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Agreed upon by the Archbishops and Bishops of both Provinces, and the
whole Clergy, in the Convocation holden at London in the Year 1562, for the avoiding of Diversities of Opinions, and for the establishing of Consent touching true Religion: Reprinted by his Majesty's Commandment, with his Royal Declaration prefixed thereunto.
HIS MAJESTY'S DECLARATION.
REING by God's Ordinance, according to Our just | Church of England now established; from which D Title, Defender of the Faith, and Supreme Go- We will not endure any varying or departing in vernour of the Church, within these Our Dominions, the least Degree. We hold it most agreeable to this Our Kingly Office, and Our own religious Zeal, to conserve and main That for the present, though some differences have tain the Church committed to Our Charge, in the been ill raised, yet We take comfort in this, that all Unity of true Religion, and in the Bond of Peace; | Clergymen within Our Realm have always most and not to suffer unnecessary Disputations, Alterca- willingly subscribed to the Articles established ; tions, or Questions to be raised, which may nourish which is an argument to Us, that they all agree in Faction both in the Church and Commonwealth. the true, usual, literal meaning of the said Articles ; We have therefore, upon mature Deliberation, and and that even in those curious points, in which with the advice of so many of Our Bishops as might the present differences lie, men of all sorts take the conveniently be called together, thought fit to make Articles of the Church of England to be for them ; this Declaration following:
which is an argument again, that none of them in
tend any desertion of the Articles established. That the Articles of the Church of England (which have been allowed and authorized heretofore, and That therefore in these both curious and unhappy which Our Clergy generally have subscribed unto) do differences, which have for so many hundred years, contain the true Doctrine of the Church of England in different times, and places, exercised the Church agreeable to God's Word : which We do therefore of Christ, We will, that all further curious search ratify and confirm, requiring all Our loving Subjects be laid aside, and these disputes shut up in God's to continue in the uniform Profession thereof, and promises, as they be generally set forth to us in the prohibiting the least difference from the said Articles; holy Scriptures, and the general meaning of the which to that end We command to be new printed, Articles of the Church of England according to them. and this Our Declaration to be published therewith. And that no man hereafter shall either print, or
preach, to draw the Article aside any way, but shall That We are Supreme Governour of the Church submit to it in the plain and full meaning thereof: of England: And that if any Difference arise about and shall not put his own sense or comment to be the external Policy, concerning the Injunctions, the meaning of the Article, but shall take it in the Canons, and other Constitutions whatsoever thereto literal and grammatical sense. belonging, the Clergy in their Convocation is to order and settle them, having first obtained leave under | That if any publick Reader in either of Our Our Broad Seal so to do: cnd We approving their | Universities, or any Head or Master of a College, said Ordinances and Constitutions; providing that or any other person respectively in either of them, none be made contrary to the Laws and Customs shall affix any new sense to any Article, or shall of the Land.
publickly read, determine, or hold any publick Dis
putation, or suffer any such to be held either way, That out of Our Princely Care that the Church- | in either the Universities or Colleges respectively ; men may do the Work which is proper unto them, or if any Divine in the Universities shall preach or the Bishops and Clergy, from time to time in Con- print any thing either way, other than is already vocation, upon their humble Desire, shall have Li- established in Convocation with Our Royal Assent; cence under Our Broad Seal to deliberate of, and he, or they the Offenders, shall be liable to Our to do all such Things, as, being made plain by them, Displeasure, and the Church's censure in Our Comand assented unto by Us, shall concern the settled mission Ecclesiastical, as well as any other : And We Continuance of the Doctrine and Discipline of the will see there shall be due Execution upon them.
3 C 2
ARTICLES OF RELIGION,
I. Of Faith in the Holy Trinity. | VI. Of the Sufficiency of the holy Scriptures MTHERE is but one living and true God,
for salvation. I everlasting, without body, parts, or pas- | LTOLY Scripture containeth all things nesions; of infinite power, wisdom, and good- | 11 cessary to salvation: so that whatsoever ness; the Maker, and Preserver of all things is not read therein, nor may be proved thereboth visible and invisible. And in unity of this by, is not to be required of any man, that it Godhead there be three Persons, of one sub- should be believed as an Article of the Faith, stance, power, and eternity; the Father, the or be thought requisite or necessary to salvaSon, and the Holy Ghost.
tion. In the name of the holy Scripture we do
understand those canonical Books of the Old II. Of the Word or Son of God, which was and New Testament, of whose authority was made very Man.
