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might be able, with the help of his Burmese savans, to throw some light upon the meaning of this curious representation, as well as of others I hope to furnish. The workmanship of the figure is superior to the ordinary run; its material is black chlorite. The measurement is 15 in. × 9 in. and has been worshipped for years past as Bhyrub by the ignorant people of this town ; but this occurs everywhere, as remarked upon by Buchanan. I have given the inscription in a line by itself with the Deva Nágri eontext immediately above it for comparison;" it is the same, excepting Perhaps orthographical errors, as given in page 133, Vol. IV. of the Journal, and occurs on almost every image in this district, and in various types, down to No. 2, of the Allahabad column, called the Gupta by Prinsep. I hope soon to have it in my power to offer the Society further specimens of fragments of Budhist sculpture met with in such abundance in this district, and should you think them of sufficient interest, I would not object to draw them on transfer paper ready for printing and pubhishing in the Journal. I beg to announce to the Society that having lately had a few days' *isure I have visited several of the spots held sacred in the vicinity of Gaya, and have made several curious discoveries which may prove of interest to those who make the former usages and religion of this empire a study. It would take much more space than I can afford or would attempt to fill, in a letter which is intended as a simple announcement, to describe what I have seen, and explain the conjectures it has led to, so * * be well understood—suffic, it to say, I have found what I consider to be remains of the famous Chaitya, or temple raised by Asoka at Budha Gaya; they *tofanumber of columns on which are very rude though * *ptures no relief in medallions. I have sketched all that seem worth *cording; the subjects are chiefly the worship of the Bo tree, the lotus, the ine or Chaitya, a goat, a female figure with the head of an *s, &c. There are also winged lions, oxen and hors” and a centaur. The simple bull is oft repeated, and a cow and calf–

but this last appears to be of a later date. It is remarkable that those pillars are of the same stone as that of the Asoka columns of P*

* As there is no t

00m to : - - l ubioin the Deva-nāgarí transcription—Ed, m to insert this in the plate we here subj

• * * * - * * * awi a on favors wi WTwai`i; at aurant wa woot *t *Tâ wri to

Allahabad and others; and here I must not omit to mention that or of these, or rather part of one was many years ago set up in Saleb gun as a landmark by a Mr. Boddam ; it was brought from Bukrow’s (th site of an ancient city opposite Budha Gaya) where the lower portion still remain, the dimensions of this column must have been the sanie as of the others abovenamed. There is a sentence on most of the sculptured

pillars ending with 5 L’ “ danam,” or “the gift of,” like those of the

Bhilsa Tope in the early character, but the middle letters being much worn I cannot make it out properly ; the initial letter is the same in all H the - •u à ; it seems to be Hå, syd, J, yā, Hoo & K A gi, Joyé, fida, L*aa, the language seems to be Pāli or Prácrit and no sense can be made of it—but it must be the name of a person making a gift—perhaps Góya may be the dative of Gaya, when it would read “the gift to Gava of" !—but it is unimportant otherwise than the characters fix the date. I have visited a spot called Koorkihar, the site of an ancient city and of a Budha monastery or Vihara, hence the name which has been no doubt corrupted from Koorka Vihara : there are innumerable idols chief ly Budhas, some of great size and very beautifully executed, and well worth removing to the museum and sending home. Amongst other things are a vast number of miniature Chaityas or Budha temples, from 8 inches to several feet; these are noticed by Buchanan when speaking of Gaya; but they are more plentiful here and at Budha Gaya than elsewhere. I have collected some, but none are entire; they will, form subject for special notice hereafter. There is a large Budha temple at Pornaha in ruins, but sufficiently entire to enable a good plan to be made of it, which I hope to be able to . accomplish. 4 I have discovered a great many inscriptions at Gaya proper, and have taken impressions and copies, but they are not, as far as I can judge, of much interest; however they mention the names of many of the Pál rajas of Bengal and give dates. When I shall have prepared good copies 1 shall send them for the Society's inspection—and if considered acceptable I shall be happy to present duplicates. This province offers a wide field for research. I have heard of several places worth visiting, but my time and means are small. There is one place called Pawnpoori which is said in one of the poorans to be the capital of Chundra Gupta; this I shall try and visit. |

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JANUARY, 1847.


The usual monthly m 13th January.

The Hon'ble Sir J. P. Grant, in the chair.

The Proceedi oceedings of the previous meeting were read and confirmed.

