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Others have urged, that if the wicked were to live for ever, they would sin for ever: But this, says our author, is mere presumption. Who can say, that if a man lived ever so long, he would never repent? Besides, the justice of God only punishes fins men have committed, not those they might possibly have done.
32 Others therefore urged, that God gives men the choice of everlasting happiness and misery; and that the reward promised to obedience, is equal to the punishment threatened to disobedience. --To which it was answered, that tho' it be not contrary to justice to exceed in rewards, that being matter of mere favour ; it may be so to exceed in punishments. It may be added, that man in this case has nothing to complain of, since he has only his election.--- But tho’ this may suffice to lilence the finner, and make him acknowledge his destruction to be of himself, it does not satisfy the objection from the disproportion between the crime and the punishment.---All the considerations, therefore, hitherto alleged, proving ineffectual ; our great author is left to solve the difficulty himself.
In order to this, he observes, that the measure of penalties, with refpect to crimes, is not only, nor always taken from the quality and degree of the offence ; much less from the duration and continuance of it; but from the reasons of government, which require such penalties as may secure the observation of the law, and deter men from the breach of it.--- Among men it is not reckoned injustice to punish murther, and many other crimes, which perhaps are committed in a moment, with perpetual loss of estate, or liberty, or life. So that the objection of iemporary crimes being punished with such long sufferings, is of no force.
In effect, what proportion crimes and penalties are to bear to each other, is not so properly a consideration of justice, as of wisdom and prudence in the law-giver, who may enforce his laws with what penalties he pleases, without any impeachment of his injustice which is out of the quellion
35 The primary erd of all threatning is not punishment, but the prevention of it: God does not threaten that men may fin and be punished; but that they may not fin, and so escape : And therefore, the higher the threatning runs, the more goodness there is in it.
36 After all, it is to be considered, says the good archbishop, that he who threatens, has still the power of execution in his own hands.--- There is this difference between promiles and threatnings; that he who promises, Falles over a right to another, and thereby stands obliged to him in juitice and faithfulner, to make good his word : But it is otherwise in threatnings; he that threatens, keeps the right of punishing still with him, and is not obliged to execute what he threatned, any farther than the reasons and ends of government require.... Thus, God absolutely threatned the deliruition of Nineveh ; and his peevith prophet underfood the threatning to be absolute, and was angry for being employed in a message that was not made good : But God understood his own right, and did what he pleased, notwithstanding the threatning he denounced, and notwithilanding Jonah was so touched in point of honour, that he had rather have perished, than Nineveh should have escaped. See the Polis Sheet of Supplement to Cyclop published herewith Col. 5.)
Cave, at St. John's Gate.
Volumes Folio; containing, besides a compleat Tranflation of Mr
new and very large Index co the whole, an alphabetical List of the Articles and a Chronological Table, which shews the Reader at one View who were contemporary, and enables him to peruse cheir Lives according to the Order of Time in which they fourilhed. The whole Work containing the History of the molt llustrious Persons of all Ages and Nations, particuJarly those of Great Britain and Ireland.
By The Rev. Mr John Peter Bernard, F. R. S.
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I think, I see plainly a gradual Working of Providence towards the Redemption of the World from
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Bishop Skerlock's Use and Intent of Prophecy;
VII. Travels into the Inland Parts of Africa; Containing a Description of the several Nations for fix hundred Miles op the River Gambia ; their Trade, Habits, Customs, Language, Manners, Religion and Government; che Power, Dilpolition and Cra a&ters of some Negro Princes; with a particu. lar Account of Job Ben SOLOMON, a Pholey, who in che Year 1733 was* in England, and known by the Name of the African. Being the Journal &c. Of FRANCIS Moore, Factor several Years to the Royal African Company of England. To which he h s added, Cape Stibbs's Voyage up the Gambia in the Year 1723, to make Discoveries; and Observations on the Captain's Remarks and Conduct. Also an accurate Map çf that River taken on the Spot; and the Soundings for goo Miles, by Mr John Leach; with ten more Copper Plates engraved by very good Hands, viz. Prospects and Plans of the African Company's Fort at James INand, and of a Factory; a Draughe of the strange Situation of a Pholey Town, Figures of uncommon Birds and Insects, Representation of a Negro Prince on Horseback, and of the Method of climbing the Palm-Tree to extract the Wine. The Author has likewise, to compleat his Subjeå, given Extracts from the Nxbian's Geography, LEO the Afrrican, and other Authors antient and modern, concerning the Niger Nile, or Gambia, and this Part of Africa, with Observations thereon; and a Vocabulary, English and Mundingo, the Language most used by the Negroese The Work concludes with an Appendix, containing, 1. His Con rad with the African Company. 2. Several Letters, Papers and Instructions relating to the Company's Commerce, particularly the Gum Trade. 3: The Voyage of an Adventurer, who found, and describes the Way to, the Gold Mines up the Gambia. To the whole is prefix'd a learned and critical Incroduction. price 6s. bound.
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Pursuing chee, I venture to advance,
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XVIII. An Account of the Life of Mr Richard Savage, Son of the Earl Rivers. Who was, soon after he came into the World, baitardifcd by an Ad of Parliament, and deprived of the Title and Eltate to which he was born; was committed by his mother, the Countess of Macclesfield, to a poor Woman, to be bred up as her own gon; came to the Knowledge of his real Mother, now alive, but abandon'd by her, persecured, and condemnd for Murder, and, against all her Endeavours, pardoned; made Poet Laureat to Quzen Caroline, became very cmiaent for his Writings, of which many are quored in this work, particularly the Baftard, the Wanderer, Voluntier Las. reat, and Author to be let ; went inco Wales, to be fupported by a Subscrip tion. Promoted by Mr Pope, but at last died in Prison. price 25. 6d.
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XXI. The RUDIMENTS of GEOGRAPHY: From the French of the cele brated M. Maxpertuis; wherein is explained the Rise of that Science and how che Motion of the Earth came to be believed. An Attempt to determine the Earth's Bigness: The System of the World. How the Experiments on Gravity might induce one to believe the Earth was not (pherical
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XXIII. Poems on several Occasions. By Mary Maflers.
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