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2. Until the first enumeration was made, the States were allowed
to choose as follows:
North Carolina, 5.
South Carolina, 5.
ART, II.- HOW APPORTIONED,
Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States
according to their respective numbers, which shall include, 1. The whole number of free persons, excluding Indians not taxed ; 2. Those bound to service for a term of years ; 3. Indians who are taxed ; and 4. Three-fifths of all other persons. 5. (See appendix to Analy
sis C, page 106.)
ART. III.- ELIGIBILITY. 1. A representative must have attained to the age of twenty-five
years. 2. Must have been seven years a citizen of the United States. 3. When elected, must be an inhabitant of the State in which
chosen. 4. 4. No United-States officer shall be a member of either House of
Congress. 22. (See appendix to Analysis D, page 107.)
Members are chosen every second year. 3.
ART. V.-BY WHOM ELECTED.
By the people of the several States. 3.
ART. VI.- ELECTORS. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislature. 3.
ART. VII.- VACANCIES.
When vacancies happen in the representation from any State, the executive authority thereof shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies. 6.
ART. VIII. - CENSUS.
1. How made. In such manner as Congress shall by law direct. 2. When made. 1st. The actual enumeration shall be made
within three years after the first meeting of Congress. 2d. It shall be made within every subsequent term of ten
1. Co-ordinate with the Senate in general legislation. 2. 2. Sole power of originating bills for raising revenue. 23. 3. Sole power of originating impeachments. 7. 4. To choose their Speaker and other officers. 5. When the electors of President and Vice-President of the
United States fail to elect a President, the House of Representatives shall elect one. 94.
ART. 1. HOW COMPOSED. Of two senators from each State. 8.
ART. II.-ELIGIBILITY. 1. Must have attained to the age of thirty years. 2. Must have been nine years a citizen of the United States. 3. When clected, shall be an innhabitant of the State for which
chosen. 10. 4. No United States officer shall be a member of either House of
Congress. 22. (See appendix to Analysis D, page 107).
The senatorial term is six years. 8.
ART. IV. - BY WHOM CHOSEN.
By the legislatures of the several States. 8.
ART. V.- WHEN CHOSEN.
One-third the number of senators shall be chosen every second
ART. VI. – HOW CLASSED. Immediately after they shall be assembled in consequence of the first election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three classes : 1. The seats of the senators of the first class shall be vacated at
the expiration of the second year. 2. Of the second class, at the expiration of the fourth year. 3. Of the third class, at the expiration of the sixth year. 9.
ART. VII. - VACANCIES.
If vacancies happen by resignation or otherwise during the recess of the legislature of any State, 1. The executive thereof may make temporary appointments until
the next meeting of the legislature. 2. The legislature shall then fill such vacancies. 9.
ART. VIII. - VOTE.
Each senator shall have one vote. 8.
PRESIDING OFFICER. 1. The Vice-President of the United States shall be President of
the Senate. 2. He shall have no vote unless they be equally divided. 11. 3. The Senate shall also choose a president pro tempore in the
absence of the Vice-President, or when he shall exercise the office of President of the United States. 12.
ART. X. - SENATE POWERS. 1. Legislative. - 1st. Co-ordinate with the House of Representa
tives in general legislation. 2. 2d. May propose or concur with amendments to bills for rais
ing revenue. 23.
2. Excecutive. - 1st. To ratify treaties proposed by the President
of the United States, two-thirds of the senators present
1st. Ambassadors, other public ministers, and consuls.
pointments are not otherwise provided for by the Con
stitution, and which shall be established by law. 61. 3. Elective. — 1st. Excepting their president, they shall choose
their officers, and also a president pro tempore. 11, 12. 2d. When the electors of President and Vice-President of
the United States fail to elect a Vice-President, the Senate
shall elect one. 95. 4. Judicial. - 1st. The Senate has the sole power to try all im
peachments, when sitting for that purpose, on oath or
affirmation. 13. 2d. The Chief Justice shall preside when the President of
the United States is tried. 3d. Without the concurrence of two-thirds of the members
present, no person shall be convicted. 13.
4th. May render judgment in cases of impeachment no further than,
1st. To removal from office; and,
honor, trust, or profit under the United States.
PROVISIONS COMMON TO BOTH HOUSES.
ARTICLE 1.- MEMBERSHIP.
Each house shall be the judge of the elections, returns, and qualifications of its own members. 17.
ART. II, - QUORUM.
1. A majority of either house is a quorum to do business. 2. A smaller number may adjourn from day to day. 3. A smaller number may be authorized to compel the attendance
of absent members, in such manner and under such penalties as each house may provide. 17.
1. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings. 2. They shall publish the same from time to time, except such parts
as in their judgment shall require secrecy. 19.
ART. IV.-YEAS AND NAYS.
At the desire of one-fifth of those present, the yeas
of the members of either house shall be entered on the journal on any question. 19.
ART. V.- BUSINESS RULES.
ART. VI.- PENALTIES.
1. Either house may punish its members for disorderly behavior; and, 2. With the concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member. 18.
ART. VII.- PROHIBITIONS. 1. Adjournments.
1st. Neither bouse during the session of Congress shall, with
out the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three
days; nor, 2d. To any other place than that in which the two houses shall
be sitting. 20. 2. On Members. No member of either house shall, during the
time for which he was elected, be appointed to any office under the United States,
1st. Which shall have been created during such time; nor, 2d. The emoluments whereof shall have been increased
during such time. 22.