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a member of all other boards having control of public instruction in any state institution, with the right to speak but not to vote. His duties and compensation shall be prescribed by law.

(5) Sec. 3. There shall be a board of regents of the university, consisting of eight members, who shall hold the office for eight years. There shall be elected at each regular biennial spring election two members of such board. When a vacancy shall occur in the office of regent it shall be filled by appointment of the governor.

(6) SEC. 4. The regents of the university and their successors in office shall continue to constitute the body corporate known as “The Regents of the University of Michigan."

(7) Sec. 5. The regents of the university shall, as often as necessary, elect a president of the university. The president of the university and the superintendent of public instruction shall be ex-officio members of the board of regents, with the privilege of speaking but not of voting. The president shall preside at the meetings of the board and be the principal executive officer of the university. The board of regents shall have the general supervision of the university and the direction and control of all expenditures from the university funds.

(8) Sec. 6. The state board of education shall consist of four members. On the first Monday in April, nineteen hundred nine, and at each succeeding biennial spring election, there shall be elected one member of such board who shall hold his office for six years from the first day of July following his election. The state board of education shall have general supervision of the state normal college and the state normal schools, and the duties of said board shall be prescribed by law.

(9) Sec. 7. There shall be elected on the first Monday in April, nineteen hundred nine, a state board of agriculture to consist of six members, two of whom shall hold the office for two years, two for four years and two for six years. At every regular biennial spring election thereafter, there shall be elected two members whose term of office shall be six years. The members thus elected and their successors in office shall be a body corporate to be known as "The State Board of Agriculture.”

(10) SEC. 8. The state board of agriculture shall, as often as necessary, elect a president of the agricultural college, who shall be ex-officio a member of the board with the privilege of speaking but not of voting. He shall preside at the meetings of the board and be the principal executive officer of the college. The board shall have the general supervision of the college and the direction and control of all agricultural college funds; and shall perform such other duties as may be prescribed by law.

(11) SEC. 9. The legislature shall continue a system of primary schools, whereby every school district in the state shall provide for the education of its pupils without charge for tuition; and all instruction in such schools shall be conducted in the English language. If any school district shall neglect to maintain a school within its borders as prescribed by law for at least five months in each year, or to provide for the education of its pupils in another district or districts for an equal period, it shall be deprived for the ensuing year of its proportion of the primary school interest fund.

(12) SEC. 10. The legislature shall maintain the university, the college of mines, the state agricultural college, the state normal college, and such state normal schools and other educational institutions as may be established by law.

(13) SEC. 11. The proceeds from the sales of all lands that have been or hereafter may be granted by the United States to the state for educational purposes and the proceeds of all lands or other property given by individuals or appropriated by the state for like purposes shall be and remain a perpetual fund, the interest and income of which, together with the rents of all such lands as may remain unsold, shall be inviolably appropriated and annually applied to the specific objects of the original gift, grant or appropriation.

(14) SEC. 12. All lands, the titles to which shall fail from a defect of heirs, shall escheat to the state, and the interest on the clear proceeds from the sales thereof shall be appropriated exclusively to the support of the primary schools.

(15) Sec. 13. The legislature shall appropriate all salt spring lands now unappropriated, or the money arising from the sale of the same, where such lands have already been sold, and any funds or lands which may hereafter be granted or appropriated for such purpose, for the support and maintenance of the agricultural college.

(16) SEC. 14. The legislature shall provide by law for the establishment of at least one library in each township and city; and all fines assessed and collected in the several counties, cities and townships for any breach of the penal laws shall be exclusively applied to the support of such libraries.

(17) Sec. 15. Institutions for the benefit of those inhabitants who are deaf, dumb, blind, feeble-minded or insane shall always be fostered and supported.

STATUTORY PROVISIONS.

ELECTIONS.

An Act fixing the time when members of the state board of educa

tion shall be elected.

[Act 216, 1909.)

The People of the State of Michigan enact:

Members board of education,

(18) SECTION 1. At the biennial spring election to be

held on the first Monday in April of nineteen hundred nine, when elected. and at each succeeding biennial spring election, there shall

be elected one member of the board of education, who shall hold his office for six years from the first day of July follow ing his election; at the biennial spring election to be held on the first Monday in April, nineteen hundred nine, a successor to the member of the state board of education whose term of office expired on December thirty-first, nineteen hundred eight, shall be elected; at the biennial spring election to be held on the first Monday in April, nineteen hundred eleven, a successor to the member of the state board of edu. cation whose term will expire December thirty-first, nineteen hundred ten, shall be elected; and at the biennial spring election to be held on the first Monday in April, nineteen hundred thirteen, a successor to the member of the state board of education whose term will expire on December thirty-first, nineteen hundred twelve, shall be elected. Each member shall hold his office for the term for which he was elected and until his successor is elected and qualified.

