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the profits of any office, held by any other person ; and that he does not hold the same office in trust, or for the benent of any other person."
LIII. That if any Governor, Chancellor, Judge, Register of the Land Office, Register of the Chancery Court, or any Clerk of the Common Law Courts, Trei surer, Naval Officer, Sheriff, Surveyor, or Auditor of PublicAccounts, &c. shall receive directly or indirectly at any time, the profits, or any part of the profits of any office, held by any other person, during his acting in the office to which he is appointed ; his election, apappointment, and commission (on conviction, in Court of law, by oath of two credible witnesses) shall be void, and he shall suifer the punishment for wilful and corrupt perjury, or be banished this State forever, or disqualified forever, from holding any office or place of trust or profit, as the Court may adjudge.
LIV. That if any person shall give any bribe, present or reward, or any promise, or any security for the payment or delivery of any money, or any other thing, to obtain or procure a vote, to be Governor, Senator, Delegate to Congress, or Assembly, Member of the Council, or Judge, or to be appointed to any of the said ofices, or to any office of profit or trust, now created, or hereafter to be created in this State—the person giving, and the person receiving the same (on conviction in a Court of law) shall be forever disqualif ed to hold any office of trust or profit in this State.
LV. That every person, appointed to any office of profit or trust, shall, before he enters on the execution thereof, take the following oath, to wit, “ I, A. B. do swear, That I do not hold myself bound in allegiance to the King of Great Britian, and that I will be faithful, and bear true allegiance to the State of Maryland," and shall also subscribe a declaration of his belief in the Christian Religion.
LVI. That there be a Court of Appeals, composed of persons of integrity and sound judgment in the law, whose judgment shall be inal and conclusive, in all cases of appeal, from the General Court, Court of Chancery, and Court of Admiralty ; that one person
of integrity and sound judgment in the law, be appointed Chancellor; that three persons of integrity and sound judginent in the law, be appointed Judges of the Court riow called the Provincial Court ; and that the same court be hereafter called and known by the name of The General Court: which Court shall sit on the western and eastern shores, for transacting and determining the business of the respective shores, at such times and places, as the future Legislature of this State shall direct and appoint.
LVII. That the style of all laws run thus: “Beit enacted by the General Assiinbly of Maryland." That all public commissions and grants run thus: “ The State of Maryland,” &c. and shall be signed by the Governor, and atiested by the Chancellor, with the seal of the State annexed-except military commissions, which shall not be attested by the Chancellor, or have the seal of the State annexed; that all writs shall run in the same style, and be attested, sealed, and signed as usual. That all indictments shall conclude, “Against the peace, government, and dignity of the State.”
LVIII. That all penalties and forfeitures, heretofore going to the King or proprietary, shall go to the State -save only such, as the General Assembly may abolish or otherwise provide for.
LIX. That this form of Government, and the Declaration of Rights, and no part thereof, shall be altered, changed, or abolished, unless a bill so to alter, change, or abolish the same, shall pass the General Assembly, and be published at least three months before a new election, and shall be confirmed by the General Assembly, after a new election of Delegates, in the first session after such new election; provided, that nothing in this Form of Government, which relates to the eastern shore particularly, shall at any time hereafter be altered, unless for the alteration and confirmation thereof, at least two-thirds of all the members of each branch of the General Assembly shall concur.
LX. That every bill, passed by the General Assembly, when engrossed, shall be presented by the Speaker of the House of Delegates, in the Senate, to the Go
'vernor for the time being, who shall sign the same,
sed in Convention of the Delegates of the Freemen
M. TILGHMAN, President.
AMENDMENTS TO THIS CONSTITUTION.
ALL those parts of the Constitution and Forin of Government that prevent a citizen, conscientiously scrupulous of taking an oath in any case, and who are permitted by the Constitution to affirm in certain cases, from taking a seat in the Legislature, or from being an elector of the Senate, without taking an oath of support to this government, shall be repealed; and hereafter a solemn affirmation, or declaration of support to this Government may be taken, and shall be received instead of an oath, by any citizen chosen a delegate or elector of the Senate, conscientiously scrupulous of taking an oath in any case, and who is permitted by theConstitution to afirm in certain cases.-Nov. 1788, C.42, \ 2. comfirmed by 1789. C. i.