never any doubt in the Church. M HE Son, which is the Word of the Father,
Of the Names and Number of the Canonical I begotten from everlasting of the Father,
BOOKS. the very and eternal God, and of one substance with the Father, took Man's nature in NENESIS,
| The 2 Book of Chronithe womb of the blessed Virgin, of her sub
| O Exodus,
The 1 Book of Esdras, stance: so that two whole and perfect Natures,
The 2 Book of Esdras, that is to say, the Godhead and Manhood,
The Book of Esther, were joined together in one Person, never to Joshua,
The Book of Job, be divided, whereof is one Christ, very God, Judges,
The Psalms, and very Man; who truly suffered, was cruci- | | Ruth,
The Proverbs, fied, dead and buried, to reconcile his Father | The 1 Book of Samuel, Ecclesiastes or Preacher, to us, and to be a sacrifice, not only for origi
The 2 Book of Samuel, Cantica, or Songs of So
The 1 Book of Kings, lomon, | nal guilt, but also for all actual sins of men.
The 2 Book of Kings, Four Prophets the greater, III. Of the going down of Christ into Hell.
The 1 Book of Chronicles, Twelve Prophets the less. As Christ died for us, and was buried, so! And the other Books (as Hierome saith)
1 also is it to be believed, that he went the Church doth read for example of life and down into Hell.
instruction of manners; but yet doth it not IV. Of the Resurrection of Christ.
apply them to establish any doctrine; such
are these following: NYHRIST did truly rise again from death, U and took again his body, with flesh, bones, The 3 Book of Esdras, Baruch the Prophet, and all things appertaining to the perfection The 4 Book of Esdras, The Song of the Three of Man's nature; wherewith he ascended into The Book of Tobias, | Children, Heaven, and there sitteth, until he return to
The Book of Judith, The Story of Susanna,
The rest of the Book of Of Bel and the Dragon, judge all Men at the last day.
The Prayer of Manasses,
The Book of Wisdom, The 1 Book of Maccabees, V. Of the Holy Ghost.
Jesus the Son of Sirach, The 2 Book of Maccabees. MHE Holy Ghost, proceeding from the Fa
1 ther and the Son, is of one substance, All the Books of the New Testament, as majesty, and glory, with the Father and the they are commonly received, we do receive, Son, very and eternal God.
and account them Canonical.
VII. Of the Old Testament.
works pleasant and acceptable to God, withM HE Old Testament is not contrary to the
out the grace of God by Christ preventing us, I New: for both in the Old and New Tes
that we may have a good will, and working tament everlasting life is offered to Mankind
with us, when we have that good will. by Christ, who is the only Mediator between
XI. Of the Justification of Man. God and Man, being both God and Man.
VE are accounted righteous before God, Wherefore they are not to be heard, which
V only for the merit of our Lord and feign that the Old Fathers did look only for
Saviour Jesus Christ by Faith, and not for our transitory promises. Although the Law given
own works or deservings: Wherefore, that we from God by Moses, as touching Ceremonies
are justified by Faith only is a most wholeand Rites, do not bind Christian men, nor tlie
some Doctrine, and very full of comfort, as Civil precepts thereof ought of necessity to
more largely is expressed in the Homily of be received in any common-wealthı; yet not
Justification. withstanding, no Christian man whatsoever is free from the obedience of the Command
XII. Of Good Works. ments which are called Moral.
ALBEIT that Good Works, which are the
A fruits of Faith, and follow after JustifiVIII. Of the Three Creeds.
cation, cannot put away our sins, and endure THE Three Creeds, Nicene Creed, Atha the severity of God's Judgement; yet are they
1 nasius's Creed, and that which is com- pleasing and acceptable to God in Christ, and monly called the Apostles' Creed, ought tho- do spring out necessarily of a true and lively roughly to be received and believed: for they Faith; insomuch that by them a lively Faith may be proved by most certain warrants of may be as evidently known as a tree discernholy Scripture.
ed by the fruit. IX. Of Original or Birth-sin.
