« 이전계속 »
31 Dec, 1744. Have the pleasure to acquaint you that the plan and specimen of i
fupplement to the cyclopædia, which you publifft in your last Aliscellaneous Correspondence, bas had the good fortune to be approv'd by several very ingenious and judicious gentle
* As to your propos'd amendmene of Me men, to whom I communicated it :* Cbambers's merbod, I do not see wherein I but should be berter pleas'd to see
can add or aker, reftify or amend, wobei some improvement of it by any of you bave advanced, &c. Bon, dec. same your correspondents, who may be D...m, E..., E..., 1...2, P..., M...ba less prejudic'd in my favor; and H...y, B..., O...y, s...n, O. therefore desire you would not suppress, on my account, any animadversions you may have receiv'd, that may be useful to the public.
All, that I have yet receiv'd, by way of emendation, amounts to this; . God, and Lord, should begin with capitals: Proper names, Foreign • words, and Notes should be in italic.'-But, as I have reserv'd capitals and italic for more valuable uses (V.col. 2. par. 11, 13.) I am apt to think that (on recollection) it will not be judg'd much amiss that I have begun those appellatives [god, and lord) with lower-case [small] letters, according to the common rule; and printed in roman, not only proper names, and foreign words (which have no title, that I know-of, to that distinction) but the notes allo, and even the subnotes ; fince a different letter (either in size or figure) could not give them a greater distinction than they have by their indenture only. Being not aware, therefore, of any very considerable objection to the propriety of the specimen you were pleas'd to publish in the folio-form ; I herewith send you (what I promis'd in my last) an article or two more, in prolecution of the subject there begun ; viz. the settling a right notion of hell-torments.
I must not, however, conceal from you, or the public, that serveral of my worthy correspondents agree in a disapprobation of the design, in general, of giving an account of the sciences in the form of a diftionary IAnd it must be own'd, that, by be. ing train'd-up in the system-way to be explain'd; to break tbem into fuck
I Wben an art of science, say they, is (which has, always, universally pre- parcels, and refer one fingle science to so vaild) we are naturally drawn into many diftans articles
, by no means, 19strong prejudices against any other, and perplexity, if not deftroys that conand very easily fide into this senti
nexion and dependence, wbico ougbe 19 apment. Accordingly, to give Mr pear in all tbe parts of a firence. Mm. Chambers's work the advantages that nov. 27.
- And, to ebe fume purpose, were apprehended would accrue from W...ls, W..., E...n, W...0,6ć. the system-form, an attempt, we find, has lately been made to throw it into that view; but to fo very ill purpose, that I lose all patience, when I think of the havock the poor plagiary has made of it; and am told, that abundance of people, who, by the plausible proposal, were drawnin to encourage it, are now quite sick of it,-aBut I am apt to think is will be found, on due examination, that
The dictionary-form (if rightly conducted) does not at all differ from that of the sitem, except that it has the adrarage of a riadier recourse. An instance may, perhaps, give a clearer conception of what I mean. I will suppose, then, a person, unacquainted with arithmetic, going about to learn it. The skeleton of the icience (svhether in system, or diction
ary) ary) will be the fame. Now,what
\_For infance, ARITHMITICO will be the difference to the learner, . Id Parts; Nocation, Numeration, Ope whether he begin with the first page ratione, Rules Operations : Addiin the system, or the leading article cioa, Subftraction, Multiplication, Divi. in the di&tionary?-__Wby ) in fioncm Ite Rules: Redoétion, Proporti
on, Practice, c. the Systein (which must be divided into chapters, or sections, or something, equivalent) he must turn to R table of contents, or an index (and from thence to the page) for whatever particular he has a mind to inform himself about : whereas (2) in the Dictionary (which is divided into so many separate articles) half his trouble will be lay'd by going directly to it. Add, tbat (Since the boundaries of the fciences are not lo' precisely fixt, but that most of them have many things in commons befide the concatenation that runs thro'
Tous, physics, mechanics, and mache
matics, furnish the elements or data of the whole) it is very evident that (1) anatomy ; and anatomy may be confidera in the Syitem-way, there must be 18 a datum to medicine, surgery, &c. endless repetitions, or references to And, confequently, a System of anatomy different books; either of which is to be complete) muft give a detail of the
data from the mathematia, &c. or refer very irksome, and embarrassing; to other Syftems for them: wherew, io whereas (2) in the Dictionary-way, the Di&tionary, every requifite is at hand, it is an easy matter to step out of without the tediousnel of sepetitions, or any art, or province, into the adja- and then hunting for the particolaro.
