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WEBER V. INTERBOROUGH RAPID TRANSIT CO. (Supreme Court, Appellate Term, First Department. March 18, 1915.) 1. APPEAL AND ERROR 569_SETTLEMENT OF CASE-STENOGRAPHER'S REC

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Under Judiciary Law (Consol. Laws, c. 30) $ 295, requiring stenographers to take full notes of testimony and all otber proceedings and of each ruling, together with every exception, a stenographer having failed to make a proper and full report of all that occurred, and having afterwards entered some matters according to his recollections and conclusions, and omitted some exceptions which he understood he was ordered to omit, a party was entitled to have the case on appeal settled according to what the evidence showed really occurred.

[Ed. Note.--For other cases, see Appeal and Error, Cent. Dig. 88 25302545; Dec. Dig. Om 569.) 2. TRIAL 31—NOTING OBJECTIONS-AUTHORITY OF COURT.

Under Judiciary Law, $ 295, requiring stenographer to make full notes
on all proceedings and of each ruling or decision, together with every ex-
ception taken to any such ruling, the trial court has no right to direct
the stenographer not to take down certain rulings or exceptions thereto.
[Ed. Note.-For other cases, see Trial, Cent. Dig. 88 55, 84; Dec. Dig.

31.)
Appeal from City Court of New York, Special Term.

Action by John F. Weber against the Interborough Rapid Transit Company. From an order denying defendant's motion to resettle the case on appeal, he appeals. Reversed, and remitted for resettlement of case.

Argued March term, 1915, before LEHMAN, HENDRICK, and COHALAN, JJ.

James L. Quackenbush, of New York City (B. H. Ames and Frederick Allis, both of New York City, of counsel), for appellant.

Michael V. Rosenberg, of New York City (Bernard Gordon, of New
York City, of counsel), for respondent.

LEHMAN, J. The defendant, having been defeated in an action brought to recover for an alleged illegal arrest and malicious prosecution, appealed from the judgment and order denying his motion for a new trial. Its attorney prepared the case on appeal, and thereupon the attorney for the plaintiff proposed certain amendments, which were allowed by the trial court. The defendant thereupon moved for a resettlement by inserting in the record the matters stricken out by the amendments proposed by the plaintiff. This motion was denied, and the defendant now appeals from the order denying his motion.

[1] It appears from the undisputed parts of the record that, after the jury had retired and the trial judge had started a new case the jury sent in the following communication, which was read by the court to counsel :

"Your honor, some of the jurors would like a definition of what constitutes a false arrest as defined by your charge.

Mr. Clark, Foreman.
"The Court: Is there any objection to the stenographer reading that part
of the court's charge requested by the jury?

“Defendant's Counsel: I desire to know what part of your honor's charge
is to be read to the jury."
For other cases see same topic & KEY-NUMBER ID all Key-Numbered Digests & Indexes

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The court thereupon directed the stenographer to read to counsel that portion of the charge as requested by the jury. The transcript of the minutes of the stenographer purports to show that the court then asked again, after the reading of this portion of the minutes :

Are there any objections now to the stenographer reading that portion of the charge to the jury as requested by them?"

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And a statement that:

"Counsel consented to the reading of the extract to the jury in the jury room."

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The appellant left this part of the minutes out of the proposed case, and inserted in its place an alleged colloquy with the court in which he objected to the stenographer going into the jury room, and stated that he wished to make some requests, and in which the court denied him the right to object, request, or except. None of this alleged colloquy was contained in the stenographer's minutes, and this part of the defendant's proposed case was stricken out, and the part of the stenographer's minutes quoted above inserted in their place, by allowance of plaintiff's proposed amendments. The stenographer's minutes show that he reported to the court:

"That he had read the foregoing charge to the jury and nothing else.”

