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SECTION 6.

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1. The Senators and Representatives shall receive a compensation for their services, te be ascertained by law, and paid out of the treasury of the United States. They shall, in all cases except treason, felony, and breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the session of their respective Houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for any speech or debate in either House, they shall not be questioned in any other place.

2. No Senator or Representative shall, during the time, for which he was elected, be appointed to any civil office under the authority of the United States which shall have been created, or the emoluments whereof shall have been increased, during such time; and no person holding any office under the United States shall be a member of either House during his continuance in office.

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SECTION 7.

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1. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur with amendments, as on other bills.

2. Every bill which shall have passed the House of Representatives and the Senate, shall, before it become a law, be presented to the President of the United States : if he approve, he shall sign it; but, if not, he shall return it, with his objections, to that House in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the objections at large on their journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If,

after such reconsideration, two-thirds of that House shall 24 agree to pass the bill

, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the other House, by. which it shall likewise be reconsidered ; and, if approved by two-thirds of that House, it shall become a law. But, in all such cases, the votes of both Houses shall be determined by yeas and nays; and the names of the persons voting for and

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against the bill shall be entered on the journal of each House respectively. If any bill shall not be returned by the President within ten days (Sundays excepted after it shall have been presented to bim, the same shall be a law in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the Congress, by their adjournment, prevent its return; in which case it shall not be a law.

3. Every order, resolution, or vote, to which the concurrence of the Senate and House of Representatives may be necessary (except on a question of adjournment), shall be presented to the President of the United States, and, before the same shall take effect, shall be approved by him, or, being disapproved by him, shall be re-passed by two-thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives, according to the rules and limitations prescribed in the case of a bill.

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SECTION 8.

The Congress shall have power, 26

1. To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts, and excises, to pay the debts, and provide for the common defense and general welfare, of the United States; but all duties, imposts, and excises shall be uniform throughout

the United States; 27

2. To borrow money on the credit of the United

States; 28

3. To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among

the several States, and with the Indian tribes; 4. To establish a uniform rule of naturalization, and

uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies, throughout 29

the United States;

5. To coin money, regulate the value thereof and of 30 foreign coin, and fix the standard of weights and meas

ures ;

6. To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securities and current coin of the United States;

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of years;

32 7. To establish post-offices and post-roads ;

8. To promote the progress of science and useful arts, 33

by securing for limited times, to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and dis

coveries ; 34

9. To constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court;

10. To define and punish piracies and felonies com35

mitted on the bigh seas, and offenses against the law of nations ;

11. To declare war, grant letters of marque and re36

prisal, and make rules concerning captures on land and water;

12. To raise and support armies ; but no appropriation 37

money to that use shall be for a longer term than two 38 13. To provide and maintain a navy; 39

14. To make rules for the government and regulation of the land and naval forces ;

15. To provide for calling forth the militia to execute 40

the laws of the Union, suppress insurrections, and repel invasions ;

16. To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining 41

the militia, and for governing such part of them as may be employed in the service of the United States, reserving to the States respectively the appointment of the officers, and the authority of training the militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress ;

17. To exercise exclusive legislation in all cases 42

whatsoever over such district (not exceeding ten miles square) as may, by cession of particular States and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of the Government of the United States; and to exercise like authority over all places purchased, by the consent of the Legislature

tax or

of the State in which the same shall be, for the erection of forts, magazines, arsenals, dock-yards, and other needful buildings. And,

18. To make all laws which shall be necessary and

proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, 43

and all other powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof.

SECTION 9. 1. The migration or importation of such persons as 44 any of the States now existing shall think proper to ad

mit shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the
year one thousand eight hundred and eight; but a
duty may be imposed on such importation, not exceeding
ten dollars for each person.

2. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not 45

be suspended, unless when, in cases of rebellion or inva

sion, the public safety may require it. 46

3. No bill of attainder, or ex-post-facto law, shall be passed.

4. No capitation or other direct tax shall be laid, un47

less in proportion to the census or enumeration hereinbefore directed to be taken.

5. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported

from any State. No preference shall be given by any 48 regulation of commerce or revenue to the ports of one

State over those of another ; nor shall vessels bound to or from one State be obliged to enter, clear, or pay duties, in another.

6. No money shall be drawn from the treasury but in 49 consequence of appropriations made by law; and a regu

lar statement and account of the receipts and expenditures of all public money shall be published from time to time.

7. No title of nobility shall be granted by the United 50

States; and no person holding any office of profit or trust under them shall, without the consent of the Con

gress, accept of any present, emolument, office, or title, of any kind whatever, from any king, prince, or foreign state.

SECTION 10.

1. No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or

51 confederation ; grant letters of marque and reprisal ; coin

;

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money;
silver coin a tender in payment of debts ; sass any bill of
attainder, ex-post-facto law, or law impairing the obliga-
tion of contracts; or grant any title of nobility.

2. No State shall, without the consent of the Congress, lay any imposts or duties on imports or exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing its inspection laws; and the net produce of all duties and imposts laid by any State on imports or exports shall be for the use of the treasury of the United States, and all such laws shall be subject to the revision and control of the Congress.

No

State shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any duty of tonnage, keep troops or shipsof-war in time of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with another State or with a foreign power, or engage in war, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent danger as will not admit of delay.

ARTICLE II.

SECTION 1. 1. The executive power shall be vested in a Presi53

dent of the United States of America. He sball hold his office during the term of four years, and, together with the Vice-President chosen for the same term, be elected as follows:

2. Each State shall appoint, in such manner as the 54 Legislature thereof may direct, a number of Electors,

equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress; but no Senator or Representative, or person bold

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