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Statement showing the number and class of vessels built, and the tonnage thereof in the several States and Territories of the U. S. from 1815 to 1853 inclusive.
F. BIGGER, Register. Treasury Department, Register's Cfffice, December 5, 1853.
Statement of the national character of foreign vessels which entered into and cleared from the U. S. for foreign countries during the year ending June 30, 1853.
From tbe N. O. Com. Bulletin.
SUGAR TRADE AND SUGAR CROP OF LOUISIANA.
The stock oP Sugar remaining on hand, in the city and on plantation, on the 1st September last, was estimated at 8,000 hhds. against 3,C0O at the commencement of the previous year. The prospects of the growing crop were higly favorable, the raloon enne was generally remarkably fine, and as there had been a considerable extension of the culture by increased planting in nearly all the Sugar parishes, it was anticipated that the yield would even exceed the previous crop, which was the largest on record. These expectations, as will be seen by our further remarks, have been fully realized. The ruling rates on the Levee during the first week of September, were 4@4£ c. for Fair, against 5±@J$ c. at the corresponding date in 1852, and although the supply exceeded the demand, so that it became necestary before the close of the month, to reduce the stock by liberal shipments to the Atlantic ports and to the West, yet prices, instead of giving way, slightly appreciated, and early in October, Fair ruled at 4-±@4^ c. At this period, October 6, we chronicled the first receipts of the new crop, which was three days earlier than in 1852. They comprised 4 hhds. which were sold from tin Levee at 6 c. There were further receipts from the 10 h to the 15th, and the prospect of a liberal supply of new gradually depressed the prices of old, until by the close of October, Fair had declined to B|@4 c. Earl)' in November, there was a further decline, and at the close of the quarter our figures lor Fair were reduced to 3£@3J c., while there was even a greater decline in the inferior qualities. The operations on the Levee during this period, show the gradual opening of the market, the sales comprising 1,700 hhds. in September, 3,300 in October and 1!),000 in November, making an aggregate of 24,100 hhds. against 22,500 during the corresponding period in 1852; the receipts 1,800 hhds. in September, 3,300 in October, and 23,000 in November, making an aggregrte of 28,100 hhds. against 26,900 hhds. in 1852, and the exports 430 hhds. in September, 1,400 hhds. in October, and 4,ti00 in November, an aggregate of 6,430 against 5,900. Early in December, the market, gave way still further, and towards the latter part of the month, Fair sunk to 3-|@3-£ c., when it rallied, and in a few days advanced to 3^ @3|c., alter which, for more than a month it exhibited little or no variation. During a considerable portion of this period the demand for the West ran principally on Fair to Prime, while Inferior to Common were in request for the North. By the early part of February there had been a large accumulation of stock, and the supplies exceeding the demand, Fair receded 1o 3@3^ c., after which it again rallied and reached 3i@3£ c., which continued to be the ruling rates until the jattei part of March, when it declined to 3@3t-c., the falling off, moreover, being even greater in the lower qualities. This downward tendency continued in April, and in the latter part of the month Fair fell to ~f@3-£ c., and subsequently to 2f@3i, which was tbe lowest point of the season. Even before, however, it had reached the minimum rate, it was believed to leave a margin for foreign export, and about"2,000 hhds. were taken for Great Britain, with some small parcels for European ports. As we understand that these proved successful, they may serve as an indication, to what point, under greater facilities for shipment; the staple must decline to enable it to enter
the foreign markets without loss—a question of some interest as it is now obvious, tha,t with the additional impulse that must be imparled to the culture by the Opelousas Railroad from the reclamation of swamp lands, and the opening of new plantations in districts hitherto, for all practical purptises, inaccessible from market, the yield miy be increased to an amount exceeding the demand for our home supply, in which case the surplus must either be exported, or bearing upon the market, press down prices, under the invariable law of supply and demand, to a ruinous point. There was no improvement in Ma}', excepting in the higher qualities, which recovered \ c. of the previous decline. The following table shows the movement of the market with regard to receipts and sales during the seven months ending in M-iy compared with the corresponding period last year.
In comparing these figures, we find that while in 1852 the heaviest receipts were in December and January, in the past year they were in February and March, and so also with regard to the sales. We also find that the receipts during these seven months show an excess of 76,000 hhds., and exports of 51,000, the sales of 55,000. During the past three months, operations have been on a more limited scale, but still with regard to quantity, bear the same favorable comparison with last year's, the sales comprising 7,100 hhds. in June against 4,250 last year, 5,700 in July against 1,600, and 1,750 in August against 750-. The receipts for these three months are 18,500 hhds. against 9 000 last year. The entire receipts of theyearare 274,650 hhds. against sl 86,000 in 1852-3, and 141,000 in 1851-2, and theexports 171,850against 78,850 in 1852-3,and 50,800 inl851-2. Theseinclude the greater part of the exports fromAtlakapas, and show when compared wi h last year , an increase of 54,150 to New York [100,650 against 46,500] 9,300 to Philadelphia [20,500 against 11,200]; 5,850 to Baltimore [16,800 against 10,950]; and to other ports 5,300 [36,900 against 31,600].
The actual crop is set down in Mr. Champomier's Annual Statement at 449,324 hhds., which comprises 366,767 hhds. brown made by the old process, and 82,657 Refined, Clarified, Cistern, &c., and the weight is estimated at 495,156,000 lbs- This does not include the Texas crop, which is stated to have been 8,288 hhds. of 1,000 lbs, each, or nearly 3,000 hhds. less than the previous year. The number of Sugarhouses in Louisiana, is stated by Mr. Champomier to be 1,437, embracing 431 worked by horse power [a decrease compared with last year of 57], and 956 by steam power [an increase of 13], showing a continued tendency to substitute the more economical and productive agent of steam for the old inefficient mode.
The amount remaining on hand in the city and State, is estimated at 7,500 hhds.
The following is the actual or estimated yield for the past eleven years, and exhibits an irregular but heavy increase in the produc).
The amount of the increase is forcibly illustrated by taking the average of the crops for every five years during the twenty preceding the last year.
Total crops from 1833 to '37 inclusive, 340,000 hhds, average 68,000 "1838 to'42 » 502,000 « " 100,400
« 1843 to '47 « 877,000" " 175,400
« 1848 to'52 "1,237,700" " 247,500
« 1853 to '54 " 439,324""
The following table compiled from the Register's Report on the Commerce and Navigation of the U. S., shows the quantity of sugar imported from all countries for five years ending June 30, 1853.
Brown. White Clayed Loaf and
From the N. O. Com. Bulletin of Sept. 1st, 1845.
THE COFFEE TRADE.
The stock of Rio Coffee in first and second hands at New Orleans on the 1st September last was 72,200 bags, and the ruling rates for Prime were 10@10£c., which was a material advance on previous rates, the average of the previous month being 9c., and both the foreign and the domestic accounts being favorable, prices continued their upward tendency until February, when the market took an unfavorable turn and continued to recede until the latter part of July, since which, under the influence of a greatly diminished stock it has gradually improved, and closed yesterday at 10|@lljc, for Fair to Prime, against 9J@9J on the 15th of July. The stock remaining on hand is 6500 bags Rio and 2000 mostly Havana,—The following particulars of the crop for the year ending July 1st, we extract from the annual circular issued on that date, by Mr. H, T. Lonsdale, Coffee Broker;