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way of Berwick-upon-Tweed to Edinburgh, where he remained a few days, and then went by St. Andrew's, Aberdeen, Inverness, and Fort Augustus, to the Hebrides, to visit which was the principal object he had in view. He visited the isles of Sky, Rasay, Col, Mull, Inchkenneth, and Icolmkill. He travelled through Argyleshire by Inverary, and from thence by Lochlomond and Dunbarton to Glasgow, then by Loudon to Auchinleck in Ayrshire, the seat of my family, and then by Hamilton, back to Edinburgh, where he again spent some time.

He thus saw the four universities of Scotland, its three principal cities, and as much of the Highland and insular life as was sufficient for his philosophical contemplation. I had the pleasure of accompanying him during the whole of his journey. (1)

He was respectfully entertained by the great, the learned, and the elegant, wherever he went; nor was he less delighted with the hospitality which he experienced in humbler life. (9)

(1) The author was not a small gainer by this extraordinary Journey; for Dr. Johnson thus writes to Mrs. Thrale, Nov. 3.

- “ Boswell will praise my resolution and perseverance, and I shall in return celebrate his good humour and perpetual cheerfulness. He has better faculties than I had imagined; more justness of discernment, and more fecundity of images. It is very convenient to travel with him ; for there is no house where he is not received with kindness and respect.”—Let. 90.

Malone. - I asked Lord Stowell in what estimation he found Boswell amongst his countrymen. “Generally liked as a good-natured jolly fellow,” replied his lordship. « But was he respected ?Why, I think he had about the proportion of respect that you might guess would be shown to a jolly fellow.His lordship evidently thought that there was more regard than respect. - C.

(2) He was long remembered amongst the lower orders of Hebrideans by the title of the Sassenach More, the big Englishman - WALTER SCOTT.

1773:

His various adventures, and the force and vivacity of his mind, as exercised during this peregrination, upon innumerable topics, have been faithfully, and to the best of my abilities, displayed in my “Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides,” to which, as the public has been pleased to honour it by a very extensive circulation, I beg leave to refer, as to a separate and remarkable portion of his life, which may be there seen in detail, and which exhibits as striking a view of his powers in conversation, as his works do of his excellence in writing. Nor can I deny to myself the very flattering gratification of inserting here the character which

my friend Mr. Courtenay has been pleased to give of that work:

“ With Reynolds' pencil, vivid, bold, and true,

So fervent Boswell gives him to our view:
In every trait we see his mind expand;
The master rises by the pupil's hand:
We love the writer, praise his happy vein,
Graced with the naïveté of the sage Montaigne;
Hence not alone are brighter parts display'd,
But e'en the specks of character pourtray'd :
We see the Rambler with fastidious smile
Mark the lone tree, and note the heath-clad isle;
But when the heroic tale of · Flora'(1) charms,
Deck'd in a kilt, he wields a chieftain's arms:
The tuneful piper sounds a martial strain,

And Samuel sings, • The king shall have his ain.”” During his stay at Edinburgh, after his return from the Hebrides, he was at great pains to obtain information concerning Scotland ; and it will appear from his subsequent letters, that he was not less so

(1) “ The celebrated Flora Macdonald.”.

COURTENAI

licitous for intelligence on this subject after his return to London.

LETTER 172. TO JAMES BOSWELL, ESQ.

« Nov. 27. 1773. “ DEAR SIR, - I came home last night, without any incommodity, danger, or weariness, and am ready to begin a new journey. I shall go to Oxford on Monday. I know Mrs. Boswell wished me well to go (1); her wishes have not been disappointed. Mrs. Williams has received Sir A.'s (2) letter.

“ Make my compliments to all those to whom my compliments may be welcome. Let the box (3) be sent as soon as it can, and let me know when to expect it.

Inquire, if you can, the order of the clans : Macdonald is first (4); Maclean second ; further I can.

