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420. THE SLENDER CHARACTERISTIC OF Maxims. 1. Some are alert in the beginning, Voice. In all cases, endeavor to express by but negligent in the end. 2. Fear-is onen conthe voice and gesture, the sense and feeling, cealed under a show of daring. 3. The remedy is that are designed to be conveyed by the ofen worse than the disease. 4. A faint heart nevwords ; i. e. tell the whole truth. Most of

er won a fair lady. 5. No man is free, who does the following words, that Shakspeare puts not govern himself. 6. An angry man opens his into the mouth of Hotspur, descriptive of a mouth, and shuts his eyes. 7. Such as give ear to dandy, requires the use of this peculiarity of slunderers, are as bad as slanderers themselves.

8. A cheerful manner denotes a gentle nature. 9. voice, in order to exhibit their full meaning. Proud looks lose hearts, but courteous words—win Conceive how a blunt, straight-forward, hon- them. 10. Brexity is the soul of eloquence. est soldier would make his defence, when unjustly accused by his finical superior, of

Anecdote. Self - interest. When Dr. unsoldier-like conduct; and then recite the Franklin applied to the king of Prussia to

lend his assistance to America, “Pray Docfollowing.

says he, “ what is the object you mean My liege–I did deny no prisoners.

to attain ?" " Liberty, Sire," replied the phiBat I remember, when the fight was done,

losopher; “ Liberty! that freedom, which is When I was dry with rage, and extreine toil,

the birthright of all men.” The king, after a Breathless, and faint, leaning upon my sword, Came there a cenain lord ; neal, trimly dress'd;

short pause, made this memorable answer: Fresh as a bridegroom; and his chin, new reap'd, " I was born a prince, and am become a king; Showed like stubble-land-at harrest home.

and I will not use the powers I possess, to He was perfumed like a milliner ;

the ruin of my own trade." And, 'twixt his finger and his thumb, he held Of Lying. Lying — supplies those who A pouncet-box, which, ever and anon,

are addicted to it-with a plausible apology He gave his nose. And still he smil'd, and talk'd, for every crime, and with a supposed shelter And as the soldiersbore dead bodies by, from every punishment. It tempts them to He called them untaught knares, unmannerly, rush into danger - from the mere expectaTo bring a siorenly, anhandsome corse

tion of impunity; and, when practiced with Betwist the wind--and his nobility.

frequent success, it teaches them to confound With many holiday, and lady terins,

the gradations of guilt; from the efjects of He question'd me; amongst the rest, demanded

which there is, in their imaginations, at My prisoners, in her majesty's behalf; I then, all smarting with my wounds, being gail'd corrupts the early simplicity of youth; it

least one sure and common protection. It To be so pestered with a popinjay,

blasts the fairest blossoms of genius; and Out of my grief-and my impatience,

will most assuredly counteract erery effort, Answered negligently,-1 know not whatHe should, or should not; for he made me mad,

by which we may hope to improve the talTo see him shine so brisk, and smell so sweet,

ents, and mature the virtues of those whom And talk so like a waiting gentle woman, [mark,) it infects. Of guns, and drums, and wounds, (heaven save the

Varieties. 1. A very moderate power, And telling me the sorreign'st thing on earth, exercised by perseverance, will effect—what Was spermaceti–for an inward bruise:

direct force could never accomplish. 2. We And that it was great pity, (so it was,)

must not deduce an argument against the use That villanous saltpetre--should be digged, of a thing, from an occasional abuse of it. 3. Oat of the bowels of the harmless earth,

Should we let a painful and cold attention to Which many a good, tall fellow had destroyed

manner and voice, chill the warmth of our So cowardly; and, but for these vile guns, hearts, in our fervency and zeal in a good He would himself have been a soldier: cause? 4. Youth-often rush on, impetuThis bald, anjointed chat of his, my lord, ously, in the pursuit of every gratification, I answered indirectly, as I said;

heedless of consequences. 5. The udherence And I beseech you, let not his report

to truth-produces much good; and its apCome current, for an accusation, Betwixt my kve, and your high majesty.

