페이지 이미지

indeed, I must do so much justice to their zeal, as to say, that they never shew it the least mercy.

Now, tho' I am an utter enemy to all schism, as far as it tends to disturb the peace of society : yet, as I care answer for these gentlemen, that they will never make any great noise in the world, as long as they are left to themselves, I think they may be tolerated.-Besides, as theis way of life is very easy, those young gentlemen, who have been harrasi’d by getting up in a morning to go to school, may, when they come to the university, find it very convenient to become their disa ciples. I must add too, that (whatever some may think of the mat. ter, thus much is true, viz. that the same may be laid of each of them, as is said of the righteous; he dieth, and no man layeth it to heart.

Thus, Mr Urban, have I given you an account of what has fallen under my notice; the publishing of which, may, perhaps, be of fervice to fome, not unknown to,

Your humble Servant, AMICUS. P.S. I forgot to tell you, that when the bell rings for morning prayg ers, &c. thote philosophers are fick, without any disorder.

[ocr errors]


S I was lately travelling thro' the hither parts of Gloucestershire, I

rode a little off my road to see a country church, noted for its peat chancel, where the first thing that caught my eye was a written paper pafted upon the wainscot, directly over the communion table : a copy of which (puting only the initial letters for the names, which are there at full length) I here send you, viz.

MAT. XVIII. 17. Tell it unto the church. WHereas 7. B. clerk, vičar of B. hath publickly given out (as I

am well inform’d) “ that it is not safe for any gentleman to trust himself in my company", and that he wou'd take care the gentlemen of the country “ shou'd know it;" with other such like opprobrious and scandalous expressions againft me; and being call’d upon in a friendly manner to shew cause why he thus a

spers’d me, utterly refus’d so to do, or to give the least satisfaction: I therefore submit it to all impartial judges, whether the said

vicar of B. hath on these occasions behav'd himself as a gentlea man or christian, and not rather as a most graceless and determined Nanderer, infligated by the devil, and not having the fear of god before his eyes. And this method I take according to the rule of the gospel, Mat.xviii, 17. to do myself justice, and save the lawyers a labour. Witness my hand,

A. W. Reétora

I own, Sir, I cou'd not help thinking what I met with had something in it very solemn as well as particular : it put me in niind of Hezekiah's behaviour upon the receipt of Sennacherib's bullying letter; when, having no other recourse “ He went up to the house of the Lord, and tjuread it before the Lord." The incumbent, it seems, is a per


son advanc'd in years, and retir'd from the world; and as he sees very little company, has very little opportunity (without expence of law) to justify himself before men, he therefore had recourse to the altar, as to his proper sanctuary. But how far so remarkable a piece of difcipline, exercis’d upon an offending brother, is enjoin'd or authoriz'd by the text chose on this occasion (the famous Dic Ecclefiæ ) may af. ford matter of speculation to divines of all communions : and I shou'd be g'ad if, by inserting this in your magazine, you wou'd give an invitation to the candid and ingenuous amongst them, (and no others, I dare say, will find acceptance with you) to convey by the same canal their sentiments to the publick, upon a subject so curious and uncommon.

I am, Sir, your confiant Reader, Pall Mall, Jan.

and as conftant Admirer, 17, 1744,


Some REMARKS on a fer particular Pasages in

Daniel's Prophecy, and St John's Revelation, relating
to the corrupt Doctrines and Practices of the Romißh
Consider the book of Daniel, and the Revelation, as parts of one

