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impossible to particularize. But I must—now that the field, and I hope the great stake for which we were fighting, has been wonmourn over the loss of many highly distinguished officers, I shall only here name those whose mead of praise can only be their country's regret at their loss, Major-General Sir R. Dick and Colonel Taylor of the 29th, Acting Brigadiers, nobly fell in the hour of victory, esteemed, admired, and regretted by the whole army.
In the battles of Moodkee, Ferozeshah, and Aliwal, I reported upon the noble bearing of Her Majesty's army, both cavalry and infantry. At Sobraon two new regiments contended for the prize so nobly won by their comrades in former actions, and I gave them the opportunity, by placing them in the attacking columns. Nobly did they show that they would not be outdone. Her Majesty's 10th and 53rd have by their steadiness and brilliant conduct, under Lieutenant-Colonels Franks and Phillips, established a name second to none. The former regiment never fired a shot until they were within the enemy's works, when they sent a withering volley into their densely manned trenches. These are deeds which it is my duty and my pride to report.” I have, &c.
(Signed) Hugh Gough.
The Letter of Sir Hugh Gough, quoted by Sir Robert Peel in the
House of Commons.
Kussoor, February 17, 1846. My dear Sir,—My letter of the 27th of December, announcing the glorious victories of Moodkee, and Ferozeshah, by which the war with the aggressing Sikh nation was so nobly opened, would undoubtedly have led the honourable the Court of Directors to look forward with anxiety to the future movements, on which the weal or woe of India so greatly depended.
The anxieties and cares consequent on the multiplied arrangements necessary to the ultimate success of an anticipated final blow, made it impracticable for me to report upon the brilliant success obtained by Major-General Sir Harry Smith, at Aliwal, on the 28th of January, I regretted my inability to do so, the less, as I was aware my report upon the various arrangements, which led to this brilliant victory, made to the Right honourable the GovernorGeneral on the 2nd instant, would have been laid before that honourable body.
It is now with pride and with pleasure I inclose you a copy of my despatch, detailing one of the most splendid and decisive victories upon record—the Waterloo of India.
I have entered so fully both into detail and commendation in my despatch to the Governor-General, that it would be impossible for me to enlarge upon a subject embracing the warmest feelings of my heart. Policy, however, precluded me publicly recording my sentiments on the splendid gallantry of our fallen foe, or to record the acts of heroism displayed not only individually but almost collectively by the Sikh Sirdars and army; and I declare, were it not from a deep conviction that my country's good required the sacrifice, I would have wept to have witnessed the fearful slaughter of so devoted a body of men.
Never in the page of military history has the hand of an Allwise Being been so signally manifested: to Him, therefore be the glory! we, as his instruments, feel the pride !
But I cannot pass over, I cannot too strongly record, facts which, while they add lustre to the Native army, afford to me as its head inexpressible pride and pleasure. For upwards of a month, when the two armies were close in front of one another, notwithstanding the numerous temptations held out to our sepoys, by men of their own colour and religion, namely, greatly increased pay (from seven to twelve rupees a month), and immediate promotion; I had but three desertions from this large force. Nor should I omit to mention, as a proof of the high state of discipline of this splendid army, that trade has been carried on unrestrainedly since we crossed the Sutlej, in the several Sikh towns around which our Divisions have been necessarily placed for the procurance of water, and the same confidence has been shown as though we were in one of our long established provinces.
Believe me, my dear Sir,
Very faithfully yours,
General Order by the Right. Hon. the Governor-General of India.
Foreign Department, Camp of Lahore, February, 20th, 1846. The right Hon. the Governor-General requests that the Commander-in-Chief will cause the following arrangements to be made for escorting his Highness the Maharajah Dhuleep Singh to his palace in the citadel of Lahore, this afternoon. The escort will consist of two regiments of European Cavalry, two regiments of Native Cavalry—the Body Guard to be one; one regiment of Irregular Horse, two troops of Horse Artillery, one European and one Native.
The Secretary to the Government of India, F. Currie, Esq. will take charge of his Highness and his suite, and will be accompanied by the Political Agent, Major Lawrence, the GovernorGeneral's Private Secretary, Charles Hardinge, Esq., the Aidesde-Camp of the Governor-General; two Aides-de-Camp of the Commander-in-Chief, one Aide-de-camp from each general officer of division, in uniform.
The escort will be formed at the nearest convenient spot to the Governor-General's camp, two at o'clock, and proceed to his Highness's camp, and thence to his palace.
On alighting from his elephant, a salute of twenty-one-guns will be fired by the Horse Artillery.
His Highness the Maharajah of the Sikh nation, selected by the chiefs as their sovereign, having on the 18th inst. intimated his intention to proceed to the Governor-General's camp at Lulleeanee, atttended by his Highness's Wuzeer, the Rajah Golab Singh, and other chiefs, was received in Durbar on the afternoon of that day by
OF THE ENCAMPMENT
Feby 19th 1846.
Brigadier Campbell. op Major Gen’Sir A. Smiths Divis”
Gen Gilbert. Bon Dowel