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late Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench, from the original MS. under his own hand; to which he added several notes, and also three modern cases, viz. Armstrong and
not appear that any further proceedings took place. (Triumphs of Justice, fol. London, 1681. p. 29. 36.)
Siderfin says the complaint was for a misdemeanor done in his office, as fining juries, &c.; that there was an inquiry made into the matter, and the Chief Justice appeared in person before the committee, and also in the House of Commons, and afterwards be was discharged. (Rep. p. 338. pl. 1.)
He was also involved in a very unpleasant and, in the end, humiliating affair with Denzel Lord Holles, being obliged to make that nobleinan satisfaction for an affront at the trial of certain French gentlemen, for a robbery, in the Court of King's Bench, in Easter term, 1670. 22 Charles II.—The affront was, that when Lord Holles attempted to speak to the characters of the Frenchmen, the Chief Justice stopped him, saying, that he must not interrupt the court; and Lord Holles replying, that it was neither to interrupt the court, nor to do them any wrong, to inform them as much as possible of all passages: upon which the Lord Chief Justice said,
very angrily-Ny Lord, you wrong not the court, but you wrong yourself, and it is not the first time you have been observed to appear too much for strangers. - Su," says Lord Holles, “ I was snubbed and set down again; but I must say it was language I had not been used to, nor I think any of my condition, that had the honour to serve the King in the quality I do, of a privy counsellor.”The Lord Chief Justice also, upon Walrond's evidence, declared, (looking fully at Lord Holles, whence the whole court understood it to be meant of him,) that there had been soine foul doings.Upon these indignities, Lord Holles petitioned the House of Lords, who thereupon made an order," that the Lord Holles having produced his witnesses, after the hearing of which, the Lord Chief Justice made his defence, and denied that he intended any thing against the Lord Holles when he spoke those words at the trial; to which defence the Lord Holles made a short reply, and then voluntarily withdrew bimself, and the Lurd Chief Justice withdrew himself also. Upon which the house took the whole into serious consideration, and ordered that the Lord Chief Justice should be called to his place as a Judge; and openly in the presence of Lord Holles) the Lord Keeper should let him know that the house is not satistied with his carriage towards Lord Holles in this business, and therefore has ordered that he should make acknowledgmevt, to be read by the clerk, that he did not mean it of the Lord Holles when he spoke those words, and that he is sorry that by his behaviour or expressions he gave any occasion to interpret it otherwise, and asks the pardon of the house and the Lord Holles.”—Then the Lord Chiet Justice being called to his place, (and the Lord Ilolles being also
Lisle, the King and Plummer, and the Queen and Moggridge.
Lord Chief Justice Holt sate in court for the last time on the 8th of February, 1709, and departed this life on the 5th day of March, 1709, about three o'clock in the afternoon, at his house in Bedford-row, after a long lingering illness, in the 68th year of his age.
He married Anne, daughter of Sir John Cropley, of Clerkenwell, in the county of Middlesex, baronet, whom he left without issue. His remains were interred in the parish church of Redgrave, in the county of Suffolk, under a most sumptuous marble monument, upon which there is a figure of his Lordship in his robes of Chief Justice, sitting in a chair. Underneath is the following inscription :
Per xxi. annos continuos,
Vigilis, acris et intrepidi;
Natus xxx Decembris-Anno MDCXLII.
Lord Chief Justice Holt was one of the most able and upright Judges that ever presided in a court of justice. He was a perfect master of the cominon law, and applied himself with great assiduity to the functions of his important office. He possessed an uncommon clearness of understanding and great solidity of judgment; and such was his integrity and firmness of mind, that he could never be induced to swerve from the strictest lines of law and justice. He was remarkably strenuous in nobly asserting and as vigorously supporting the rights and liberties of the subject,
present,) the Lord Keeper performed the directions of the house, and the Lord Chief Justice read the acknowledgment. (Journals of the House, 1671.) -- The Chief Justice died in Easter urin, 23 Charles II.
to which he paid the greatest regard, and would not suffer any reflections, tending to depreciate them, to pass uncensured.
There was a remarkable clearness and perspicuity of ideas in his definitions; and a distinct arrangement of them in the analysis of his arguments, by which the real and natural difference of things was made most perceptible and obvious. He seldom erred in his conclusions; his arguments were instructive and convincing; and his integrity would not suffer him to deviate froin truth and justice, to gratify persons of the most exalted rank, not even in compliance to the will of his Prince or either House of Parliament.
