페이지 이미지
PDF
ePub

times, inspect records, papers, processes, rolling stock, systems, equipment, or facilities and may, on furtherance of their respective functions under this Act, hold such hearings, sit and act at such times and places, administer such oaths, and require by subpoena or other order the attendance and testimony of such witnesses and the production of such information as is deemed advisable. Subpoenas shall be issued under the signature of the Secretary, the Director of the Office, or the Chairman or President of the Association and may be served by any duly designated individual. In case of contumacy or refusal to obey such a subpoena or order by any person who resides, is found, or transacts business within the jurisdiction of any district court of the United States, such district court shall, upon petition, have jurisdiction to issue to such person an order requiring him to comply forthwith. Failure to obey such an order is punishable by such court as a contempt of court.

(d) CONGRESS.—Nothing in this section shall authorize the withholding of information from any duly authorized committee of the Congress.

REPORT

SEC. 204. (a) PREPARATION.-Within 30 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall prepare a comprehensive report containing his conclusions and recommendations with respect to the geographic zones within the region in and between which rail service should be provided and the criteria upon which such conclusions and recommendations are based. The Secretary may use as a basis for the identification of such geographic zones the siandard metropolitan statistical areas, groups of such areas, counties, or groups of counties having similar economic characteristics such as mining, manufacturing, or farming.

(b) SUBMISSION.— The Secretary shall submit the report required by subsection (a) of this section to the Office, the Association, the Governor and public utilities commission of each State studied in the report, local governments, consumer organizations, environmental groups, the public, and the Congress. The Secretary shall further cause a copy of the report to be published in the Federal Register.

RAIL SERVICES PLANNING OFFICE

Sec. 205. (a) ESTABLISHMENT.— The Rail Services Planning Office is established as an office in the Commission. The Office shall function continuously pursuant to the provisions of this Act, and shall be administered by a director.

(b) DIRECTOR.- The Director of the Office shall be appointed for a term of 6 years by the Chairman of the Commission with the concurrence of 5 members of the Commission. He shall be appointed and compensated, without regard to the provisions of title 5, United States Code, governing appointments in the competitive service, classification, and General Schedule pay rates, at a rate not in excess of the maximum rate for GS-18 of the General Schedule under section 5332 of such title. The Director of the Office shall administer and be responsible for the discharge of the functions and duties of the Office from the date he takes office unless removed for cause by the Commission. (c) POWERS.—The Director of the Office is subject to the direction of, and shall report to, such member of the Commission as the Chairman thereof shall designate. The Chairman may designate himself as that member. Such Director is authorized, with the concurrence of such member or (in case of disagreement) the Chairman of the Commission, to enter into, without regard to section 3709 of the Revised Statutes of the United States (41 U.S.C. 5) such contracts, leases, cooperative agreements, or other transactions as may be necessary in the conduct of the functions and duties of the Office with any person (including a government entity). Each department, agency, and instrumentality of the executive branch of the Federal Government and each independent regulatory agency of the United States is authorized, and shall give careful consideration to a request, to furnish to the Director of the Office, upon written request, on a reimbursable basis or otherwise, such assistance as the Director deems necessary to carry out the functions and duties of the Office. Such assistance includes transfer of personnel with their consent and without prejudice to their position and rating.

(d) DUTIES.—In addition to its duties and responsibilities under other provisions of this Act and under the Railroad Revitalization and Regulatory Reform Act of 1976, the Office shall

(1) assist the Commission in studying and evaluating any proposal, submitted to the Commission pursuant to section 5 (2) or (3) of the Interstate Commerce Act (49 U.S.C. 5 (2) or (3)), for a merger, consolidation, unification or coordination project, joint use of tracks or other facilities, or acquisition or sale of assets, which involves any common carrier by railroad subject to part I of such Act;

(2) assist the Commission in developing, with respect to economic regulation of transportation, policies which are likely to result in a more competitive, energy-efficient, and coordinated transportation system which utilizes each mode of transportation to its maximum advantage to meet the transportation service needs of the Nation;