Term.

An Act to provide for the election of a superintendent of public

instruction.

[Act 12, 1909. ]

The People of the State of Michigan enact:

When elected, term.

(19) SECTION 1. At the biennial spring election to be held on the first Monday in April, nineteen hundred nine, and every second year thereafter, there shall be elected a superintendent of public instruction, who shall hold office for a period of two years from the first day of July following his election and until his successor is elected and qualified. The person receiving the greatest number of votes at such election shall be by the state board of canvassers declared elected to such office.

THE PRIMARY SCHOOL SYSTEM.

An Act to revise and consolidate the laws relating to public instruc

tion and primary schools, and to repeal all statutes and acts contravening the provisions of this act.

[Act 164, 1881.]

The People of the State of Michigan enact:

CHAPTER I.

THE SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION.

Instruction.

Duties.

(20) § 4639.
§ 4639. SECTION 1.

SECTION 1. The superintendent of public Supt. of instruction shall have general supervision of public instruc- Public tion in all public schools and in all state institutions that are educational in their character, as follows: The univers. ity, the agricultural college, the institution for the deaf and dumb, the school for the blind, the state industrial school for boys, the state industrial home for girls, the state public school for dependent and neglected children, and the home for the feeble-minded, and any similar institution that may hereafter be created. He shall reside at the seat of the state Residence. government and shall devote his entire time to the duties of his office. He shall be a graduate of a university, college Qualifications. or state normal school of good standing, and shall have had at least five years experience as a teacher or superintendent of schools. His duties shall be as follows:

(a) To visit the institutions mentioned above and meet with the governing boards thereof from time to time;

(b) To direct the supervision of county normal training classes and provide general rules for their management and control;

(c) To require all boards of education to observe the laws relating to schools and he shall have authority to compel such observance by appropriate legal proceedings instituted in courts of competent jurisdiction by direction of the attorney general;

(d) To examine and audit the official records and ac- Records and counts of any school district and require corrections thereof accounts. when necessary, and to require an accounting from the treasurer of any school district when necessary;

(e) To require all school districts to maintain school or statutory provide educational facilities for all children resident in such period of district, for at least the statutory period;

(f) To prepare annually, and transmit to the governor, Annual to be by him transmitted to the legislature at each biennial report. session thereof, a report containing a statement of the general educational conditions of the state; a general statement regarding the operation of the several state educational in. stitutions and all incorporated institutions of learning; to

school.

State teachers' institute.

May request removal of certain officers.

present plans for the improvement of the general educational system, if in his judgment it is deemed necessary; the report shall also contain the annual reports and accompanying documents of all state educational institutions so far as the same may be of public interest, and tabulated statements of the annual reports of the several school officers of the townships and cities of the state, and any other matter relating to his office which he may deem expedient to communicate to the legislature;

(g) To appoint a time and place and proper instructors for a state teachers' institute, and for institutes in the several counties of the state and make such rules and regulations for their management as he may deem necessary;

(h) He may request the governor to remove from office any county commissioner of schools or member of the board of school examiners when he shall be satisfied from sufficient evidence submitted to him that said officer does not possess the qualifications required by law entitling him to hold the office, or, when he is incompetent to execute properly the duties of the office, or has been guilty of official misconduct, or of wilful neglect of duty, or of drunkenness.

In case said superintendent shall determine the charges submitted to him are well founded he shall file with the governor a state. ment in writing showing the specific and definite charge or charges made against the county commissioner, and also a statement that he believes the charges to be true and that in his opinion the case demands investigation, which statement shall take the place of the statement of the prosecuting attorney of the county in which said officer is acting; whereupon the governor shall proceed to investigate the case as the statute provides;

(i) To do all things necessary to promote the welfare of the public schools and public educational institutions and provide proper educational facilities for the youth of the state.

From and after the first day of July, nineteen hundred nine, the salary of the superintendent of public instruction shall be four thousand dollars per annum which shall be paid monthly out of the general fund in the state treasury, upon the warrant of the auditor general, in the same manner as the salaries of other state officers are paid.

To promote welfare.

Salary, how paid.

Am. 1905, Act 72; 1909, Act 9.

As. to. superintendent of public instruction, see Const., section 4 of this compilation.

May appoint (21) § 4640. SEC. 2. In order to organize the work of fications, etc. the department of public instruction and assist the superin

tendent in the performance of his duties in supervising public education he may appoint a deputy superintendent of public instruction, whose educational qualifications shall be the same as those of the superintendent of public instruction,

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