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This is a short biography of Buddha Shakhyathub.
pa Containing the form of praises to be used
by the monks during religious rites.

A prayer to the Goddess Dolma (Tara).

Contains descriptions of “Mandala,” sacrificial

offering arranged in a circle as an oblation to the Goddess Dolma.

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ma-ches bâhugs-so). Leaves 11.

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This book contains prayers of the several steps towards perfection.

This book contains praise to the God of wisdom (Mañjuśrī).

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This book contains a commentary of “elegant sayings” collected from various sources by Phagpa-Zangpo.

Explains a scientific work explaining “ 5FF"

(Knowledge obtainable through the medium of
*\

the sacred writings) and “ 5srors”(know.

ledge of the truth obtained mystically by continued contemplation).

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History of the Hutwa Raj with some unrecorded events of the administra

tion of Warren Hastings and of the Indian Mutiny.—By GIRINDRA NATH

DUTT. o

(With a Genealogical Table.)

The Rajas of Hutwa are of the same caste as the Rajas of Benares, Bettiah, and Tikari. They are popularly called Babhans or Bhuinhar Babhans, to which caste the majority of the landed aristocracy of Behar belong. Although the origin of the Bhuinhars is much disputed, there is every reason to believe that they had been swaying over Behar from a prehistoric age. The word “Babhan’’ is neither Sanskrit nor Prakrit. But the word distinctly appears to have been used in the inscriptions of Asoka and in the Buddhist Suttas in the sense of Brahmin. This, as well as their locale, the cradle and arena of Buddhism, has led antiquarians to believe the Babhans to be those Brahmins who had turned Buddhists in the palmy days of Buddhism, but had forsaken Buddhism after its downfall and usurped the lands of the Buddhist monasteries for which they were called “Bhuinhars, ’’ which too is not a Sanskrit word. The Pandits hold them to be “Murdhābhisiktas,” a caste, mentioned in Manu and other Smritis, intermediate between the Brahmin and the Kshatriya, whilst the Babhans hold themselves to be those Brahmins who had, out of the six duties enjoined, forsaken three and allege the term to be a phonetic contraction of Brahmin. The Dešabali," (a rare MSS. in the collection of the Asiatic Society of Bengal) which narrates the conquest of a Buddhist king, speaks of a king Ratul, who had settled at Ammour making friendship with the Bhuinhars there, and who subsequently conquered

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