(3) assist States and local and regional transportation agencies in making determinations whether to provide rail service continuation subsidies to maintain in operation particular rail properties, by establishing criteria for determining whether particular rail properties are suitable for rail service continuation subsidies, with such criteria to include the following considerations: rail properties are suitable if the cost of the required subsidy for such properties per year to the taxpayers is less than (A) the cost of termination of rail service over such properties measured by increased fuel consumption and operational costs for alternative modes of transportation, (B) the cost to the gross national product in terms of reduced output of goods and services, (C) the cost of relocating or assisting through unemployment, retraining, and welfare benefits to individuals and firms adversely affected thereby, and (D) the cost to the environment measured by damage caused by increased pollution;

(4) conduct an ongoing analysis of the national rail transportation needs, evaluate the policies, plans, and programs of the Commission on the basis of such analysis, and advise the Commission of the results of such evaluation;

(5) within 180 days after the date of enactment of the Railroad Revitalization and Regulatory Reform Act of 1976, issue additional regulations, after conducting a proceeding in accordance with the provisions of section 553 of title 5, United States Code, which contain

(A) standards for the computation of subsidies for rail passenger service (except passenger service compensation disputes subject to the jurisdiction of the Commission under section 402(a) of the Rail Passenger Service Act (45 U.S.C. 562 (a))), which are consistent with the compensation principles described in the final system plan and which avoid cross subsidization among commuter, intercity, and freight rail services; and

(B) standards for the determination of emergency commuter rail passenger service operating payments pursuant to

section 17 of the Urban Mass Transportation Act of 1964; (6) determine and publish, and from time to time revise and reissue, standards for determining (A) the “revenue attributable to the rail properties,” (B) the “avoidable costs of providing service," (C) a “reasonable return on the value," and (D) a "reasonable management fee,” as those phrases are used in section 304 of this Act, after a proceeding in accordance with the provisions of section 553 of title 5, United States Code; and

(7) employ and utilize the services of attorneys and such other personnel as may be required in order properly to protect the interests of those communities and users of rail service which, for whatever reason (such as their size or location) might not otherwise be adequately represented in the course of the reorganization process under this Act, until the assumption of such duties by the Office of Rail Public Counsel pursuant to section 27 (4) (d) of the

Interestate Commerce Act (49 U.S.C. 27 (4) (d)). (e) ADDITIONAL DUTIES.--(1) Within 270 days after the date of enactment of the Railroad Revitalization and Regulatory Reform Act of 1976, the Office shall issue additional regulations, after conducting a proceeding in accordance with section 553 of title 5, United States Code. Such regulations shall (A) develop an accounting system which will permit the collection and publication by the Corporation or by profitable railroads providing service over lines scheduled for abandonment, of information necessary for an accurate determination of the attributable revenues, avoidable costs, and operations of light density lines as operating and economic units, and (B) determine the "avoidable costs of providing rail freight service", as that phrase is used in section 1a (6) (a)(ii) (A) of the Interstate Commerce Act. The Office may, at any time, revise and republish the standards and regulations required by this section to incorporate changes made necessary by the accounting system developed pursuant to this subsection.

(2) Upon the request of a State in the region, within 90 days after the date of enactment of the Railroad Revitalization and Regulatory Reform Act of 1976, the Office shall prepare and publish an evaluation of the economic viability of any or all light density lines within such State which are not designated for inclusion in the final system plan. Such an evaluation shall include an analysis of the actions which

may be necessary to make the operation of rail services over any such line economical. The results of each such evaluation shall be transmitted to the requesting State and published in the Federal Register, not later than 1 year after the date such request is received by the Office.