entire, complete prophecy, and the latter as a continuation of the former, but a plainer account of things to come. This prophecy is represented by fome, as, hitherto, unintelligible, and so of little use. But it seems both absurd and impious, to represent that as useless, which was deliver'd by the inspiration of God's holy spirit, who certainly does nothing in vain. This is likewise contrary to the express words of the prophecy: Blefjed is be that readeth, and they that hear the words of this prophecy, and keep those things that are written therein. It is true, its several parts are not to be understood before their accomplishment, nor the whole, as we read therein, before the last age of the world, when it will be perfectly fulfillid. For Daniel says, he Jeal'd it until the time of the end; and St John tells us, in the time of the end the wife shall understand. And therefore its not being set understood, is an argument in its favour. It was not intended to amuse the curious, or to make prophets ; it does not enable us to foretel or forefee future events, but only to know them, when they happen, ly plain and peculiar marks: and we ought to acquaint ourselves with the descriptions here given, in order to know the things describ’d. We may observe further, that miracles are the proper evidence of divine revelation, and that prophecy, which is a species of miracle, is sufficient to convince those that fee it fulfillid, of the truth of the christian religion, and of the world's being governd by God's providence, provided they are not maliciously obstinate, nor thut their eyes against the light, which the father of lights, and the God of truth, affords them. This is the last prophecy to be expe ted by the christian church. When christianity was settled, and this prophecy read in churches, other miracles ceas'd as soon as there was no necessity for them. This alone


was suficient to those that saw some part of it fulfill'd, for to those it is a miracle, and to those only. It is also a standing miracle to those that love and obey the truth, for the apostacy here mention'd was to continue working till the man of fin fou'd be reveald. And tho' the prophets are taken away, yet the prophesies remain, and they that will not hear them, neither wou'd they be persuaded though one rose from the dead. St Peter, as it is thought by Sir Isaac Newton, alludes to the Revelation in these words : We have also a more fure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that mineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day.ftar arise in your 'hearts; that is, until ye begin to understand it. For Peter wrote this to the churches of Aha, to whom John was commanded to send this prophecy. The design of this prophecy is to encourage fincere christi. ans, under all trials, to preserve true religion and virtue, to warn them against future corruptions, which are painted in such strong and lively colouis, that they cannot be easily mistaken, when they become visible.

The most celebrated commentators of the reform'd religion, at home and abroad, agree that a great part of this prophecy is already fulfill'd; and that the man of sin, the second beast, the falje prophet, and whore of Babylon, fignify the pope, court, and church of Rome ; in this there is a perfect harmony between them, their differences being only about circumstances, or other parts of the prophecy. This is the doctrine of the third homily of the church of England, and of all our eminent divines from the reformation till the latter end of the reign of Fames the first, when a popis princess, the bane of England, came among us. I Mall, in what follows point out only a few marks and characters, which, by the unanimous consent of the most learned protestants since the late molt glorious revolution, are allow'd to be manifestly fulfill'd in the Pope and church of Rome, are accordingly apply'd to them, and, in my opinion, belong clearly to them, and to them only. So far as the events are seen, they explain the prophcy.

N. B. The scripture passages, I shall produce and explain, will be contain d in as little compass as these remarks.

[ocr errors]

EDUCATION in public Schools recommended.

L E T T E R I.
Received the favour of your last, in which you do me the honour to

[ocr errors]

you have lately read Mr Lock's treatise upon that subject, and that the weighty objections he makes against the publick schools have made such an impression upon you, that you have thoughts of placing them at some small private one, where they will be always under your eye, or rather of having them instructed by a tutor at home; and one of these you defire me, whilft I am in town, to enquire after, and so direct him


