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But the Work now before us is a remarkable Instance, that a Writer of real Genius and Erudition need not despair of a favourable Reception from the Public: Witness the splendid and learned Names of both Sexes *, which crowd the List of Subscribers prefixed to these Travels ; a Lift scarce equalled by any of late Years, since that to the celebrated (tho' prohibited) Tragedy of Guftavus Vaja. Such illustrious Suffrages in its Favour secure it from the Attacks of nibbling Critics, or at least place the Author above the Necellity of attending to them.
His great Modesty appears from the Title Page, where he only profelles to attempt to treat of the Antiquities and other Contingencies of Conftantinople, Syria, &c. and tho' the Contents of his Chapters embrace, we may say, the whole Circle of Science, his running Title is no more than of the Ottoman Empire.
Di Perry, towards the beginning of his Preface, contradicts, tho' with due Deference, our Countryman Mr Professor Greaves, upon the Subject of the Pyramids. And indeed that learned Author has mistaken the true Shape of the largest of them, (which the Doctor has discovered to be a Square Cone) and has likewise missed a most pertinent Observation, that the Egyptian Architects, contrary to those of Laputa (and others the fame) begin to build from the Bottom, regularly and gradually, ab imo ad fummum, The Doctor seems to have been favoured, (we presume from the Secretary,) with an unpublished Volume of the Memoirs of the Academy of Sciences, whence he gives us a long Extract of Father Sicard; whole View of Egypt the Curious have only been able to find in the Letters of the Mifhonaries.
He designed to visit many other Places as Samos, Delos, Delphos, Arges, to all which we supposé, Euphoria gratia, he chuses to give the same Termination.but two Motives prevented him from complying with the Impulses of bis Curiosity; Firit, the Badness of the Roads and Danger of Robbers in the Winter Season ; and Secondly, the Heat and Ardour of his Defires was cooled and ajwaged by some Accounts, which be received
from one of his Retinue, that there was nothing to be seen there.
Another Instance of his Modesty and Judgment appears in fubmitting his Manuscripts to several Men of Sense and Letters, some of whom read over some part of it and some others; and at the fame Time in not acquiescing to tally, tho'be did in fome Measure, in their Objections to fome rapturous and exstatic Expressions, which, be informes us, were well relijksed by some others, some of whom we delire to be esteemed. In mentioning the Egyptian Hieroglyphics, our Author bestows a singular Commendation on the learned Mr Warburton, (who, we doubt not, will be pleaied with this Testimony a laudato viro) where he says, we expect abundantly more from that Rev. ingenious Gerileman, than we ourselves or any other Persons we have met with seem capable of performing. He concludes the Preface by expressing his Gratitude to fome noble Personages by Name, for their Mediation and INTERCESSION; and as to the Rest, contents himself with paying their the Tribute of his secret and mental Acknowledge ments only.
* We are the less to wonder at the Number of the Fair Sex in his Lift, when, in the midst of his Theological Discourse upon Ifis, he takes Occafion to pay them so handsome a Compliment: “ Woman is acknowledged universally to be the most excellent and perfe? * Kind of Being upon Earth." P.450
Nole by obe Journalifi.
With Regard to several of the Subjects contained in this Book e.g. the Conftitution of the Turkish Government, his chronological Deduction of the Ottoman Kings, his Chronicle of the Mamlucs, the Egyptian and Abbafide Caliphs, we have (to use our Author's Words upon a like Occasion,} for the Sake of the Connoiseurs, whose Libraries are, generally speaking, furnimed with Bocks in that way, chosen to leave them entirely out.
We shall proceed to satisfy the Curiosity of the Public, and enable it to form an Idea of our Author's Taste and Manner, by laying before it some Specimens under foar general Heads, his Descriptions; Reflections; Religions, Political and Natural;-Erudition, and Style.
We cannot set out better, than with the Pi&ture the Doctor gives of a remarkable Curiosity in the Way to Tripoli. It is a Rock in the Dog River; which, as Fame gres, was once de faéto a Dog, but was miraculous big transubstantiated, or, as jome say improperly, metamorphosed into a Rock of the same Form, P. 138. But the Part, wherein he displays his maferly Talent, is amongst the Ruins of Old Egypt ; and those we presume may be some of the Passages objected to by the Doctor's Friends, and so judiciously preserved by him. Speaking of the Temple of Carnac or Luxor il Kadim; he says, We went a Sbore, and marching along, with great Avidity, directly to it, we four.d the most fately, magnificent and furprizing Temple, that ever Eye bebeld. 'Tis impoffible to think, speak, or žurite of this Edifice without Transport and Rapture ; for, its Splendor, Glory, and Magnificence are fach, as are truly unspeakable, and perhaps unconseivcable. P. 341. and lower-Good God! How were we astonished, ra. tilbed and transported at the Sight of this! This furely was emulating, if not equaling celestial Glory and Splendor. P. 342. The Egyptian Sculpture particularly affects our Suthor; upon that Subject (to use a favourite Word of his,) he thus explores: P. 350. You see in divers Places, Per. fens mounted on Cars of War lashing the Horses, and driving on soith unspeakable Fury, and some Distance before them you see the vanquised Foes agorizing and dying in an infinite Variety of most moving Postures. We myft confefs never io have seen Death (says he, as much a Physician as he is,) in so many exquisite, ana fuch affeeting Shapes. This alone would afford en ample Field for the Painters to take Lessons from; and this perhaps is the beft School they could go to. In this Temple were several large female Stafues, as appears from their Fragments, &c.
