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Captain Mathias, of H. M.'s 62nd, in charge of a detachment of convalescents of H. M.'s service, and Lieutenant Hebbert, of the Honourable Company's Sappers and Miners, readily performed the duties assigned them in protecting the 8-inch howitzers.
To Captain Lugard, the Assistant-Adjutant-General of this force, I am deeply indebted, and the Service still more so; a more cool, intrepid, and trustworthy officer cannot be brought forward; and I may say the same with great sincerity of Lieutenant Galloway, the Deputy-Assistant Quarter-Master-General of the 1st Division. Captain Waugh of the 16th Lancers, Deputy-Assistant-QuarterMaster-General to the cavalry, is an officer of no ordinary abilities; and the manner in which he and Major Bradford, of the 1st Light Cavalry, daily patrolled and reconnoitred, and made themselves acquainted with the position of the enemy mainly contributed to the glorious result.
The Brigadiers all speak in high terms of their Majors of Brigade—Captain O'Hanlon of the 1st Brigade, who was wounded in the action, and was replaced by Captain Palmer, of the 48th Native Infantry; Captain Garvock, of Her Majesty's 31st foot, of the 2nd Brigade; Captain Loftie, 30th Native Infantry, of the 3rd Brigade; Lieutenant Vanrenen, of the 4th Brigade; Lieutenant Pattinson, of Her Majesty's 16th Lancers, of the 1st Brigade of Cavalry; and Captain Campbell, of the 1st Light Cavalry, of the 2nd Brigade.
Of the services of Lieutenant A. W. C. Plowden, 3rd Light Cavalry, Deputy-Assistant-Adjutant-General, and my Aide-decamp, Lieutenant Holdich, and of Lieutenant Tombs of the Artillery, my Acting Aide-de-camp, I am fully sensible; and with the manner in which they aided me in carrying orders I am much satisfied. Lieutenants Strachey and Baird Smith, of the Engineers, greatly contributed to the completion of my plans and arrangements, and were ever ready to act in any capacity: they are two most promising and gallant officers.
I have every reason to be satisfied with the commissariat arrangements under Captains Mainwaring and Williamson.
Owing to the judicious arrangements of Dr. Murray, FieldSurgeon, every wounded officer and soldier was placed under cover, and provided for soon after dark; and, for the zeal displayed by this able and persevering medical officer, and to the several regimental surgeons, are the wounded and our country deeply indebted. The whole of the wounded were moved yesterday to Loodiana, for the sake of accommodation and comforts which could not be given them in the field.
If not irregular, I beg you would lay before the Commander-inChief, for submission to the Right Hon. the Governor-General, my just sense of the valuable services of the political officers associated with me; Major Mackeson, Captain J. D. Cunningham, and Lieutenant Lake. For the assistance I have received from them in their political capacity, I feel most grateful. On the morning of the battle each offered to aid me in his military capacity: frequently did I employ them to carry orders to the thickest of the fight; and frequently did they gallantly accompany charges of cavalry.
The reports of the several Brigadiers I inclose; a return of the officers commanding and second in command of regiments; also a return of killed and wounded; a return of ordnance captured and of ordnance stores; likewise a return of commissariat stores, grain, &c.; and a rough sketch of the field of battle of Aliwal.
The fort of Goongrana has, subsequently to the battle, been evacuated, and I yesterday evening blew up the fort of Budhowal. I shall now blow up that of Noorpoor. A portion of the peasantry, viz., the Sikhs, appear less friendly to us, while the Mussulmans rejoice in being under our government. I have, &c.
(True Copy). H. G. Smith,
Signed, P. Grant, Major. Major-General Commanding.
Nominal Roll of Officers Killed and Wounded, 28th January.
1st Brigade of Cavalry. H. M.'s 16th Lancers.—Lieut. H. Swetenham, killed; Cornet G. B. Williams, killed; Major J. R. Smyth, severely wounded; Capt. E. B. Bere, wounded; Captain L. Fyler, severely wounded; Lieutenant W. K. Orme, severely wounded; Lieut. T. Pattle, wounded; Lieutenant W. Morris, wounded.
4th Irregular Cavalry.—Lieut, and Adjutant Smalpage, killed.
2nd Brigade of Cavalry. 1st Regiment Light Cavalry.—Cornet W. S. Beatson, slightly wounded; Cornet T. G. Farquhar mortally wounded.
1st Brigade Infantry. H. M.'s 31st Regiment.—Lieutenant Atty, slightly wounded. 24th Regiment Native Infantry.—Lieutenant Scott, wounded.
2nd Brigade Infantry.
Brigade Major.—Captain P. O'Hanlon, badly wounded.
