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THE FAR EASTERN CRISIS OCCUPATION OF MANCHURIA BY JAPAN, BEGINNING OF JAPANESE MILITARY

AGGRESSION, AND EFFORTS OF THE UNITED STATES AND OTHER POWERS TO PRESERVE PEACE_Continued

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59 Frimormation from Chinchów that railway company has been

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1931 Dec. 26 From the Minister in China (tel.) (1129) From Harbin: Report that Ma has funds for three months

and is acting under directions of Nanking although he has

anxiety over expected Japanese operations. Dec. 26 From the Minister in China (tel.) (1130) From Mukden and Chinchow: Report of clashes and

Japanese air activities.
Dec. 26 From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
(280) Explanation of feeling among the Japanese military against

the reported assurances that they would not attack Chinchow;
request for instructions as to presenting the French Ambas-

sador with a copy of the U. S. note.
Dec. 26 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
(278) Instructions that French Ambassador may be given a copy

of note in strict confidence. Dec. 29

in (1146)

directed to assemble trains at Chinchow and the withdrawal

of Chinese troops is expected.
Dec. 29 From the Chinese Chargé to the Chief of the Division of Far

Eastern Affairs
Transmittal of a telegram from the Chinese Ministry of
Foreign Affairs (text printed) placing upon Japan the respon-
sibility for whatever consequences may result from Japanese
insistence upon the railway administration's transporting a
number of soldiers to Tientsin, not in accordance with the

Protocol of 1901.
Dec. 30 From the Minister in China (tel.)
(1153) Information that Chang is withdrawing from Chinchow

under pressure of Japanese arguments and in view of his lack

of support from Nanking. Dec. 30 From the Minister in China (tel.) (1154) From Mukden: Report of Japanese advances and of addi

tional troop trains leaving Mukden. Dec. 30 From the Minister in China (tel.) (1156) Information from Chinchow of Chinese withdrawal, which

is to be completed within the week; authorization to Margetts

to return at his discretion. Dec. 31 Fiom the Consul General at Canton (tel.)

Information that an order for the dissolution of the National

Government at Canton is being issued.
Dec. 31 From the Minister in China (tel.)
(1162) From the Military Attaché at Chinchow: Information that

Provisional Government will remain at Chinchow, and that
the line of Japanese control is to be settled by diplomatic
negotiation.

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THE FAR EASTERN CRISIS OCCUPATION OF MANCHURIA BY JAPAN, BEGINNING OF JAPANESE MILITARY

AGGRESSION, AND EFFORTS OF THE UNITED STATES AND OTHER POWERS TO PRESERVE PEACE_Continued

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1931 Dec. 31

711

1932 Jan. 1

(2)

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Jan. 2

713

From the Appointed Chinese Minister

Transmittal of a telegram from the Chinese Ministry of
Foreign Affairs (text printed) citing Japanese advances as
violation of the Council resolution and expressing the hope
that the United States will take effective measures to prevent
the aggravation of the present situation.
From the Minister in China (tel.)

From the Military Attaché at Chinchow: Report of con-
fusion incident to Chinese withdrawal and of Japanese occu-
pation of Kowpangtze.
From the Minister in China (tel.)

From Nanking: Account of the reorganization of the Gov-
ernment, with the President of the Executive Yuan as virtual
Prime Minister responsible to the Central Executive Com-
mittee of the party; preponderance of men from the Southern
provinces; diminishing of prospects for a successful coalition
government due to the absence of Chiang, Soong and others.
From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)

Transmittal of note from the Chinese delegation to the President of the Council (text printed) setting forth Japan's violation of the Council's resolution of December 10 and requesting the Council's adoption of effective measures to deal with the situation; covering letter from Berthelot (text printed) advising of representations made by the French and other Governments.

714

Jan. 6

(2)

CHINA NEGOTIATIONS FOR RELINQUISHMENT BY THE UNITED STATES AND OTHER POWERS

OF EXTRATERRITORIAL RIGHTS IN CHINA

1931 Jan. 2

(3)

716

From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.)

