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even worth the attention of such as are pretty expert in the know, lege of orthography,

HUMANITY,

our methods of leading children into an acquaintance with words, are, even to this day; will appear to any-one that does buc confider how litele regard has been had to the afore-mention'd sliggestiuns even by the latelit and most generally-receiv'd writers on this subject.- -Mr Dyche (in his Guide to che english congue) has given us, in his firft lift of diflydiables (p. 17) 140 words, in che first page : of which 17 only are co be pro. nounc'd according to the rules before laid down for the found of syllables, and therefore, a child (and even a mistress, sometimes) must be at a loss av boat 123 of them; especially as, for the ascertaining the true pronunciation of them, regard must be had to (at least) 12 or 13 exceptions : so that, abating the diftin&tion of fyllables, inco which the words are divided ; a child might as well begin the art of reading with his bible.Mr Newbery (in his Circle of the sciences) though he proposes to Icad-on children by progressive steps, is so far from having kepc-vip to his delign; that he seems to have had less regard to it than most of our spelling books ; for he gives but an imperfect lift of syllables; and even that is of little use to direct in the pronunciation of his tables of words. Thus, in his first list of disfyllables (p. 83),confisting of 40 words, there are but two that can be read upun his own principles; and, in that of the polysyllables (p. 9.1) hardly one." Mr Pardon (in his Spelling new.modeld) beside that he gives us no lists of syllables, to settle any certain sounds by way of preparation for the reading his tables of words; is still more embaralling, and useless: inasmuch as, in his rables, to the afore-mention'd fault of Mr Dyche he has added another most unaccountable one, the neglect of the accent; having throwo.cogerher, without any regard to any thing but the number of the syllables, and che or. der of the alphabet (which are of little, or no consequence) all sorts of words, without any intimation of the differecce of their accent. Thus, in the course of three words successive (beside other difficulties) you have often two or three changes of accent [as' abscess, abfcond, absence' (p. 34) * fá&tiousness, fallácious, falsifying (p. 129] che d fference of which must be inculcated with infinic repetitiors, and notwithstanding the most unwea. ried pains.caking) to very little purpose.

Note, In our next number (beside what may come-to-hand, before the

publication of it) will be specimen of two very confiderable improvements of the Cyclopædia, on the plan of Cosmopolita, by Britannicus. -A short hisory of a Diabetes.

-A query to the Rev. Mr Stackhouse, concerning a palage in bis Apperatus to the New Testament.

The END of Number V.

Cave, at St John's Gate.

T

HE GENERAL DICTIONARY Historical and Critical ; in Ten

Volumes Folio ; containing, belides a compleat Translation of Mr
Bayle's Dictionary, his Differtations, &c. many additional Lives, a

new and very large index to the whole, an alphabetical List of the Articles, and a Chronological Table, which thens the Reader at one View who were contemporary, and enabes him to perafe their Lives according to the Order of Time in which they A urished. The whole Work containing the History of the most Mastrious Persons of all Ages and Nations, particu. larly those of Great Britain and Ireland.

· By The Rev. Mr John Peter Bernard, F.R.S.

The Rev. Mr Thomas Birch, A. M. F.R.S.
The late Mi George Sale,

Mr John Lockman; and other Hands.
N.B. The Observations and Corrections of the late Paris Edition, of Bayle's
Dictionary, and Reflections in the Pallages which seem to favour Scepricism and
the Manichee System are inserted in their proper Places thro' the whole

, but those As well as all other Additions, are always difiinguished by proper Marks from what was written by Mr Bayic.

II. The entire Works of Dr THOMAS SYDENHAM, newly made Eng. ·lish srom the Originals; wherein the Hitory of Acure and Chronic Discales, and the safest and most effc&tual Michods of treating them, are faithfully, clearly, and accurately deliverçd. Illustrared with explanatory and practical Noces, from the best medicinal Writers. To which is annexed, the Author's Life, and a copious Index. By Jokin Swan, M.D. price bound 6 s.

