« 이전계속 »
the Governor-General, the Commander-in-Chief and the Staff being present. His Highness's ministers and chiefs there tendered his submission, and solicited the clemency of the British Government.
The Governor-General extended the clemency of the British Government to a prince the descendent of the Maharajah, the late Runjeet Singh, for so many years the faithful ally and friend of the British Government, as the representative of the Sikh nation selected by the chiefs and the people to be their ruler, on the condition that all the terms imposed by the British Government, and previously explained to his Highness's ministers and chiefs, should be faithfully executed.
On withdrawing from the Durbar, the Maharajah received the usual salutes due to his Highness's exalted rank.
His Highness has since remained near the Governor-General's camp, and as it will be conducive to his Highness's comfort, that he should rejoin his family, the Governor-General desires that he may, with all honour and in safety, be conducted by the British troops to the gates of his palace this day.
The following proclamation was issued on the 18th inst, by the Governor-General, promising protection to all persons at Lahore and elsewhere who peaceably continue in their usual employments of trade and industry.
The Governor-General is satisfied, after the experience of this campaign, that he can rely on the discipline of this invincible army, as fully and securely as he has always been confident that the day of battle under their distinguished Commander would be one of victory.
He trusts at present that no officers or soldiers will pass the advanced sentries of their encampment to enter the town of Lahore, and he requests his Excellency the Commander-in-Chief to give the necessary instruction to carry this order strictly into effect, as well as to protect all persons bringing provisions into the camp.
By order, &c. F. Currie,
Secretary to the Government of India,
with the Governor-General.
To the Right Hon. Sir. Henry Hardinge, G. C.B. GovernorGeneral of India.
Right hon. Sir,—I have the honour to state, for the information of your Excellency, that, in accordance with the instructions contained in the order of the Governor-General of yesterday's date, I proceeded in the afternoon with the escort ordered, and accompanied by the officers mentioned below, on elephants, to conduct the Maharajah Dhuleep Singh to his palace in the citadel of Lahore.
Major Lawrence, the Governor
General's Political Agent
to the Foreign department.
to the Governor-General. Lieut-Col. Wood, Military Sec.
to the Governor-General.
to the Governor-General.
the Commander-in-Chief. Captain Edwards, ditto.
Captain Gilbert, Aide-de-Camp to-
to General Smith.
the following order:—
and suite. The Gov.-General's Body Guard.
The escort was formed in open column of troops left in front, commanded by Brigadier Cureton,C. B.
We proceeded in this order to the encampment of the Maharajah's camp, about one and a-half miles from our picquets, and nearly the same distance from the citadel gate of the city.
At about three-quarters of a mile from the Maharajah's camp, I was met by the minister, Rajah Golab Singh, and some of the chiefs.
Intimation of our approach was then sent on to the Maharajah, that he might be ready on his elephant upon our arrival.
On reaching the Maharajah's camp, the troops of our escort drew up, and the Maharajah, with Bhaee Ram Singh on the same elephant, came forward from his tent, accompanied by several chiefs.
After the usual salutation, and complimentary questions and replies; I placed the Maharajah's elephant next to mine, and the troops having fallen in, as at first, proceeded round the walls of the city to the gate of the citadel.
On arriving, Brigadier Cureton drew up the escort in line in front of the gateway, and I took the Maharajah, accompanied by the officers enumerated in the former part of this letter, with Rajah Golab Singh and the other chiefs, into the interior of the citadel, and to the inner door of his palace.
I then observed to the Maharajah and chiefs, that by order of the Right hon. the Governor-General, I had thus brought the Maharajah, conducted by the British army, to his palace, which his Highness had left for the purpose of tendering submission to the British Government, and for placing himself, his capital, and his country, at the mercy of the Governor-General, and requesting pardon for the insult that had been offered; and that the GovernorGeneral had thus restored him to his palace as a mark of the favour which he desired to show to the descendant of the late Maharajah Runjeet Singh.