pearances - much mischief. 6. Erery one,

who does not grow better, as he grows older, Number. Unity-is an abstract concep- is a spendthrift of that time, which is more tion, resemblins primary, or incorporeal precious than gold. 7. Obedience to the matter, in its general aggregate; one-ar truths of the Word, is the life of all; for pertains to things, capable of being nun- truths are the laws of the hearens, and of the bereit, and may be compared to matter, church; obedience—implies the reception of rendered risihle under a particular form. them; so far as we receire, so far we are Number is not infinite, any more than mal-alive, by the coming of the kingdom uihin ter is; but it is the source of that indefinite dirisibility, into equal parts, which is the

Whoe'er, amidst the sons property of all bodies. Thus, unity and one

Of reason, talor, liberty, and ritue, are to be distinguished from each other.

Displays distinguished merit, is a noble Plenty-makes dainty.

Of Nature's own making.



421. TREMOR OF VOICE-resembles the Proverbs. 1. Proud persons have few real frill in singing, and may be indicated in this friends. 2. Mildness-governs better than anger. manner,

; the voice ranging 3. No hope should influence as to do evil. 4. Fero from a quarter of a tone, to sereral tones. things are impossible to skill and industry. 5. It is made deep in the throat, with a drop-Diligence is the mistress of success. 6. Conscience ping of the jaw; and when properly used, is never dilatory 'n her warnings. 7. A rain it is very effective and heart-stirring : espe

hope flattereth the heart of a fool. 8. Moderate cially, in the higher kinds of oratory. It speed is a sure help to all proceedings. 9. Liberheightens joy, mirth, rapture, and exulta- ality of knowledge makes no one the poorer. 10.

you endeavor to be honest, you struggle with lion ; adds pungency to scorn, contempt, and

yourself. sarcasm : deepens the notes of sorrow, and Names. A man, that should call every thing enhances those of distress : often witnessed by its right name, would hardly pass through in children, when manifesting their delights. the streets, without being knocked down as a There are several degrees, from the gross to common enemy. the most refined.

Varieties. 1. In 1840, there were in the 422. 1. Said Falstoff, of his ragged regi- United States, five hundred and eighty-four ment, “I'll not march through Coventry thousand whites, who could not read or with them, that's flat ; no eye hath seen such write ; five thousand, seven hundred and scarecrow's.” Almost every word requires a seventy-three deaf and dumb; five thous kind of chuckle, especially the italic ones; and and twenty-four blind; fourteen thousand by making a motion with the chin, up and five hundred and eight insane, or idiots, and down, the shake of the voice will corres- and two millions four hundred and eighty. pond to the sign,

2. In seven thousand slaves. 2. As our populathis example we have an instance of a refin- tion increases thirty-four per cent in ten ed tremor of voice; but the right feeling is ne-years, at this rate, in 1850, our seventeen cessary to produce it naturally. Queen Cath- millions will be twenty-two millions : in arine said, in commending her daughter to 1860, thirty millions; and in 1900, ninetyHenry, “ And a little to love her, for her moth- five millions. 3. The regular increase of the er's sake: who loved him-hearen knows N. E. states is fourteen per cent; of the midhow dearly.The coloring matter of the ale states twenty-five per cent.; of the southvoice is feeling-passion, which gives rise to ern twenty-two per cent.; and of the westthe qualities of voice; thus, we employ ern—sixty-eight per cent. 4. Many persons harsh tones in speaking of what we disap- are more anxious to know who Melchisedec prore, and euphoneous ones in describing the was, or what was Paul's thorn in the flesh, oljects of lore, complacency, admiration, &c. than to know what they shall do to be saved.