XIII. Of Works before Justification. RIGINAL Sin standeth not in the fol VORKS done before the grace of Christ, U lowing of Adam, (as the Pelagians do VV and the Inspiration of his Spirit, are not vainly talk;) but it is the fault and corruption pleasant to God, forasmuch as they spring not of the Nature of every man, that naturally is of faith in Jesus Christ, neither do they make ingendered of the offspring of Adam ; where- men meet to receive grace, or (as the Schoolby man is very far gone from original right authors say) deserve grace of congruity: yea eousness, and is of his own nature inclined to | rather, for that they are not done as God hath evil, so that the flesh lusteth always contrary willed and commanded them to be done, we to the spirit; and therefore in every person doubt not but they have the nature of sin. born into this world, it deserveth God's wrath and damnation. And this infection of nature
XIV. Of Works of Supererogation. doth remain, yea in them that are regene- | VOLUNTARY Works besides, over and rated; whereby the lust of the flesh, called in V above, God's Commandments, which they Greek, póunua sapkos, which some do expound call Works of Supererogation, cannot be taught the wisdom, some sensuality, some the affec without arrogancy and impiety: for by them tion, some the desire, of the flesh, is not sub- | men do declare, that they do not only render ject to the Law of God. And although there unto God as much as they are bound to do, is no condemnation for them that believe and but that they do more for his sake, than of are baptized, yet the Apostle doth confess, bounden duty is required: whereas Christ saith that concupiscence and lust hath of itself the plainly, When ye have done all that are comnature of sin.
manded to you, say, We are unprofitable serX. Of Free-Will.
vants. M HE condition of Man after the fall of
XV. Of Christ alone without Sin. 1 Adam is such, that he cannot turn and CHRIST in the truth of our nature was prepare himself, by his own natural strength made like unto us in all things, sin only and good works, to faith, and calling upon except, from which he was clearly void, both God: Wherefore we have no power to do good in his flesh, and in his spirit. He came to be
ARTICLES OF RELIGION.
ise, as th
ommittere , ings
we have expressly
n against the Holy
Ghost, and unpardonon
the Lamb without spot, who, by sacrifice of ing the Spirit of Christ, to have continually himself once made, should take away the sins before their eyes the sentence of God's Predesof the world, and sin, as Saint John saith, wastination, is a most dangerous downfal, whereby not in him. But all we the rest, although the Devil doth thrust them either into despé baptized, and born again in Christ, yet offend ration, or into wretchlessness of most unclean in many things; and if we say we have no living, no less perilous than desperation. sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is Furthermore, we must receive God's pro not in us.
mises in such wise, as they be generally set
forth to us in holy Scripture: and, in our doXVI. Of Sin after Baptism.
ings, that will of God is to be followed, which N OT every deadly sin willingly committed we have expressly declared unto us in the
W after Baptism is sin against the Holy Word of God.
XVIII. Of obtaining eternal Salvation only by of repentance is not to be denied to such as fall into sin after Baptism. After we have re
the Name of Christ. ceived the Holy Ghost, we may depart from THEY also are to be had accursed that grace given, and fall into sin, and by the grace I presume to say, That every man shall be of God we may arise again, and amend our saved by the Law or Sect which he professeth, lives. And therefore they are to be condemn so that he be diligent to frame his life accorded, which say, they can no more sin as long ing to that Law, and the light of Nature. as they live here, or deny the place of forgive For holy Scripture doth set out unto us only ness to such as truly repent.
the Name of Jesus Christ, whereby men must
be saved. XVII. Of Predestination and Election.
XIX. Of the Church. DREDESTINATION to Life is the ever- MHE visible Church of Christ is a CongreI lasting purpose of God, whereby (before I gation of faithful men, in the which the the foundations of the world were laid) he pure Word of God is preached, and the Sacrahath constantly decreed by his counsel secret ments be duly ministered according to Christ's to us, to deliver from curse and damnation ordinance in all those things that of necessity those whom he hath chosen in Christ out of are requisite to the same. mankind, and to bring them by Christ to ever- | As the Church of Jerusalem, Alexandria, lasting salvation, as vessels made to honour. and Antioch, have erred; so also the Church Wherefore, they which be endued with so ex of Rome hath erred, not only in their living cellent a benefit of God be called according and manner of Ceremonies, but also in matto God's purpose by his Spirit working in due ters of Faith. season: they through Grace obey the calling: they be justified freely: they be made sons of
XX. Of the Authority of the Church, God by adoption: they be made like the image MHE Church hath power to decree Rites or of his only-begotten Son Jesus Christ; they 1 Ceremonies, and authority in Controverwalk religiously in good works, and at length, sies of Faith: And yet it is not lawful for the by God's mercy, they attain to everlasting •Church to ordain any thing that is contrary to felicity.