§ trouble of getting the book refer'd-co, cent one ; and, thereby, lay-open (without labor, or loss of time) the whole land of knowlege.Nay, Ì will dare to say, that, in the Dictionary (1) there are a great number of useful and entertaining articles, not easily referable to any of the scie ences, as they are now laid-out; and (2) in several of them, there are many particulars, even in the cyclopædia (though a work not half-finihi) which are not to be met with in the best and completelt systems.
So thai, upon the whole, I believe, I may venture to conclude (11qt without the approbation of the confiderate, and unprejudicd) that the dictionary has much the advantage of the system.
This,'then, being the case, I cannot but be astonisht that any one Thould expect to find his accounts in the choice of the lexicon technicum, and its supplement; since the former is (apparently) an injudicious compilation, without either the precision of the system, or the distinction of a dictionary ; and the latter, a mere heap of fand, raked-together (chiefly) from the rubbish of oiher collectors; and the whole, a mass of indigefted Inaterials, Beside, there is fomething unaccountably absurd in the very face of the proposa). What! à fupplement to a lexicon, in no esteem, and indisputably inferior (in every respect) to the cyclopædia, which is in every body's hands, and in high reputation ! As well might a fociety of gentlemen' fas this younker, iu all appearance, takes-uponbin to itile himself) undertake (for the use of schools) to write a supplement to Cole, instead of Ainsworth ; or to Schrevelius, instead of Scapula : in any of which attempts, an immense deal must be copied from the better, to meliorate the worle: and, after all, whatever matesals might be added, they would fill continue worse, by reason of a worle plan ; which is a matter (by far) of the most importance.
COSMOPOLITA (See the Folie Sheet of Supg. . Cyclop. annexed.)
ESSAYS AND DISSERTATIONS
NUM B E R V.
1. Of a remarkable Revolution in the Roman Empire under Theodoric
King of the Goths, with a Prediction of extraordinary and miracu. lous Changes in human Affairs in the ten next years, particularly of the Restoration of the Jews before the End of 1749. p. 219 II. An expostulatory Letter to the Rev. Mr Warburton in defence of
the Rev. Dr Grey. III. A Letter to the Author, expofing the Folly and mischievous Prac
tices of ignorant Pretenders to Phyfic and Surgery. IV. An Account of the new Enthusiaits, or Methodists.
225 V. The Principles of Dr Hicks, Mr Joknfon, and other High Church
Priests, destructive of the Church of England, and introductive of Popery.
226 VI. Observations on Mr Smith's Hypothesis concerning Comets. 230 VII. Considerations on the Plan and Specimen for the Cyclopædia. 232 VIII. Remarks on the foremention'd Considerations ; by Cosmopolita.236 IX. Some Articles conformable to the new Plan and Specimen. X. Explication of a Passage in the Te Deum.
238 XI. Abftract of Father Regnault's Logic, or Art of discovering Truth.
240 XII. A Model for a good Spelling-Book, with Animadversions on fome Compofitions of that kind.
Miscellaneous Correspondence, &c.
SIR, You will very much oblige one of your well-wishers, if he
mall find in your next Magazine the following short disfertation ; and, if what be bas written upon this subječt pall meet with acceptance, perhaps encourage him to send you more of bis little e says.
N. R. Mr URBAN,
March 9, 1744-5 W THEN I look over the many agreeable things which have been
suggested by your correspondents, I cannot but think it flrange, that none of them has ever attempted to give spirit and beauty to the history of those dark times, when the northern nations, like a raging and dreadful sea, overwhelmed the southern provinces of Europe; and especially that the bloody and successful war of Theodorick king of the Goths, by which they were enabled to introduce a second Roman empire, has been also neglected. Tho' the writers of the age in which Theodorick lived may well be supposed to relate his extirpating the tyranny of Odoacer with unusual negligence, they having agreed to take the abdication of Auguftulus for the greater marvel, we may notwithstanding affirm, without danger of contradiction, that their rude memoirs acquaint us with some facts, which prove it to have been one of the greatest and most momentous revolutions to be found in history. To behold the mistress of the world, after having lost what her warlike sons had been so many ages in obtaining, at last given away to a foreign nation by the emperor Zeno, and that proud luxurious city, so forward to throw herself into the hands of his barbarous mercenaries, as by precipitant owning of her intencions to bring fire and sword upon all ihe country round her, will undoubtedly oblige any man whatsoever to confels, that the most celebrated wonder either of Greece or Rome is every way inferior to it. One would think an author might boldly appeal to the world, whether this memorable eclipse of the renowned majesty of the Romans was not sufficiently remarkable, to be made as it were the epocha of a very important period of scripture prophely? I repeat it again: to see Rome, the great, the mighty Rome! after having loft France, Spain, and Germany properly so called, together with Hungary, and her dominions near the river Ålbis, become the property of her colony at Conftantinople, and, to compleat all, losing her pillars, and every thing without her walls, for declaring in favour of the Gorks before he could put herself under their protection, Сс