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.........

165

Labor and Rest: An Allegory,

.Johnson. 166

The Same, continued,..

168

Death,

.Pollok. 169

The Bashful Man,

172

The Same, continued,.......

175

King Richard's Resignation,

Shakspeare. 178

Every Man is great,

Channing. 180

The Same, continued,

182

Vanoc's Patriotism,

..Philips. 184

The Memory of Joy,

Greenwood. 187

The Same, continued,

189

Marco Bozzaris,

Halleck. 191

On Wisdom,

Robert Hall. 193

The Happiest Wife in Rome,.

Sheridan Knowles. 195

The Love of Fame,

Washington Irving. 196

On Life, Death, and Immortality,

Young. 198

Refuge in Divine Love,

Miss Ferrier. 201

The Power of choosing within ourselves; Destiny denied,.....James. 203

Observation,

Chalmers. 205

The Wind,..

208

Resistance to a Much-abused Power,

209

Evening,..

209

Self-Culture,...

Channing. 210

The Same, continued,..

212

The Ideas of the Divine Mind, the Origin of every Quality pleasing to

the Imagination,....

Akenside. 214

Notice of Mark Akenside,.

. Cyclo. Eng. Lit. 215

Education,...

.Bishop Potter. 216

The Rich Man and the Beggar,.

Pollok. 219

The Simple Man and the Wise Man,

. Pollok. 222

On Shakspeare,....

Morgan. 223

Hamlet and Horatio,.

Shakspeare. 225

Remarks on the preceding Dialogue,

22€

Brutus and Cassius. Street Scene,

Shakspeare. 229

Page

The Quarrel of Brutus and Cassius,

.Shakspeare. 233

Pen, Ink, and Paper,

237

The Same, continued,.

240

The Same, concluded,.

242

The Milkmaid,

.Jefferys Taylor. 244

Prevailing Errors as to the Nature and End of Education,.....Potter. 246

Soliloquy of the Old Philosopher,

........Jane Taylor. 249

Soliloquy of the Young Lady,..

2..Jane Taylor. 252

Reflections on a Future State,

Thomson. 253

To the Sea,

.Keate. 254

Falls of the Niagara,

Greenwood. 255

The Same, continued,.

257

The Same, concluded,

259

The Present Condition of Man vindicated,

..Pope. 261

Books,

Channing. 263

The Speech of Brutus on the Death of Cæsar,

. Shakspeare. 264

Antony's Funeral Oration over Cæsar's Body,

. Shakspeare. 265

The Memory of Conscience,...

Martineau. 269

Morning Hymn,

Milton. 270

The Idiot,..

272

William Tell,....

. Sheridan Knowles. 274

Gil Blas' Adventures at Pennaflor,.

.Le Sage. 277

The Isles of Greece,

Byron. 282

Genius,

284

Subjects of Conversation,

.W. Chambers. 285

The Last Days of Herculaneum,.

.......Atherstone. 288

The Same, continued,.....

291

The Folly of Inconsistent Expectations,

. Barbauld 293

The Three Warnings,

Mrs. Thrale. 296

On Study,

. Bacon. 299

The Passions,

........ Collins, 300

The Distressed Father,

303

Summer Hymn,

306

Harley's-Death,

. Mackenzie. 307

Passing Away,

310

Story of Le Fevre,..

Sterne. 311

The Same, continued,.

313

The Same, concluded,.

316

Lochinvar,

Walter Scott. 320

Ruins of the Settlement at Jamestown,.

Wirt. 322

Contemplation,

Thomson. 324

The Voyage of Life,

Dr. Johnson. 324

A Retrospective Review,

Hood. 327

Happiness,

330

Westminster Abbey,

Miss Mitford. 332

The Broken Heart,

Washington Irving. 334

l'he Same, continued,.

335

Stanzas on Death,

338

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NORTH AMERICAN

FIRST CLASS READER.

PRINCIPLES OF ELOCUTION.

INTRODUCTION.

The art of reading well is one of those rare accomplish ments which all wish to possess, a few think they have, and others, who see and believe that it is not the unacquired gift of genius, labor to obtain. But it will be found that excellence in this, as in every thing else of value, is the result of well-directed effort, and the reward of unremitting industry.

To read or speak so as at once to convey intelligence to the mind and pleasure to the ear; to give utterance to thoughts and sentiments with such force and effect as to quicken the pulse, to flush the cheek, to warm the heart, to expand the soul, and to make the hearer feel as though he were holding converse with the mighty spirit that conceived the thought and composed the sentence, is, it is true, no ordinary attainment; but it is far from being either above the power or beyond the reach of art.

To breathe life through the language; to give coloring and force to the thoughts; to present to the ear the solemn musings of Young, to the eye the lofty descriptions of Milton; to unfold to the understanding, to display to the fancy, and to picture to the imagination, the characters and passions which Shakspeare has portrayed with an unparalleled force of feeling, -is not merely an accomplishment; it is an acquisition of priceless value, - a power of omnipotent agency, when wisely and skilfully used.

But this degree of excellence is to be attained only through the influence of sure and multiplied principles ; principles that are universal; principles that are founded in nature; principles that are discovered by analyzing the frame of spirit in which the sentiment, whatever it be, was spoken or written, and by consequence the natural expressions of that frame of spirit.

A particular and well-defined principle, then, becomes inseparably associated with each emotion, in every state of feeling, and in every condition of mind; and it is by a correct understanding and a skilful application of this, that the reader is able to give a true and vivid coloring to every shade of thought, and a just force of expression to the intended meaning of the writer.

The art of speaking well is a mark of distinction between the elevated and the low conditions of life; and it seems strange, and somewhat humiliating, that the world should be satisfied with the mere instinctive exercise of an art, and with only an occasional example of perfection, without adopting some system of instruction, founded on principles which will be productive of multiplied instances of success.

Let no one, therefore, but the ignorant, who knows what will please himself in his ignorance, question the efficacy of principles, or the taste which directs their application. To the ignorant, principles are stumbling-blocks; to the indolent and uncultivated, they seem foolishness. With the single exception of reason, is there any thing of such intrinsic value as language, which despatches swift-winged thoughts in the fleeting vehicle of oral communication, or imbodies them in the more lasting forms of written productions? What an influence does speech exert upon our judgment in the affairs of active life! How far do the powers of expression mould our actions, sway our deterrninations, and affect our feelings,

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