H. M.'s 50th Regiment.—Captain W. Knowles, leg amputated, dangerously wounded; Captain J. L. Wilton, severely wounded; Lieutenant Grimes, killed; Lieut, H. J. Frampton, arm amputated, dangerously wounded; Lieutenant R. B. Bellers, slightly wounded; Lieut. W. P. Elgee, slightly wounded; Lieut. A. White, severely wounded; Lieut. W. C. Vernett, severely wounded, Lieut. J. Purcell, severely wounded; Ensign W. R. Farmer, severely wounded.
48th N. Infantry.—Captain Troup, slightly wounded; Captain H. Palmer, ditto; Lieut, and Adjutant Wall, severely wounded; Ensign W. Marshall, slightly wounded.
4?th Brigade Infantry.
36th Regiment N. Infantry.—Ensign Bagshaw, wounded.
Edward Lugard, Captain,
Casualty Return of the Force under the Command of Major-General SirH. G Smith, K.C.B.
Camp, Aliwal, January 29, 1846 Artillery—3 men, 30 horses, killed; 15 men, 9 horses, wounded; 5 men, 12 horses, missing.
1st Brigade—3 European officers, 2 native officers, 83 men, 120 horses, killed; 6 European officers, 1 native officer, 100 men, 32 horses, wounded; 1 man, 73 horses, missing.
2nd Brigade—11 men, 25 horses, killed; 2 European officers, 3 native officers, 34 men, 38 horses, wounded; 12 horses missing.
1st Brigade—2 men killed; 2 European officers, 28 men, wounded; 7 men missing.
2nd Brigade—1 European officer, 1 native officer, 27 men, 2 horses, killed; 14 European officers, 2 native officers, 134 men, wounded; 4 men missing.
3rd Brigade—7 men killed; 32 men wounded; 3 men missing.
4th Brigade—9 men killed; 1 European officer, 26 men, wounded; 1 man missing.
Shekawattee Infantry—2 men killed; 13 men wounded; 4 men missing.
Sappers and Miners—None killed or wounded.
Total killed—151 men, 177 horses; total wounded—413 men, 79 horses; total missing—25 men, 97 horses.
Grand total of killed, wounded, and missing, 589 men; 353 horses.
H. G. Smith, Major-General.
Return of Ordnance captured from the Enemy, in action at Aliwal, by the 1st Division of the Army of the Sutlej, under the personal Command of Major- General Sir Harry Smith, K. C.B. on the 28 th January, 1846.
Camp, Aliwal, January 30, 1846. Serviceable—12 howitzers, 4 mortars, 33 guns; total, 49; Unserviceable—1 howitzer, 2 guns; total, 3; sunk in the Sutlej, and spiked on the opposite shore—13 guns; since brought in—2 guns. Grand total, 67.
Forty swivel camel guns also captured, which have been destroyed. G. Lawrenson, Major, 2nd Brigade Horse Artillery,
Commanding Artillery 1st Division Army of the Sutlej.
N.B.—The quantity of ammunition captured with the artillery, and found in the camp of the enemy, is beyond accurate calculation, consisting of shot, shell, grape, and small arm ammunition of every description and for every calibre. The powder found in the limbers and waggons of the guns and in the magazines of the entrenched camp has been destroyed to prevent accidents. Six large hackery loads have also been appropriated to the destruction of forts in the neighbourhood. As many of the shot and shell as time would admit of being collected, have been brought into the Park— the shells, being useless, have been thrown into the river. The shot will be appropriated to the public service.
G. Lawrenson, Major 2nd Brigade Horse Artillery,
Commanding Artillery, 1st Division, Army of the Sutlej.
Copy of a Pencil Express, written on the Field of Battle by Sir Harry Smith to the Commander-in-Chief.
Bank of the Sutlej, Mmqii 28th. Hearing the enemy had received a reinforcement yesterday of twelve guns and 4,000 men last night, 1 moved my troops at daylight this morning to attack. I think I have taken every gun he had, and driven him over the river. My guns are now battering him from the opposite bank. He came out to fight me. I expect fifty guns are on the field at least. My loss I hope not great. The Cavalry charged several times, both black and white like soldiers, and infantry,—vied with each other in bravery. To the God of Victory we are all indebted. God bless you, dear Sir Hugh. My Staff all right— Mackeson and Cunningham, of the Political Department bore heavily on some villages. The enemy required all I could do with such brave fellows to teach him to swim.
(Signed) H. G. Smith, Major-General.
Note.—It will be observed, that the publication of the despatch from Sir John Littler, at page 51, did not proceed from the Commander-in-Chief's Office, it not having been countersigned by either the Military Secretary or the AdjutantGeneral.