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CHINA

ATTITUDE OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE ON THE EXPORT TO CHINA OF ARMS OR

MUNITIONS, INCLUDING MILITARY AIRCRAFT

Date and number

Subject

Page

1931 June 8

1016

June 12

1018

1018

June 24

(312)

1019

July 9

(406)

Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Far Eastern Affairs

of a Conversation With Mr. Rogers of the Bureau of Aero

nautics, Department of Commerce
Explanation of the Department's policy of exporting arms to
China only on consignments known to be approved and
desired by the Nanking Government; and of exportation of
commercial planes without licenses.
Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Far Eastern

Affairs
of a Conversation With the Counselor of the British Embassy
Observation by Mr. Hornbeck that the British policy,
indicated by present holding up of shipments of arms for
Canton in the absence of approval of the Nanking Govern-
ment, appears to be identical with U. S. policy.
From the American Minister in China to the Chinese Minister

for Foreign Affairs
Acknowledgment of note from the Foreign Ministry which
requested that American merchants be instructed that no
local government in China would be permitted to contract
for the purchase of arms except under a permit from the Central
Government; information that American consular officers in
China are being informed for the benefit of interested persons.
From the Minister in China (tel.)

From Hong Kong: Complaint of local agent of L. E. Gale
Company, American firm, that shipments of military supplies
are being made freely from European countries to Hong Kong
for the Cantonese Government.
From the Minister in China (tel.)

From Canton: Confirmation by Canton Aviation Bureau
of shipments of military airships from England and Germany,
and information from the Bureau that an order has been
placed with an American company, probably L. E. Gale Com-
pany, for 12 American military airships to be exported as
commercial aircraft and to be armed at Hong Kong.
To the Minister in China (tel.)

Instructions for Canton and Hong Kong to report through
the Legation any instances of military equipment and air-
planes being shipped from United States or other foreign
countries to the Canton authorities, and to report cases of the
use of commercial planes for military purposes.
From the Consul General at Nanking (tel.)

Request from the Chinese Finance Minister that the United
States forbid the exportation of eight Lockheed Vega planes
purchased by the Canton Government for conversion into
military planes. Assertion by the United Aircraft Export
Company that the British authorities at Hong Kong do not
impede British sales of fighting planes to Canton.
From the Consul General at Nanking (tel.)

Receipt of an aide-mémoire from the Chinese Foreign Office
concerning the planes mentioned in telegram No. 41,

July 21, requesting prohibition of export on the basis of U. 8. regulations for the transportation of war materials. Information from the British authorities that the Barcelona Convention prevents their interfering with cargoes consigned to Canton.

July 11

(417)

1019

1020

July 18

(237)

1020

July 21

(41)

1021

July 22

(42)

CHINA
ATTITUDE OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE ON THE EXPORT TO CHINA OF ARMS

or MUNITIONS, INCLUDING MILITARY AIRCRAFT- Continued

Date and number

Subject

Page

1931 July 27

(60)

1022

1022

July 30 (276)

July 31

1023

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1023

To the Consul General at Nanking (tel.)

Advice that the Department is taking steps to prevent ex-
portation unless planes are accompanied by export licenses
duly issued by this Department in conformity with the estab-
lished requirements, but that it does not guarantee success of
its efforts.
From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)

Information from the British Foreign Office that export
license for military materials is given only to shipments des-
tined for and with the known sanction of the Nanking Govern-
ment, that the Hong Kong Government is conforming to this
policy, but that commercial planes can be exported to any
place without an export license.
Memorandum by the Vice Consul at Nanking of a Conversation

With Major Wu Hjeh-shek of the Aviation Bureau at Nan

king
Assertion by Major Wu that the Cantonese have purchased
planes from Great Britain and Germany, and his request that
United States Government take all possible steps to prevent
their purchase of civil model planes in view of the ease with
which such planes can be fitted for military use.
Memorandum by the Consul General at Nanking of a Conversa-

tion With the Assistant Director of the Department of Gen

eral Affairs, Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Inquiry by the Chinese official as to the possibility of the
United States' preventing the shipment of European planes
to Canton through Manila.
To the Minister in China (te!.)

