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Mr URBAN,

Aug. 25, 1744. BOUT 53 Years ago, I was at the Hague with William Ellys, the Lungs, an incurable Ulcer; he was attended by four Physicians, who had no Hopes of his Recovery but expected his Death every Day. A Friend of mine having told me some very extraordinary Cures performed by Dr Vincent d'Eresart, I had him sent to me; and prevailed on him to leave me three Doses of his moft excellent Remedies, weighing about three or four Grains each Dose. These Mr Ellys took in the Night, at proper Intervals of Time.

2. The next Morning his four Physicians being come together Dr Tetard who led them, having felt his Pulse, said, “This is strange, he is in a manner without Fever; & meme il a des Forces.' Ms Ellys had taken fome Gelly of Harts-horn, in which the Yolk of an Egg was dissolved ; and ke being strengthened by the Medicine, which he had taken, and probably stooping a little, vomited in my presence from his Lungs, by blowing gently without reaching at all, a Matter much of the same Colour with that Gelly: And I thought it was the Gelly itself. But afterwards I found it to be part of the Matter gathered in his Lungs.

3. After his Decease his Body being opened, in my presence, by Dr Silvefire, the Physicians were satisfied concerning the Cause of his Deach. There was found in the Lungs a vaft Number of petrified Scales like Fishes Scales, some about the Bigness of the Nail of ones little Finger; which did cut the Substance of the Lungs and of their Vesseli, an innu. merable Number of Ways. I desired that the Aspera Arteria or Wind-pipe might be laid open ; and in it we found abundance of purulent and fluid Matter of the Colour aforesaid ; which the Patient had been continually breathing to and fro, from the Lungs into the Wind-pipe, and from the Wind-pipe into the Lungs again.

4. From this remarkable Matter of fact, I concluded, That in any Cafe of an Ulcer in the Lungs, the purulent and sufficiently liquid Matter contained in thein might, in consequence of its own Fluidity and Weight, be blown in an instant out of the Body, by only inverting the Patient with his Head lower than the Lungs, and bidding him to blow a little while, and to cough easily. Thus the more the Lungs are placed perpendicularly over the Wind-pipe, the better. But it may be proper then to incline the Body all manner of ways, that the different Vefsels of the Lungs may empty themselves into the Wind-pipe.

5. I have acquainted many Doctors and Apothecaries and other Persons with this whole Macter, but could not hitherto prevail on any One to make this harmless, molt easy and moft promising Experiment: tho' some of them might perhaps have saved their own Lives by it, or chat of others with great Honour and Profit to themselves.

6. At last, in the Month of April 1744, one Thomas Godfry about 23 Years old, of a pretty strong Constitution, being then a Servant in the House where I live at Maddersfield in Worcestershire, and having got a most dangerous Pleurisy and Fever, and been long attended without Suc cess, I persuaded his Mother, about three weeks after the Beginning of his Sickness, to try whether he could ease his Lungs, by following my Direcsions. His Fever and continual Sweating had undermined him so that he Bb

had

had then no Strength to speak or breathe, and could hardly so much as whisper. And being in his Bed which was but low, he was made to Itoor, in the Night April 18, with his Mouth cloie near the Floor, .and immediately he vomited and blew from his Lungs a very great quantity of corrupt Matter, some of it very thick and stinking i and fo continued now and then to cough and spit, and bring from his Lungs in all about half a Pint, or more, with fo sudden an Alteration, that the next Morning he could speak pretty plainly. . And then he role from his Bed, and went to fit in the Kitchen near the Fire. He had then also a Blister upon his Back. The 19th at seven in the Afternoon he stoopt again and vomițed a quantity of fresh Matter which his Ulcer had produced, and a little Blood among it. He continued to vomit now and then as before from his Lungs, spitting and coughing much by Intervals, and growing better till the 20th at Noon, when he walked above a quarter of an Hour in the Garden without being tired; having also recovered his Appetite. He would have walked longer; but I obliged him to give over for some Hours. And in two or three Days he thought himself quite recovered. (Thanks be to God.) On the 23d I did read the Book lately published by his Lordship the Bishop of Cloyne, concerning Tar-Water. And on the 25th of April

, Godfri begun to take a Pint of Tar-Water both Morning and Evening; tho' he found then himself as well as he ever was. But the Sole use of Tar-Water, without vomitting could never make such a Cure fo quickly. Godfry found that Tar Water diffused sensibly a cherishing Heat thro' all the Fibres of his Body. The Lungs seem to require some Length of Time, to grow again and fill up so great a Cavity. And here, besides the Use of Tar-Water, our Vulnerary Herbs of Switzerland, or the HotWaters of Brisel, &c. may prove very beneficial. And indeed Godfrey, beginning too soon to leave off drinking of Tar-water, was glad or chose to return to it again for a while. Anatomy will discover whether the remaining found Part of the Lungs be sufficient, alone, to supply their Function: And likewise, will shew by what means the Cavity of the Ulcer ceases to be filled again with a liquid Matter. On the 3d of May, Godfry running long after a Horse took a great Cold; but he felt no harm from it, seeming now to be proof against Pleurisies.

