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HEARINGS $. \ro \
BEFORE A 50 * —”
SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE

COMMITTEE ON ARMED SERVICES
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

EIGHTY-FIRST CONGRESS
SECOND SESSION GARD DIVISION

ON

H. R. 5794

A BILL TO PROVIDE FOR THE ORGANIZATION
OF THE ARMY AND THE DEPARTMENT OF
THE ARMY, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

MARCH 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 20, 1950

Printed for the use of the Committee on Armed Services

UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

60266 WASHINGTON : 1950

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COMMITTEE ON ARMED SEIRVICES
CARL WINSON, Georgia, Chairman

SUBCOMMITTEE No. 2

PAUL J. KILDAY, Texas, Chairman
JAMES J. HEFFERNAN, New York, Vice Chairman

F. EDWARD HEBERT, Louisiana W. STERLING COLE, New York MELVIN PRICE, Illinois CHARLES H. ELSTON, Ohio WILLIAM J. GREEN. J.R., Pennsylvania LEROY JOHNSON, California JOHN R. WALSH, Indiana HARRY L. TOWE, New Jersey

HERBERT A. MEYER, Kansas E. L. BARTLETT, Delegate, Alaska

JoHN R. BLANDFORD, Professional Staff Member
II

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Rymer, Thomas, Director of the General Commission on Chaplains-- 6179

Item number of

Section Subject discussed contents by date

Army organization bill (chart) ----------------------- 6027

General explanation and discussion of the bill--------- 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 10,

41, 65, 66,

67, 68, 69.

Explanation of Staff system of the Army - - - - - - - - - - - - - 15, 18, 47

SECTIONS OF THE BILL

1 | Short title of act---------------------------------- 6, 51
2 | Definitions---------------------------------------- 7, 52

CONTENTS BY SUBJECT-Continued

Section Subject discussed o

TITLE I—SECRETARY of THE ARMY

101 | Powers and duties of the Secretary------------------- 8, 53

102 | Under Secretary and Assistant Secretaries__ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 9

103 || Personnel of Office of Secretary---------------------- 11, 53

- TITLE II—CHIEF of STAFF AND THE ARMY STAFF

201 | Army staff and its composition---------------------- 12, 13, 14, 16,

- 17, 54, 56

202 || Chief of Staff - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ----------- 19

203 || Vice, Deputy, and Assistant Chiefs of Staff - - - - - - - - - - - 20

204 | Duties of Chief of Staff----------------------------- 21, 22, 55

205 | Duties of Army Staff------------------------------- 23

206 || Chiefs of services---------------------------------- 24

207 || Inspector General and Provost Marshal General------- 27, 57

208 || Deputy and Assistant Chiefs of Services-------------- 28, 29, 58

THTLE III—ORGANIZATION of THE ARMY

301 || Composition of the Army--------------------------- 30

302 | Composition of the Regular Army - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 31

