« 이전계속 »
derly, and, consequently, beneficial manner, it is rience the dreadful consequences. Observe, all necessary that the body be in a natural and up- the short ribs, from the lower end of the breusi. right position. The following engraving repre-bone, are unnaturally cramped inwardly toward sents the Thorax, or Chest, which contains the
the spue, so thai Heart and Lungs; and reason teaches, that no or
the liver, jiomach, gans should be in the least infringed upon, either
and other digestive by compressions, or by sitting in a bent position.
organs in that vici T'he Lungs are reservoirs for the air, out of which
nity, are pressed we make sounds, by condensation. All are familiar with the hand-bellows: observe the striking
into such a small Enalogy between it and the body, in the act of
compass, that their speaking, singing and blowing. The wind-pipe is
funcious are great ike its nosle, the lungs like the sides, and the ab
ly interrupted, aud dominal and dorsal muscles, like its handles; of
all the vessels, course, to blow with ease and power, one must bones and viscera are more or less distorted and lake hold of the handles ; to speak and sing right, enfeebled. Cease to do evil, and learn to do well. the lower muscles must be used; for there is only one right way of doing anything.
17. This engraving,
of a bell-shaped glase, Larynx, .....
C, C, shows how the Wind-pipe, ...
air gets into the lungs,
and some of its efects. Collar bone, ..
A head is placed on Bronchia,
the cork, T, represent.
ing the wind-pipe, and Heart & Lungs,
having a hole through
Cl. L, represents a 7 Long Ribs,
bladder, tied to the Diaphragm,
lower end of the cork,
to indicate a lung. At 5 Short Ribs,
D, is seen the diaDorsal and
phragm. The cavity
of the bell represents Abdominal Muscles......
the inside of the thorax, where the heart and lungo
are: there is no communication with the external 14. This is a view of a well developed and air, except through the hole in the cork; air, en naturally proportioned chest; with space for the tering through that hole, can go oniy ito ihe blad. „ungs, the short ribs thrown outwardly, affording der. Now, when the centre of the diaphragm is ample room for the free action of the organs: it is raised to D, the bladder will be flaccid and devoid the true model of the form of one who would live of air; but when it is dropped, to the situation of to a good old age.
the dotted line, a tendency to a vacuum will be 15. Tidur DRESSING. No one can enjoy good only through the hole in the cork ; the air expand
the consequence, which can be supplied with air, health , or perform any kind of labor with ease, or mng the bladder to its full extent
, is shown by the read, speak, or sing, when the thorax is habitual. ly compressed. It diminishes the capacity of the dotted circle, around L; and when the diaphragm lungs, for receiving the necessary quantity of air bladder; thus, the lungs are inflated and exhaus
is elevated again, the air will be forced from the to purify the blood, and prevents the proper action red by this alternate operation of the diaphragm, of the diaphragm. The following engraving shows the alarming condition of the chest, when com- and of the contraction and elongation of the ab. pressed by tight lacing; a practice that has hur- the vocal organs proper, and a pair of bellows, is
dominal muscles; hence, the comparison between ried, and is now hurrying, hundreds of thousands
MUSCULAR ACTION. These contemplate. What is the difference between
two engravings represent some Killing one's self in five minutes with a razor, and
muscular fibres in two stales : doing it in five years by tight lacing, or any other
the upper one at rest, with a rebad habit? Our clothing should never be so tight laxed nervous filament ramified through the fibres, as to prevent the air from coming between it and as seen under the microscope ; and the lower one in
a state of contraction, and the fi16. Here follows an outline of the chest, or
brrs in zigzag lines, with a simiAhorax of a female, showing the condition of the
lar nervous filament passing over bones of the body, as they appear after death, in
them: apply the principle to all every one who has habitually worn stays and muscles. The subject might be greatly extended; corsi is, enforced by tight lacing. But,' says one, but for further information, see the Author's large I do not lace too tight. If you lace at all, you work on Physiology and Psychology, which will most certainly do, and will sooner or later, expe- be published as soon as convenient.
18. Here is a representation of the Air Cells | viscera and diaphragm upwards the lungs en
the Lungs, laid open and highly magnified. operate with the diaphragm and abdominal musThe body is formed by Blood, which consists of the cles; or rather, the soul, mind, nerves and mus nutritious portions
cles act unitedly, and thence with ease, grace and of our food, and
effect. Observe, the Stomach, Liver, &c. are be19 in the form of
low the diaphragin, and are dependent on it, in a very smal glob
measure, for their actions.
19. Here are two attitudes, sitting, and stand- 21. Here is a view of the Heart, nearly sur. ing, passive and active. Beware of too much rounded by the Lungs, with the different blood
vessels going to and from them: these organs are
stiffness, and too much laxity, of the muscles; be
, for the two different kinds of can list with one hand, &c.
blood, and each heart has two rooms : a, right 20. Here follows a representation of the position auricle, that receives all the blood from every pan of the diaphragm, and illustrations of its actions, of the body, through the vena cava, or large vein, in exhaling and inhaling. Figure 1, in the left which is made up of the small veins, e, e, e, e, e; engraving, represents the diaphragm in its great- it thence passes into the right ventricle, i, thence est descent, when we draw in our breath: 2, mus. into both lungs, where it is purified; after which cles of the abdomen, when protruded to their full it passes into the left auricle, and left ventricle, extent, in inhaling: 1, in the right engraving, the then into the aorta, o, and the carotid and subcla. diaphragm in its greatest ascent in expiration : 2, vian arteries (u, and 0,) to every part of th: body. The muscles of the abdomen in action, forcing the returning every three or four minutes.
22. This engraving represents the larynx, or 24. Here is a front view o' the Vocal Organs. vocal box, at 1, near the top of the wind-pipe, 2; e is the top of the wind-pipe, and within and a the bronchial
little above d is the larynx, or vocal box, where tubes, or
all voice sounds are branches of
made: the two the trachea
horus at the top, rep3, 4, going to
resent the upper exereh lungi 2v3 left lungs 2
tremities of the thy. whole; the
roid cartilage: the Bistance of
tubes up and down, the right one
and transverse, are is removed, to
blood vessels: beshov the ra->
ware of having nifications of
anything tigh the bronchial
around the neck, twigs, termi
also of bending the nating in the
neck nach, impeding the free circulation of the air-cells,7,7,
blood, and determining it to the head.
ORATORICAL AND POETICAL ACTION. The bronchi
POSITIONS OF FEET AND HANDS. al tubes are the three branches of the windpipe, and enter the lungs about one third of the distance from the upper end: hence, how soolish for persons having a sore throat, or larynx, to suppose they have the bronchitis; which consists in a diseased state of the bronchia; generally brought on by an improper mode of breathing, or speaking, &c., with exposure. The remedy may be found in the practice here recommended, with a free use of cold soft water over the whole body, and bandages wet with the same, placed about the chest and neck, to be removed every few wours, as they become dry.
23. Here is a horizontal view of the Glottis : N, F, are the arytenoid cartilages, connected with the chordæ vocales, (vocal cords, or ligamerits,) T, V, stretching across from the top of the arytenoid 10 the point of the thyroid cartilage : twee cords can be elongated, and enlarged to produce lower souris, and contracted and diminished
Ligher ones: and, at the same time, separated frorn each other, and allowing more condensed air to pass for the former purposes; or brought nearer together, 10 favor the latter: there are a great many muscles attached to the larynx, to give variety to the modifications o voice in speech and song.