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such just and favourable construction as in common equity ought to be allowed to all human writings" ; yet upon the principles already laid down, it cannot but be supposed that further alterations would in time be found expedient. Accordingly, a commission for a review was issued in the year 1689: but this great and good work miscarried at that time; and the Civil Authority has not since thought proper to revive it by any new commission.
But when in the course of Divine Providence, these American States became independent with respect to civil government, their ecclesiastical independence was necessarily included; and the different religious denominations of Christians in these States were left at full and equal liberty to model and organize their respective Churches, and forms of worship, and discipline, in such manner as they might judge most convenient for their future prosperity; consistently with the constitution and laws of their country.
The attention of this Church was in the first place drawn to those alterations in the Liturgy which became necessary in the prayers for our Civil Rulers, in consequence of the Revolution. And the principal care herein was to make them conformable to what ought to be the proper end of all such prayers, namely, that "Rulers may have grace, wisdom, and understanding to execute justice, and to maintain truth"; and that the people may lead quiet and peaceable lives, in all godliness and honesty."
But while these alterations were in review before the Convention, they could not but, with gratitude to GoD, embrace the happy occasion which was offered to them (uninfluenced and unrestrained by any worldly authority whatsoever) to take a further review of the Public Service, and to establish such other alterations and amendments therein as might be deemed expedient.
It seems unnecessary to enumerate all the different alterations and amendments. They will appear, and it is to be hoped, the reasons of them also, upon a comparison of this with the Book of Common Prayer of the Church of England. In which it will also appear that this Church is far from intending to depart from the Church of England in any essential point of doctrine, discipline, or worship; or further than local circumstances require.
And now, this important work being brought to a conclusion, it is hoped the whole will be received and examined by every true member of our Church, and every sincere Christian, with a meek, candid, and charitable frame of mind; without prejudice or prepossessions; seriously considering what Christianity is, and what the truths of the Gospel are; and earnestly beseeching Almighty God to accompany with his blessing every endeavour for promulgating them to mankind in the clearest, plainest, most affecting and majestic manner, for the sake of JESUS CHRIST, our blessed Lord and Saviour."
and the Order for the Administration of the Lord's Supper or Holy Communion, are distinct Services, and may be used either separately or together; Provided, that no one of these Services be habitually disused.
The Litany may be used either in place of the Prayers that follow the Prayer for The President of the United States in the Order for Morning Prayer, or in place of the Prayers that follow the Collect for Aid against Perils in the Order for Evening Prayer.
On any day when Morning and Evening Prayer shall have been said or are to be said in Church, the Minister may, at any other Service for which no form is provided, use such devotions as he shall at his discretion select from this Book, subject to the direction of the Ordinary.
For Days of Fasting and Thanksgiving, appointed by the Civil or by the Ecclesiastical Authority, and for other special occasions for which no Service or Prayer hath been provided in this Book, the Bishop may set forth such Form or Forms as he shall think fit, in which case none other shall be used.
HOW THE PSALTER IS APPOINTED TO BE READ.
HE Psalter shall be read through once every month,
Evening Prayer. And when a month hath one-andthirty days, it is ordered that the same Psalms shall be read on the last day of the said month which are appointed for the day before.
The Minister shall, on the days for which they are appointed, use the Proper Psalms, as set forth in the Table of Proper Psalms. But Note, That, on other days, instead of reading from the Psalter as divided for Daily Morning and Evening Prayer, he may read one of the Selections set out by this Church.
TABLE OF PROPER PSALMS ON CERTAIN DAYS.
First Sunday Morning. Evening.
Epiphany. 46,47,48 72, 117, 135
Morning. Evening. 4, 16, 17 30, 31 Easter-day. 2,57,111 113,114,118 Ascension-day. 8, 15, 21 24, 47, 108 Whitsunday. 48, 68 Trinity-Sunday. 29, 33
104, 145 93, 97, 150 27,61,93 84, 99, 138 St. Michael's. 91, 103 34, 148 All Saints' Day. 1,15,146 112,121,149
THE ORDER HOW THE REST OF THE HOLY SCRIP. TURE IS APPOINTED TO BE READ.
and the New Testament for the Second Lessons, at Morning and Evening Prayer throughout the Year.
And to know what Lessons shall be read every day, look for the day of the month in the Calendar following, and there ye shall find the Chapters that shall be read for the Lessons both at Morning and at Evening Prayer; except only the Movable Holy-days, which are not in the Calendar; and the Immovable, where there is a blank; left in the column of Lessons; the Proper Lessons for all which days are to be found in the Table of Prope Lessons.
If in any Church, upon a Sunday or Holy-day, both Morning and Evening Prayer be not said, the Minister may read the Lessons appointed either for Morning or for Evening Prayer.
At Evening Prayer on Sunday, the Minister may read the Lesson from the Gospels appointed for that day of the month, in place of the Second Lesson for the Sunday.
Upon any day for which no Proper Lessons are provided, the Lessons appointed in the Calendar for any day in the same week may be read in place of the Lessons for the day.
On Days of Fasting and Thanksgiving, especially appointed, and on occasions of Ecclesiastical Conventions and of Charitable Collections, the Minister may appoint such Lessons as he shall think fit in his discretion.
HYMNS AND ANTHEMS.
