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on the same day with St. Paul's. In his judg. ment, the cathedral at Seville was superior to both, . or to any religious edifice he knew. He was delighted with the grandeur of the city walls, and the propriety of the Turkish burying grounds; and he looked with rapture at the prospect on each side of the seven towers, to the end of the golden horn.
At Patras he was visited by a most dreadful fever Fletcher had been left at Athens sick, and he had no attendants but the Albanians, to whom he owed his life. They were devotedly attached to him, and watched day and night. He was more indebted to a good constitution for getting over his disorder, than the drugs of an ignorant Turk, who passed for a physician. He would, however, have been glad to have given up his pretensions, if he could but have escaped from the responsibility of his undertaking ; for the Albanians threatened him, that if Byron was not cured by a certain day they would put an end to him. They are not people to make idle threats, and the poor devil of a doctor was more pleased with his recovery than even his Lordship himself.
After having passed some time with the principal Greeks in the Morea and Livadia, he classed them as inferior to the Turks, but superior to the Spaniards, whom he placed before the Portugueze. He had conversed with the French, Italians, Germans, Danes, Greeks, Turks, Armenians, &c. &c. 250
RETURN TO ENGLAND.
and, without losing sight of his own country, he could form an estimate of the manners of others : it gratified him to find that his England was superior in most things, and scarcely equalled in any. This evinced that his soul was not dead to the patriotic principle.
His affairs now recalled him to England, and the proposal to sell Newstead was renewed. At this period, however, he resolved not to part with it: if Newstead remained his property, he would return to England ; if parted with, he would remain abroad. If it was necessary that money should be raised by the disposal of some parts of his estates, he preferred to part with Rochdale. Fletcher was therefore sent on before him to England, with papers to that effect, and he himself made preparations to follow him.
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Return to England.—“ Childe Harold,” and “ Hints from Horace.”—Maiden speech in the House of Lords.-Publication of “ Childe Harold.” —Congratulations from all quarters.—Billet-doux from Lady L- .-The commencement, progress, and termination of a serio-comic love-adventure. -Increasing popularity, and its consequences.—Temporary seclusion in the country.-Return to London.-Successive publications of “ The Giaour,” « The Bride of Abydos,” and “ The Corsair.”—Cavils of his enemies at the latter publication refuted by Mr. Dallas.—Third and last speech in Parliament, and end of political career.—Elected one of the Committee of Management of Drury Lane Theatre.—Opinions of the Drama ; Dramatic Writers, ancient and modern;
Actors, Actresses, and Stage Affairs.—Kemble, Mrs. Sid... · dons, Miss O'Neil, Kean, Dowton, &c.—Monk Lewis, and Mr. Sheridan.-Farewell address.
On the 2d July, 1811, Lord Byron landed in England from on board the Volage frigate, bringing with him the first part of the “ Pilgrimage of Childe Harold," and another poem, intitled “ Hints from Horace,” being a paraphrase on Horace's Art of Poetry, and, in fact, a continuation of the “ Epistle to the Scotch Reviewers and English Bards.” On his arrival in London, at Reddish's Hotel, he was waited upon by Mr.
DEATH OF MRS. BYRON.
Dallas, to whom he produced his literary labours, and made him a present of the “ Pilgrimage of Childe Harold.” The “Hints from Horace" were entrusted to Cawthorn, the bookseller who had published the “ Epistle to the Scotch Reviewers and English Bards ;” and “ Childe Harold” was put into the hands of Mr. Murray, after the publication had been declined by Mr. Miller, on account of the harsh manner in which Lord Elgin was spoken of in it, to whom Miller was bookseller and publisher.
These arrangements were scarcely made before Lord Byron was called away to Newstead Abbey by the sudden indisposition of his mother, who, notwithstanding his instant departure and travelling post haste, breathed her last before 'he reached the place. His feelings on this melancholy occasion were extremely acute, and for a while he again sank into a state of despondency, wandering through the solitary recesses of the Abbey, or pondering over the skulls in his library. He was at length roused from this lethargy by the necessary correspondence respecting the publication of the Pilgrimage; and by the urgency of his affairs, which called him into Lancashire, whi. ther he made a journey, which served in some measure to divert his melancholy. He then came to London, as the Parliament was about to assemble, being at the time wholly undetermined what course he should steer; whether to hazard
treading the intricate maze of politics, or pursue the literary one which he had already so successfully begun. This perplexity was much increased by the embarrassment of his affairs, which gave him so much uneasiness, that he even then began to entertain serious thoughts of selling Newstead Abbey, and leaving England, to settle himself in one of the islands of the Grecian Archipelago, where he might subsist át a much cheaper rate than in his own country, to which he had now nothing to bind him. He was indeed, as he himself expressed it, truly friendless, — quite alone in the world. For some reasons or other, his relations never gave themselves the least trouble about him. At Aberdeen-at Harrow-at Cambridge-he was left wholly to himself, and the imprudences which followed the unrestricted and ungovernable passions of youth were urged against him to blacken his character; in so much that, as we have already seen, the Earl of Carlisle, a powerful relation, who might have been of the utmost service to him, stood aloof from him, which, (as it was supposed, this would not have been the case but for some very strong reasons,) rendered him, as it were, a marked character. His satire had, however, evinced that he would not suffer himself to be trampled upon, and that he had both the spirit and the power to resist any aggression ; but this, although it gained him many admirers, also raised him up many