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141 Rules of Christian Life.- Estimate of Talents. 142 by constant resignation, be made the tian gravity, which is sullenness or throne of God, and of his Christ. pride; or that moderation, which is

13. God has communicated himself temporizing; or that bumility, which wholly to you: do you communicate is cowardice; or that courage, which yourself wholly to your neighbour; and is an affront offered to superiors. when you do any thing for another, 22. Take care that you be not found do it with the same zeal as if you did in the root and principle of hell, if it for yourself.

you are afraid of its flames. Take care 14. That is the best life which is that you be found in the root and prinwholly employed to the benefits of ciple of heaven, if you expect to parothers: esteem not of life any further take of its joys. Be sure to try your than it is serviceable and useful to the root, and let not Lucifer in you transworld.

form himself into an angel of light. 15. Think not with yourself what 23. Trust not to your own heart, for you have, but rather what you want: that will deceive you; but trust God be not proud for what you have receiv- with your heart, who cannot deceive ed, but be humble for what you

have

you. abused.

24. Use yourself to think on God 16. Whatever you desire to have, as always present: thus thinking on ask it of God: whatever you have him, you will in some sort behold him; already, attribute it wholly to God: thus beholding him, you will become as soon as you begin to find nothiag like him. in yourself, you shall begin to find all 25. Render yourself worthy of him, things in God.

who has vouchsafed to own you for his 17. Withdraw yourself while you child : and remember, in all your can, and as much as you can, from deeds, that you have God for your the world: as far as you withdraw father: never forget the high character yourself from it, so much nearer are you bear. you drawn to God.

26. Begin every thing you do with 18. You have the cross in your God, and end every thing with him; arms; be not so base as to flinch from and let the thoughts of him and his it, or to run from your colours : be not name be as familiar and natural as so silly as to be ashamed of that which your breathing. the very kings of the earth have now 27. Strive to be what you would be exalted on their crowns, and with thought to be: as you desire to appear which all the ensigns of royalty are at the day of judgment, appear at the adorned.

present in the sight of God. Strive 19. Would you sacrifice to God, to be great in him, and great in yourenter then into the inmost closet of self. Strive to be greater than what your heart; and, shutting the door, you appear to others. Let the world give the key of it to Christ, beseech- be deceived in you no otherwise than ing him to keep out all things from they are in the stars of heaven. without, and to gather you in wholly into the unity of the blessed Spirit.

20. Look not on religion as a system COMPARATIVE ESTIMATE OF TALENTS. of orthodox notions, or a rubric of FRANCIS STANCARUS, a native of Manforms, much less as a charm, laid to tua, who flourished in the 16th century, draw such and such sinners into hea

was a man of considerable learning ven; but as inward spirit and life, and talents, which he employed with which enlivens and governs the true unremitting assiduity in the cause of Christian, in the performance of all the Reformation in Poland, where his good works, suitable to his high birth labours were crowned with considerand condition.

able success. His attachment to the 21. Give not the least quarter to any celebrated Peter Lombard, however, corrupt affection, lest a spark break was such, that he used to make beout into a fire, and consume you before tween him and others the following you are aware. Above all things, take comparative estimate: “ Peter Lomheed not to consecrate your vices, or bard alone is worth more than one to hallow the corruptions of the satan- hundred Luthers, two hundred Meical life, taking them for Christian lancthons, three hundred Bullingers, graces. Christen not that holy zeal, four hundred Martyrs, and five hundred which is bitter wrath ; or that Chris- Calvins."