God's Word written, neither may it so expound As the godly consideration of Predestination, | one place of Scripture, that it be repugnant to and our Election in Christ, is full of sweet, another. Wherefore, although the Church be pleasant, and unspeakable comfort to godly a witness and a keeper of holy Writ, yet, as persons, and such as feel in themselves the it ought not to decree any thing against the working of the Spirit of Christ, mortifying the same, so besides the same ought it not to works of the flesh, and their earthly members, enforce any thing to be believed for necessity and drawing up their mind to high and hea- of Salvation. venly things, as well because it doth greatly establish and confirm their faith of eternal Sal
| XXI. Of the Authority of General Councils. vation to be enjoyed through Christ, as because NYENERAL Councils may not be gathered it doth fervently kindle their love towards U together without the commandment and God: So, for curious and carnal persons, lack- will of Princes. And when they be gathered together, (forasmuch as they be an assembly | such as have grown partly of the corrupt folof men, whereof all be not governed with the lowing of the Apostles, partly are states of life Spirit and Word of God,) they may err, and allowed in the Scriptures; but yet have not sometimes have erred, even in things pertain- like nature of Sacraments with Baptism, and ing unto God. Wherefore things ordained by the Lord's Supper, for that they have not any them as necessary to salvation have neither visible sign or ceremony ordained of God. strength nor authority, unless it may be declar- The Sacraments were not ordained of Christ ed that they be taken out of holy Scripture. | to be gazed upon, or to be carried about, but
that we should duly use them. And in such . XXII. Of Purgatory.
only as worthily receive the same they have a M HE Romish Doctrine concerning Purga wholesome effect or operation : but they that
I tory, Pardons, Worshipping and Adoration, receive them unworthily purchase to them. as well of Images as of Reliques, and also selves damnation, as Saint Paul saith. invocation of Saints, is a fond thing vainly invented, and grounded upon no warranty of
XXVI. Of the Unworthiness of the Ministers, Scripture, but rather repugnant to the Word
| which hinders not the effect of the Sacrament. of God.
ALTHOUGH in the visible Church the evil XXIII. Of Ministering in the Congregation.
A be ever mingled with the good, and some
times the evil have chief authority in the MinTT is not lawful for any man to take upon | istration of the Word and Sacraments, yet forI him the office of publick preaching, or min asmuch as they do not the same in their own istering the Sacraments in the Congregation, name, but in Christ's, and do minister by his before he be lawfully called, and sent to exe commission and authority, we may use their cute the same. And those we ought to judge Ministry, both in hearing the Word of God, lawfully called and sent, which be chosen and and in the receiving of the Sacraments. Neither called to this work by men who have publick is the effect of Christ's ordinance taken away authority given unto them in the Congrega by their wickedness, nor the grace of God's tion, to call and send Ministers into the Lord's gifts diminished from such as by faith and vineyard.
rightly do receive the Sacraments ministered XXIV. Of speaking in the Congregation in such
unto them; which be effectual, because of
Christ's institution and promise, although they a tongue as the people understandeth.
be ministered by evil men. TT is a thing plainly repugnant to the Word Nevertheless, it appertaineth to the disciI of God, and the custom of the Primitive pline of the Church, that enquiry be made of Church, to have publick Prayer in the Church,
evil Ministers, and that they be accused by or to minister the Sacraments in a tongue not those that have knowledge of their offences; understanded of the people.
and finally being found guilty, by just judgeXXV. Of the Sacraments.
ment be deposed. SACRAMENTS ordained of Christ be not
XXVII. Of Baptism. only badges or tokens of Christian men's R APTISM is not only a sign of profession, profession, but rather they be certain sure wit- D and mark of difference, whereby Christian nesses, and effectual signs of grace, and God's men are discerned from others that be not good will towards us, by the which he doth christened, but it is also a sign of Regenerawork invisibly in us, and doth not only quick tion or new Birth, whereby, as by an instruen, but also strengthen and confirm our Faith ment, they that receive Baptism rightly are in him.
grafted into the Church; the promises of the There are two Sacraments ordained of Christ forgiveness of sin, and of our adoption to be our Lord in the Gospel, that is to say, Bap- the sons of God by the Holy Ghost, are visibly tism, and the Supper of the Lord.
signed and sealed; Faith is confirmed, and Those five commonly called Sacraments, that Grace increased by virtue of prayer unto God. is to say, Confirmation, Penance, Orders, Ma- The Baptism of young Children is in any wise trimony, and extreme Unction, are not to be to be retained in the Church, as most agreecounted for Sacraments of the Gospel, being able with the institution of Christ.