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(B) Any powerplant treated under this Act as an existing electric powerplant shall not be treated thereafter as a new electric powerplant merely by reason of a transfer of ownership.
(10)(A) The terms “major fuel-burning, installation" and "installation" means a stationary unit consisting of a boiler, gas turbine unit, combined cycle unit, or internal combustion engine which
(i) has a design capability of consuming any fuel (or mixture thereof) at a fuel heat input rate of 100 million Btu's per hour or greater; or
(ii) is in a combination of two or more such units which are located at the same site and which in the aggregate have a design capability of consuming any fuel (or mixture thereof) at a fuel heat input rate of 250 million Btu's per
hour or greater. (B) The terms “major fuel-burning installation” and “installation" do not include
(i) any electric powerplant; or
(ii) any pump or compressor used solely in connection with the production, gathering, transmission, storage, or distribution of gases or liquids, but only if there is certification to the Secretary of such use (in accordance with rules prescribed by
the Secretary). (C) For purposes of clause (ii) of subparagraph (A), there shall be excluded any unit which has a design capability to consume any fuel (including any mixture thereof) that does not equal or exceed 100 million Btu's per hour and the exclusion of which for purposes of such clause is determined by the Secretary, by rule to be appropriate. (11) The term “new major fuel-burning installation" means
(A) any major fuel-burning installation on which construction or acquisition began on a date on or after the date of the enactment of this Act; and
(B) any major fuel-burning installation on which construction or acquisition began on a date after April 20, 1977. and before the date of the enactment of this Act, unless the Secretary finds the construction or acquisition of such installation could not be canceled, rescheduled, or modified to comply with applicable requirements of this Act without
(i) incurring significant operational detriment of the unit (as determined by the Secretary); or
(ii) imposing substantial financial penalty (as deter
mined under rules prescribed by the Secretary). (12)(A) The term "existing major fuel-burning installation” means any installation which is not a new major fuel-burning installation.
(B) Such term does not include a major fuel-burning installation for the extraction of mineral resources located
(i) on or above the Continental Shelf of the United States,
(ii) on wetlands areas adjacent to the Continental Shelf of
the United States, where coal storage is not practicable or would produce adverse effects on environmental quality.
(C) Any installation eated as an existing major fuel-burning installation shall not be treated thereafter as a new major fuelburning installation merely by reason of a transfer of ownership.
(13) The term “construction or acquisition began" means, when used with reference to a certain date, that,
(A) construction in accordance with final drawings or equivalent design documents (as defined by the Secretary, by rule) began on or after that dato; or
(B) (i) construction or acquisition had been contracted for on or after that date, or (i) if the construction or acquisition had been contracted for before such date, such construction or acquisition could be canceled, rescheduled, or modified to comply with the applicable requirements of this Act
(I) without imposing substantial financial penalty, as determined under rules prescribed by the Secretary;
(II) in the case of a powerplant, without adversely affecting electric system reliability (as determined by the Secretary after consultation with the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission and the appropriate State authority); or
(III) in the case of a major fuel-burning installation, without incurring significant operational detriment of the
unit (as determined by the Secretary). (14) The term "construction” means substantial onsite construction or reconstruction, as defined by rule by the Secretary.