III. Travels into the Inland Parts of Africa ; Containing a Description of the several Nations for fix hundred miles up the river Gambia ; their Trade, Habits, Customs, Language, Manners, Religion and Government; the · Power, Disposition and Chara&urs of fime Negro Princes; with a particular Account of Joe BEN SOLOMON, a Phcly, who in the Year 1733 was in England, and known by the Name of the African. B:ing the Journal cr. of FRANCIS MOORE, Fafter {:veral Years to the Royal African Company of England. To which lie has added, Capt Stitbs's Voyage up the Gambia in the Year 1723, to make Discoverics; and Observaciórs on che Captain's Remarks and Conduct. A fo an accurate Map of chat River taken on the spot ; and the Soundings fer soo Mliks, by Mr John Leach; with ten more Copper Plates engraved by very good Hands, viz. Prospects and Plans of the African Company's Forc ar James Mand, and of a Factory; a Draught of the strange Sicuation of a Phaley Town, Figures of uncominun Birds and Insects, Representation of a Negro Prince on Hortoback, and of the Method of climbing the Palm Tree to extr-tie Wine. The Author has likewise, to compleat his Subjeå, given Extracts from the Nubian's Geography, Leo . the African, and other Authois ancient and m dern, concerning the Niger

Nile, or Gambia, and this Parc of Africa, with Observations thereon; and a - Vocabulary, English and Mundigo, the Language most used by the Negroes. · The Work concludes with an Appendix, containing, 1. His Contract with the African Company. 2. Several Le teis, Papers and Instructions relating to the Company's Commerce, particularly in: Gem Trade. 3. The Voyage of an Adventurer, who fund, and describes the Way to, the Gold Mines up the Gambia. To the whole is prefix'd a learned and critical In roduction. price 6 s. bound.

IV. GEOGRAPHY reformed: or, a new System of General Geography, • according to an accurate Analysis of the Science, augmented with several neceffary Branches omitted by fórmer Authors. In Four Paris.

1. Of the Nature and Principles of GEOGRAPHY ; its ar tient and prelent Siate in all Nations; its Ofetuin is to Pe:fors of all. Proécllions, and the Me

thod

1

thod of studying it , with its Analysis of Divifion into Species, according to Former Authors, and a new Plan, shewing the Errors and Defects of those by Varenius, Sanfon, la Martiniere, Pere Caffe, &c.

2. OF MATHEMATICAL GEOGRAPHY and its Branches, astronomical and geometrical : Shewing the several Diviĝons of the Earth, by Regions, Hemispheres, Zones, Climates, Meridians and Paralle!s, br.

3. HISTORICAL GEOGRAPHY and its Species, Natural; Civil; Eccle. fiaftical; Na:jonal ; Periodical, ancient, middle, modern ; parallel and critical.

OF TECHNICAI. GEOGRAPHY and its Branches : Representatory, by Globes and Maps ; Synoptica!, by Tables; and Explanatory, by Systems and Dictionaries.

Under each Branch is given an Account of its Obje& an Vle, and Explanation of the Terms, the History of irs Rise and Progress, with Rules for exhi. biting it to the best Advantage. The whole illustra:ed with Notes and Refe. rences to the principal Geographers, whose different Sentiments are cited and examined. Designs for the use of the Curious in General, and Scudents in particular. There is added a copicus Index of the Terms contained in the Work, answering the End of a Di&tionary of general Geography. pr. 35. 6d.

V. The Nacure and Laws of CHANCE, wherein the Subject is fuliy, yec concisely handled ; and the more abstruse and important Problems, as well as the more fimple oncs, are resolved in a general and conspicuous Manner's Containing the Do&rine of Combinations and Permutacions clearly deduced : An Investigation of the Probability that a prop sed Event bappens a given Number of times in a given Number of Tryals; 3, new and very comprehenfive Problem, ot grcat Use in Loteries, Cards, &c. with others for de termining the Probabiliry of Winning, wherber at Buwis, Coits, Raffles, &c. in any Circumstance of the Play: A Problem for finding the Tryals where. in it may be undertaken that a propoled Eveot shall happen or or fail a given Number of Times; another to find the Chances for a given Number of Points with a given Number of Dice; and another on the Duration of Play, being three of the most curious and remarkable in the Subject, and all solved by new and general Methods. The Solution of a Problem proposed to the Pabo lick some time ago, in Latin, as a very difficu't one, with full and clear In. vestigations of the cwo new Probkms added at the End of Mr de Moivre's last Edition, whose Demonstrations are there omitted ; one of which Problems is allowed, by that great Man him:elf, to be the moit useful, as well as the most difficult in the whole Subject. 4tc. price 3 s.