This statement was left out of the proposed case by defendant, but was likewise inserted by the allowance of plaintiff's proposed amendment. This particular amendment was undoubtedly correct, and need not be considered further on this appeal. Finally, the stenographer's minutes purport to show that, after the counsel for defendant had moved to set aside the verdict “on the further ground that subsequent to the jury retiring the court has submitted to the jury in the jury room an additional charge which the defendant's counsel did not hear,” the court stated :

"The court directed the stenographer to read that part of the charge as delivered originally as requested by the jury upon the consent of respective counsel, and the court did not instruct, and the stenographer did not read any additional charge."

The defendant's proposed case omits the entire statement of the court except the words:

The court did not instruct, and the stenographer did not read any additional charge."

But the remainder of the statement has been inserted upon the allowance of plaintiff's proposed amendment to this effect.

It will be seen that all the plaintiff's amendments are in accordance with the transcript of the stenographer's minutes, so that with the possible exception of the conclusion involved in the use of the words, “Counsel consented to the reading of the extract from the charge to the jury in the jury room,” the action of the trial justice in allowing the amendments proposed would seem to be in accordance with the usual rules and practice in settling cases on appeal. The undisputed facts, however, in this case, show that the record in its present form is in

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correct, and that the stenographer's minutes do not fully report what
occurred before the judge and embody statements inserted after the
occurrence. It appears that, after the stenographer had read the
definition contained in the original charge to the court and counsel,
some colloquy occurred between the court and defendant's counsel.
The defendant's counsel at that time undoubtedly insisted that he
wished to make further requests to charge at this time, and the trial
justice refused to permit further requests. There can also be no doubt
but that the defendant's counsel excepted to some ruling at this time.
These rulings and exceptions ought undoubtedly to have been taken
down by the stenographer, so that the appellate court could determine
whether the defendant's counsel gave his consent to the reading of the
minutes, or whether, as he claims, he objected and excepted to such
direction. The Judiciary Law in section 295 clearly provides that:
“Each stenograplier

must take full stenographic notes of the testimony and of all other proceedings in each cause tried or heard. Such stenographer shall take complete stenographic notes of each ruling or decision of the presiding judge

together with each and every exception taken to any such ruling, decision, remark or comment by or on behalf of any party to the action."

The stenographer who took the notes made a frank deposition as to his recollection of what occurred at this time and how he made up his notes. He stated on oath that the part of the notes setting forth these occurrences was made after the close of the case; that he inserted the statement of the consent some time thereafter, or at the time of transcribing the notes, though at the time he made some rough notes. To the best of his recollection, his notes contain a correct statement of that occurrence; but he made them out after a consultation with another stenographer, who told him "the important thing was to put in what it was consented to that I should go to the jury room." The words "No objections," in the notes, were not the words of counsel, but the stenographer's conclusion. He stated that he "probably fixed” his notes with the transcript when he got out the transcript. He stated that he recalled that there was a discussion between counsel and the court at the time of the request from the jury; that the court directed him not to take down the discussion; that counsel insisted that his exceptions be taken down, but that he had not taken them down, because the court directed him not to do so. While the court undoubtedly was under the impression that these exceptions related solely to his refusal to allow the counsel for the defendant to make further requests to charge at that time, and while it is quite evident that the trial court believed that no valid exceptions could be taken to such charge, yet obviously the counsel has a right of review of every ruling of the trial court upon proper exception.

[2] The trial court has a right to rule upon requests and objections, but it has no right to rule upon the exceptions, and the stenographer cannot be directed to disregard his sworn statutory duty to take down all rulings and exceptions. There is no doubt that the statement that "counsel consented to the reading of the minutes" is only a conclusion of the stenographer, and that the counsel did not even expressly say

that there were no objections. It follows that plaintiff's proposed amendment numbered XVIII, containing this statement, was incorrectly allowed, and the case must be resettled accordingly, so that this court, and not the stenographer, may determine whether there was such a consent. This decision can be made only upon a review of what actually occurred at the time that defendant took the exceptions which the trial judge directed the stenographer not to take down. While we cannot now determine that the proposed case set down the rulings and exceptions properly, and whether the defendant specifically objected to the stenographer's going into the jury room, yet undoubtedly the defendant did show his objection to some of the proceedings by taking exceptions and insisting upon the stenographer noting them.

