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XV. Of Cbrist alone without Sin. CHRIST in the truth of our nature was made like

unto us in all things, sin only except, from which he was clearly void, both in his fleth, and in his Spirit. He came to be the Lamb without spot, who, by sacrifice of himself once made, thould take away the fins of the world : and fin (as St. John faith) was not in him. But all we the reft (although baptized and born again in Christ) yet offend in many things; and if we say we have no fin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.

XVI. Of Sin after Baptism. NOT every deadly fin, willingly committed after bap

tism, is fin against the Holy Ghost, and unpardonable. Wherefore the grant of repentance is not to be denied to such as fall into sin after baptism. After we have received the Holy Ghoft, we may depart from grace given, and fall into fin, and by the grace of God we may arise again, and amend our lives. And therefore they are to be condemned, which say, they can no more fin as long as they live here, or deny the place of forgiveness to such as truly repent. XVII. Of Predestination and Election.

is of God, whereby (before the foundations of the world were laid) he hath conftantly decreed by his counsel, fe. cret to us, to deliver from curse and damnation those whom he hath chofen in Christ out of mankind, and to bring them by Christ to everlasting falvation, as veffels made to honour. Wherefore they which be endued with so excellent a benefit of God, be called according to God's purpose by his Spirit working in due seafon : they through grace obey the calling : they be justified freely : they be made fons of God by adoption : they be made like the image of his only begotten Son Jesus Chrift: they walk religiously in good works, and at length, by God's mercy, they attain to everlasting felicity.

As the godly confideration of Predeftination, and our Election in Chrift, is full of sweet, pleasant, and unfpeak. able comfort to godly persons, and such as feel in thema selves the working of the Spirit of Chrift, mortifying the ' works of the flesh, and their earthly menibers, and drawing up their mind to high and heavenly things ; as well because it doth greatly establish and confirm their faith


of eternal salvation, to be enjoyed through Christ, as because it doth fervently kindle their love towards God : fo, for curious and carnal persons, lacking the Spirit of Christ, to have continually before their eyes the sentence of God's Predestination, is a most dangerous downfall, whereby the Devil doth thrust them either into despera. tion, or into wretchlessness of most unclean living, no less perilous than defperation.

Furthermore, we must receive God's promises in such wise, as they be generally set forth to us in holy Scripture, and in our doings, that will of God is to be fola lowed, which we have expressly declared unto us in the Word of God. XVIII. Of obtaining eternal Salvation only by the Name of

Christ. THEY THEY also are to be had accursed, that presume to say,

that every man shall be saved by the law or fect which he professeth, so that he be diligent to frame his life according to that law, and the light of nature. For holy Scripture doth set out unto, us only the name of Jesus Christ, whereby men must be saved.

XIX. Of the Church. THE 'HE visible Church of Christ is a congregation of faithful men, in the which the

pure Word of God is preached, and the Sacraments be duly ministered according to Chrift's ordinance, in all those things that of ne-. ceflity are requisite to the fame.

As the Church of Jerusalem, Alexandria, and Antioch, have erred ; so. also the Church of Rome hath erred, not only in their living and manner of ceremonies, but also in matters of faith.

XX. Of the Authority of the Church. HE Church hath power to decree rites or ceremo

nies, and authority in controversies of faith ; and yet it is not lawful for the Church to ordain any thing that is contrary to God's Word written, neither may it lo expound one place of Scripture, that it be repugnant to another. Wherefore although the Church be a witness and a keeper of holy writ, yet as it ought not to decree any thing against the same, so besides the same ought it not to enforce any thing to be believed for neceflity of falvation.


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XXI. Of the Authority of General Councils. GE

ENERAL Councils may not be gathered together

without the commandment and will of princes. And when they be gathered together, (forasmuch as they be an assembly of men, whereof all be not governed with the Spirit and Word of God,) they may err, and fometimes have erred, even in things pertaining unto God. Wherefore things ordained by them as necessary to falvation have neither ftrength nor authority, unless it may be declared that they be taken out of holy Scripture.

XXII. Of Purgatory. TH THE Romish doctrine concerning purgatory, pardons,

worshipping, and adoration, as well of images, as of reliques, and also invocation of Saints, is a fond thing vainly invented, and grounded upon no warranty of Scripture, but rather repugnant to the Word of God.