Information from the War and Commerce Departments
that Vought Corsair planes and Douglas planes, with the ex-
ception of amphibians, are primarily for military purposes,
and that the Treasury Department is being notified of the
State Department's opinion that these planes should be ex-
ported to China only on the issuance of an export license by
the Department.
From the Minister in China

Note to the Foreign Minister advising that United States
is taking steps with a view to preventing the shipment of eight
Lockheed Vega planes to Canton.
From the Minister in China (tel.)

From Canton: Report from Gale's Hong Kong representa-
tive concerning Far East Aviation Company's dealings with the
Canton Aviation Bureau; his objection that British sales of
military aircraft to Cantón, if continued, would have adverse
effect on American trade.
To the Ambassador in Great Britain

Transmittal of copy of telegram No. 815, October 23, from
the Minister in China, with instructions to bring this informa-
tion to the attention of the Foreign Office and report any
comments.

1024

Aug. 5

(260)

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Aug. 19

(1126)

1026

Oct. 23

(815)

1026

Nov. 13

(990)

CHINA

ATTITUDE OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE ON THE EXPORT TO CHINA OF ARMS

OR MUNITIONS, INCLUDING MILITARY AIRCRAFT—Continued

Date and number

Subject

Page

1931 Dec. 12

(339)

1027

1027

Dec. 14

(461)

To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)

Advice of the confirmation, by Department of Commerce
data, of the telegraphic report from Canton transmitted in
instruction No. 990, November 13. Request for early action
and report.
From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)

Report that matter of British delivery of planes to Canton
Aviation Bureau has been taken up with the Foreign Office
but that the latter is not yet able to make comment.
From the Minister in China

Information that the difficulties encountered by American
firms in the sale of aeroplanes in South China will probably
disappear in the reorganization of the National Government;
opinion that if a political reconciliation between the Chinese
factions does not occur, it would appear unjust to handicap
American merchants at Canton in view of British policy.

1027

Dec. 23 (1340)

PROTECTION OF TITLE DEEDS TO REAL PROPERTY OF AMERICANS IN CHINA

1931 Feb. 18

(814)

1028

1028

Feb. 26

(407)

From the Minister in China

Transmittal of a despatch from the Consul General at
Shanghai (excerpt printed) reporting a decision of the High
Court of Kiangsu excluding Americans and other foreigners
(except possibly missionaries) from holding perpetual leases
on land outside the definitely prescribed limits of treaty ports
and foreign settlement areas. Opinion that such decision will
lead to difficulties unless the extraterrioriality agreement pro-
vides a definite safeguard for such property rights.
To the Minister in China

Instructions to advise American consular officers in China,
except the Consul General at Shanghai, to take no further steps
toward the issuance of title deeds to property in China in the
name of an American citizen unless satisfied that there is sub-
stantial American interest in the property. Advice, however,
that the International Settlement and the French Concession
at Shanghai should come under a uniform practice established
by all the powers concerned.
From the Minister in China (tel.)

From Hankow: Information that vernacular newspapers
have published a proclamation by the Municipal Government
requiring the submission of "white deeds” for stamping before
April 1 or the imposition of a fine; request for instructions, as
owners of white deeds hesitate to submit them.
To the Minister in China (tel.)

Advice that foreign land titles and fees on land transactions
are questions being considered in the extraterritoriality negotia-
tions and that American holders of white deeds must act,
meanwhile, on their own judgment, but that if fees on previous
land transactions are not involved, American purchasers would
be wise to obtain red deeds when the procedure is based on
reasonable Chinese legislation.

1030

Mar. 27

(172)

1031

Apr. 6 (129)

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CHINA PROTECTION OF TITLE DEEDS TO REAL PROPERTY OF AMERICANS IN CHINA

Continued

Date and number

Subject

Page

1931 June 8

(507)

1032

To the Minister in China

Advice that the recent action of the Chinese in withdrawing
from foreigners the privilege to purchase land at Mokanshan
constitutes no valid ground for protest; instructions, however,
to report any impairment of existing American property
rights as a result of the regulations.
From the Minister in China

Information from the Consul General at Shanghai that his
colleagues are not, at the present time, disposed to effect any
change in the procedure for the issuance of consular title deeds
at Shanghai, as the matter is closely connected with the credit
and finance situation.