If the trial judge's recollection does not agree exactly with the statement contained in the proposed case, he has a right to settle the case according to the facts as shown by the evidence presented to him on this motion and his own recollection; but he had no right to strike out an entire statement of the occurrence by allowing plaintiff's proposed amendment numbered XIX, and the case must be resettled to allow the trial judge to settle a statement of what did occur.

Amendment No. XX was properly allowed.

Amendment No. XXI, though I think unimportant, contains a statement purporting to be by the court, but which the stenographer admits is his own language, and should be disallowed.

One further small amendment to the statement of evidence was also allowed. It does not seem to be disputed that the original case contained the answer as actually given to the witness. The part stricken out is probably immaterial, but that is a point that should not now be considered, and this amendment, No. I, should therefore also have been disallowed.

Order is therefore reversed, with $10 costs and disbursements, and case remitted for resettlement in accordance with this opinion. All concur.

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(89 Misc. Rep. 616)
CHELSEA EXCH. BANK V. FIRST UNITED PRESBYTERIAN

CHURCH et al.
(City Court of New York, Trial Term. March 5, 1915.)
BILLS AND NOTES Om. 273-MAKERS-INDORSERS LIABILITY,

Under Negotiable Instrument Law (Consol. Laws, c. 38) $ 39, provid. ing that where the instrument contains, or a person adds to his signature, words indicating that he signs in behalf of a principal or in a representative capacity, he is not liable, if duly authorized, and section 74, providing that, where any person is under obligation to indorse in a representative capacity, he may indorse in such terms as to negative personal liability, an indorsement on a note, signed by a church and its president and treasurer, which contains the name of the church, the names of the president and treasurer, and the words "Finance Committee," followed by the names of the persons constituting the committee, does not make the individuals personally liable.

[Ed. Note. For other cases, see Bills and Notes, Cent. Dig. $ 651 ; Dec.
Dig. Om 273.]
Action by the Chelsea Exchange Bank against the First United
Presbyterian Church and others, against the defendant church as mak-
er, and the individual defendants as indorsers, of a note. Judgment
against defendant church alone.

Shaw, Fisk & Shaw, of New York City, for plaintiff.
Andrew F. Murray, of New York City, for defendants.

RANSOM, J. The plaintiff bank is entitled to judgment against
the defendant church for the amount of its note, with interest, but
is not entitled to judgment against the individual defendants as in-
dorsers thereon. The face of the note in suit is as follows:
"$1,750 00/100

August 19, 1914.
"Thirty days after date we promise to pay to the order of ourselves seven-
teen hundred and fifty 00/100 dollars at Chelsea Exchange Bank, 34th St.,
near 8th Ave. Value received.

"First United Presbyteriau Church,
16 West 108th St.

“Pres. John Elliott.

"Treas. Edward A. Shea. "No. 41846. Due 9/18."

On the back of the note appears the following indorsement:

"First United Presbyterian Church, John Elliott, Pres. Edward A. Shea, Treas. Finance Committee, John Elliott, Edward A. Shea, John McKee.”

The plaintiff bank does not assert that Elliott or Shea have any liability, individually or jointly with the corporation, as makers of the note, which is conceded to be the authorized obligation of the church corporation, executed and delivered for its purposes, and payable to its order. The plaintiff's claim is rather that Shea, Elliott, and McKee are personally liable as indorsers of the corporate note, because of the conceded presence of their signatures in the indorsement above quoted. I am not of the opinion that the context of these signatures of attestation is such as possibly to impose upon any one of the three officers so signing any collateral contract of individual liability. Babcock v. Beman, il N. Y. 200. Under the undoubted weight Om For other cases see same topic & KEY-NUMBER in all Key-Numbered Digests & Indexes

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