to your house in the country. In compliance with your desire, I beg leave, Sir, to tell you, that if you design your sons to be what the present age calls fine gentlemen, such an education, to be sure, will do very well. In this case, a small share of latin, a competent knowledge of Frencb, dancing, and riding at Foubert's, will be sufficient for them. Then a gentleman-like tutor may give them a notion of good-breeding, a handsome and graceful behaviour in company, and will fave them and you, much time, and a great deal of expence. But as I find you have further views, that you design to render them useful members of the society, and serviceable to their country, to make them complear scholars, to send them both to the university, and there to let your younger son perform all his exercises, and take all his degrees : As I find, Sir, this is your intention, I can by no means advise you to a private school; nor will I recommend a home-tutor to you,, as long as I live, being persuaded that our publick schools are the beft education to make young men sound scholars, and to fit and qualify them for the university. Let not Mr Lock’s notions and objections scare you, for, depend upon it, they are either strained and forced, or are often owing to parents indulgence; a fault, which, I dare say, you have had the care and prudence to avoid. Now the reasons why I prefer a publick education to a private one are these: 1/1, That the former is the only way to open the minds of young men, to quicken and enliven their parts, to give them a good taste for books, and the true spirit of composition, which can never be so well attained by a private education. A master of a private school, or a tutor at home, may load their memories with numberless rules, may cram their heads with Latin, Greek, and Hebrew too, and make their ignorant parents think that their children are prodigious scholars. But, Sir, this not the point in question, 'tis the composition, the exercises both in verse and prose, that brighten the parts, that strike the fire out of the flint, ferch the metal out of the mine, and refine and polish it afterwards. I can give you myself several instances of this: I have known many young men, who, for want of lively parts, and a happy memory, have been despaired of by their tutors and masters, and given up as incorrigible blockheads, which they should never make any thing of, upon removing to a great school, brighten up, and strangely exert themselves on a ludden, and afterwards make a considerable figure in the world. But, zdly, a publick school is the only place that can inspire a youth with the poble emulation to outstrip his fellow-ftudents in learning. Emulation, without doubi, kept within due bounds, is a worthy and commendable passion, though it is very near a-kin to a bad and vicious one, I mean envy. Envy (as it is defined by a very * ingenious writer) is a grief and uneasiness proceeding from the advancement and prosperity of another. But all grief of this nature is not attended with the same malignity ; we may, for instance, very juftly and lawfully grieve at the prosperity of the wicked.

This is what the best and moft holy men have done, and till do. We may grieve and be concerned to see unworthy persons advanced to the highest posts and dignities ; this may proceed from a regard to our country, and a love to religion, which we think may suffer by the promotion of such unworthy people. This is not prope: ly envy, but rather indignation. Thus it is with emula. tion: We may be grieved and concerned at the prosperity and advance. ment of another, without any personal pique or envy against him, but purely out of a sense of our own desciency, which will make us blame our own negligence, and endeavour to attain the same excellencies we perceive in other people. This, within due bounds and proper limitations, is so far from being blameable, that it is highly commendable. 'Tis not to be conceived what a power and effect emulation will have upon young and ingenuous minds. Thus I have sometimes seen a master of a great school, upon receiving a good exercise, or ingenious verses, call a hundred scholars out of the form, read the piece before them with an audible voice, thew them all the fine turns, point out all the beauties, reward the ingenious boy before them, and ask them all when they would bring such a composition as that? This, like wild-fire, has immediately run through the whole class, and given them a generous emulation to out-do one another in their performances. Another great fpur to emulation is the custom, at a great school, of getting and losing of places, by which means a boy of spirit and learning, and who is at the top of his form, for want of solving a question which hath been answered by another, shall see himself turn'd down and degraded to the very bottom. Then it is, Sir, that

is *DA!

-Pudor incendit vires, & confiia virtus. Then will his thoughts be at work and on the stretch, then will he ftudy day and night, to retrieve his loft honour, and recover his rank, whilst the other is as active and diligent to keep his ground, and to maintain his post. 3dly, Another advantage of a publick school is the variety of themes and exercises, the different compositions that they daily see and hear, which must needs enlarge their way of thinking, and furnish their minds with a new set of ideas, which in a petry school, and under a private tutor, would never perhaps have once come into their heads. The last advantage I Mall mention of a publick education, is, that this alone can give a young man the courage and assurance to speak in publick, and to make a noble figure in great and solemn afiemblies : A qualification more necessary in this nation, than (except it be Venice) any country in the world, where matters of state are publickly debated, as they were formerly at Athens and Rome, where eloquence and fine speaking were the iteps to attain the great posts and employments in the state. Mr Lock, who declares for an education under a private tutor, finds himself a little gravelled here. He faith, “ he does not see why a youth with good management might not at “ tain the same assurance in his father's house, as at a publick school. For this end, he advises parents to accuftom their fons to whatever ftrange faces come to the house, to take them with them, when they “ visit their neighbours, and to engage them in conversation with men “ of parts and breeding.” This I own may have a good effect upon a young man, may cure in some measure his sheepiliness and bathfulneis, and enable him to come gracefully into a room, and bear a tolerable Share in the common conversation of the world. But will this qualify him to appear in publick with applause? Will it give him courage to


« 이전계속 »