423. In extemporaneous speaking, or 5. To cure anger, sip of a glass of water, till speaking from manuscript, (i. e, making it the fit goes off. 6. An infallible remedy for talk,) when the speaker is under the influ- anxiety—“cast thy burden upon the Lord, ence of strong passion, the voice is apt to be and he shall sustain thee.” carried to the higher pitches: how shall he regain his medium pitch? by changing the 'Tis a lesson-you should heid, passion to one requiring low notes; thus,

Try, try again; the surface of his flow of voice, will present If at first-you don't succeed, the appearance of a country with mountains,

Try, try again; hills, and dales. Elocution-relates more to

Then your courage should appear, the words and thoughts of others; oratory

For, if you will perserere, to our own. To become a good reader and

You will conquer, never fear; speaker, one must be perfect in elocution,

Try, try again. which relates to words : in logic, which re

Once, or twice, though you should fai, lates to thoughts; and in rhetoric, which ap

Try. try again; pertains to the affections : thus involving

If you would, at last, prerail,

Try, try again; ends, causes, and effects.

If we strire, 'uis no disgrace, Anecdote. Aged Gallantry. A gallant

Though we may not win the race; old gentleman, by the name of Page, who

What should you do in the case ! was something of a rhymester, finding a la

Try, try again. dy's glove at a watering-place, presented it

If you find your task is hard, to her, with the following lines :

Try, try again; "If from your glore--you take the letter g,

Time will bring you your reward, Your glove-is lore-which I devote to-thee."

Try, try again; To which the lady returned the following All that other folks can do, ansu'er :

Why, with patience, should not you ! "If from your Page, you take the letter p.

Only keep this rule in view, Your page-is age-an i that won't do for me."



424. Before entering on a consideration Proverbs. 1. Beauty is no longer amiable, and illustration of the Passions, the pupil is than while virtue adorns it. 2. Past services urged to revise the preceding lessons and should never be forgotten. 3. A known enemy in exercises; but do not be deceived with the better than u treacherous friend. 4. Don't engage idea, that thinking about them is enough, in any undertaking, if your conscience says no or reading them over silently; join practice to it. 5. Benefits and injuries receive their value with thought, and the effects are yours. One from the intention. 6. We should give by choice, of the great difficulties in thinking about and not by hazard. 7. He, that does good to anany art or science, and witnessing the efforts other, from proper mouves, does good also to him. of others in their presentation, is—that one's self. 8. He that is false to God can never be true taste is so far in advance of his own practice, to man. 9. A good principle is sure to produce a that he becomes disgusted with it, and des good practice. 10. None are truly wise, but those pairs of bis success. Let us remember that that are pure in heart. nothing is truly our own, that we do not

Anecdote. Contrary. A woman, having understand, love and praclice.

fallen into a river, her husband went to look HAMLET'S INSTRUCTIONS ON DELIVERY. Speak the speech, I pray you, as I pronounced, she fell in. The bystanders asked him if

for her, proceeding up stream from where it to you; trippingly on the tongue. But if you he was mad? she could not have gone mouth it, as many of our players do, I had as lief against the stream. The man answered: the town-crie had spoke my lines. And do not. She was obstinate and contrary in her life. saw the air too much with your hand; but use all lime, and I suppose for certain 'she is so at gendy; for in the very torrent, tempest, and, as I her death." may say, WHIRLWIND of your pussion, you must Intuition. We car at have an idea of acquire and beget a temperance, that may give it one, without the idea of another to which it smoothness. Oh! it offends me to the soul, to hear is related. We then get the idea of two, a robustious, periwig-paied fellow tear a passion by contemplating them both; referring, ab. to tatters, to very rags, to split the ears of the stractly, to one of them. We say one and groundlings; who, (for the most part,) are capa- one are equal to two; one one, is less than ble of nothing, but inexplicable dumb-show and two ones; therefore, one does not equal two. noise. I would have such a fellow whipp'd for One and one, are the parts of two, and the o'erdoing termagant, it out-Herod's Herod. Pray parts of a thing are equal to the whole of it. you, aroid in Be not too tame, neither; but lei Thus, we come to the knowledge of what your own discretion be your tutor. Suit the ac- has been called intuitive proposition, only ton--to the word, the worl—to the action; with | by reasoning. When such a principle is the special obserrance, that you o'erstep not the clearly admitted, we cannot deny its truth, molasty of nature: for anything. so orerdone, is for a moment: but it is far from being, foni 'he purpose of playing; whose end, both at strictly speaking, an intuitive truth. the firsh and noie, was, and is--to hold, as 'twere, Varieties. 1. The virtues of the country the mirror up to nature; to show virtue her own are with our women, and the only remaining feature, scorn-her own image—and the very age hope of the resurrection of the genius and and body of the time, his form and pressure. Now, character of the nation, rests with them. 2. th's orerdone, or come inrdy off, though it may The present-is the parent of the fulure. 3. make the unskillful laugh, cannot but make the The last words of the Indian chief, who judicious-griere: the censure of one of which died at Washington, in 1824, were,

