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tions of both in animating our troops in moments of emergency were laudable beyond my power to praise. Lieutenant Sandys, 55th regiment native infantry, postmaster of the force, assisted in conveying my orders.

Superintending Surgeon B. Macleod, M.D., has been indefatigable in the fulfilment of every requirement of his important and responsible situation. I am entirely satisfied with his exertions and their results. I must bring to notice also the merits of FieldSurgeon J. Steel, M.D., and Surgeon Graham, M.D., in charge of the depot of sick.

I was accompanied during the action by the following officers of my personal staff:—Captain the Hon. C. R. Sackville West, Her s Majesty's 21st foot, Officiating Military Secretary (Captain Haines for whom he acts, still being disabled by his severe wound); Lieutenant-Colonel H. Havelock, C.B., Her Majesty's 39th foot, Persian Interpreter; Lieutenant Bagot, 15th Native Infantry; Lieutenant Edwards, 1st European Light Infantry, and Cornet Lord James Browne, 9th Lancers, my Aides-de-camp; and Assistant Surgeon J. E. Stephens, M.D., my medical officer, assisted in conveying my orders to various points, in the thickest of the fight and the hottest of the fire, and to all of them I feel greatly indebted.

I have to acknowledge the services in the command of regiments, troops, and batteries, or on select and particular duties in the engineer department, of the following officers, and to recommend them to your Excellency's special favour:—viz., Major F. Abbott, who laid the bridge by which the army crossed into the Punjaub, and who was present at Sobraon, and did excellent service; Captain Baker and Lieutenant John Becher, Engineers, who conducted Brigadier Stacy's column (the last of these was wounded); Lieutenant Colonel Wood, Artillery, commanding the mortar battery; Major Lawrenson, commanding the eighteen pounder battery: Lieutenant-Colonel Huthwaite, commanding the 8-inch howitzer battery; and Lieut-Col. Geddes, commanding the rockets; Capt. R. Waller, horse artillery; Captain G. H. Swinley, Captain E. F. Day, Captain J. Turton, Brevet Major C. Grant, Brevet LieutenantColonel J. Alexander, Brevet Major F. Brind, Brevet LieutenantColonel J. T. Lane, Brevet Major J. Campbell, Captain J. Fordyce, Captain R. Horsford, and Lieutenant G. Holland, commanding troops and batteries; Major B. Y. Reilly, commanding Sappers and Miners; Lieutenant-Colonel White, C.B., commanding the 3rd Light Dragoons; Captain Nash, 4th Light Cavalry; Major Alexander, 5th Light Cavalry; Captain Christie, 9th Irregular Cavalry; Lieutenant-Colonel Fullerton, 9th Lancers; Captain Leeson, 2d Irregular Cavalry; Brevet Captain Becher, 8th Irregular Cavalry; Captain Pearson, 16th Lancers; Brevet Captain Quin, Governor-General's Body Guard; Brevet Major Angelo, 3rd Light Cavalry; Lieutenant-Colonel Spence, 31st Foot; Capt. Corfield, 47th Native Infantry; Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel Ryan, and Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel Petit and Captain Long, 50th Foot; Major Polwhele, 42nd Regiment Native Infantry; Captain O'Brien and Lieutenant Travers, Nusseeree Battalion; Captain Stepney, 29th foot; Major Sibbald, 41st Regiment Native Infantry; Major Birrell and Brevet Captain Seaton, 1st European Light Infantry; Brevet Major Graves, 16th Grenadiers; Lieutenant Reid, Sirmoor Battalion; Lieutenant-Colonel Davis, 9th Foot; Major Hanscomb, 26th Regiment Native Infantry; Lieutenant-Colonel Bunbury, 80th Foot; Captain Hoggan, 63rd Regiment Native Infantry; Captain Sandeman, 33rd Regiment Native Infantry; LieutenantColonel Franks, 10th Foot; Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel Nash, 43rd Regiment Native Infantry; Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel Thompson, 59th Regiment Native Infantry; Lieutenant-Colonel Phillips, 53rd Foot; Major Shortt, 62nd Foot; Brevet Major Marshall, 68th Regiment Native Infantry; and Captain Short, 45th Regiment Infantry.