Foreign Office expression of appreciation for U. S. views as
set forth in telegram No. 334, December 31, 1930, to the Am-
bassador in Great Britain; British opinion that with the grad-
ual cessation of civil war in China, the demand for abolition
of extraterritoriality would unite all factions and might result
in anti-foreign boycott unless foreign governments make some
gesture to meet the situation.
To the Minister in China (tel.)

Advice that the Department believes prompt action and the
offer of some concessions desirable; information that a new
draft of agreement covering relinquishment of extraterritorial
rights will be ready shortly and that the British Government
may submit new proposals at the same time.
To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)

717

Jan. 13

(14)

719

Jan. 19

(16)

To matractions to request foreign orice views on Department's

new draft proposals (being sent by mail); outline of principal
changes in this draft as compared with draft of October 28,
1930.

CHINA NEGOTIATIONS FOR RELINQUISHMENT BY THE UNITED STATES AND OTHER POWERS

OF EXTRATERRITORIAL RIGHTS IN CHINA-Continued

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1931 Jan. 21 From the Minister in China (tel.) (35) Outline of points that should be insisted upon in any settle

ment of the extraterritoriality question. Jan. 27 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) (30) Foreign Office expectation that it can accept all of the De

partment's amendments as set forth in telegram No. 16, Janu

ary 19. Jan. 29 From the Minister in China (tel.) (46) Comments of the British Chargé on the new U. S. draft

proposals.
Jan. 30 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
(30) Instructions to inform the British Foreign Office of the De-

partment's intentions to resume the discussion of extraterri-
toriality with the Chinese Minister, using the new proposals

previously outlined as a basis therefor.
Feb. 3 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
(34) Account of conference with Foreign Office experts, who ex-

pressed preference for gradual yielding by foreign governments
rather than for such full acquiescence to Chinese claims as set
forth in American proposals; summary of conversation (text

printed) giving viewpoints approved by Foreign Office experts. Feb. 7 To the Chinese Legation

Statement read and handed to the Chinese Minister, containing observations on various points with a view to adjusting

the differences between the American and Chinese proposals. Feb. 7 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Far Eastern Affairs

Oral statement to the Chinese Minister (text printed) pointing out that the internal problems of China must be taken into account by foreign governments in regard to the position of their nationals in China, and that the United States cannot assent to any arran ent failing to safeguard the interests of

its nationals.
Feb. 10 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
(35) Outline of the written and oral statements made to the

Chinese Minister, with instructions to give to the Foreign
Office the text of the former, explaining that it is to be con-

sidered a statement from one negotiator to another.
Feb. 10 To the Minister in China (tel.)
(44) Information on present status of extraterritoriality negoti-

ations, and instructions to go to Nanking after the British

Minister's arrival there.
Feb, 20 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State

Conversation with the Chinese Minister, who presented a

memorandum (printed infra), Feb. 20 From the Chinese Legation

Statement by the Chinese Minister regarding main points on which U. S. and Chinese Governments differ.

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CHINA NEGOTIATIONS FOR RELINQUISHMENT BY THE UNITED STATES AND OTHER POWERS

OF EXTRATERRITORIAL RIGHTS IN CHINA-Continued

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1931 Feb. 26

(67)

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Feb. 27

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Mar. 3

(5)

Mar. 3

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Mar. 4

(6)

To the Minister in China (tel.)

Transmittal of the Chinese statement, and observation that the Department's best contribution at present will be temporarily to suspend its efforts and await developments; instructions to inform the British Minister and to ascertain, if possible, what the British Minister intends to propose, if anything.

(Footnote: Similar information to the Embassy in Great
Britain for communication to British Foreign Office.)
Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State of a Conversa-

tion With the Norwegian Minister
Minister's advice that the Norwegian Government had offi-
cially informed the Chinese that when the Great Powers gave
up extraterritorial rights, Norway would follow suit.
To the Consul General at Nanking (tel.)

For the Minister: Instructions to reiterate to the British
Minister, Sir Miles Lampson, that this Government is taking
no new step for the moment; also to impress upon the Chinese
Foreign Minister, Wang, the desirability of modifying his non-
conciliatory attitude, and to inquire, if advisable, what his
attitude would be toward a proposal to transfer the negotia-
tions to Nanking.
From the Minister in China (tel.)