When must in your allowance, o'erweigh a whole thea.

I am gone, let the big guns be fired over te of others. On there be players that I have me." 4. Beware of turning away from do. scen play, and heard others praise, and that high ing good, by thinking how much good you ly, that, neither having the accent of christian, nor The pleasure of thinking on important sub

would do, if you only had the means. 5. the gate of christian, pagan, nor man, have so

jects, with a view to communicate our thote struts and bellored, that I have thought soine

io the unfolding minds around us, is a most of nature's journeymen had made men, and not maste them sel; they imitated human ly so abcm-lice must go hand in hand, to make the

exquisite pleasure. 6. Principle and prarinad 425. TENDENCIES OF our LANGTAGE.

minn, or woman. 7. The time is fast app it affords good means to deliver our thoughts the Universe from new positions. As our language abounds in monosyllables; proaching, when the mind will strike our

new fields, and view itself, its (Creator, and in few sounds, and thereby favors despatch. which is one of our characteristics; and

HOPE. when we use words of more than one sylla. Why do those cliffs of shadowy tint appear, ble, we readily contract them some, by our More sweet than all the landscapes sh n ng near' rapid pronunciation, or by the omission of 'Tis distance lends enchantment to the view, Bime rovel; as, drown'd, walk'd, dips; in. And robes the mounta'n in its azure fue ! stead of drown-ed, walk-ed, dip-peth, &c.; Thus with delight we lmger to survey and even proper names of several syllables. The promis'd joys of life's unmeasur'd way; when familiarized, often dwindle down into Thus from alar, each dim discover'd seene, monosyllables; whereas, in other languages, More pleasing seems than all the past timth been, they receive a softer turn, by the addition And every form that fancy can repar, of a nero syllable.

From durk oblivion, glows div nely there.


426. A just delivery consists in a distinct | Proverbs. 1. To fail, or not-o fail; that articulation of words, pronounced in proper is the question. 2. He, that loveth pleasure, shall tones, suitably varied to the sense, and the be a poor man. 3. Flattery is a dazzling meteor emotions of the mind; with due observation that casts a delusive glare before the mental eye of accent, the several gradations of emphasis ; seduces the imagination, perverts the judgment, pauses or rests in proper places, and well and ailences the dictates of reason. 4. Mankind measured degrees of time, and the whole ac

are governed more by feeling and impulse, than companied with expressive looks, and signi- by reason and reflection. 5. Our duty and true ficant gestures. To conceive, and to execute, interest

, always unite. 6. An occasional hearty are two different things: the first may arise laugh, is often an act of wisdom. 7. No one can trom study and observation; the second is than half the evils we feel. 9. No one can esti

be great, who is not virtuous. 8. We make more the effect of practice.