VI. The Conformity between Modern and Artient Ceremonies, wherein is proved by incorceftable Authorities, that the Ceremonies of the Church of Rome are entirely derived from the Heathen. With an Appendix fhewing the Conformity of their Conduct toward their Adversaries. 2 Cor. vi. 16, 17, 18. What agreement harb the Temple of God with Idols?

- Wherefore come out from among them, and be pe separate, faith the Lord; and touch not the unclean thing, and I will receive 70%, and will be s Father unto you, and ye shall be my Sons and Daughters, faith the Lord Almighty. MISCELLANEA

CURIOSA MATHEMATICA:

NUMBER III. Containing, Solucions to Queftions in Numb. I. and II. and in the Gentleman's Diary; also new Questions proposed; The Demonstratica of four Teorems in the Gentleman's Ma. gazine, bý' Mi Facio; Tables of Chances for any Number of Points chrowa on 1, 2, 3, & c.10 12 Dice, inclusively, with the Method of Computation, &c. &c. Printed for E. Cave at St John's Gace. Where may be had the foregoing Numbers.

Number l. contains, among other useful Matters, a Discourse on the Velocity and Forces in Bodies in Mocion; Theorems for determining the Sun's Parallax; An universal spherico-catoptrie Theorem; A Theorem on lacrements; Of the Maxima and Minima in the celeitial Motions; To find the Sun's horizontal Parallax by the Trans fit of Venus over the Sun's Disk in 1761; A Collection of curious Questions, with Arswers to the Questions in the present Year's Diaries, and Gentleman's Magazine,

Number II. Solucions co all the Questions in Number I. An Essay concerning the Sums of the Powers of an Arithmetical Progrellion; Solucions co the Questions in the Gentleman's Diary ; 20d ewenty new Quuuous to be answer’d, 85,

WITH

ESSAYS AND DISSERTATIONS

Ο Ν

VARIOUS SUBJECTS.

NU M B ER VI.

CONTAINING, 1. An History of a Diabetes, occasion'd by immoderate Swimming.

Page 251

II. A Doubt proposed, relating to the Rev. Mr Stackbou fe's APPARATuo to the New Testament.

252 III. A View of Bishop Brown's Proceeding of the Human Understanding, and of his Divine Analogs.

254 IV. An effe&tual Remedy against the pernicious Efects of Sublimate and Arsenic inwardly taken.

261 V. Sir Isaac Newton's Solution of the Tails of Comets, the Principles

on which he founds it, with a Conjecture offer'd from them for reconciling his Solution with the Phänomena.

262 VI. Objections againft Mr Yate's Hypothesis of Comets, with his Answers.

265 VII. Remarks on a late Differtation concerning Melchizedek. 269 VIII. An Explication of the Words in the Marriage-Ceremony, With my Body 1 thee worship.

272 IX. To the Rev. Dr Free, on his late Ode.

273 X. Of a new seat of Philosophers at Oxford.

277 XI. Copy of a Writing fix'd over the Communion Table of a Church in Gloucestershire.

278 XII. Remarks on some Passages in Daniel and the Revelations, particu

larly relating to the Doctrines and Practices of the Church of Rome. 279 XIII. Letters Thewing the Advantages of an Education in the public Schools above a private Way.

280 XIV. Proposals for an Improvement of the Cyclopædia, by making it

a Di&ionary of the Englilo Tongue, which shall comprehend a Commentary on the Bible.

283 XV. Specimens of the aforesaid Work.

Folio

LONDON: Printed for EDWARD CAVE, at St John's Gote. Pr. 6 d.

M.DCC.XLVI.

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