1033

Nov. 5 (1248)

EFFORTS

FOR

THE

CONSIDERATION OF AMERICAN CLAIMS OUTSTANDING

AGAINST CHINA

1931 Jan. 3

(3)

1034

1035

Jan. 9

(15)

Jan. 12

1036

(17)

To the Minister in China (tel.)

Instructions to inform the Chinese Government, if con-
sidered advisable, that the American Government desires to
cooperate but cannot assent to the tentative plan for settle-
ment of claims against China (as set forth in Minister's tele-
gram No. 997, November 21, 1930) until informed of the
treatment to be accorded to the total outstanding obligations
owed to American interests. Inquiry as to possible attitude
of Chinese Government toward a Sino-American claims com-
mission.
From the Minister in China (tel.)

Understanding that the Foreign Ministry desires as com-
plete a list of contractual obligations as possible with a state-
ment of sums due. Information that the attitude of other
governments toward the Chinese tentative plan has not been
determined.
From the Minister in China (tel.)

Opinion that it would not be premature to request state-
ments from American creditors, as, until these statements
are prepared, no further discussion can be carried on with
the Finance Minister.
From the Minister in China (tel.)

Information that Dr. Wang Chung-hui, Chairman of the
Commission for the Reorganization of China's Domestic and
Foreign Loans, has been advised of the attitude expressed in
Department's telegram No. 3, January 3.
From the Minister in China (tel.)

Proposal of an agreement for a claims commission to the For-
eign Minister, who felt that his Government would object but
desired to consider the matter.
Memorandum by the Minister in China

Discussion with Foreign Minister regarding the claims aris-
ing from damage to American property at Changsha in 1930;
Chinese position that Government was not liable for damage
done by rebels.

(Footnote: Information that the Foreign Minister subsequently refused to reconsider the matter.)

1036

Jan. 16

(27)

Mar. 7

1037

Mar. 7

1037

CHINA

EFFORTS FOR THE CONSIDERATION OF AMERICAN CLAIMS OUTSTANDING AGAINST

CHINA-Continued

Date and number

Subject

Page

1038

1038

1039

1040

1931 Apr. 13

From the Minister in China (tel.)

Information from the Foreign Minister that Wang Chunghui is not agreeable to a claims commission and that an official

proposal would receive a negative response.
May 7 To the Minister in China (tel.)
(173) Suggestion that the attention of the Chinese authorities be

called to certain points relating to Department's draft protocol
setting up a claims commission (transmitted in despatch No.
1467, February 3, 1930), emphasizing that the work of the
proposed commission would be what the Chinese Government
apparently desires, namely, the clarification of its position

with respect to all foreign obligations.
May 23 From the Minister in China (tel.)
(294) Conversation with the Foreign Minister, who stated his

objections to the proposal of a claims commission but, upon
the Minister's suggestions of ways to meet these objections,
asked the Minister to draft an agreement along the lines
suggested. Request for the Department's outline for presen-

tation to the Foreign Minister.
July 16 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Far Eastern Affairs

of a Conversation With the Chinese Chargé
Informal statement read to the Chargé in reply to his recent
inquiry, made at the instance of the Nanking Government,
with regard to the postponement of payments on inter-
governmental debts, particularly certain Boxer indemnity

payments.
Undated To the Chinese Legation

Text of the informal statement read and handed to the
Chinese Chargé on July 16 by the Chief of the Division of

Far Eastern Affairs.
July 30 From the Minister in China (tel.)
(472) Reuter's report from Shanghai: Information that the

Minister of Finance published a warning that the bonds issued
by Canton rebels and secured on customs revenue would not
be recognized in any way by the Government as having claim

on national funds.
Dec. 10 To the Minister in China
(643) Draft of a proposed claims convention between the United

States and China (text printed) to be used as a basis for
further discussions, and offering proposals to overcome Chinese
objections to the former draft.

1041

1041

1042

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