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shall, at the request of any two of them, be entered on the journals.

XIX. The doors of each House, and committees of whole, shall be kept open, unless when the business shall be such as ought to be kept secret.

XX. The Legislature of this State shall not allow the following officers of Government greater annual salaries than as follows, until the year one thousand eight hundred and four, to wit.

The Governor more than seven hundred and fifty dollars.

The Judges of the Superior Courts, not more than six hundred dollars each.

The Secretary not more than four hundred dollars.

The Treasurer or Treasurers, not more than four pcr cent. for receiving and paying out all monies.

The Attorney or Attornies for the State shall receive a compensation for their services, not exceeding fifty dollars for each Superior Court which he shall attend.

No member of the Legislature shall receive more than one dollar and seventy-five-cents per day, nor more for every twenty-five miles he shall travel in going to and returning from the General Assembly.

XXI. No money shall be drawn from the treasury, but in consequence of appropriations made by law.

XXII: No person who heretofore hath been, or here. after may be a collector or holder of public monies, shall have a seat in either House of the General Assembly, until such person shall have accounted for, and paid into the treasury, all sums for which he may be ac. countable or liable.

XXIII. No Judge of any Court of law or equity, Secretary of State, Attorney General, Register, Clerk of any Court of Record, or person holding any office under the authority of the United States, shall have a seat in the General Assembly; nor shall any person, in this State, hold more than one lucrative office at one and the same time; provided, that no appointment in the militia, or to the office of Justice of the Peace, shall be considered as a lucrative office. XXIV. No Member of the General Assembly shall

be

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e eligible to any office or place of trust, except to the ifice of a Justice of the Peace, or trustee of any liter*ry institution, where the power of appointment to such orice or place of trust, is vested in their own body.

XXV. Any Member of either House of the General Assembly, shall have liberty to dissent from, and protest against, any sct or resolve which he may think injurious to the public or any individual, and have the reasons of his dissent entered on the journals.

XXVI. All lands liable to taxation, in this State, held by deed, grant or entry, shall be taxed equal and uniform, in such manner, that no one hundred acres shall be taxed higher than another, except town lots, which shall not be taxed higher than two hundred acres of land each: no freeman, shall be taxed higher than one hundred acres, and no slave higher than two hundred acres on each poll.

XXVII. No article manufactured of the produce of this State, shall be taxed otherwise than to pay inspection fees.

ARTICLE II. I. The Supreme Executive Power of this State, shall be vested in a Governor.

II. The Governor shall be chosen by the electors of the Members of the General Assembly, at the times and places where they shall respectively vote for the members thereof. The returns of every election for Governor shall be sealed up, and transmitted to the seat of governinent, by the returning oificers, directed to the Speaker of the Senate, who shall open and publish them in presence of a majority of the Members of each House of the General Assembly. The person having the highest number of votes, shall be Governor; but if two or more shall be equal, and highest in votes, one of them shall be chosen Governor by joint ballot of both Houses of the General Assembly. Contested elections for Governor, shall be determined by both Houses of the General Assembly, in such manner as shall be prescribed by law.

III. He shall be at least twenty-five years age, and possess a freehold estate of five hundred acres of

land

of

land, and have been a citizen or inhabitant of this State four years next before his election, unless he shall have been absent on the public business of the United States, or of this. State,

IV. The first Governor shall hold his office until the fourth Tuesday of September, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-seven, and until another Governor shall be elected and qualified to office; and forever after, the Governor shall hold his office for the term of two years, and until another Governor shall be elected and qualified; but shall not be eligible more than six years in any term of cight.

V. He shall be Commander in Chief of the army and navy of this State, and of the militia, except when they shall be called into the service of the United States.

VI. He shall have power to grant reprieves and pardons, after conviction, except in casesof impeachment.

VII. He shall, at stated times, receive a compensatation for his services, which shall not be encreased or diminished during the period for which he shall have been elected.

VIII. He may require information in writing, from the officers in the executive department, upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices.

IX. He may, on extraordinary occasions, convene the General Assembly by proclamation, and shall state to them, when assembled, the purpose for which they shall have been convened.

X. He shall take care that the laws shall be faithfully executed.

XI. He shall, from time to time, give to the General Assembly information of the state of the government, and recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall judge expedient.

XII. In case of his death, or resignation, or removal from office, the Speaker of the Senate shali exercise the office of Governor until another Governor shall be duly qualified.

XIII. No Member of Congress, or person holding any office under the United States, or this State, shall execute the office of Governor,

When

XIV. When any officer, the right of wliose appointment is by this Constitution vested in the General Assembly, shall, during the recess, die, or his office by other means become vacant, the Governor shall have power to fill up such vacancy by granting a temporary commission, which shall expire at the end of the next session of the Legislature.

XV. There shall be a seal of this State, which shall be kept by the Governor, and used by him officially, and shall be called the great seal of the State of Ten

nessee.

XVI. All grants and commissions shall be in the name and by the authority of the State of Tennessee, be sealed with the state seal, and signed by the Governor.

XVII. A Secretary of this State shall be appointed and commissioned during the term of four years. He shall keep a fair register of all the official acts and proceedings of the Governor; and shall, when required, lay the same, and all papers, minutes, and vouchers relative thereto, before the General Assembly, and shall perform, such other duties as shall be enjoined him by law.

ARTICLE III. 1. Every freeman of the age of twenty-one years and upwards, possessing a freehold in the county wherein he may vote, and being an inhabitant of this State, and every freeman, being an inhabitant of any one county in the State, six months immediately preceding the day of election, shall be entitled to vote for Members of the General Assembly, for the county in which he shall reside.

II. Electors shall, in all cases, except treason, felony, or breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance at elections, and in going to and returning from them. III. All elections shall be by ballot.

ARTICLE IV. 1. The House of Representatives shall have the sole power of impeachment.

II. All impeachments shall be tried by the Senate. When sitting for that purpose, the Senators shall be upon oath or affirmation.

No

III. No person shall be convicted, withont the concurrence of two thirds of the Members of the whole House.

IV. The Governor, and all civil officers under this State, shall be liable to impeachment for any misdemeanor in office; but judgment, in such cases, shall not 'extend further, than to removal from office, and disqualification to hold any office of honour, trust, or profit, under this State. The party shall, nevertheless, in all cases, be liable to indictment, trial, judgment, and punishment, according to law

ARTICLE V. 1. The judicial power of this State shall be vested in such superior and inferior Courts of law and equity, as the Legislature shall, from time to time, direct and establish.

II. The General Assembly shall by joint ballot of both Houses, appoint Judges of the several Courts of law and equity, also an Attorney or Attornies for the State, who shall hold their respective offices during good behaviour.

III. The Judges of the Superior Court, shall, at statel times, receive a compensation for their services, to he ascertained by law; but shall not be allowed any fees, or perquisites of office, nor shall they hold any other office of trust or profit under this State, or the United States.

IV. The Judges of the Superior Courts, shall be Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery throughout the State.

V. The Judges of the Superior and Inferior Courts shall not charge Juries with respect to matters of fact, but may state the testimony and declare the law.

VI. The Judges of the Superior Courts shall have power, in all civil cases, to issue writs of certiorari, to remove any cause or a transcript thereof, from any Inferior Court of Record into the Superior, on sufficient cause supported by oath or affirmation.

VII. The Judges or Justices of the Inferior Courts of law shall have power, in all civil cases, to issue writs certiorari, to remove any cause, or a transcript there.

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