(15) The term “primary energy source” means the fuel or fuels used by any existing or new electric powerplant or major fuelburning installation, except it does not include, as determined under rules prescribed by the Secretary
(A) the minimum amounts of fuel required for unit ignition, startup, testing, flame stabilization, and control uses, and
(B) the minimum amounts of fuel required to alleviate or prevent (i) unanticipated equipment outages and (ii) emergencies directly affecting the public health, safety, or
welfare which would result from electric power outages. (16) The term "site limitation" means, when used with respect to any powerplant or installation, any specific physical limitation associated with a particular site which relates to the use of coal or other alternate fuels as a primary energy source for such powerplant or installation, such as
(A) inaccessibility to coal or other alternate fuels;
(B) lack of transportation facilities for coal or other alternate fuels;
(C) lack of adequate land or facilities for the handling, use, and storage of coal or other alternate fuels;
(D) lack of adequate land or facilities for the control or disposal of wastes from such powerplant or installation, including lack of pollution control equipment or devices necessary to assure compliance with applicable environmental requirements; and
(E) lack of an adequate and reliable supply of water, including water for use in compliance with applicable environmental requirements. (17) The term "applicable environmental requirements” includes
(A) any standard, limitation, or other requirement established by or pursuant to Federal or State law (including any final order of any Federal or State court) applicable to emis
sions of environmental pollutants (including air and water pollutants) or disposal of solid waste residues resulting from the use of coal or other alternate fuels or natural gas or petro leum as a primary energy source or from the operation of pollution control equipment in connection with such use, taking into account any variance of law granted or issued in accordance with Federal law or in accordance with State law to the extent consistent with Federal law; and
(B) any other standard, limitation, or other requirement established by, or pursuant to, the Clean Air Act, the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, the Solid Waste Disposal Act,
or the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969. (18) (A) The term “peakload powerplant” means a powerplant the electrical generation of which in kilowatt hours does not exceed, for any 12-calendar-month period, such powerplant's design capacity multiplied by 1,500 hours.
(B) The term “intermediate load powerplant” means a powerplant (other than a peakload powerplant), the electrical generation of which in kilowatt hours does not exceed, for any 12-calendar-month period, such powerplant's design capacity multiplied by 3,500 hours.
(C) The term “base load powerplant” means a powerplant the electrical generation of which in kilowatt hours exceeds, for any 12-calendar-month period, such powerplant's design capacity multiplied by 3,500 hours.
(D) Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission shall prescribe rules under which a powerplant's design capacity may be determined for purposes of this
paragraph. (19) the term "cogeneration facility" means an electric powerplant or a major fuel-burning installation which produces
(A) electric power; and
(B) any other form of useful energy (such as steam, gas, or heat) which is, or will be, used for industrial, commercial,
or space heating purposes. (20) The term "cost", unless the context indicates otherwise, means total costs (both operating and capital) incurred over the estimated remaining useful life of an electric powerplant or major fuel-burning installation, discounted to present value, as determined by the Secretary (in the case of powerplants, in consultation with the State regulatory authorities). In the case of an electric powerplant, such costs shall take into account any change required in the use of existing electric powerplants in the relevant dispatching system and other economic factors which are included in planning for the production, transmission, and distribution of electric power
within such system. (21) The term “State regulatory authority” means any State agency which has ratemaking authority with respect to the sale of electricity by any Stato regulated electric utility,
(22) The term "air pollution control agency” has the same meaning as given such term by section 302(b) of the Clean Air Act.
(23) The term “electric utility” means any person, including any affiliate, or Federal agency which sells electric power.
(24) The term “affiliate”, when used in relation to a person, means another person which controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with, such person.
(25) The term "Federal agency” means each authority of the Government of the United States, whether or not it is within or subject to review by another agency, but does not include
(A) the Congress;
(C) the governments of the territories or possessions of the United States; and
(D) the government of the District of Columbia. (26) The term "Btu” means British thermal unit.
(27) the term “Mcf" means, when used in relation to natural gas, 1,000 cubic feet of natural gas.
(28) The term “mixture", when use, in relation to fuels used in a unit, means a mixture of such fuels or a combination of such fuels used simultaneously or alternately in such unit.