mate the value of a pious, discreet, and faithful 4:27. RULES FOR THE'. When ques- mother. 10. The boy-is the father of the man. tions are not answered by yes or no; as, Who Anecdote. Tullow and Talent. Fletcher, is that làdy? In AFFIRMATIVE sentences ; bishop of Nesmes, was the son of a tallowas—I am prepared to gò: language of au- chandler. A great duke once endeavored to THORITY; as-Back to thy punishment, mortify the prelate, by saying to him, at the false fugitive: TERROR; The light king's levee, that he smelt of tallow. To trirns blùe: SURPRISE; as—Sir, I perceive which the bishop replied, "My lord, I am that thou art a prophet: REPREHENSION; the son of a chandler, it is true, and if your as--You are very much to blame for suffer- lordship had been the same, you would have ing him to pass : INDIGNATION: -false remained a chandler all the days of your life. fellow, and let me never see your face Disinterestedness-is the very flower of again: contemps; as-To live in awe of all the virtues, a manifestation—in the heart such a thing as I myself: EXCLAMATIOx: of one who feels and acts from it, of heaven O nature! how honorable is thy empire! on earth,—the very reflection of the sun of RAETORICAL DIALOGUE, when one or more Parudise. If mankind more generally, knew persons are represented; as, James said, how beautiful it is to serve others, from the Chàrles, go and do as you were bidden; and love of doing them good, there would not be John said, le need not go at present, for I so much cold and narrow selfishness in the have something for him to do: and the world. When we have contributed most to FIXAL PAUSE; as-

--All general rules have the happiness of others, we are receptive our some exceptions.

selves of the most happiness. 429. IMPORTANT QUESTIONS. 1. Is there

Varieties. 1. Never repay kindness with more than one God? 2. Was the world crea- unkindness. 2. Is pride-commendable? 3. ted out of nothing? 3. What is the mean- No guarantee for the conduct of nations, or ing of the expression, “ let us make man in individuals, ought to be stronger than that our image, after our likeness .?” 4. By what which honor imposes. 4. True patriotism means can we become happy? 5. Can we labors for civil and religious liberty all over be a friend, and an enemy, at the same time? the world—for universal freedom; the libera 6. Are miracles the most convincing eviden- ty and happiness of the human race. 5. ces of truth? 7. Will dying for principles, What is charity, and what are its fruits ? 6. prove any thing more than the sincerity of When persons are reduced to want, by their the martyr ? 8. Is it possible for a created own laziness, or rices, is it a duty to relieve being to merit salvation by good works? 9. them? 7. To read Milton's Paradise Lost, Have we life of our own; or are we dependent is the pleasure of but few. 8. The arguon Gol for it every moment? 10. What is ment of the Essay on Man, is said to have the difference between good and evil? 11. been written by Bolingbroke, and versified Is any law independent of its maker? 12. by Pope. 9. Painting, Sculpture and ArchiAre miracles-violations of nature's laws ?

tecture-are three subjects, on which nearly 4:29. Some think matter is all, and man- to conceal ignorance, if they cannot display

all persons, of polite education, are compelled ner tiltle or nothing ; but if one were to knowledge. 10. Is labor-a blessing, or a speak the sense of an angel in bad words, and

a curse? with a disagreeable utterance, few would

Music ! -oh! how faint, how renk ! listen to him with much pleasure or profit.

LANGUAGE-fades i efore thy spell; The figure of Adonis, with an awkward air,

Why should feeling-ever speak, and ungraceful molion, would be disgusting

When thou canst breathe her soul-so weli. instead of pleasing.

Ah! rohy will kings-forget-that they are men, Reader, whosoe'er thou art,

And MEN, that they are brethren ? (the lies What thy God has given, impart ; Why delight-in human sacrifice! Why burst Hide it not within the ground;

OF NATURE, that should knit their souls together Send the cup of blessing round. In one soft band-of amity and love ?

430. STILE. The character of a person's | Maxims. 1. It does not become a law-maker, style of reading and speaking depends upon to become a law-breaker. 2. Friendship is stronger his moral perceptions of the ends, causes, and than kindred. 3. Idleness is the sepulchre of a liv. effects of the composition: thus, style may ing man. 4. An orator, without judgment, is like a be considered the man himself, and, as every horse without a bridle

. 5. He that knows when to one sees and feels, with regard to everything, speak, knows when to be silent. 6. The truest end according to the state or condition of his of life-is to know the life that never ends. 7.

Wine has drowned more than the sea. 8. Impose mind, and as there are and can be no two

not on others a burthen which you cannot bear persons alike; each individual will have a manner and style peculiar to himself ; tho yourself. 9. He overcomes a stout enemy, thas

overcomes his own anger. 10. Study mankind in the main, that of two persons of equal as well as books. education and intelligence, may be in a great

Anecdote. Note of Interrogation (?). degree similar.