FINAL SYSTEM PLAN

SEC. 206. (a) GOALS.—The final system plan shall be formulated in such a way as to effectuate the following goals:

(1) the creation, through a process of reorganization, of a financially self-sustaining rail and express service system in the region;

(2) the establishment and maintenance of a rail service system adequate to meet the rail transportation needs and service requirements of the region;

(3) the establishment of improved high-speed rail passenger service, consonant with the recommendations of the Secretary in his report of September 1971, entitled "Recommendations for Northeast Corridor Transportation";

(4) the preservation, to the extent consistent with other goals, of existing patterns of service by railroads (including short-line and terminal railroads), and of existing railroad trackage in areas in which fossil fuel natural resources are located, and the utilization of those modes of transportation in the region which require the smallest amount of scarce energy resources and which can most efficiently transport energy resources;

(5) the retention and promotion of competition in the provision of rail and other transportation services in the region;

(6) the attainment and maintenance of any environmental standards, particularly the applicable national ambient air quality standards and plans established under the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1970, taking into consideration the environmental impact of alternative choices of action;

(7) the movement of passengers and freight in rail transportation in the region in the most efficient manner consistent with safe operation, including the requirements of commuter and intercity rail passenger service; the extent to which there should be coordination with the National Railroad Passenger Corporation and similar entities; and the identification of all short-to-medium distance corridors in densely populated areas in which the major upgrading of rail lines for high-speed passenger operation would return substantial public benefits; and

(8) the minimization of job losses and associated increases in unemployment and community benefit costs in areas in the region

presently served by rail service. (b) FACTORS.— The final system plan shall be based upon due consideration of all factors relevant to the realization of the goals set forth in subsection (a) of this section. Such factors include the need for and the cost of rehabilitation and modernization of track, equipment, and other facilities; methods of achieving economies in the cost of rail operations in the region; means of achieving rationalization of rail services and the rail service system in the region; marketing studies; the impact on railroad employees; consumer needs; traffic

analyses; financial studies; and any other factors identified by the Association under section 202(b) of this title or in the report of the Secretary required under section 204(a) of this title. (c) DESIGNATIONS.—The final system plan shall designate

(1) which rail properties of railroads in reorganization in the region or of railroads leased, operated, or controlled by any railroad in reorganization in the region

(A) shall be transferred to the Corporation: Provided, That the Corporation shall, within 95 days after the effective date of the final system plan, give notice to the Association of which such rail properties, if any, are to be transferred to a subsidiary of the Corporation in the event that the Board of Directors of the Association finds that such transfer would be consistent with the final system plan;

(B) shall be offered for sale to a profitable railroad operating in the region and, if such offer is accepted, operated by such railroad; the plan shall designate what additions shall be made to the designation under subparagraph (A) of this paragraph and what alternative designations shall be made under this paragraph in the event such profitable railroad fails to accept such offer:

(C) shall be purchased, leased, or otherwise acquired from the Corporation by the National Railroad Passenger Corporation in accordance with the exercise of its option under section 601(d) of this Act for improvement to achieve the goal set forth in subsection (a) (3) of this section;

(D) may be purchased or leased from the Corporation by (i) a State or a local or regional transportation authority to meet the needs of commuter and intercity rail passenger service, or (ii) the National Railroad Passenger Corporation to meet the needs of improved rail passenger service over intercity routes, other than properties designated pursuant to subparagraph (C) of this paragraph; and

(E) if not otherwise required to be operated by the Corporation, a government entity, or a responsible person, are suitable for use for other public purposes, including highways, other forms of transportation, conservation, energy transmission, education or health care facilities, or recreation. In carrying out this subparagraph, the Association shall solicit the views and recommendations of the Secretary, the Secretary of the Interior, the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, and other agencies of the Federal Government and of the States and political subdivisions thereof

within the region, and the general public; and (2) which rail properties of profitable railroads operating in the region may be offered for sale to the Corporation or to other profitable railroads operating in the region subject to paragraphs (3) and (4) of subsection (d) of this section. Any rail properties designated to be offered for sale to the Corporation may be sold instead to a subsidiary of the Corporation.

« 이전계속 »