He had a just sense of the extreme danger of calling in the military power, under the pretence of assisting the civil magistrate in the execution of the laws; and he would on no occasion countenance any thing of the kind. Whilst he held the office of Chief Justice, a riot happened in Holborn, occasioned by a practice, in which many persons were then engaged, of decoying young people of both sexes to the Plantations. The persons decoyed were kept prisoners in a house in that street until an opportunity occurred of sbipping them off, which being discovered, the enraged populace were going to pull down the house. Notice of this being sent to Whitehall, a party of the guards were commanded to march to the place, but they first sent an officer to Lord Chief Justice Holt, to acquaint him with the design, and to desire him to send some of his people to attend the soldiers, in order to give more weight to their interference. The officer having delivered his message, the Chief Justice said to him, “Suppose the populace should not disperse at your appearance, what are you to do then?” “Sir," answered the officer, “ we have orders to fire upon them.” “ Have yon, Sir," replied his Lordship:
“ then take notice of what I say: if there be one man killed, and you are tried before me, I will take care that you, and every. soldier of your party, shall be hanged ! Sir," added
go back to those who sent you, and acquaint them, that no officer of mine shall attend soldiers; and let them know at the saine time, that the laws of the kingdom are not to be execuled by the sword : these matters belong to the civil power, and you have nothing to do with thein.” Upon this the Lord Chief Justice ordered his tipstaves, with a few constables, to attend him, and went himself in person to the place where the tumult was; expostulated with the mob, and assured them that justice should be done upon the persons who were the objects of their indignation : upon which they all quietly dispersed.
VOL. III. NO. 16. [ R ]
We shall conclude with a well-merited eulogium upon the integrity and uprightness of this great Judge, which Sir Richard Steele has given us in the 14th Tatler, under the character of VERUS.
“ It would become all men, as well as me, to lay before them the noble character of VERUS, the magistrate, who always sate in triumph over, and in contempt of, Vice. He never searched after it, nor spared it when it came before hiin: at the same time he could see through the hypocrisy and disguise of those who have no pretence to virlue themselves but by severity to the vicious. This same VERUS was, in times long past, Chief Justice (as we call it amongst us) in Felicia. He was a man of profound knowledge of the laws of his country, and as just an observer of them in bis own person. He considered justice as a cardinal virtue; not as a trade for maintenance. Wherever he was Judge, he never forgot that he was also counsel. The criminal before him was always sure he stood before his country, and, in a sort, the parent of it. The prisoner knew, that though his spirit was broken with guilt, and incapable of language to defend itself, all would be gathered from hiin which could conduce to bis safety; and that the Judge would wrest no law to destroy hin, nor conceal any that would save him."
Declared in the London Gazette, from March 3d to
April 28th, inclusive.
['The Solicitors' Names, and Dates of the Gazette, are preceded
with a Crotchet.)
Alderson Christopher, of Beccles, Suffolk, grocer. [Dawes, Angel court, Throgo
March 6. Allen John, the elder, of Jewry strect, victualler. [Lewis, New square, Minories. Acklam William, of Beverley, tanner. [Hall, Beverley ; and Lowndes and Lan
bert, Red lion square. April 24. Beetham Wm. Simon, of Furnivai's inn court, Holborn, printer. (Beetham,
Bouverie street, Fleet street. Ball Thomas, of Bristol, brandy merchant. (Mellin, Bristol. Bock John, of Workington, Cumberiand, we marchani (Thompson, Work.
ingion ; and Bacon, Southampton street, Covent garden. March 3 Bulgins 'W., of Bristol, printer. [Hall and Jarmin, Bristol ; and Shaw, Bridge.
street, Blackfriars. March 3 Black George, and Alex. Sicphen, of Bush lane, London, dealers in coal. [Har
man, Wine office court, Fleet strect. Brears Robert, late of Middleton, Lancaster, cotton manufacturer. (Clarkson,
Rochdale, Lancaster ; and Hurd, Inner Temple. April 17. Berry W. of Oakham, Rurland, apothecary. [Latham, Melton Mowbray, Lei
cestershire ; and Rigge and Merritield, Carey street, London. March 6. B.owers John, of Halesworth, Suffolk, Shopkeeper. [Kingsbury, Bungay; and
Tarrant and Moule, Chancery-lane. Mirih 10. Bittison Richard, and Samuel Wade, of Manchester, merchants. [Barrett, Mag.
chester ; and Messrs. Willis, Warnford court. Bury Wm. the younger, late of Piloon, Devonshire. [Drake, Barnstaple ; and
Luxmore, Red lion square. [March 17. Buckley Wm. Saddleworth, Yorkshire, merchant. (Ainley, Saddleworth ; and
Batye, Chancery lane. March 31. Belloué james, Russell court, Drury lane, shoemaker. (Carpenter and Guy,
New inn. April 21. B:11 Wm. Southampron street, Covent garden, hatter. (Palmer and Tomlinson,
Throg morton street. Bradby Joseph, Wilton, Wilts, timber merchants. [Hodding, Salisbury; and
Milleic and Son, Terrace, Gray's inn lane. April 17. Brewer Thomas, Chippenham, Wiltshire, linen draper. [Cook and Tanner,
Bristol ; and James, Gray's inn, March 31. Brooks William, of Bideford, Devou, shopkeeper. [Daniel and Son, Bristol ; and
Pearson, Temple. April 28. Bradley Samuel, of Holborn, victualler. (Hebden, Inner Templ:. April 28. B:attie William, of St. Paul's churcb yard, pocket book maker. (Richardson,
Monument yard. April 24. Cook William, Cannon street road, mariner. (Nind, Great Prescots street, Good.
man's fields. April 21, Crooke James, of Colne, Lancashire, cotton manufacturer. [Taylor, Maachester;
and Ellis, Cursitor street. Curwen John, late of Lancaster, Lancashire, horse dealer. [Blacklock, Elm court,
Temple; and Atkinson Laucaster. March 34.