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COMMITTEE ON LABOR

W. B. WILSON (Chairman), Pennsylvania.
W. L. HENSLEY, of Missouri.

FINLY H. GRAY, of Indiana.
JAMES P. MAHER, of New York.

JOHN J. GARDNER, of New Jersey.
ARTHUR B. ROUSE, of Kentucky.

E. B. VREELAND, of New York.
DAVID J. LEWIS, of Maryland.

E. H. MADISON, of Kansas.
WILLIAM S. HOWARD, of Georgia. W.C. HAWLEY, of Oregon.
FRANK BUCHANAN, of Illinois.

J. M. C. SMITH, of Michigan.
AGNES H. WILSON, Clerk.

WASHINGTON
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

1911

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[H. R. 4694, Sixty-second Congress, first session.]

A BILL To establish in the Department of Commerce and Labor a bureau to be known as the children's bureau.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That there shall be established in the Department of Commerce and Labor a bureau to be known as the children's bureau.

SEC. 2. That the said bureau shall be under the direction of a chief, to be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and who shall receive an annual compensation of five thousand dollars. The said bureau shall investigate and report upon all matters pertaining to the welfare of children and child life, and shall especially investigate the questions of infant mortality, the birth rate, physical degeneracy, orphanage, juvenile courts, desertion, dangerous Occupations, accidents and diseases of children, employment, legislation affecting children in the several States and Territories, and such other facts as have a bearing upon the welfare of children. The chief of said bureau may from time to time publish the results of these investigations.

SEC. 3. That there shall be in said bureau, until otherwise provided for by law, an assistant chief, to be appointed by the Secretary of Commerce and Labor, who shall receive an annual compensation of two thousand four hundred dollars; one private secretary to the chief of the bureau, who shall receive an annual compensation of one thousand five hundred dollars; one statistical expert, at two thousand dollars; two clerks of class four; two clerks of class three; one clerk of class two; one clerk of class one; one clerk, at one thousand dollars; one copyist, at nine hundred dollars; one special agent, at one thousand four hundred dollars; one special agent, at one thousand two hundred dollars; and one messenger, at one thousand four hundred and forty dollars.

SEC. 4. That the Secretary of Commerce and Labor is hereby directed to furnish sufficient quarters for the work of this bureau at an annual rental not to exceed two thousand dollars.

SEC. 5. That this act shall take effect and be in force from and after its oãSSage.

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COMMITTEE ON LABOR,
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,

Friday, May 12, 1911, The committee met at 10 o'clock a. m., Hon. W. B. Wilson (chairman) presiding.

The CHAIRMAN. We have met this morning for the purpose of considering H. R. 4694, a bill introduced by Mr. Peters, of Massachusetts, to establish a bureau in the Department of Commerce and Labor to be known as the children's bureau.

STATEMENT OF HON. ANDREW J. PETERS, A REPRESENTATIVE

FROM THE STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS.

Mr. PETERS. Mr. Chairman and gentlemen of the committee, I wish to call attention to one or two points in this measure, and then I shall present to the committee various ladies and gentlemen who are particularly qualified to state the purposes that it is hoped to accomplish by a children's bureau, and show to you the great public need which we believe exists to-day for such a bureau, This bill seeks to establish under the Department of Commerce and Labor a bureau known as the children's bureau. The bureau shall be under the direction of the chief, to be appointed by the President, and shall have certain other assistants. The total expense contemplated by this bill for the chief, assistants, for the experts, clerks, and everything else amounts to $29,440 annually, including rent and the various salaries and expenses of the people connected with it.

Mr. Smith. I notice you have some clerks mentioned without naming the compensation. At what do you estimate the salary of the 2 clerks of class 4, 2 of class 3, and 1 of class 2?

Mr. PETERS. I have estimated those as to classes, and that is included in my estimate.

Mr. Smith. In your estimate at what do you figure their salaries? You have one clerk at $1,000, and an estimate of all of them seems to be $70,000, the way I figure it, at $1,000 apiece.

The CHAIRMAN. Class 3 is composed of $1,100 clerks, is it not, Mr. Peters?

Mr. PETERS. Yes; I think so, Mr. Chairman. They are all fixed by law definitely. Mr. SMITH. There is a law on that subject now, is there!

Mr. PETERS. Yes. I have not got the amount in detail of the classes.

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