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THE LAST DAYS OF THE COMPANY

A SOURCE BOOK OF INDIAN HISTORY 1818–1858

BY
G. ANDERSON, M.A.

AND M. SUBEDAR, B.A., B.Sc. (Econ.) London

In three Volumes, 8vo, Rs.38 each I THE ExPANSION of BRITISH INDIA

II THE Foun DATION OF INDIAN POLICY

[In the Press III THE EconoMIc Policy of THE ComPANY

[Preparing LONDON : G. BELL & SONS. BOMBAY : A. H. WHEELER & CO.

... • * * *
* * *

THE EXPANSION OF

BRITISH INDIA

(1818-1858)

BY

G. ANDERSON, M.A.

PROFESSOR OF HISTORY, ELPHINSTONE COLLEGE, BOMBAY ;
SOMETIME FELLOW OF BOMBAY UNIVERSITY

AND

M. SUBEDAR, B.A., B.Sc. (Econ) LoNDoN

BARRISTER-AT-LAW ;
FELLow OF THE ROYAL STATISTICAL society;

PROFESSOR OF POLITICAL ECONOMY AT THE UNIVERSITY
OF CALCUTTA.

LONDON : G. BELL & SONS, LTD.
NEW YORK : THE MACMILLAN CO.

INDIA : A. H. WHEELER & CO.
BOMBAY, ALLAHABAD & CALCUTTA

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THE now Don AND Norwich PREss, LIMITED, LoNDon AND Norwich, ENGDAND

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PREFACE

THIS volume purports to be a collection of excerpts from original sources dealing with a most interesting period of Indian history. We intend that it shall shortly be followed by other volumes dealing with the same period but from different points of view and discussing in particular the development of an Indian policy and the economic and industrial policy of the Company. In the present volume we have tried to tell the story of the expansion of British India from the conclusion of the Mahratta wars in 1818 until the end of the Mutiny in 1858. It has therefore been necessary to deal at some length with the annexation policy of Lord Dalhousie and the conciliation policy of Lord Canning. We have tried as far as possible to give such introductory comments as may be necessary to enable the general reader to understand the trend of events without showing any particular bias one way or the other, and also to enable students of history to form their own conclusions with the assistance of these excerpts. We have also tried to give excerpts representing different points of view on these much-debated problems of history. In dealing with the Mutiny, we have omitted intentionally references to unpleasant happenings, to deeds of violence on the one hand and acts of vengeance on the other. We have preferred rather to dwell on matters of more permanent importance in the development of Indian policy, the nobility of men such as the Lawrences, Havelock, and Canning, the bravery and perseverance of the British Soldiers, and the touching loyalty of many Indians. The dark side of the Mutiny, the treachery, the blunders, the violence, the anger, may well disappear, but the nobler features of that period should remain, for it is y

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