we-serve a monarch whom we ther, and the mistress of a family. A woman love,-a God, whom we adore. Whene'er of the former description may occasionally they move in anger, desolation-tracks their figure in a drawing-room, and excite the adprogress! Whene'er they pause in amity, miration of the company; but is entirely affliction-mourns their friendship. They unfit for a helpmate to man, and to train up boast, they come but to improve our state,' a child in the way he should go. enlarge our thoughts, and free us from the
Varieties. 1. He, who is cautious and yoke of error! Yes—they will give enlight- prudent, is generally secure from many dan. ened freedom to our minds, who are them- gers, to which many others are exposed. 2 selves the slaves of passion, avarice, and pride. A fool may ask more questions in an hour. They offer us their protection. Yes, such than a wise man may answer in seven years protection-as vultures-give to lambs 3. The manner in which words are delivered weering, and devouring them. They call contribute mainly to the effects they are to on us to barter all of good, we have inherited produce, and the importance which is attachand proved, for the desperate chance of some-ed to them. 4. Shall this greatest of free nathing better, which they promise. Be our tions be the best? 5. One of the greatest plain answer this : The throne-ue honor obstacles to knowledge and excellence, is in—is the people's choice; the laws we rerer. dolence. 6. One hour's sleep hefore midnight, ence—are our brave fathers' legacy; the faith is worth two afterward. 7. Science, or learn. we follow-leaches us to live in bonds of cha- ing, is of little use, unless guided by good rity with all mankind, and die- with hope sense. of bliss--beyond the grave. Tell your in- Mers---case a different speech in different climar, vaders this, and tell them too, we seek no
Her wandering moon, her stars, her golden nan,
In one deep song proclaim the wondrous story
Upon the winds they send it sounding high,
Jehonal's wisdoni, podness, power, and story.
On every ride the song encirda ma,
The whole poesnd roonid rerere and is delighted Pleasure inost visionary, if delight, how transient!
AD! wby, when heaven-and earts-lift up their voice Preude of horror, anguish, and dismay!
Ah! why shereld man alone, no: lurah, borroice!
But Nature bath one voice, and only one.
Her woods and waters, in all lands and tuner,
They tell it to each other in the sky,
Ten thousand voices in one voice united;
418. The merging of the Diatonic Scale Laconics. 1. Any violation of law-ig a in the Musical Staf', as some have done in breach of morality. 2. Music, in all its variety, elocution, is evidently incorrect; for then, the is essentially one: and so is speech, tho infinitely exact pitch of voice is fixed, and all must diversified. 3. Literary people-are often unpleastake that pitch, whether it be in accordance ant companions in mixed society; because they with the voice, or not. But in the simple di- have not always the power of adapting thematonic scale, as here presented, each one foreign words into our language, when we have
selves to others. 4. It is pedantry-o introduce takes his lowest natural note for his tonic, or key-note, and then, passes to the medium contain; with the advantage of being intelligible
pure English words to express all that the exotics range of pitches. Different voices are often to every one. 5. Whatever is merely artificial, is keyed on different pitches; and to bring unnatural; which is opposed to general eloquence. them all to the same pitch, is as arbitrary as 6. There can be no great adrances made, in genProcruste's bedstead, according to Hudribras: uine scientific truth, without well regulated affec“This iron bedstead, they do fetch,
tions. 7. We can be almost anything we choose; To try our hopes upon;
if we will a thing to be done, no matter how higde If we're too short, we must be stretch'd,
the aim, success is nearly certain. Cut off-if we're too long."
Anger. Of all passions—there is not one Beware of all racks; be natural, or nothing.
so extravagant and outrageous as this; nther What the weak head—with strongest bias rules. passions solicit and mislead us: but this Is (6) PRIDE ; the never-failing vice of fools.
runs away with us by force, hurries us as A soul, without reflection, like a pile,
well to our own, as to another's ruin: it often Without inhabitant—10 ruin runs.
falls upon the wrong person, and discharges Wit—is fine language-to advantage dressed;
its wrath on the innocent instead of the guil Better often thoughi, bat ne'er so well expressed. ty. It spares neither friend nor foe; but tears Our needful knowledge, like our needful food,
all to pieces, and casts human nature into a Unhedged, lies open-in life's common field,
VARIETIES. And bids ALL--welcome to the vital feast.
All the world's—a staga Let sense--be ever in your view;
And all the men and women-merely players : Nothing is lovely, that is not true.
They have their exits, and their entrances ; 419. SUGGESTIons. Let the pupils me- And one man, in his time, plays many parts, morize any of the proverbs, laconics, max. His acis-being seren ages. At first, the infans, ims, or questions, and recite them on occa- Mewling and puking in the nurse's arms; sions like the following: when they first as- And then, the whining school-boy, with his satchel, semble in the school-room; or, meet together And shining morning face, creeping like snail, in a social circle: let them also carry on a Unwilingly, to school. And then, the lorer; kind of conversation, or dialogue with them, Sighing like a furnace, with a woeful ballad and each strive to get one appropriate to the Made to his mistress' eyebrow: Then, a soldier, supposed state, character, &c. of another: or Full of strange oaths, and bearded like the pard, use them in a variety of ways, that their in- Jealous in honor, sudden and quick in quarrel, genuity may suggest.
Seeking the bubble reputation
Even in the cannon's mouth : And then the justice ; Pride. There is no passion so universal, In fair round belly, with good capon lined, or that steals into the heart more impercep. With eyes severe, and beard of formal cui, tibly, and covers itself under more disgui- Full of wise saws and modern instances, ses, than pride; and yet, there is not a sin- And so he plays his part: The sixth age-shifts gle view of human nature, which is not suf- Into the lean and slipper'd pantaloon; ficient to extinguish in us all the secret With spectacles on nose, and pouch on side; seeds of pride, and sink the conscious soul-His youthful hose, well saved, a world too wide to the lowest depths of humility.
For his shrunk shank; and his big manly roia, Anecdote. Sterling Integrity. In 1778, Turning again toward childish treble-pipes, while congress was sitting in Philadelphia, And whistles in his sound: Last scene of am, frequent attempts were made, by the British
That ends this strange eventful history, officers, and agents, to bribe several of the Sans teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, sans ererything.
Is second childishness, and mere oblivion ; members. Governor Johnstone-authorized the following proposal, to be made to Col. Softens the high, and rears the adject mind;
Charity, decent, modest, easy, kind, Joseph Reed: “That if he would engage his Knows, with just reins, and gentle hand, to guide interest to promote the objects of the British, Betwixt vile shame—and arbitrary pride. he should receive THIRTY THOUSAND DOL- Not soon provoked, she easily forgives; Lars, and any office in the colonies, in his And much-she suffers, as she much-believes. majesty's gift. Col. Reed--indignantly re- Soft peace she brings, wherever she arrives ; plied, "I am not worth purchasing; but she builds our quiet, as she forms our lives; such as I am, the king of Great Britain is Lays the rough paths—of peevish nature even; not rich enough to buy me."
And opens, in each heart, a little hearen.