A Traveller, who has the Faculty of describing in fo lively and picrurcique a Manner, makes us not regret, that, as he confesses, he had no Painter with him, nor was himself skilled in the Art of Drawing. Those Qualifications may be of Use in a Le Bruyn, or a Nording, but are superfeded by the Imagination and Vivacity of our Author: He has however, given us one Delign, which is a correct Chart of the Nile. It is indeed an Original. He has placed Alexandria, Rosetta, and Damietta (concrary to the erroneous Opinion of vulgar Geographers) entirely within Land, and gives the Nile, instead of the feven Mouths of the Antients, nonc at all; so that when ever the crufading Humor is revived to reuz'er or rather to gain this Lard, as the Doctor piously wishes, P.6 and 7; it is to be hoped the Christians will restore the Communication between choic Places and the Sea.
Our Author seems to be an equal Maler of the Christian and Egyptian Thcology. Of che former he says (P. 390.) that she Resurrection of all
Bodies, Bodies, as infinuated in Holy Writ, and as typified, or rather specified by our Blessed Savior, is to happen and must be compleated on one certain Day, &c. The latter, he confesses, degenerated by Time into a little innocent Superftition, for Men's Opinions are as liable to Excrescencies, as the Bodies of Animals, Trees, and Plants; and though God belá them in Abomination, as not being of the Type and Efence of frict Purity and Truth; yet fince be bad not been pleased to manifeft himself to those people, as be did to the Jews, fo that may plead in Apology for them. P. 391, 393.
He goes further than an Excuse, and even shews a Resemblance between the two Religions. Those Notions (says he) and Practices of the ana tient Egyptians seem to bave been typical of the blessed Trinity. P. 454. And in this he is authorized by the deeply-learned Dr Stukeley, who not only demonstrates the most orthodox Form of this Doctrine to have been known and embraced by the Druids here, but also that it was brought originally from Egypt by Abraham's Friend, Hercules Tyrius, and his Son, that Patriarch's Godson. *
As for political Reflections, we do not find any in Machiavel, or Caro dinal de Rets of equal Depth with the following. 'Tis owing to these mutual Jealoufies, Animofities and Divisions, that the wbole Country is kept in Peace, Quiet and Subje£tion. P. 158.
Of political Arithmetic take this Specimen ; a curious Calculator has ventured to give an Estimate of the Number of their Ales and Mosques, both morally, tho' not equally, impossible to be known. P. 232.
Natural Obiervations are the peculiar Province of a Physician ; nor has our Author been sparing of them. Let the Wind, says he, P. 273. blow where and as long as it lifts, if it is not charged with Clouds, it will never produce Rain ; a Truth no Naturalist will pretend to controvert. The following may admit some Doubt; if the keen northerly Winds with us serve to actuate and irritate the rational Faculties, and to promote the Exertion of them, the southern Gales of this Clime, on the other hand, serve to maturate and ripen them; without which Help many bright Thoughts, and Flowers of keenest Wit, might have remained in Embryo, of bave been buried in Oblivion to all Eternity. Few Persons have enjoyed the Benefits of both Climates ; the Faculties of our Physician by a singular Felicity seem equally irritated and maturated.
Our third general Head was Erudition, and his Intelligence in Matters of the highest Antiquity is very extensive and particular : We are well afsured (says he, poslībly from some Hierogrammatic Gazette of Pharoah's Court) that in the Time of Joseph there were seven Granaries, each like unto what we now fee. P. 230. He likewise ascertains, P.480, the Study and Dormitory of Hippocrates,
He discovers P. 492. many Cities of the Name of Athens. But howa ever, says he, the Aihens in Question was styled, by way of Eminence, A. thena Attica, (a Writer, who had never been upon the Place, would have given it a plural Termination) so that in paft Ages, as well as the prejent, rubenever Athens was spoken of without any explanatory Epithet, this was always understood. In P. 122. he has an Anecdote of no less Consequence relating to our own History; that St George's Church at Lydda was built by King Edward the Confessor in a Pilgrimage to the Holy Land. All our Historians are unpardonable in having paised over so re
'markable Ser Seulasley's Abory.
markable a Particular in the Life of that pious Prince, and having only sent two of our Monarchs, Richard and Edward the First, to the Holy Land.
