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2. Until the first enumeration was made, the States were allowed

to choose as follows:
New Hampshire, 3.

Delaware, 1.
Massachusetts, 8.

Maryland, 6.
Connecticut, 5.

Virginia, 10.
New York, 6.

North Carolina, 5.
New Jersey, 4.

South Carolina, 5.
Pennsylvania, 8.

Georgia, 3.
Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, 1. 5.

ART, II.- HOW APPORTIONED,

Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States

according to their respective numbers, which shall include, 1. The whole number of free persons, excluding Indians not taxed ; 2. Those bound to service for a term of years ; 3. Indians who are taxed ; and 4. Three-fifths of all other persons. 5. (See appendix to Analy

sis C, page 106.)

ART. III.- ELIGIBILITY. 1. A representative must have attained to the age of twenty-five

years. 2. Must have been seven years a citizen of the United States. 3. When elected, must be an inhabitant of the State in which

chosen. 4. 4. No United-States officer shall be a member of either House of

Congress. 22. (See appendix to Analysis D, page 107.)

ART. IV.-TERM.

Members are chosen every second year. 3.

ART. V.-BY WHOM ELECTED.

By the people of the several States. 3.

ART. VI.- ELECTORS. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislature. 3.

ART. VII.- VACANCIES.

When vacancies happen in the representation from any State, the executive authority thereof shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies. 6.

ART. VIII. - CENSUS.

1. How made. In such manner as Congress shall by law direct. 2. When made. 1st. The actual enumeration shall be made

within three years after the first meeting of Congress. 2d. It shall be made within every subsequent term of ten

years. 5.

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1. Co-ordinate with the Senate in general legislation. 2. 2. Sole power of originating bills for raising revenue. 23. 3. Sole power of originating impeachments. 7. 4. To choose their Speaker and other officers. 5. When the electors of President and Vice-President of the

United States fail to elect a President, the House of Representatives shall elect one. 94.

CHAPTER II.

UNITED-STATES SENATE.

ART. 1. HOW COMPOSED. Of two senators from each State. 8.

ART. II.-ELIGIBILITY. 1. Must have attained to the age of thirty years. 2. Must have been nine years a citizen of the United States. 3. When clected, shall be an innhabitant of the State for which

chosen. 10. 4. No United States officer shall be a member of either House of

Congress. 22. (See appendix to Analysis D, page 107).

ART. III.-TERM.

The senatorial term is six years. 8.

ART. IV. - BY WHOM CHOSEN.

By the legislatures of the several States. 8.

ART. V.- WHEN CHOSEN.

One-third the number of senators shall be chosen every second

year. 9.

ART. VI. – HOW CLASSED. Immediately after they shall be assembled in consequence of the first election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three classes : 1. The seats of the senators of the first class shall be vacated at

the expiration of the second year. 2. Of the second class, at the expiration of the fourth year. 3. Of the third class, at the expiration of the sixth year. 9.

ART. VII. - VACANCIES.

If vacancies happen by resignation or otherwise during the recess of the legislature of any State, 1. The executive thereof may make temporary appointments until

the next meeting of the legislature. 2. The legislature shall then fill such vacancies. 9.

ART. VIII. - VOTE.

Each senator shall have one vote. 8.

ART. IX.

PRESIDING OFFICER. 1. The Vice-President of the United States shall be President of

the Senate. 2. He shall have no vote unless they be equally divided. 11. 3. The Senate shall also choose a president pro tempore in the

absence of the Vice-President, or when he shall exercise the office of President of the United States. 12.

ART. X. - SENATE POWERS. 1. Legislative. - 1st. Co-ordinate with the House of Representa

tives in general legislation. 2. 2d. May propose or concur with amendments to bills for rais

ing revenue. 23.

2. Excecutive. - 1st. To ratify treaties proposed by the President

of the United States, two-thirds of the senators present

concurring
2d. To confirm the following officers when nominated by the
President of the United States :

1st. Ambassadors, other public ministers, and consuls.
2d. Judges of the Supreme Court.
3d. All other officers of the United States whose ap-

pointments are not otherwise provided for by the Con

stitution, and which shall be established by law. 61. 3. Elective. — 1st. Excepting their president, they shall choose

their officers, and also a president pro tempore. 11, 12. 2d. When the electors of President and Vice-President of

the United States fail to elect a Vice-President, the Senate

shall elect one. 95. 4. Judicial. - 1st. The Senate has the sole power to try all im

peachments, when sitting for that purpose, on oath or

affirmation. 13. 2d. The Chief Justice shall preside when the President of

the United States is tried. 3d. Without the concurrence of two-thirds of the members

present, no person shall be convicted. 13.

4th. May render judgment in cases of impeachment no further than,

1st. To removal from office; and,
2d. Disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of

honor, trust, or profit under the United States.
14.

CHAPTER III.

PROVISIONS COMMON TO BOTH HOUSES.

ARTICLE 1.- MEMBERSHIP.

Each house shall be the judge of the elections, returns, and qualifications of its own members. 17.

ART. II, - QUORUM.

1. A majority of either house is a quorum to do business. 2. A smaller number may adjourn from day to day. 3. A smaller number may be authorized to compel the attendance

of absent members, in such manner and under such penalties as each house may provide. 17.

ART. III.-JOURNAL.

1. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings. 2. They shall publish the same from time to time, except such parts

as in their judgment shall require secrecy. 19.

ART. IV.-YEAS AND NAYS.

At the desire of one-fifth of those present, the yeas

and nays

of the members of either house shall be entered on the journal on any question. 19.

ART. V.- BUSINESS RULES.
Each house may determine the rules of its proceedings. 18.

ART. VI.- PENALTIES.

1. Either house may punish its members for disorderly behavior; and, 2. With the concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member. 18.

ART. VII.- PROHIBITIONS. 1. Adjournments.

1st. Neither bouse during the session of Congress shall, with

out the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three

days; nor, 2d. To any other place than that in which the two houses shall

be sitting. 20. 2. On Members. No member of either house shall, during the

time for which he was elected, be appointed to any office under the United States,

1st. Which shall have been created during such time; nor, 2d. The emoluments whereof shall have been increased

during such time. 22.

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