7. I am sorry that this whole Theory becomes public so late. For as I hope now that in conlequence of this Account many Lives will hereafter be saved, both in these Kingdoms and in other countries ; fo perhaps, by the same means, many Lives of all Ranks might have been saved in Times paft: Tho' sometimes the Disease may prove incurable.

8. Lest the Patient should be too much terrified, he may be let to beJieve that he vomits only from the Stomach. And by frequent early Trials, he may vomit the corrup: Matter as foon as it gathers, or gathers again and again, in the Lungs. But when fresh Blood is vomited from the Lungs, it may perhaps be improper to cmpty them of the extravasated Blood, before the Breach of the Vesiel from which it issues be healed.

I cannot bui defire some of those Persons, who may recover of lo dangerous a Disease, by following Godfry's Example, and taking the Bristol, or Tar-water, or any other proper Remedy to repair their Lungs and to perfect their Cure; fwhich even Nature alone may often do ;) That they may, send you an authentic Account of their Cale, or procure it otherwise to be published, for the Benefit of Mankind.

Sir, Yours &C. N. Facio DUILLIER.

M

* An Hisorical Observation upon a Pasage in Salmon's

Review of the History wf Englind.
TR Salmon in the Introduction to his Review of the History of Eng..

land, p. 3. says, “ As to the nineteen Kings before the a Conqueft, who succeeded Egbert, the first sole Monarch of England, “ twelve of them came to the Crown by lineal Succeffion, and Proxi“ mity of Blood.” And then he mentions Athelstan, as the first Exception to this general Rule: Whereas the lineal Succession was broke in upon by Ethelred the ist, who succeeded his Brother Ethelbert, notwithitanding Ethelbert left two Sons, Adhelm and Ethelward * alive at his Decease, who were certainly both of them nearer to the Crown in lineal Succefion, and Proximity of Blood, (whereon Mr Salmon in orber Cases lays so great Stress) than their Uncle Ethelred.If Mr Salmon should urge that Ethelred succeded by Virtue of Ethelwulph's Will, he will then destroy his own favorite Argument of an indefeafble Right in the next Heir according to lineal Succession ; for if that Right my be set aside by Will, he would do well to Ihow why it may not be done likewise by Aa of Parliament.

Ethelred left several Children t, but Alfred the Great succeded to the Crown, by Virtue of Ethelwulph's Will, notwithstanding the Sons of both his elder Brothers were then alive ; so that it should seem as if Ariet bereditary Right was but little regarded during the Infancy of the English Monarchy, how facred soever it may have become since.

After the Deaths of Erbelbert, Ethelred, and Alfred, who succeded one another by Virtue of their Father Ethelwulph's Will, the Succesfion continued in Alfred's Line, tho' the younges, and notwithstanding his two elder Brothers both left Children, who were certainly nearer in Blood than those of Alfred, and were no ways affected by Ethelwulph's Will. How Mr Salmon makes it out that the Descendants of Alfred, who were only a younger Branch of the Family, came to the Crown (as he asserts) by Proximity of Blood, while the elder Branch subsifted, I cannot conceive. For even admitting that Echelwulpb had a Right to leave the Crown by Will to each of his own Sons successively, as he a&tually did, yet why did it not revert into the eldest Branch after Alfred's Death, which it ought to have done according to Aria hereditary Right ? Mr Salmon therefore would do well to solve this Difficulty, or elle his Affertion, mentioned above, will fall to the Ground. B. A.

* Vid. Rapin's Hift. of Eng. Vol. I. p. 88. Fol. Edit. Ibid p. 90.

Mr URBAN THE duration of the punishment of the wicked in a future fate, is :

point of so inuch moment, that, I am apt to think no-body will be displeas’d to meet with a Mort review of it in your Magazine.

However visionary and extravagant the hypotheles of annihilation, and restoration, may appear to persons of consideration ; the very thought of them is so agreeable to the wishes and inclinations of some people, that they are apt to embrace it without much. reflection about it. It is

enough enough for them to hear that a learned man or two have writ against the eternity of hell-torments. The rest they take for granted: they question not but it must be lo as they say ; for, that the doctrin of a miserable eternity always feem'd to them abfurd and incredible.There is, indeed, little hope of prevailing on such persons as these to read any thing on the other side: but, then, it is fit they should, some way or other, hear (and your Magazine will, perhaps, be the best means of * spreading the intelligence) that the point is far from being so clear and certain as they seemd to imagin ; and that therefore it concerns them not too haftily to take for granted what has never yet been prov'd ; nor to talk and act as if hello torments were not everlatting, till they are very sure that they are in the right.