(29) The term "fluidized bed combustion" means combustion of fuel in connection with a bed of inert material, such as limestone or dolomite, which is held in a fluid-like state by the means of air or other gases being passed through such materials. (b) SPECIAL RULES RELATING TO DEFINITIONS OF NATURAL GAS AND ALTERNATE FUEL-(1) Subject to paragraph (2), natural gas
which is to be used by a powerplant or major fuel-burning installation shall, for purposes of this Act (other than this subsection), be excluded from the definition of “natural gas” under subsection (a) (3) (B) (iii) and shall be included within the definition of “alternate fuel" under subsection (a) (6) if the person proposing to use such natural gas certifies to the Secretary (together with such supporting documents as the Secretary may require) that
(Ă) such person owns, or is entitled to receive, at the point of manufacture, synthetic gas derived from coal or another alternate fuel;
(B) the Btu content of such synthetic gas is equal to, or greater than, the Btu content of the natural gas to be covered by this subsection by reason of such certification, plus the approximate Btu content of any natural gas consumed or lost in transportation;
(C) such person delivers, or arranges for the delivery of, such synthetic gas to a pipeline or pipelines which by transport or displacement are capable of delivering such synthetic gas, mixed with natural gas, to such person; and
(D) all necessary permits, licenses, or approvals from appropriate Federal, State, and local agencies (including Indian tribes) have been obtained for construction and operation of the facilities for the manufacture of the synthetic gas involved, except that for purposes of the prohibition under section 201 (2) against powerplants being constructed without the capability of using coal or another alternate fuel, only permits, licenses, and approvals for the construction of such synthetic gas facilities shall be required under this subparagraph to be certified and documented. (2) The application of paragraph (1) with respect to the use of natural gas by any powerplant or major-fuel burning installation shall be conditioned on the person using such natural gas submitting to the Secretary a report not later than one year after certification is made under paragraph (1), and annually thereafter, containing the following information:
(A) the source, amount, quality, and point of delivery to the pipeline of the synthetic gas to which paragraph (1) applied during the annual period ending with the calendar month preceding the date of such report; and
(B) the amount, quality, and point of delivery by the pipeline to such person of the natural gas covered by paragraph (1) which is used by the person during such annual period. (3) In the case of any boiler subject to a prohibition under section 401, the preceding provisions of this subsection shall apply with respect to such boiler to the same extent and in the same manner as they apply in the case of major fuel-burning installations.
(4) For purposes of this subsection, the term “pipeline” means any interstate or intrastate pipeline or local distribution company. SEC. 104. TERRITORIAL APPLICATION.
The provisions of this Act shall apply in all the States, Puerto Rico, and the territories and possessions of the United States, except that
(1) the provisions of titles II and III (other than section 301) shall only apply to powerplants and installations situated within the contiguous 48 States, Alaska, and the District of Columbia ; and
(2) the provisions of section 301 shall only apply to powerplants situated within the contiguous 48 States and the District of Columbia.
TITLE II–NEW FACILITIES
SEC. 201. NEW ELECTRIC POWERPLANTS.
(1) natural gas or petroleum shall not be used as a primary energy source in any new electric powerplant; and
(2) no new electric powerplant may be constructed without the capability to use coal or any other alternate fuel as a primary
energy source. SEC. 202. NEW MAJOR FUEL-BURNING INSTALLATIONS
(a) GENERAL PROHIBITION.—Except to such extent as may be authorized under subtitle B, natural gas or petroleum shall not be used as a primary energy source in a new major fuel-burning installation consisting of a boiler.
(b) AUTHORITY OF SECRETARY TO PROHIBIT NONBOILERS FROM USING NATURAL Gas OR PETROLEUM.—(1) The Secretary may, by rule, prescribe categories (identified in such rules) of new major fuel-burning installations, other than boilers, in which natural gas or petroleum, or both, shall be prohibited from being used as a primary energy source. In identifying categories of new major fuel-burning installations pursuant to this paragraph, the Secretary shall take into account any special circumstances or characteristics of each category of such installations (such as the technical feasibility of burning coal or other alternate fuels and the size or geographic location of such installations). The application of any such final rule in the case of any new major fuel-burning installation subject to such rule shall be stayed pending a resolution (including judicial review) of any petition for an exemption for such installation which is filed with the Secretary not later than 60 days after such final rule is published under section 702(a). Any such final rule shall not apply in the case of any installation with respect to which a comparable prohibition was issued by order (or was proposed but-was not issued because it was demonstrated that it could qualify for an exemption under subtitle B).