(1) In this he showed a very acute penetration. My wife paid him the most assiduous and respectful attention while he was our guest; so that I wonder how he discovered her wishing for his departure. The truth is, that his irregular hours and uncouth habits, such as turning the candles with their heads downwards, when they did not burn bright enough, and letting the wax drop upon the carpet, could not but be disagreeable to a lady. Besides, she had not that high admiration of him which was felt by most of those who knew him; and, what was very natural to a female mind, she thought he had too much infuence over her husband. She once, in a little warmth, made, with more point than justice, this remark upon that subject:“I have seen many a bear led by a man; but I never before saw a man led by a bear." B. — The reader will, however, hereafter see that the repetition of this observation as to Mrs. Boswell's feelings towards him was made so frequently and pertinaciously, as is hardly reconcilable with good taste and good manners. -C.

(2) Sir Alexander Gordon, one of the professors at Aberdeen.

(3) This was a box containing a number of curious things which he had picked up in Scotland, particularly some hornspoons.

(4) The Macdonalds always laid claim to be placed on the right of the whole clans, and those of that tribe assign the

not go. Quicken Dr. Webster (-). I am, Sir, yours affectionately,

“ Sam. JOHNSON.”

LETTER 173. FROM MR. BOSWELL.

“ Edinburgh, Dec. 2. 1773. " You shall have what information I can procure as to the order of the clans.

A gentleman of the name of Grant tells me that there is no settled order among them; and he says that the Macdonalds were not placed upon the right of the army at Culloden ; the Stuarts were. I shall, however, examine witnesses of every name that I can find here. Dr. Webster shall be quickened too. I like your little memorandums; they are symptoms of your being in earnest with your book of northern travels.

“ Your box shall be sent next week by sea. You will find in it some pieces of the broom-bush which you saw growing on the old castle of Auchinleck. The wood has a curious appearance when sawn across. You may either have a little writing-standish made of it, or get it formed into boards for a treatise on witchcraft, by way of a suitable binding."

breach of this order at Culloden as one cause of the loss of the day. The Macdonalds, placed on the left wing, refused to charge, and positively left the field unassailed and unbroken. Lord George Murray in vain endeavoured to urge them on by saying, that their behaviour would make the left the right, and that he himself would take the name of Macdonald. On this subject there are some curious notices, in a very interesting journal written by one of the seven men of Moidart, as they were called - Macdonalds of the Clanronald sept, who were the first who declared for the prince at his landing in their chief's country. It is in the Lockhart papers, vol. ii. p. 510.WALTER SCOTT.

(1) The Rev. Dr. Alexander Webster, one of the ministers of Edinburgh, a man of distinguished abilities, who had promised him information concerning the Highlands and Islands of Scotland. — B. See antè, Vol. IV. p. 44. — C.

LETTER 174. FROM MR. BOSWELL.

Edinburgh, Dec. 18. 1773. “ You promised me an inscription for a print to be taken from an historical picture of Mary Queen of Scots being forced to resign her crown, which Mr. Hamilton at Rome has painted for me.

The two following have been sent to me:

« « Maria Scotorum Regina meliori seculo digna, jus regium civibus seditiosis invita resiynat.'

« « Cives seditiosi Mariam Scotorum Reginam sese muneri abdicare invitam cogunt.'

“ Be so good as to read the passage in Robertson, and see if you cannot give me a better inscription. I must have it both in Latin and English; so if you should not give me another Latin one, you will at least choose the best of these two, and send a translation of it.”

His humane forgiving disposition was put to a pretty strong test on his return to London by a liberty which Mr. Thomas Davies had taken with him in his absence, which was, to publish two volumes entitled “ Miscellaneous and Fugitive Pieces,” which he advertised in the newspapers, “ By the Author of the Rambler.” In this collection, several of Dr. Johnson's acknowledged writings, several of his anonymous performances, and some which he had written for others, were inserted ; but there were also some in which he had no concern whatever. He was at first very angry, as he had good reason to be. But, upon consideration of his poor friend's narrow circumstances, and that he had only a little profit in view,

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