It may not be amiss, therefore, to let such persons see that Origen, Burnet, Whiston, and some less Names are but of little weight against the general sentiments of mankind; and that, when examin'd by the balance of reason, they will be found exceeding light.

In order to this, I have (herewith) fent you an abftra of what has been advanc'd on this head by the judicious Mr. HORBERY, in an essay he has lately publih'd, entitled, An enquiry into the foripture-doctrin, concerning the duration of future punishment.

Not to recapitulate what has been said by former writers on this fubu ject (a clear, and concise account of which may be seen in the CYCLOPÆDIA what was further necessary I have digested into Articles, by way of Supplement to that incomparable work; but, if you think it may be more agreeable and instructive in another form, I persuade my-self (from the apparent regard you have for the public) you will be so good as to new-model it in such manner as may best answer the good end for which it was intended.

COSMOPOLITA.

P.S. The Articles of ANNIHILATION, RESTORATION, and HADES,

will complete the Subject, as handled by Mr Horbery. If this pleases, the rest are at your service.

You may, also, if it interfere not with your views (by way of apology for my peculiarities, and as a token of my regard for the worthy proprietors of that wonderful performance) prctix to the above-mentioned extract, the enclosed plan and Specimen of a lupplement to the Cyclopædia; which I am willing to hope may start some useful' hints for the furtherance and improvement of so delirable a work: especially as what further communications of this nature, you may her after receive from yolu numerous correspondents, may strike-out new lights ; and serve, at least, as so-many rough draughts, that may calily be wrought-up (with symmetry) into the body of the grand design, or at least fur, nish inltructive encatainments to your Readers.

In Answer to the Foregoing: THE ingenious Author is delired, for several Reasons, to accept a Publication of his accurate Performance, in this secondary Pamphlet, which, it is hoped, may answer his good Design, as notice of it will be sufficiently Søread in the Magazine, and we willingly take the hint to print it in Folio, that it may be placed more advantagcoully in the Cyclopædia, by those who have that Work. The following is added from the Cyclopædia, Article Hell (beginning

Parag. 25.) that the Readers who have not that Work, may better uader

fand ibe supplemental Article on the annexed Folie Sheet. HELL-torments, As to the eternity of them. We have Origen, at the head of those who deny it; it being the doctrine of that writer, that not only men, but devils themselves, after a suitable course of punishment, answerable to their respective crimes, shall be pardoned and restored to heaven. Aug. de Civit. Dei, L. XXI. c. 17.—The chief principle Origen went upon was this, that all punishments are emendatory ; applied only as painful medicines, for the recovery of the patient's health. Other objections insisted on by modern authors, are the disproportion between temporary crimes,and eternal punishments. 26

The fcripture phrases for eternity, as is observed by archbishop Tillorfon, do not always import an infinite duration: Thus, in the Old Teltament, for ever, often signifies only a long time ; particularly till the end of the Jewish dispensation : Thus in the epistle of Jude, ver. 7. the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah are said to be set forth for an example,

suffering the vengeance of eternal fire; that is, of a fire that was not extinguished till those cities were utterly consumed.--So one generation is said to come, &c. but the earth endureth for ever.

27 M. le Clerc notes, that there is no Hebrew word which properly expreffes eternity: 5717 bolam, only imports a time whole beginning or end is not known; and is used in a more or less extensive sense, according to the thing treated of.

28 Thus, when God fays, concerning the Jewish laws, that they must be observed lebelam 717, for ever; we are to understand as long 2 space as he should think fit; or a space whose end was unknown to the Jews before the coming of the Melliah, --All

general laws, and such as do not regard particular occasions, are made for ever, whether it be expressed in those laws or not: which yet is not to be understood in suck å manner, as if the fovereign power could no way change them. 29

Archbishop Tillotsori, however, argues very ftrenuoully, that where bell-tórments are spoke of, the words are to be understood in the strict fense of infinite duration ; and what he efeems a peremptory decision of the point is, that the duration of the punishment of the wicked, is in the very fame sentence expressed by the very fame word which is used for the duration of the happiness of the righteous which all agree to be eternal. • Thefe, speaking of the wicked, shall go away, 555 Xon&OW aiwver, into eternal punishments ; but the righteous, as we *Wrio, into life eternal,

The fame great author attempts to reconcile this eternity with the divine Justice, which had not been fatisfactorily done before. Some had urged that all sin is infinite, in respect of the object it is committed against, viz. God; and therefore deserves punilhment : But, that crimes Mould be heightened by the quality of the obječ, to such degree, is absurd; since the evil and demerit of all sin must then be equal, inasmuch as none can be more than infinite; and consequently there can be no foundation for degrees of punishment in the next life. Add, that for the fame reason as the least fin against God is infinite, in respect of its object; the least punishment inflicted by God may be said to be infinite, because of its author ; and thus all punishments from, as well as fins against God, would be equal.

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