Dr. Duncan S elected a o:-* Presidency Surgeon, was ballotted for and duly

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Proposed by Sir ..". do. Dr. W. B. O'Shaughnessy, seconded by the Hon’ble

eeting was held on Wednesday evening, the

en were proposed for ballot at the February

Proposed by Colonel Ousely, seconded by Mr. Pid

The Senior se - Papers on the *tary read a Report on the part of the Committee of

Resolved, T :“y's affairs. - among the resi e the Report be received and printed for circulation meeting of the Int members, prior to the discussion at the February

The joins it contains. Soutlemen were elected members of the Committee of ly vacancies —J. W. Colville, Esq. Advocate General,

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Papers to supp


W. Grey, Esq. C. S, Welby Jackson, Esq. C. S., and R. W. G. Frit I

Read translation of a letter received from Professor Lassen, as fo lows:—

To Dr. E. Roeb, Co-Secretary, Asiatic Society, Oriental Departmenz.

MY DEAR SIR,-In conveying to the Asiatic Society my grateful acknow ledgments for the valuable present they have favoured me with, and for thei interest in my pursuits, I would request you to offer to the Society my apologie for the delay in my reply, owing to a severe affection of the eyes, from which I have been suffering during this whole summer, and which prevented me from engaging in any literary undertakings. I was long since aware of the importance, may of the indispensability of Radhakant's Dictionary for my labours, without, however, seeing a chance of making use of it, and my gratitude to the Asiatic Society, is the more cordial and sincere, since by their favour I have at last obtained access to this mine of Hindu learning. Being anxious publicly to record my thanks to the Society, I shall consider it a particular favour, if you will ascertain, whether the Society would accept the dedication of my work on Indian antiquities to them. I was by my disease unfortunately compelled to desist during last summer from my labours, but I hope I shall be able to finish the latter half of the first volume in the course of the next spring. By your translation of the Vedanta Sara, which I already knew from No. 15S of the Journal, you have acquired a lasting merit for the correct interpretation of this work, the meaning of which had been entirely misconstrued by the two former translators. You give, I apprehend, even too much praise to the German, by calling him a good Sanscrit scholar; his grammar and anthology contain many errors, and do not speak well of the critical sagacity of the author; his works are still more perverted by the circumstance, that he mixes up with all his labours Schelling's philosophy which he does not even correctly understand. o I most sincerely thank you for your offer to have, with the consent of the Society, some of the manuscripts of your Library copied for me, and I shall take the liberty to avail myself of it on any occasion I may require it. The works I should wish to have copied before all others, I am afraid, are not in the Library, at least not in the printed catalogue, viz. the Prătisakhya and the works of Aryabhutta. The latter, I believe, are only procurable in Malabar, since I find only one single notice of one of them in the catalogue of the Mackenzie collection, where mention is made of a manuscript in Grantham writing. The first title includes three works, manuscripts of which are found in London, and in Chambers’ collection in Berlin ; they are grammars of the Veda dialect, more ancient than that of Panini, and for this reason of great importance. If you will not consider me rude, I shall be much

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*ised to you, if you can procure for me the two last Adhyayas of Bhaskara's * Siromani. I have the first two chapters, but never succeeded in obtaining the two remaining parts, - I am, &c. C. LAssex. Read a letter from Dr. Roer, Co-Secretary in the Oriental Department, P"Posing the removal of the Pundit on the grounds of incapacity * * duties-referred to the Committee of Papers. Presented * Poor on the Coins of the Independent Mussalman *** Bengal by J. W. Laidlay, Esq. - Ditto, on *ammonoides and a new species of Tibetan antelope, with drawing, by B. II. Hodgson, Esq., Darjeeling. Both these papers ap rear in the present number; the drawings illustrative of Mr. Hodgson's article **artist's hands and will be published with the least avoidable delay. Road tle following letter from the Secretary to Government, N. W. Provinces, forwarding

discovered in the Mi

drawings of some remarkable cave temples lately

"Zapore district.

From J. Thorn No. 1182.
toN, Esq. Secretary to Government, N. W. P.

To the Secretary Asiatic Society, Calcutta.

Lieut.-Governor's Camp, the 19th December, 1846.

Geal. Dept.

Sis.-The Hon'ble the Li pies in the vicinity of the procure drawings of the Chunar. His Honor

eutenant-Governor, having heard of certain cave Tem

hilly tracts south of Mirzapore, has taken steps to " through the Agency of Captain Stuart, Fort Adjutant of now desired me to transmit to you a copy of a letter , dated 3d ultimo, together with the original plans and "Pollied it, and to request that you will place them at the disciety for publication in their Journal, or for such other notice *ted to deserve.

I have the honor to be, Sir,

Your most obedient servant,
J. ThortNton,

received from that ificer
sketches which acco
posal of the Asiatic
as they may be tonsid

Lieut.-Gotr,', Can
the 19th *...
y ".

Secretary to Government, N. W. P.

To J. "oustos E (Copy.)
* , its

S18,-With refere q. Secretary to the Government, N. W. P. Ayra.

ing me to procure Ilce our letter No. 1106, of 26th December, 1845, requestdiscovered in the Hill the information I could regarding some Cave Temples lately of outlay, so us, ! racts south of Mirzapore, and sanctioning a certain amount Poservation, I have the honor to state that I have this day

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