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[The State of Rhode-Island and Providence plantations has not assumed a form of government different from that in the foregoing chapter. For in that, the king ceded to the Governor and Company, all powers, legislative, executive, and judicial, reserving to himself, as an acknowledgement of his sovereignty, a render of the fifth part of the gold and silver ore that should be found within the territory. The Governor, Chief Magistrates, and Legislators are chosen by the freemen as usual, and all judicial and executive officers are 'annually elected by the Governor and Company, or upper and lower House of Assembly. All processes, original and judicial, formerly issued in the King's name, but they now issue in the name of the Governor and Company. The oaths of allegiance and of office are made .conformable to the principles of the Revolution. The Governor, in his legislative capacity, cannot give a negative to any act of the two Houses ; but, in common with the other Magistrates, has one voice only.

The State is divided into five counties, in each of which there is a Court of Common Pleas and General Sessions of the Peace, held twice every year, for the trial of all causes not capital, that arise within their limits ; from which an appeal lies to the Superior Court of Judicature, Court of Assize and General Jail Delivery, whose Jurisdiction extends over the whole State, and who also sit twice a year in each county. The Constitution admits not of religious establishments, any further than depends upon the voluntary choice of individuals. All men professing one Supreme Being, are equally protected by the laws, and no particular sect can claim pre-eminense.]

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CONNECTICUT, Account of the Constitution of Connecticut.. YONNECTICUT is divided into fix counties, and

each county is divided into a number of towns, Each town has a right to send iwo Representatives to the General Court of Assembly. The General Court consists of two branches, called the Upper and Lower House. The Upper House is composed of the Governor, Dep. Governor, and 12 Affitants o: Counsellors ; and the L.House, of the Representatives of the several towns.This Court has the fole power to make and repeal laws, grant levies, difpofe of lands, belonging to the State, to particular towns and persons ; to erect and file judicatories and officers, as they shall see necesary for the good government of the People; allo to call to account any Court, Magistrate, or other Officer, for any mildemeanor or mal administration; and for just canfe may fine, displace, or remove them, or deal otherwise, as the nature of the cafe shall require ; and deal or act in any other matter that concerns the good of the State, except the election of Guvernor, Deputy-Governor, Affiitants, Treasurer, and Secretary, which shall be done by the freemen, at the yearly Court of Election, unless there be any vacancy, by reason of death or ether wife, after the election, which may be filled up by the General Court. This Court has power also, for reasons fatisfactory to them, to grant fufpension, release, and jail delivery upon reprieve, in capital and criminal cases. The General Court has two ftated sessions annually, on the second Thursday of May and October.

The Governor, or in his absence, the Deputy-Governor, may call the Assembly, on fpecial emergencies, to meet at any other time. The Governor, DeputyGovernor, Afiftants and Secretary, are annually elected on the second Thurday in May. The Repretentatives are newly chosen for each stated session. The

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Judges and Justices are anoually appointed by the General Court ; the faine perfuns are commonly re-appointed, fro:n time to tiine, during their capacity to lerves unle's guilty of misbehaviour. The Sheriffs are appointcu by the Governor and Council, without limitation of time ; but may be fuperseded by the authority that apo points them. The Governor, for the time being, is Captain-General of the inilitia ; the Depury.Governor, Lieutenant General; the other general officers, ao the field officers, are appointed by the General Court, and commissioned by the Governor. The captains and fubalterns are chosen by the vote of the company anı! houlholders living within the limits of the company ; the perfons, fo cholen, must be approved by the General Court, and commiffioned by the Governor, before they have power to execute their offices. All the mil, itary officers hold their offices during the pleasure of the Allembly ; nor can they relign their coinmiflions, with.. our leave of ihe Captain.General, under penalty of doing duty in the ranks, as private rs. The mode of electing the Governor, Deputy-Governor, Afiftants, Treasurer, and Secretary, is, that the freemen, in : le several towns, meet on the Monday next after the firit Tuesday in April, annually (being the day appointed by law for that purpose, and chooting Representatives) and give in their votes for the perfuns they choose for said offices relpectively, with their names written on a piece of paper, wbich votes are received and fealed up by a conttable, in the freemen's meeting—the votes for each of said offices, in a different paper writing ön the outside the name of the town, and the office, for wbicli che votes are given in ; which are sent by the Reprefeniatives, to the General Court, to be held on the second Thursday of May next epfüing, at which time, afier the House of Representatives have chosen a Speaker and Clerk, a Committee is chosen of Mem. bers of both Houses, to fort ani count the votes, and declare the names of the persons chosen to said offices, Aay freeman, qualified to vore for Representatives, &c. may be elected to any office in the government. In chooling Afitants, twenty ferfons are nominated by

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the votes of the freemen, given in at their meeting for chooling Reprelentatives in September annually, and sealed up and sent to the General Court in October then next; which are counted by a comunittee of both Houses, and the twenty perfons, who have the greatest number of votes, Itand in nomination, out of whiclı number, twelve are to be chosen assistants, by the freemen, the next April, jo manner a fore defcribed.

The qualifications requisite to entitle a person to vole in elections of the officers of government, are maturity in years, quiet and peaceable behaviour, a civil conversation, and forty shillings freehold, or forty pounds personal estate ; if the Selecimen of the town certify a perfon qualified in those respects, he is admitted a freeman, on bis taking an cail of fidelity to the State.

The names of all that are thus admitieil, are enrolled in the Town Clerk's office, and continue freemen during life, unless disfranchised by a sentence of the Superior Court, on convictton of a mildemeauor.

The Governor, or, in his absence, the Deputy-Governor, in the Upper Houle--and the Speaker in the Lower House of Affembly-have a casting voice, when the Members of the relpective Houses, including the Governor and Speaker, are equally divided in opinion on any question.

There is, in this State, a Superior Court, consisting of one Chief Judge, and four other Judges, who have authority in all criminal cases, extending to life, limb, and banishment, and to hear and determine all civil ac. tions, brought by appeal from the county Courts, or on writs of error. This Court also hath authority in all matters of divorce. There are two flared sessions of the Superior Court, in each county annually.

There are also County Courts held in the several counties, consisting of one Judge and four Justices of the quorum, who have jurisdiction in all criminal cases, arising within their respective counties, where the pun. ishment does not extend to life, limb, or banishment.The County Courts also, have original jurisdiction in all civil actions, wherein the demand exceeds furty thillings.

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The Superior and County Courts try matters of fact, by a jury, according 10 the course of common law,

Justices of the Peace have authority to hear and determine civil actions, where the demand does not exceed torty shillings. They also have authority, in some cales of a criminal nature, ponilhable by fine not exceeding forty thillings, or whipping not exceeding ten itripes, or sitting in the stocks.

This State is also divided into a number of probate districts, less than counties; in each of which is appointed a judge for the probate of wills, granting adinipistration on intestare eltares, appointing guardians for minors, ordering distribution of intestare estates, &c. An appeal lies, from any decree of this Court, to the Superior Court,

The Superior, County, and Probate Courts appoint their respective Clerks.

The General Court has, till very lately, been the ondy Court of Chancery in this state. But by a late law, the County Courts determine matters of equity, from five pounds to two hundred value ; the Superior Court from two hundred to eight huvdred pounds value ; and the General Allembly, all cases exceeding the last mentioned fum.

All attornies at law are admitted and sworn by the County Courts; ihere is no Attorney General, but there used to be one King's Attorney in each County ; . but since the King has abdicated the Government, they are aos astornies to the Governor and Company.

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