A salute of twenty-one guns was then fired by the Horse Artillery.
We then took leave of the Maharajah at the gate of his palace, and returning to the outside of the city, we, continuing our progress round Lahore, thus returned to our camp.
As our camp is situated opposite to the south-east end of the city-face, and the citadel is immediately within the city walls at the north-west angle, we made the entire circuit of Lahore. I considered this preferable to going through the city, the streets of which are narrow, and would have much impeded the progress of our large escort
We did not see one gun upon any part of the walls: all the embrasures were empty.
I have the honour to be, &c,
Secretary to the Government of India, with the Gov.-Gen. From His Excellency the Commander-in-Chief to the Right Hon. Sir Henry Hardinge, G.C.B., Governor-General of India, fyc. Head Quarters, Army of the Sutlej, in-front of Lahore, Feb. 22, 1846. Right Honourable Sir,—I have now to offer my congratulations on some of the earliest fruits of our victory of the 10th inst. About noon on the 20th, a day henceforth very memorable in our Indian annals, the army under my command pitched its tents on the plain of Myan Meer, under the walls of the Sikh capital. The entire submission of the Maharajah and his advisers to the will of the British Government had been before personally tendered to you, and graciously accepted; and this morning, in filfulment of one of the conditions which your wisdom had dictated for the real interests of the ruler and people of the Punjaub, I had the honour to conduct a brigade of troops to the city, which took formal possession of the Eadshahee Musjid and Hoozooree Bagh, forming a part of the palace and citadel of Lahore. I trust, by the observance of a strict discipline, to preserve unshaken that confidence which the people of the city and country around it evidently repose in the generosity, clemency, and good faith of their conquerors. Supplies of all sorts are willingly brought to our camp and punctually paid for; and I believe that by every class of persons in this vicinity the presence of our troops is felt to be a national benefit; none certainly have had real cause to lament it as a calamity.
I have, &c,
Hugh Gough, General, Commander-in-Chief, East Indies.
General Order by the Right Hon. the Governor-General of India.
Foreign Department, Camp Lahore, February 22, 1846.
The British army has this day occupied the gateway of the citadel of Lahore, the Badshahee Mosque, and the Hoozooree Bagh.
The remaining part of the citadel is the residence of his Highness the Maharajah, and also that of the families of the late Maharajah Runjeet Sing, for so many years the faithful ally of the British Government. In consideration of these circumstances, no troops will be posted within the precincts of the palace gate.
The army of the Sutlej has now brought its operations in the field to a close by the dispersion of the Sikh army and the military occupation of Lahore, preceded by a series of the most triumphant successes ever recorded in the military history of India. The British Government, trusting to the faith of treaties and to the long subsisting friendship between the two states, had limited military preparations to the defence of its own frontier.
Compelled suddenly to assume the offensive by the unprovoked invasion of its territories, the British army, under the command of its distinguished leader, has in 60 days defeated the Sikh forces in four general actions, has captured 220 pieces of field artillery, and is now at the capital, dictating to the Lahore Durbar the terms of a treaty, the conditions of which will tend to secure the British provinces from the repetition of a similar outrage.
The Governor-General being determined, however, to mark with reprobation the perfidious character of the war, has required and will exact that every remaining piece of Sikh artillery which has been pointed against the British army during this campaign shall be surrendered.
The Sikh army, whose insubordinate conduct is one of the chief causes of the anarchy and misrule which have brought the Sikh state to the brink of destruction, is about to be disbanded.
The soldiers of the army of the Sutlej have not only proved their superior prowess in battle, but have on every occasion with subordination and patience endured the fatigues and privations inseparable from a state of active operations in the field. The native troops of this army have also proved that a faithful attachment to their colours and to the Company's service is an honourable feature in the character of the British Sepoy.
The Governor-General has repeatedly expressed, on his own part and that of the Government of India, admiration and gratitude for the important services which the army has rendered.
The Governor-General is now pleased to resolve, as a testimony