페이지 이미지
PDF
ePub

derly, and, consequently, beneficial manner, it is rience the dreadful consequences. Observe, all necessary that the body be in a natural and up- the short ribs, from the lower end of the breusi. right position. The following engraving repre-bone, are unnaturally cramped inwardly toward sents the Thorax, or Chest, which contains the

the spue, so thai Heart and Lungs; and reason teaches, that no or

the liver, jiomach, gans should be in the least infringed upon, either

and other digestive by compressions, or by sitting in a bent position.

organs in that vici T'he Lungs are reservoirs for the air, out of which

nity, are pressed we make sounds, by condensation. All are familiar with the hand-bellows: observe the striking

into such a small Enalogy between it and the body, in the act of

compass, that their speaking, singing and blowing. The wind-pipe is

funcious are great ike its nosle, the lungs like the sides, and the ab

ly interrupted, aud dominal and dorsal muscles, like its handles; of

all the vessels, course, to blow with ease and power, one must bones and viscera are more or less distorted and lake hold of the handles ; to speak and sing right, enfeebled. Cease to do evil, and learn to do well. the lower muscles must be used; for there is only one right way of doing anything.

17. This engraving,

of a bell-shaped glase, Larynx, .....

C, C, shows how the Wind-pipe, ...

air gets into the lungs,

and some of its efects. Collar bone, ..

A head is placed on Bronchia,

the cork, T, represent.

ing the wind-pipe, and Heart & Lungs,

having a hole through

Cl. L, represents a 7 Long Ribs,

bladder, tied to the Diaphragm,

D

lower end of the cork,

to indicate a lung. At 5 Short Ribs,

D, is seen the diaDorsal and

phragm. The cavity

of the bell represents Abdominal Muscles......

the inside of the thorax, where the heart and lungo

are: there is no communication with the external 14. This is a view of a well developed and air, except through the hole in the cork; air, en naturally proportioned chest; with space for the tering through that hole, can go oniy ito ihe blad. „ungs, the short ribs thrown outwardly, affording der. Now, when the centre of the diaphragm is ample room for the free action of the organs: it is raised to D, the bladder will be flaccid and devoid the true model of the form of one who would live of air; but when it is dropped, to the situation of to a good old age.

the dotted line, a tendency to a vacuum will be 15. Tidur DRESSING. No one can enjoy good only through the hole in the cork ; the air expand

the consequence, which can be supplied with air, health , or perform any kind of labor with ease, or mng the bladder to its full extent

, is shown by the read, speak, or sing, when the thorax is habitual. ly compressed. It diminishes the capacity of the dotted circle, around L; and when the diaphragm lungs, for receiving the necessary quantity of air bladder; thus, the lungs are inflated and exhaus

is elevated again, the air will be forced from the to purify the blood, and prevents the proper action red by this alternate operation of the diaphragm, of the diaphragm. The following engraving shows the alarming condition of the chest, when com- and of the contraction and elongation of the ab. pressed by tight lacing; a practice that has hur- the vocal organs proper, and a pair of bellows, is

dominal muscles; hence, the comparison between ried, and is now hurrying, hundreds of thousands

distinctly seen.
to a premature grave; besides entailing upon the
offspring an accumulation of evils, too awful to

MUSCULAR ACTION. These contemplate. What is the difference between

two engravings represent some Killing one's self in five minutes with a razor, and

muscular fibres in two stales : doing it in five years by tight lacing, or any other

the upper one at rest, with a rebad habit? Our clothing should never be so tight laxed nervous filament ramified through the fibres, as to prevent the air from coming between it and as seen under the microscope ; and the lower one in

a state of contraction, and the fi16. Here follows an outline of the chest, or

brrs in zigzag lines, with a simiAhorax of a female, showing the condition of the

lar nervous filament passing over bones of the body, as they appear after death, in

them: apply the principle to all every one who has habitually worn stays and muscles. The subject might be greatly extended; corsi is, enforced by tight lacing. But,' says one, but for further information, see the Author's large I do not lace too tight. If you lace at all, you work on Physiology and Psychology, which will most certainly do, and will sooner or later, expe- be published as soon as convenient.