303 || Commands, forces, and organizations of the Army----- 32

304 || Army areas--------------------------------------- 33, 42, 59

305 || Organized peace establishment---------------------- 34, 60

306 || Branches of the Army------------------------------ 25, 26, 61

307 || Army Medical Service------------------------------ 35, 62

308 || Judge Advocate General's Corps--------------------- -

309 | Chaplains----------------------------------------- 37, 38, 39, 63

310 || Women's Army Corps------------------------------ 40

TITLE IV—REPEALs, AMENDMENTS, AND SAVING

PROVISIONS

401 | Repeals------------------------------------------|--------------

402 || Amendments—Transfers of duties and powers--------- 43

403 || Intrusting of public money-------------------------- 44

404 || Saving provisions—Miscellaneous matters------------ 45, 64

405 || Saving provision—Existing orders and regulations - - - - - 46

406 | Transfer or discontinuance of Army Mine Planter

Service----------------------------------------- 48

407 | Saving provision—Powers of the Secretary of Defense-- 49, 65

408 Separability provision------------------------------ 50

CONTENTS BY DATES

Item Page

- - MARCH 1, 1950

1 | Text of H. R. 5794, “Army Organization Bill”.-------------- 5981

2 | Letter of Hon. Louis Johnson, Secretary of Defense---------- 5989, 5992

3 || Statement of Hon. Gordon Gray, Secretary of the Army------ 5992

4 General discussion of the bill------------------------------ 5981–5991

5 || Statement of Gen. J. Lawton Collins, Chief of Staff---------- 6002

6 || Explanation of section 1, “Short Title”--------------------- 6003

7 || Explanation and Discussion of section 2, “Definitions”------- 6004

8 || Explanation and discussion of section 101, “Powers and Duties

of the Secretary”-------------------------------------- 6010

9 | Explanation and discussion of section 102, “Under Secretary

and Assistant Secretaries”------------------------------ 6017

I

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- Item l. . . Page

- MARCH 2, 1950

10 | General discussion of the bill------------------------------ 6023

11 || Explanation and discussion of section 103, “Personnel of Office

of Secretary”------------------------------------------ 6036

12 || Explanation and discussion of section 201, “Army Staff and

ts Composition” ------ -------------------------------- 6044

MARCH 3, 1950

13 || Additional discussion of section 201, “Army Staff and Its

Composition”----------------------------------------- 6055

14 | Discussion of Army Staff strength------------------------- 6059

15 | Explanation of staff system of the Army-------------------- 6063

16 | Discussion of General Staff Corps-------------------------- 6068

17 | Discussion of length of tours of duty on the Army Staff------ 6070

18 | Discussion of Army General Staff-------------------------- 6074

19 | Explanation and discussion of section 202, “Chief of Staff”---- 6075

20 | Explanation and discussion of section 203, “Vice, Deputy,

and Assistant Chiefs of Staff”--------------------------- 6079

21 | Explanation and discussion of section 204, “Duties of Chief of

Staff”------------------------------------------------ 6088

MARCH 6, 1950

22 || Additional discussion of sec. 204, “Duties of Chief of Staff”-- 6093

23 Explanation and discussion of sec. 205, “Duties of Army Staff.” – 6096

24 Explanation and discussion of sec. 206, “Chiefs of Services”-- 6107

25 | Explanation and discussion of sec. 306, “Branches of the

rmy”----------------------------------------------- 6108

MARCH 7, 1950

26 || Additional discussion of sec. 306, “Branches of the Army”---- 61.25

27 | Explanation and discussion of sec. 207, “Inspector General

and Provost Marshal General”-------------------------- 6132

28 || Explanation and discussion of sec. 208, “Deputy and Assistant

hiefs of Services”------------------------------------- 6139

MARCH 8, 1950

29 || Additional discussion of sec. 208, “Deputy and Assistant

Chiefs of Services”------------------------------------- 6155

30 || Explanation and discussion of sec. 301, “Composition of the

rmy”----------------------------------------------- 6157

31 || Explanation and discussion of sec. 302, “Composition of the

egular Army”---------------------------------------- 6159

32 || Explanation and discussion of sec. 303, “Commands, Forces,

and Organizations of the Army”------------------------- 61.63

33 || Explanation and discussion of sec. 304, “Army Areas” - - - - - - - 6163

34 || Explanation and discussion of sec. 305, “Organized Peace

stablishment”---------------------------------------- 6171

35 | Explanation and discussion of sec. 307, “Army Medical

ervice”---------------------------------------------- 6172

36 || Explanation and discussion of sec. 308, “Judge Advocate

o Corps”-------------------------------------- 6175

37 || Explanation and discussion of sec. 309, “Chaplains” - - - - - - - 6176

38 || Statement of Fred C. Reynolds, president of the Military

Chaplains Association---------------------------------- 6.177

39 || Statement of Thomas Rymer, Director of the General Com-

mission on Chaplains----------------------------------- 6179

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