YMNS set forth and allowed by the authority of this Church, and Anthems in the words of Holy Scripture or of the Book of Common Prayer, may be sung before and after any Office in this Book, and also before and after Sermons.
TO BE READ AT MORNING AND EVENING PRAYER THROUGHOUT THE YEAR.
A TABLE OF PROPER LESSONS FOR SUNDAYS.
Easter-day. After Easter.
Next before Ad-|
-1 to v. 28 Luke-1 to v. 26 Isaiah
-1 v. 57
-30 to T. 22
to v. 17 Jeremiah-7 tov. 21 Esekiel
41 to v. 22 Mark
44 v. 6 Matthew-2 v. 13
Exodus 12 to v. 29*
Isaiah-43 to v. 22 Acts-
-65 v. 8 Mark-5 v. 10 Matthew-35
-8 v.20&9 to v. 20
-9 v. 13
-14 Luke-10 to v. 25 Daniel-18 v. 20 Mark
-9 v. 9
1 Kings-3 to v. 16
-27. 25 -1 to v. 16
1 Isaiah 48 to v. 201 Cor.-15 to v. 28 8 Hosea 14 Colossians-4 to v. 36 Micah 3v.9& 4 to v.8 6 Nahum
11 Thessalonians- 3 -10
6 Zechariah-17 Zephaniah
3 Hebrews-4 v. 14
& 5 to v. 11 Whitsunday. Deuteronomy 6 Hebrews-12 v. 14 Isaiah 10 v. 33 & 11 Acts-19 to v. 11 Trinity. Genesis 1 & 2 to v. 4 Matthew3 Genesis- -2 v.41 John5 After Trinity. -8T. 2 -9 to v. 32
619 v.27 & 20 to v. 17
-3 & 4
5 Jeremiah- -22 v. 13 Ephesians
7 Lamentations-3 to v. 37 -10 Jeremiah 9 to v. 25
-13 1 Samuel
9 to v. 80
-7 to v. 19
61 Timothy-15 to v. 19 2 Timothy
-5 v. 15 & 6 to v. 10 Romans 6 Philippians
-15 to v.81 Exod. 5 v.5&6 to v.9
-18 Deut.-4 v. 25 to 41
-82 to v. 44
-3&4 to v. 9 45 Titus-2 & 3 to v. 10 50 Hebrews
34 1 Peter-
-15 2 Samuel 12 tov. 24
-36 1 John
-10 to v. 31
-11 to v. 47
-16 2 John
-16 Ecclesiastes 11 & 12 Jude
Note, That the Old Testament Lessons appointed for Easter-day may be interchanged, the one for the other, at the discretion of the Minister.
St. Paul. Wisdom
the Virgin Mary. 1 Samuel
St. John Baptist.
Numbers-10 v. 29 John 1 v. 29 to 43
Easter-week. Isaiah-26 to v. 20 John-21 to v. 15
Whitsun-week. Genesis-11 to v. 10 1 Corinthians 14 v. 20 Tuesday in Whitsun-week. Ezekiel 36 v. 25 Acts 2 v. 12 to 22 St. Barnabas. -4 v. 23
Malachi-2 to v. 11
5 Acts-22 to v. 22 Jeremiah 1 to v. 11 Acts
-14 Numbers 20 to v. 141 Corinthians
before Easter. Genesis-3 v. 20
before Easter. Numbers 21 to v. 10 Wednesday
before Easter. Zechariah-11 Thursday
before Easter. Exodus 16 v. 4 to 16 Good Friday. Easter-even.
10 to v. 12 -15 Leviticus 16 v.6to25 Hebrews 9 to v. 16 -13 Genesis 37 v. 3 to 29 1 Peter-1 to v. 22 -14 v. 14 HebrewsIsaiah 52 v. 13 & 53 1 PeterExodus 13 HebrewsEaster-week. Exodus-15 v. 2224 to v. 13 Job-19 Mark
-6 v. 27 Genesis- 3 to v. 19 -18 Isaiah 38 v. 9 to 21 Luke-23 v. 50
-61 John 6 v. 22 to 59 2 Kings-2 to v. 23 Luke-24 v. 44
2 Kings 13 v.14 to 22 John-21 v. 15
1 Samuel-19 v. 18 Galatians
& 2 to v. 13 1 Kings-19 Luke-5 v. 27 1Chronicles29tov.20 Mark- --2 v. 13 Genesis -32 Acts-12 to v. 24 Daniel-10 v. 4 Revelation-14 v. 6 & 15 Ecclesiasticus 38 Luke-1 to v. 24 -1 to v. 15 -38 Actsto v. 15 St. Jude. Isaiah 28 v. 9 to 19 John-14 v. 15 Wisdom 3 to v. 10 Hebrews-11 v. 32 & 12 to v. 7
-3 to v. 13 Matthew Ezekiel 34 John
1 Samuel 2 to v. 11 John-1 to v. 19 -15 Jonah 3 Hebrews 12 to v. 18
55 John-12 v. 20 to 42 7
-14 to v. 15
Isaiah 7 v. 10 to 17 Titus 2v.11 & 3 tov.9
49 v. 13 Mark 10 v. 13 to 28 Deuteronomy 10v.12 Colossians 2 Isaiah-49 to v. 14 Luke-3 v. 15 to 23
Haggai-2 to v. 101 John-3 to v. 9
-2 v. 15