XXIII. Of ministering in the Congregation,


him the office of public preaching, or ministering the Sacraments in the congregation, before he be lawfully called and sent, to execute the same. And those we ought to judge lawfully called and sent, which be chosen and called to this work by men who have public authority given unto them in the congregation, to cail and send Ministers into the Lord's vineyard. XXIV. Of /peaking in the Congregation in such a Tongue

.as the People uniderstandith. T is a thing plainly repugnant to the Word of God,

and the custom of the primitive Church, to have public Prayer in the Church, or to minister the Sacraments, in a tongue not understanded of the people,

XXV. Of tbe Sacraments.
ACRAMENTS ordained of Christ be not only badges

or tokens of Christian men's profession.; but rather they be certain fure witnesses, and effectual signs of grace, and God's good will towards us, by the which he dotha work invisibly in us, and doth not only quicken, but also. strengthen and confirm our faith in him.

There are two Sacraments ordained of Christ our Lord in the Gospel, that is to say, Baptism, and the Supper of the Lord.


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conmonly faid, that the Priest did offer Christ for the quick and the dead, to have remission of pain or guilt, were blafphemous fables, and dangerous deceits.

XXXII. Of the Marriage of Priesis. BISHOPS, Priests

, and Deacons, are not commanded by God's Law, either to vow the estate of single life, or to abstain from marriage: therefore it is lawful for them, as for all other Christian men, tor

marry at their own disa cretion, as they shall judge the same to serve better to godlinefs. XXXIII. Of excommunicate Persons, bow they are to be

avoided. THA THAT person, which, by open denunciation of the

Church, is rightly cut off from the unity of the Church, and excommunicated, ought to be taken of the whole multitude of the faithful, as an Heathen and Publican, until he be openly reconciled by penance, and received into the Church by a judge that hath authority thereunto.

XXXIV. Of the Traditions of the Church.
T is not necessary that traditions and ceremonies be in

all places one, or utterly like; for at all times they have been diverse, and may be changed according to the diversity of countries, times, and men's manners, fo that nathing be ordained against God's Word. Whosoever, through his private judgment, willingly and purpofely doth openly break the traditions and ceremonies of the Church, which be not repugnant to the Word of God, and be ordained and approved by common authority, ought to be rebuked openly, (that other may fear to do the like,) as he that offendeth against the common order of the Church, and hurteth the authority of the Magiftrate, and woundeth the consciences of the weak brethren.

Every particular or national Church hath authority to ordain, change, and abolith ceremonies or rites of the Church, ordained only by man's authority, so that all things be done to edifying.

XXXV. Of the Homilies.
HE fecond Book of Homilies, the several titles

whereof we have joined under this Article, doth contain a godly and wholesome doctrine, and necessary


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for these times, as doth the former Book of Homilies, which were set forth in the time of Edward the Sixth

; and therefore we judge them to be read in Churches by the Ministers, diligently and distinctly, that they may be understanded of the people.

Of the Names of the Homilies. 1. Of the Right Use of the Church. 2. Against Peril of Idolatry. 3. Of repairing and keeping clean of Churches, 4. Of good Works ; firjt, of Fasting. 5. Against Gluttony and Drunkenness. 6. Against Excess of Apparel, 7. Of Prayer. 8. Of the Place and Time of Prayer.

Tbat Common Prayers and Sacraments ought to be mina ami istered in a known tongue. 10. Of the reverend Estimation of God's Word. 11. Of Alms-doing. 12. Of the Nativity of Christ. 13. Of the Passion of Cbrifl. 14. Of the Resurrečlion of Christ. 15. Of the worthy receiving of the Sacrament of the Body

and Blood of Christ. 16. Of the Gifts of the Holy Ghost. 17. For tbe Rogation-days. 18. Of the State of Matrimony. 19. Of Repentance. 20. Against Idleness. 21. Against Rebellion.

XXXVI. Of Consecration of Bishops and Ministers. THE Book of Consecration of Archbishops and Bia

shops, and Ordering of Priests and Deacons, lately fet forth in the time of Edward the Sixth, and confirmed at the same time by authority of Parliament, doth contain all things 'necessary to such confecration and ordering : neither hath it any thing that of itself is superstitious and ungodly. And therefore, whosoever are consecrated or ordered according to the rites of that book, fince the fe. cond year of the forenamed King Edward, unto this time, or hereafter shall be confecrated or ordered according to the fame rites, we decree all such to be rightly, orderly, and lawfully confecrated and ordered.


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