Information that the Japanese Chargé has received word that
the Department has decided to drop negotiations at Washing-
ton and transfer them to China.
To the Consul General at Nanking (tel.)

For the Minister: Advice that Debuchi (Japanese Minister
in Washington) was told in strict confidence of the possibility
of transferring negotiations, and that the Department is await-
ing comment on Wang's attitude before taking further action.
From the Minister in China (tel.)

From Yunnanfu: Receipt of a communication from the
Yunnan delegate of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs (text
printed) advising that mixed cases will be treated the same as
Chinese cases.
From the British Embassy

Transmittal of substance of instructions issued to Lampson
(text printed) outlining points to which the British Govern-
ment attach the greatest importance and for which they are
prepared to relinquish others.
Memorandum by the Minister in China

Conversation with Dr. Wang, who was informed that the
British and American Governments held in common the view
that extraterritoriality should not be swept away all at once
and without substitution of a better arrangement; observation
by Dr. Wang that his Government could not make any con-
cessions in regard to certain points and that a deadlock would
result.
Memorandum by the Minister in China

Conversation with the British Minister, who related a
conversation with Dr. Wang in which he was informed that the
Chinese Government could make no concessions regarding the
fundamental principles asked by the British.

740

Mar. 4 (101)

741

Mar. 7

(65)

Mar. 7

743

Mar. 8

744

CHINA NEGOTIATIONS FOR RELINQUISHMENT BY THE UNITED STATES AND OTHER POWERS

OF EXTRATERRITORIAL RIGHTS IN CHINA-Continued

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1931
Mar. 9 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State of a Conversa-

tion With the Japanese Ambassador
Information from the Japanese Ambassador that Japan is
planning to begin extraterritoriality negotiations with China,
pressing for gradual abolition, and hoping to work closely

with Great Britain and the United States.
Mar. 9 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Far Eastern Affairs

of a Conversation With the Counselor of the Japanese Em

bassy
Counselor's delivery of Japanese memorandum (printed
infra), with explanation that it contained proposals which

Japan intended to make to Chinese Government.
Undated From the Japanese Embassy

(Ree'd Memorandum proposing a gradual relinquishment of extra-
Mar. 9] | territorial rights in China and most-favored-nation treatment.
Mar. 9 To the Minister in China (tel.)
(92) Comment on the discussion of the question of extraterritori-

ality by the Consul at Yunnanfu with the Chinese authorities;
instructions to advise American consular officers in China not
to enter into discussion of extraterritoriality with Chinese
authorities unless specific cases arise which necessitate such

action.
Mar. 11 Memorandum by Mr. Joseph E. Jacobs of the Division of Far

Eastern Affairs
Conversation with the Chinese Minister concerning a reply
to the Chinese statement of February 20; Department's posi-
tion that in view of the restricted nature of the Minister's in-
structions, its only reply can be that contained in a statement

(printed infra) which was handed to the Minister. Mar. 11 To the Chinese Legation

Statement to the Chinese Minister advising that the Department is instructing the American Minister in China to un

dertake discussions with the Chinese Foreign Minister. Mar. 12 Memorandum by the Minister in China

Conversation with Dr. Wang, who could see no value in transferring the negotiations to China unless United States

was prepared to concede the three controversial points. Mar. 13 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State

Conversation with the British Ambassador, who outlined a discussion between Sir Miles Lampson and Dr. Wang in China, indicating little progress; discussion of the exact application of

the term "international settlement” concerning Shanghai.
Mar. 14 From the Minister in China (tel.)
(131) Observation that the informal inquiries, made by the Consul

at Yunnan in an effort to obtain information requested by the
Department, may be revealing as to the exact nature of in-
structions from Nanking for Chinese control over foreigners

having extraterritorial rights.
Mar. 14 | To the Consul General at Nanking (tel.)
(12) For the Minister: Outline for proceeding with the negotia-

tions in China, with instructions to discuss the plan of action
with British Minister.

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