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changes, however slow and imperceptible to us, which Scotland has undergone, in consequence of the blessings of liberty and internal peace.”

Mr. Knox, another native of Scotland, who has since made the same tour, and published an account ? of it, is equally liberal.

I have read," says he, “ his book again and again, travelled with him from Berwick to Glenelg, through countries with which I am well acquainted ; sailed with him from Glenelg to Rasay, Sky, Rum, Coll, Mull, and Icolmkill, but have not been able to correct him in any matter of consequence. I have often admired the accuracy, the precision, and the justness of what he advances, respecting both the country and the people. — The Doctor has every

where delivered his sentiments with freedom, and in many instances with a seeming regard for the benefit of the inhabitants, and the ornament of the country. His remarks on the want of trees and hedges for shade, as well as for shelter to the cattle, are well founded, and merit the thanks, not the illiberal censure of the natives. He also felt for the distresses of the Highlanders, and explodes with great propriety the bad management of the grounds, and the neglect of timber in the Hebrides."

Having quoted Johnson's just compliments on the Rasay family, he says,

“On the other hand, I found this family equally lavish in their encomiums upon the Doctor's conversation, and his subsequent civilities to a young gentlem.an of that country, who, upon waiting upon him at London, was well received, and experienced all the attention and regard that a warm friend could bestow. Mr. Macleod having also been in London, waited upon the the Doctor, who provided a magnificent and expensive entertainment in honour of his old Hebridean acquaintance."

And, talking of the military road by Fort Augustus,

he says,

sure.

“By this road, though one of the most rugged in Great Britain, the celebrated Dr. Johnson passed from Inverness to the Hebride Isles. His observations on the country and people are extremely correct judicious, and instructive." - p. 103.

Mr. Tytler, the acute and able vindicator of Mary Queen of Scots, in one of his letters to Mr. James Elphinstone, published in that gentleman's “ Forty Years' Correspondence," says, – I read Dr. Johnson's 'Tour' with very great plea-

Some few errors he has fallen into, but of no great importance, and those are lost in the numberless beauties of his work. If I had leisure, I could perhaps point out the most exceptionable places; but at present I am in the country, and have not his book at hand. It is plain he meant to speak well of Scotland ; and he has in my apprehension done us great honour in the most capital article, the character of the inhabitants."(1)

His private letters to Mrs. Thrale, written during the course of his journey, which therefore may be supposed to convey his genuine feelings at the time, abound in such benignant sentiment towards the people who showed him civilities, that no man whose temper is not very harsh and sour can retain a doubt of the goodness of his heart.

It is painful to recollect with what rancour he was assailed by numbers of shallow irritable North Britons, on account of his supposed injurious treatment of

(1) Boswell was so vehemently attacked by his countrymen, as if he were particeps criminis with Dr. Johnson, that he thought it expedient to produce these testimonia Scotorum in his own defence. - C,

their country and countrymen, in his “ Journey.' Had there been any just ground for such a charge, would the virtuous and candid Dempster have given his opinion of the book, in the terms in which I have quoted? Would the patriotic Knox (1) have spoken of it as he has done? Would Mr. Tytler, surely

a Scot, if ever Scot there were," have expressed himself thus? And let me add, that, citizen of the world as I hold myself to be, I have that degree of predilection for my natale solum, nay, I have that just sense of the merit of an ancient nation, which has been ever renowned for its valour, which in former times maintained its independence against a powerful neighbour, and in modern times has been equally distinguished for its ingenuity and industry in civilised life, that I should have felt a generous indignation at any injustice done to it. Johnson treated Scotland no worse than he did even his best friends, whose characters he used to give as they appeared to him, both in light and shade. Some people, who had not exercised their minds sufficiently, condemned him for censuring his friends. But Sir Joshua Reynolds, whose philosophical penetration and justness of thinking were not less known to those who lived with him, than his genius in his art admired by the world, explained his conduct thus :

(1) I observed with much regret, while the first edition was passing through the press (August, 1790), that this ingenious gentleman is dead. - B. — [Mr. John Knox was, for many years, a bookseller of some eminence in the Strand. Besides the Tour to the Hebrides, he published a “ View of the British Empire," and several works having for their object the improvement of the Scottish Fisheries. He died at Dalkeith.]

“ He was fond of discrimination, which he could not show without pointing out the bad as well as the good in every character; and as his friends were those whose characters he knew best, they afforded him the best opportunity for showing the acuteness of his judgment.”

He expressed to his friend, Mr. Windham of Norfolk(1), his wonder at the extreme jealousy (2) of the Scotch, and their resentment at having their country described by him as it really was ; when to say

that it was a country as good as England would have been a gross falsehood. 6. None of us," said he, “ would be offended if a foreigner who has travelled here should say, that vines and olives don't grow in England." And as to his prejudice against the Scotch, which I always ascribed to that nationality which he observed in them, he said to the same gentleman, “ When I find a Scotchman, to whom an Englishman is as a Scotchman, that Scotchman shall be as an Englishman to me." His intimacy with many gentlemen of Scotland, and his employing so many natives of that country as his amanuenses, prove that his prejudice was not virulent; and I have deposited in the British Museum, amongst other pieces of his writing, the following note in answer to one from me, asking if he would meet me at dinner at the Mitre, though a friend of mine, a Scotchman, was to be there :

(1) The Right Hon. William Windham of Felbrigg, born 1750, died 1810. He cultivated Johnson's acquaintance for the last few years of his life with great assiduity, as will be seen in the sequel of this work. C. (2) We ma fohnson against Scotland and the Scotch ; which

be allowed to express our wonder at the extreme prejudice of is the more surprising, because he was himself a Jacobite, and many of his earliest acquaintances and some of his nearest friends were Scotch. I have a strong suspicion that there was some personal cause for this unreasonable and, as it appears unaccountabla antipathy, -C,

“Mr. Johnson does not see why Mr. Boswell should suppose a Scotchman less acceptable than

any

other man. He will be at the Mitre.”

My much-valued friend Dr. Barnard, now Bishop of Killaloe, having once expressed to him an apprehension, that if he should visit Ireland he might treat the people of that country more unfavourably than he had done the Scotch, he answered, with strong pointed double-edged wit, “Sir, you have no reason to be afraid of me. The Irish are not in a conspiracy to cheat the world by false representations of the merits of their countrymen. No, Sir: the Irish are a fair people ; they never speak well of one another.” (1)

Johnson told me of an instance of Scottish nationality, which made a very unfavourable impression upon

his mind. A Scotchman of some consideration in London colicited him to recommend by the weight of his learned authority, to be master of an English school, a person of whom he who recommended him confessed he knew no more but that he was his countryman. Johnson was shocked at this unconscientious conduct.

(1) Johnson one day asked me, “ Have you observed the difference between your own country impudence and Scotch inpudence?” The answer being in the negative; “Then I will tell you,” said Johnson: “ the impudence of an Irishman is the impudence of a fly that buzzes about you, and you put it away, but it returns again, and still flutters and teases. "The impudence of a Scotchman is the impudence of a leech, that fixes and sucks your blood.” - MURPHY. VOL. V.

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