He gives a Derivation of Jupiter Ammon, P. 353. which has escaped all the Etymologists; “We set out for Arment to visit the celebrated Temple “ there, which, as fome say, was dedicated to Jupiter :" Hence Jupiter Arment, or, according to the modern corrupt Expresion, Jupiter Ammon.
The Doctor, like other great Authors, has a Peculiarity in his Spelling: what our vulgar Italian Travellers call the mal Aria (the bad antumnal Air about Rome) he calls the mal Areum ; what common Books of Antiquity write the Pánatbenæ a (the Athenian Games) his critical Nicety corrects into Panatbenæse; and for Quadriga, [the four Horse Chariot] he, suo periculo, reads Quadrigium.
Though the Doctor profeffes not to enter minutely into the Confideration of Medals and Intaglias, yet he News his Taste and Value for them in a Digression, which is one of the most curious Parts of his Work; we shall reduce it to a skort Calculus. He observes the great Use of metallic Coins is from the Physiognomies of antient Heroes in general, or their serieral Lines and Features in particular.-To form a judgment how far these cutward and visible Characters may be supposed to indicate their great Attions and Virtues, P. 515. he exactly enumerates, P. 517. the chief People among the Antients, who ftruck Medals, viz. the Hebrews, the Punics, Greeks and Romans, to whom some add the Barbarians. He is no lels exact in distinguishing the different sorts of Rings, worn by the different Ranks of Men in primitive Times; Priests had their Gods, Princes and Heroes their Paramours, Citizens their Founders, People in common their Fathers, Grandfathers, &c. P. 516.
This Extract has already grown fo large under our Hands, that we can by no means do Justice to the Doctor's Style; should we cite every shining Turn of Expression, every Verbum ardens, we must transcribe from every Page. His favourite Figure is Amplification, P. 154. They (the Egypti. ans generally unite and are unanimous in opposing the Viesus, Dijigns, Pozuer and Authority of the Bastaw. Again, many and great Commotions, Intrigues, Troubles and Treacheries. P. 164.
Sometimes he descends, leviore Plectro, to the Familiar; as, the whole is a damned Lie. P. 219. Mr Lucas is a Lyar, and the Truth is not in bim, 363. As great as John of Gaunt, and as big as Bull-beef, P. 224. At other Times he raises the meanest Things; a fine Path way, just recover. ed from the Disronours of a Shower of Rain. P. 225. Was obliged to fard under the Adoption of jcurrilous Langnage. P. 222.
He no less, excells in the Metaphor; we shall give but one In. stance, and that taken from his own Profession. Speaking of the Depravities and Distemperatures in the Government of Egypt, he says; thu'the redundant Humors being thus discharged, the Plethora is afwaged, for a Time ; pet as the original Stamina, leven, or morbific Principle, set remains inherent in the Constitution ; jo it will daily vegetate and increase, till a Sufficiency is heaped up to form and produce another Fit, P. 155.
This Work is defective only in civo Particulars, some Pages of commendatory Verses at the Beginning, and a compicat Index at the End. The foriner was supplied to a celebrated Traveller of the last Age, Tom Cergat, by some of the moit shining Wits and greatest Personages of the Timr; tho?c of our Days bave udhered in these Travels with a more sub
ftantial Encouragement; and we have attempted a Supplement to the Index.
We cannot take leave of our Author without the Reflection, that since learned Men, as he has most judiciously observed of Physicians, may be divided into real and nominal, notwithstanding all the Cavils of those, who spending their Time idly at Home, envy Travellers that Fame, which they have so dearly purchased and fo justly deserved, it will casily appear from this faithful, though short Abstract of his work, to which, alals! the ingenious Author belongs.
I N D E X.
А Angels (an English Coin) a Legion of them good Proxies or Procurators at Cairo
Page 198 Antioch, the Walls of, like an Ode of Horace
142 Aristotle and Pythagoras not impersonal
449 Affes, a Body Politic of
232 a Corporation
485 Boats, Company in them great, small, and middling
236 Parade upon the Water instead of dry Land
с Cairo Grand, a sad and perilous Place for the Prosecution of Intrigues and : Amours
212 Bashaw of, what he is, what he ought to be, and what he would be Capigy Bashaw, sent back with a Flea in his Ear
159 Casum-lay, an Egyptian Whigg
160 Christians and Circassians, by Birth are of base Metals .
153 Country Mountains, no Hindrance to the Multiplication of the human Species, especially under the gracious Dispensation of Mabomet
24 Governments, popular become personal
595 Grace, the Sign of Compassion and Mercy
171 H Hall, open at Top the fame with one uncovered
501 Hally, Doctor, a great Master of Equation
274 Harangue, long one of M. la Pluche, reduced to a short Calculus by bar Author
514 Inter-rumping, a tyrannical Practice as old as Pififtratus
491 Ifis, engaging Poftures of
311, 467,468, &c. naked to the bottom of her Belly