The following staff and engineer officers I have also to bring to your special notice, and to pray that their services may be favourably remembered, and the survivors duly rewarded—viz., Captain E. Christie, Deputy-Assistant Adjutant-General, and Lieutenant Maxwell, Deputy-Assistant Quarter-Master General of Artillery; and Capt. Pillans and Brevet Capt. W. K. Warner, Commissaries of Ordnance; Brevet Capt. M. Mackenzie and Brevet Capt E. G. Austen, and First Lieut. E. Kaye, Artillery; Majors of Brigade; Napier, Major of Brigade of Engineers; Captain Tritton, 3rd Light Dragoons, Deputy-Assistant Adjutant-General; Lieutenant E. Roche, 3rd Dragoons Aide-de-camp to Major-General Sir J. Thackwell, and Officiating Deputy-Assistant-Quarter-MasterGeneral of Cavalry, in the place of Captain Havelock, 9th Foot, who was present in the field, but unable from the effects of a wound to discharge the duties of his office; Captain E. Lugard, 31st Foot, Deputy-Assistant Adjutant-General; Lieutenant A. S. Galloway, 3rd Light Cavalry, Deputy-Assistant Quartermaster-General; Lieutenant E. A. Holdich, 80th Foot, Aide-de-camp to MajorGeneral Sir Harry Smith; Lieutenant F. M'D. Gilbert, 2nd Grenadiers, Acting Aide-de-camp to Major-General Gilbert; Captain R. Houghton, 63rd Regiment Native Infantry, Officiating Assistant Adjutant-General; Lieutenant Rawson, Deputy-Assistant Quartermaster-General, killed; Lieutenant R. Bates, 82nd Foot, Aide-de-camp to the late Major-General Sir R. Dick; Captain J. R. Pond, 1st European Light Infantry, Deputy-Assistant-AdjutantGeneral; Lieutenant J. S. Paton, 14th Regiment Native Infantry, Officiating Deputy-Assistant Quartermaster-General; Brevet Captain Harrington, 5th Light Cavalry; Captain A. Spottiswoode, 9th Lancers; Lieutenant R. Pattinson, 16th Lancers; Captain J. Garvock, 31st Foot; Lieutenant G. H. M. Jones, 29th Foot; Captain J. L. Taylor, 26th Light Infantry, Lieutenant H. F. Dunsford, 59th Regiment Native Infantry, Majors of Brigade; Captain Combe, 1st European Light Infantry, Major of Brigade; 2nd Brigade; Captain Gordon, 11th Native Infantry, Major of Brigade, 6th Brigade; Captain A. G. Ward, 68th Native Infantry, Major of Brigade, and Lieutenant P. Hay, Major of Brigade, killed.

Having ventured to speak of your Excellency's own part in this action, it would be most gratifying to me to go on to mention the brilliant share taken in it by Lieutenant-Colonel Wood and the officers of your personal staff, as well as by the civil, political, and other military officers attached to you. But as these were all under your own eye, I cannot doubt that you will yourself do justice to their exertions.

We were in this battle again honoured with the presence of Prince Waldemar of Prussia, and the two noblemen in his suite, Counts Oriola and Greuben. Here, as at Moodkee and Ferozeshah, these distinguished visitors did not content themselves with a distant view of the action, but, throughout it, were to be seen in front wherever danger most urgently pressed.

The loss of the enemy has been immense; an estimate must be formed with a due allowance for the spirit of exaggeration which pervades all statements of Asiatics where their interest leads them to magnify numbers; but our own observation on the river banks and in the enemy's camp, combined with the reports brought to our intelligence department, convince me that the Khalsa casualties were between 8,000 and 10,000 men killed and wounded in action and drowned in the passage of the river. Amongst the slain are Sirdars Sham Sing. Attareewalla, Generals Goolab Sing Koopta and Heera Sing Topee, Sirdar Kishen Sing, son of the late Jemadar Kooshall Sing; Generals Mobaruck Ally and Illahee Buksh, and Shah Newaz Khan, son of Futteh-ood-deen Khan of Kussoor. The body of Sham Sing was sought for in the captured camp by his followers; and respecting the gallantry with which he is reported to have devoted himself to death rather than accompany the army in its flight, I forbade his people being molested in their search, which was finally successful.

The consequences of this great action have yet to be fully developed. It has at least, in God's providence, once more expelled the Sikhs from our territory, and planted our standards on the soil of the Punjaub. After occupying their entrenched position for nearly a month, the Khalsa army had perhaps mistaken the caution which had induced us to wait for the necessary materiel, for timidity. But they must now deeply feel that the blow which has fallen on them from the British arm has only been the heavier for being long delayed. I have, &c. H. Gough, General,

Commander-in-Chief, East Indies.

Return of the Killed, Wounded, and Missing of the Army of the Sutlej, under the Command of His Excellency General Sir Hugh Gough, Bart., G.C.B. Commander-in-Chief, in the Action at Sobraon, on 1Oth February, 1846.

Abstract.

Staff— 2 European officers wounded.

Artillery Division—1 European officer, 3 rank and file, 3 syce drivers, 17 horses, killed; 1 European officer, 1 serjeant, 33 rank and file, 5 lascars, 5 syces, 23 horses, wounded; 5 horses missing.

Engineers and Sappers and Miners—2 rank and file killed; 3 European officers, 1 native ditto, 16 rank and file, wounded.

Cavalry Division—6 rank and file, 13 horses, killed; 4 European officers, 2 trumpeters, 36 rank and file, 53 horses, wounded; 24 horses missing.

1st Infantry Division—2 European officers, 1 native officer, 97 rank and file killed; 28 European officers, 13 native officers, 489 rank and file wounded.

2nd Infantry Division—5 European officers, 1 native officer, 5 serjeants, 109 rank and file, 1 horse killed; 38 European officers, 12 native officers, 46 serjeants, 2 drummers, 685 rank and file, 1 horse, wounded.

3rd Infantry Division—5 European officers, 1 native officer, 3 serjeants, 1 drummer, 75 rank and file, 5 horses killed; 25 European officers, 13 native officers, 27 serjeants, 3 drummers, 573 rank and file, 6 horses wounded.

Total—13 European officers, 3 native officers, 8 serjeants, 1 drummer, 292 rank and file, 3 syces, and 36 horses, killed; 101 European officers, 39 native officers, 74 Serjeants and havildars, 7 trumpeters and drummers, 832 rank and file, 5 lascars, 5 syces, 83 horses, wounded; 29 horses missing.

European officers—13 killed, 101 wounded.

Native officers—3 killed, 39 wounded. , Warrant and non-commissioned officers, rank and file—301 killed, 1913 wounded.

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