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artfully held himself out as a champion for the independency of the county against aristocratic inAuence, and had persuaded several gentlemen into a resolution to oppose every candidate who was supported by peers.
66 Foolish fellows !” said Dr. Johnson, “ don't they see that they are as much dependent upon the peers one way as the other. The peers have but to oppose a candidate, to ensure him success. It is said, the only way to make a pig go
forward is to pull him back by the tail. These people must be treated like pigs.”
Inverary Castle. Bishop Archibald Campbell.
Douglas. — Juvenal. - Religious Buildings. — Rose-
- Eglintoune Castle. — Auchinleck. - Boswell's Fa-
Monday, Oct. 25. — My acquaintance, the Rev.
We then got into a low one-horse chair, ordered
(1) On reflection, at the distance of several years, I wonder that my venerable fellow-traveller should have read this passage without censuring my levity.
place. Dr. Johnson was much struck by the grandeur and elegance of this princely seat. He thought, however, the castle too low, and wished it had been a story higher. He said, “ What I admire here, is the total defiance of expense.” I had a particular pride in showing him a great number of fine old trees, to compensate for the nakedness which had made such an impression on him on the eastern coast of Scotland.
When we came in, before dinner, we found the duke and some gentlemen in the hall. Dr. Johnson took much notice of the large collection of arins, which are excellently disposed there. I told what he had said to Sir Alexander M‘Donald, of his ancestors not suffering their arms to rust. “ Well," said the doctor, “ but let us be glad we live in times when arms may rust. We can sit to-day at his grace's table, without any risk of being attacked, and perhaps sitting down again wounded or maimed." The duke placed Dr. Johnson next himself at table. I was in fine spirits; and though sensible that I had the misfortune of not being in favour with the duchess, I was not in the least disconcerted, and offered her grace some of the dish that was before
It must be owned that I was in the right to be quite unconcerned, if I could. I was the Duke of Argyle's guest; and I had no reason to suppose that he adopted the prejudices and resentments of the Duchess of Hamilton.
I knew it was the rule of modern high life not to drink to any body; but, that I might have the satis
faction for once to look the duchess in the face, with a glass in my hand, I with a respectful air addressed her, “ My Lady Duchess, I have the honour to drink your grace's good health.” I repeated the words audibly, and with a steady countenance. This was, perhaps, rather too much; but some allowance must be made for human feelings.
The duchess was very attentive to Dr. Johnson. I know not how a middle state came to be mentioned. Her grace wished to hear him on that point. “ Madam,” said he,“ your own relation, Mr. Archibald Campbell, can tell you better about it than I can. He was a bishop of the nonjuring comm on, and wrote a book upon the subject.” (1) He engaged to get it for her grace. He afterwards gave a full history of Mr. Archibald Campbell, which I am sorry I do not recollect particularly. He said, Mr. Campbell had been bred a violent Whig, but afterwards “ kept better company, and became a Tory.” He said this with a smile, in pleasant allusion, as I thought, to the opposition between his own political principles and those of
(1) As this book is now become very scarce, I shall subjoin the title, which is curious :
“ The Doctrines of a Middle State between Death and the Resurrection : Of Prayers for the Dead : And the Necessity of Purification; plainly proved from the holy Scriptures, and the Writings of the Fathers of the Primitive Church : And acknowledged by several learned Fathers and great Divines of the Church of England and others since the Reformation. To which is added, an Appendix concerning the Descent of the Soul of Christ into Hell, while his Body lay in the Grave. Together with the Judgment of the Reverend Dr. Hicks concerning this Book, so far as relates to a Middle State, particular Judgment, and Prayers for the Dead, as it appeared in the first Edition. And a Manuscript of the Right Reverend Bishop Overall upon the subject of a Middle State, and never before printed. Also, a Preservative against several of the Errors of the Roman Church, in six small Treatises. By the Honourable Archibald Campbell." Folio, 1721.
the duke's clan. He added that Mr. Campbell, after the revolution (1), was thrown into gaol on account of his tenets; but, on application by letter to the old Lord Townshend, was released : that he always spoke of his lordship with great gratitude, saying, " though a Whig, he had humanity."
Dr. Johnson and I passed some time together, in June, 1784, at Pembroke college, Oxford, with the Rev. Dr. Adams, the master; and I having expressed a regret that my note relative to Mr. Archibald Campbell was imperfect, he was then so good as to write with his own hand, on the blank page of
my journal, opposite to that which contains what I have now mentioned, the following paragraph ; which, however, is not quite so full as the narrative he gave at Inverary :
« The Honourable Archibald Campbell was, I believe, the nephew (2) of the Marquis of Argyle. He began life by engaging in Monmouth's rebellion, and, to escape the law, lived some time in Surinam. When he returned, he became zealous for episcopacy and monarchy; and at the revolution adhered not only to the nonjurors, but to those who refused to communicate with the church of England, or to be present at any worship where the usurper was mentioned as king. He was, I believe, more than once apprehended in the reign of King William, and once at the accession of George.
(1) It was not after the revolution, but after the accession of the Hanover family, that this transaction occurred. Lord Townshend was not secretary of state till 1714; when he was so for a short time, and became so again in 1720. — C.
(2) He was the marquis's grandson, son of his second son, Lord Neil Campbell. He was a bishop of the episcopal church in Scotland, and died in London in 1744.-C.