Every person being a member of either of the sects or societies called Quakers, Menonists, Dunkers, or Nic colites, or new Quakers, and who shall be conscientious. ly' scrupulous of taking an oath on any occasion, being otherwise qualified and duly elected a Senator, Delegate, or Elector of the Senate, or being otherwise qualified and duly appointed cr elected to any office of profit or trust, on making affirmation, instead of taking the several oaths appointed by the Constitution and Form of Government, and the several Acts oï Assembly of th's State now in force, or that hereafter may be made, such person may hold and exercise any office of
profit or trust to which he may be appointed or elected, and may, by such affirmation, qualify himself to take a seat in the Legislature, and to act therein as ber of the same in all cases whatever, or to be an elector of the Senate, in as full and ample manner, as persons are now competent and qualitied to act who are not conscientiously scrupulous of taking such oaths; and the several clauses and sections of the Constitution contrary to the provisions of this Act, so far as they respect either of the sects or societies aforesaid, shall be repealed, on the confirmation hereof. — 1794, C. 49, s 1, 3, confirmed by 1795, C. 11.
That all and every part of the Constitution and Form of Government relating to the judges, time, place, and manner of holding elections in the city of Baltimore, and all and every part of the second, third, fifth, fourteenth and forty-second sections of the Constitution and Form of Government of this State, which relate to the judges, place, time, and manner of holding the several elections for Delegates, Electors of the Senate, and the Sheriff's of the several counties, be and the same are hereby abrogated, repealed, and annulled, and the same shall hereafter be regulated by law.—Passed 1798 ; confirined 1799.
Every free white male citizen of this state, and no other, above 21 years of age, having resided 12 months in the county next preceding the election at which he offers to vote, and every free white male citizen of this State above 21 years of age, and having obtained a residence of 12 months next preceding the election in the city of Baltimore, or the city of Annapolis, and at which he offers to vote, shall have a right of suffrage, and shall vote, by ballot, in the election of such county or city, or either of them, for Delegates to the General Assembly, Electors of the Senate, and Sheriffs.--Passed 1801; confirmed 1802.
[The rest of the alterations of this Constitution relate only to the number and boundaries of election districts in the respective counties of the State.]
The CONSTITUTION, or Form of Government, agreed to
and resolved upon by the Delegates and Representatives of the several Counties and Corporations of Virginia, in a General Convention held at Williamsburgh, on the 6th of May, and continued by adjournments to the 5th of July 1776. W
E, the Delegates and Representatives of the good
People of Virginia, de declare the future form of Government of Virginia to be as followeth :
The Legislative, Executive, and Judiciary Departments, shall be separate and diflint, that neither exercise the powers properly belonging to the other ; nor fall any person exercise the powers of more than one of them at the same time, except that the Justices of the County Courts hall be eligible to either House of Assembly
The Legislative shall be formed of two distini branch. es, who, together, fhall be a complete Legislature. They shall meet once, or oftener, every year, and hall be called, The General Assembly of Virginia. One of these shall be called, The House of Delegates, and consist of two Representatives, to be chosen for each county, and for the district of Wett-Augufta, annually, of fuch men as actually reside in, and are freeholders of the fame, or duly qualified, according to law, and allo of one Delegate or Representative, to be chosen annually for the city of Williamsburgh, and one for the borough of Norfolk, and a Representative for each of such or her cities and boroughs, as may hereafter be allowed particular reprelentation by the Legislature ; but when any city or borough shall fo decrease, as that the pumher of persons, having right of fuffrage therein, fhall have been, for the space of seven years fucceflively, less than half the number of voters in fome one county in Virginia, fuch city or borough thencelorward