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PERsonAL PRONou Ns.
Goand. English. Telugu. Tamil. Canarese. Malayalem. Tuluvu. Coorg. Todava.
* Used of dignified or
Goand.—Sark ask kitur sing Baban hille puttur.
Goand.—Yirrun ask kitur awite Sing-baban autarietur.
English.—Seventh wife took by her Sing baba was conceived.
Canarese.—Elne Hendati yennu madicondanu Avalu Singu babannu garbhadali dhariudalu.
Some notes on the Botany of Sinde, by Captain N. VICARY, 2nd European Regt.
The following notes have been made from plants, collected under considerable difficulties, at seasons (Dec. Jan. Feb.) the worst that could be selected for collecting plants, or when I was accompanying an army in an enemy's country, with scarcely the means of transporting my private baggage.—I mention this merely to show that much remains to be done of botanical interest in Sinde, and that my collection gives but a limited, although a characteristic idea of the plants that flourish in that region. The Flora of Sinde falls maturally into three divisions, that of the hills, the plains, and the coast. The hills being either the bases or out-liers of the IIala range, are barren in the extreme, owing to the want of rivers, the rareness of natural springs, their saline mature where they do exist, and the absence of periodical rains.
Little that could be called soil exists; a few of the intervening valleys only are favored with arable land.
The hilly country generally presents a most desolate and barren appearance—little vegetation meets the eye—scarcely anything but the bare, broken, pale or rusty yellow Tertiary strata, of which they are composed. My Beloch guides informed me that rain at a proper season falls on an average about every fourth year, that shortly afterwards vegetation appears abundantly, and that on those occasions the Belochees are in the habit of collecting and storing dried grass; at such seasons the botanist would doubtless find much to excite attention, but at any time the few plants found are very interesting.
* Pronounced long.
A species of Palm is very abundant in this division, near springs and lining the banks of water courses. If not new, I believe it to be Chaemerops humilis, but I have seem neither flowers or fruit. The tree has scarcely any stem above ground; the leaves are flabelliform, and the petioles channelled with lacerate stiff margins. The denuded and dry spadix of one tree which I saw was about 6 feet high, with numerous lateral branchlets. The Belochees, make sandals of the leaves of this tree. A Viola is found near water courses, nearly allied to if not identical with W. patrinii. A species of Reamuria, with leaves differing somewhat from the described kinds, also exists on the tops of some of the lower hills. This, and a Scrophularineous plant (Anticharis) are the most ornamental plants found in the lower Halas. A Grewia, allied to G. sapida, forms small shrubs rising from the fissures of the rocks; its small red berries are eatable. Orygia trianthemoides, is found near the base of the hills, Heptophyllum tuberculatum in the upper valleys, and Peganum Harmala everywhere. I found Tribulus alatus, Del. and Calligonum, both Egyptian forms, at the base of the hills; a species of Zygophyllum, differing little from Z. simplex, is found forming dense matted beds near springs in the upper valleys. Seetzenia, a Sierra Leone genus, is abundant both in the hills and at their bases, also a new species of the Cape genus “Monsonia,”—Neurada procumbens, an Egyptian or Arabian plant, is plentiful on the borders of the Sinde desert, and also in the hills, is particularly plentiful too near Shahpoor on the western border of the desert. On the sand hills at the same place I found species of Rhazya; it is a pretty small shrub with so much the habit of the garden Oleander that our sepoys called it “Bun Kumale.” It is also found throughout the hills but invariably in sandy places. A species of Forskalea, with ovate leaves, is abundant in some places amongst the hills; the leaves of this plant adhere to everything with great tenacity and can only be removed piece meal; the whole plant is clothed with sharp hooked hairs. A Sophora, with pretty yellow Laburnum-like flowers, is also found amongst rocks near water, accompanied by Linaria ramosissima, and a variety of Lindenbergia urticaefolia. Several species of Salsolae are also abundant. One in particular in the hilly country with terete