Mr. Pope, the poet, who was small and de431. RCLES FOR TAE'. When ques- formed, sneering at the ignorance of a young tions are answered by yes or no, they gen- man, who was very inquisitive, and asked a erally require the '. Exs. Are you well ? good many impertinent questions, inquired Is he gine? Have you got your hát? Do of him if he knew what an interrogation you say yés ? Can he accommodate me? point was? “Yes sir,” said he, “it is a little Will you call and sée nie? But when the crooked thing, like yourself, that asks ques. questions are emphatic, or amount to an affir- tions." mative, the 'is used. Are you well ? As much

Ideas, acquired by taste-are compound as to say: tell me whether you are well. Is and relative. If a man had never experibe gune? Have you done it? All given enced any change, in the sensation produced in an authoritative manner. Hath he said by external things, on the organs of taste, it, and shall he not do it? He that planted that which he now calls sweet, (if it had been the ear, shall he not hear? Is he a man, the quality, subjected to the sense,) would that he should repènt ?

have conveyed to the mind no possible idea; 432. IMPORTANT QUESTIONs. 1. Is the but, alternating with the quality we call bitcasket more valuable than the jewel? 2. ter, contrariety-produces the first impresWill not the safety of the community be en- sion, and he learns to distinguish the qualitics dangered, by permitting the murderer to live? by names. The sensation - awakened by 3. Are theatres-beneficial to mankind? 4. Madeira uine, must be very acute, to enable Did Napolean do more hurt than good to the a man to discriminate, accurately, without a world! 5. Were the Texans right-in re very careful comparison. Let a particular belling against Mexico! 6. Ought the licensc) kinil of Madeira wine remain a few years on system to be abolished? 7. Is animal mag. the lees of many other kinds, and who would netusm true! 8. Who was the greatest mon- detect the compound flavor, but the contriver ? ster-Nero, or Catiline ? 9. Should we act

Varieties. 1. Inspire a child with right from policy, or from principle? 10. Is not feelings, and they will govern his actions : the improvement of the mind, of the first im- hence, the truth of the old adage, Erample portance !

is better than precept. 2. The greut difficulty Nature. Manis radiant with expressions. is, that we give rules, instead of inspiring Every feature, lim'), muscle and vein, may entiments ; it is in rain to lead the undertell something of the energy within. The standing with rules, if the affectims are not brow, smooth or contracted, the eye, placid, right. 3. Benjamin West states, that his modilated, tearful, flashing,—the lip, calm, quivther kissed him, eagerly, when he showed her ering, maling, curled, - the whole counten- the likeness he had sketched of his baby sis. ance, serene, distorted, pale, flushed, — the ter; and, he adds, - that kiss made me a hand, with its thousand motions-the chest, painter. 4. Lay by all scraps of material still or heaving, the attitude, relaxerdor firm, I things, as well as of knowledge, and they cowering or lofty,-in short, the visible char- will certainly come in use within seven yeurs. acter, stics of the whole external man,--are 5. Gain all the information you can, leam all NATURE'S HAND-WRITIW; and the tones and that comes in your way, without being intruqualities of the voice, soft, low, quiet, broken, sire, and provided it does not interfere with egitat d, shrill, grave, boisterous, -- are her the faithful discharge of other duties. 6. It ORAL LAYOTAGE: let the student copy and was a maxim of the great Wilian JE, korn. Nature is the goddess, and art and never to lose an opportunity of learni, 8 science her ministers.

Since therako the sum of human thing,

A trise man poor,
Anttif et misery-memorat fille springs;

Is like a sacred book, that's never read;
Buare hito's text joves' in peace and care,

To himself he lures, an! to aitekee seuns dead:
Bet the ungenfis epirik - Searn from hena,-

This ugr--thnks better of a golded frol,
A munkirminas-b a great offence.

Thon of a threadbare saint-n wudom's school

And for mere e rre, but all can piecase;

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