[graphic]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

1

18. Here is a representation of the Air Cells | viscera and diaphragm upwards the lungs en

the Lungs, laid open and highly magnified. operate with the diaphragm and abdominal musThe body is formed by Blood, which consists of the cles; or rather, the soul, mind, nerves and mus nutritious portions

cles act unitedly, and thence with ease, grace and of our food, and

effect. Observe, the Stomach, Liver, &c. are be19 in the form of

low the diaphragin, and are dependent on it, in a very smal glob

measure, for their actions.
ales, little
round balls: a
representation of
which is here pre-
sented as seen
through a micro-
scope, magnified
one thousand

times.
Every
three

or four
minutes, as a gen-
eral rule, the
blood flows thro-
out the whole
body; and, of
course, through
the lungs, where
it undergoes a purification: hence may be seen
the importance of an upright position, and perfect
inflation of the lungs; no one can live out his
days without them.

19. Here are two attitudes, sitting, and stand- 21. Here is a view of the Heart, nearly sur. ing, passive and active. Beware of too much rounded by the Lungs, with the different blood

vessels going to and from them: these organs are
shown partially separated; tho' when in their nai.
ural positions, they are quite compact together,

[graphic]
[ocr errors]

stiffness, and too much laxity, of the muscles; be
natural and easy. Avoid leaning backwards or
forwards, to the right or left: and especially, of
resting your head on your hand, with the elbow
on something else: by which practice, many
have caused a projection of one shoulder, indu-
ced spinal affections, &c. Beware of every thing and wholly fill up the cavity of the chest : every
that is improper : such as trying how much you one has two hearts

, for the two different kinds of can list with one hand, &c.

blood, and each heart has two rooms : a, right 20. Here follows a representation of the position auricle, that receives all the blood from every pan of the diaphragm, and illustrations of its actions, of the body, through the vena cava, or large vein, in exhaling and inhaling. Figure 1, in the left which is made up of the small veins, e, e, e, e, e; engraving, represents the diaphragm in its great- it thence passes into the right ventricle, i, thence est descent, when we draw in our breath: 2, mus. into both lungs, where it is purified; after which cles of the abdomen, when protruded to their full it passes into the left auricle, and left ventricle, extent, in inhaling: 1, in the right engraving, the then into the aorta, o, and the carotid and subcla. diaphragm in its greatest ascent in expiration : 2, vian arteries (u, and 0,) to every part of th: body. The muscles of the abdomen in action, forcing the returning every three or four minutes.

1

22. This engraving represents the larynx, or 24. Here is a front view o' the Vocal Organs. vocal box, at 1, near the top of the wind-pipe, 2; e is the top of the wind-pipe, and within and a the bronchial

little above d is the larynx, or vocal box, where tubes, or

all voice sounds are branches of

made: the two the trachea

horus at the top, rep3, 4, going to

resent the upper exereh lungi 2v3 left lungs 2

tremities of the thy. whole; the

roid cartilage: the Bistance of

tubes up and down, the right one

and transverse, are is removed, to

blood vessels: beshov the ra->

ware of having nifications of

anything tigh the bronchial

around the neck, twigs, termi

also of bending the nating in the

neck nach, impeding the free circulation of the air-cells,7,7,

blood, and determining it to the head.
&, like leaves
on the trees.

ORATORICAL AND POETICAL ACTION. The bronchi

POSITIONS OF FEET AND HANDS. al tubes are the three branches of the windpipe, and enter the lungs about one third of the distance from the upper end: hence, how soolish for persons having a sore throat, or larynx, to suppose they have the bronchitis; which consists in a diseased state of the bronchia; generally brought on by an improper mode of breathing, or speaking, &c., with exposure. The remedy may be found in the practice here recommended, with a free use of cold soft water over the whole body, and bandages wet with the same, placed about the chest and neck, to be removed every few wours, as they become dry.

[graphic]
[ocr errors]
[graphic]

a

[ocr errors]

23. Here is a horizontal view of the Glottis : N, F, are the arytenoid cartilages, connected with the chordæ vocales, (vocal cords, or ligamerits,) T, V, stretching across from the top of the arytenoid 10 the point of the thyroid cartilage : twee cords can be elongated, and enlarged to produce lower souris, and contracted and diminished

Ligher ones: and, at the same time, separated frorn each other, and allowing more condensed air to pass for the former purposes; or brought nearer together, 10 favor the latter: there are a great many muscles attached to the larynx, to give variety to the modifications o voice in speech and song.

!

UNU

« 이전계속 »