On this singular comparison, Mi- continues, in many places, to engross craelius, a Popish writer, has made the much attention. For such as take following sarcastic remark: “If all exercise in parks, or who have an opthese men were pounded together in a portunity of travelling on level roads, mortar, there could not be extracted these machines are said to be highly from them one ounce of true divinity.” beneficial. A person, who has made

The influence which prejudice exer- himself tolerably well acquainted with cises over judgment, even in men of the management of one, can, without enlarged minds, of extensive erudition, difficulty, urge himself forward at the and profound research, is so astonish- rate of eight, nine, or even ten miles ing, that it would even stagger credu- per hour. In one account we are inlity itself, if the fact had not been formed, that experiments have shewn confirmed by instances in every age. it to be easy to travel fifty miles per Hence,

day on these German hobbies. And “One thinks on Calvin heaven's own spirit fell, as schools are about to be opened to Another deems bim instrument of hell." instruct young students in this country, But,

we may expect to see them, ere long, “ 'Tis with our judgments as our watches, none

brought into extensive use. The price, Gu just alike, yet each believes his own.”

we are informed, varies from eight to ten guineas; and their whole weight does not exceed fifty pounds.

As one successful effort of genius frequently leads to another, so this German invention has stimulated one of our own ingenious mechanics to attempt an improvement on the principle, the machinery, and the accommodation of the rider. In our next Number, we hope to present our readers with a view of his machine, accompanied with a short description of its management and use.

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we have

PAWNBROKING. Since publishing the first Number of the Imperial Magazine, received the two following letters, in duced in column 45, relative to the consequence of a note we had introtendency of pawnbroking. It will be

needless to say, that the writers view THE PEDESTRIAN'S ACCELERATOR.

this subject in very different lights.

As one of these seems to express the The principle upon which this simple language of interest, and the other machine is constructed, seems to have that of impartiality,' we shall insert been taken from the art of skaiting them as they have been received, withIt will appear obvious, from inspecting out note or comment. the cut, that the whole apparatus consists only of a seat placed between two wheels, which are kept in motion

TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL by the feet acting on the ground, while a small guiding-pole, held in the hand, SIR,

Liverpool, April 7, 1819. regulates the movement and adjusts The remarks which you have made, the balance. The inventor of this traveller's as- Pawnbroker, are all founded on error

on the tendency of the business of a sistant is Baron Von Drais, a gentle and misrepresentation.—(See the First man at the court of the

Grand Duke of Report of the Committee of the House Baden. It was introduced into this of Commons, upon the Police of the country a few months since

, by a Mr. Metropolis.) – "That you should, in Johnson, No: 75, Long Acre; and it your first Number, have thought proper

EDITOR.

MAGAZINE.

write upon.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL

MAGAZINE.

Sir,

145
Pawnbroking.-Effects of Superstition.

146 to libel any body of men, is most aston- | the pawnbroker's for greater safety ; ishing, and cannot fail to lower you where it is taken in as an article of in the opinion of every person ac- furniture or clothing, and charged as quainted with the subject; inasmuch such with interest: yet in a day or two, as it must be a severe reflection on the perhaps, a few shillings are drawn Editor of the Imperial Magazine, to from the deposite, at the expense of a notice, that he knew nothing of a sub- new ticket and a month's interest; and ject which he voluntarily undertook to by the time the rent becomes due, it is

reduced to little or nothing. ONE OF THE LIBELLED. Thus, Sir, have I given you a short

sample of what is, at least in this place, quite common, and greatly on the increase. It is this practice which

makes the trade so lucrative, and by Liverpool, April 14, 1819. which an independence is obtained Your note, in page 45 of the Maga- in a few years. The remedy is, I zine, on the demoralizing tendency think, very easy: a legislative measure of Pawnbroking, as it respects the is only wanted, to prevent the receivpersons who follow that vocation, Iing of pledges under a certain sum ; believe to be very correct: but its say, ten shillings: this you will suppose evil effects, as it respects the lower small enough. I am sure it would orders of the community, you have have a most beneficial effect; but if failed to notice. I sincerely wish restricted to one pound, it would be some pawnbroker, not blinded by the better still. If you think this worth a profits derived from the trade, had place in your work, I shall be glad to taken upon him the task of communi- see it there: perhaps it may meet the cating to you his ideas on this sub- eye of some Member of Parliament, ject, if such a one could be found. who would not think it beneath his I will, however, present a few state- notice, and lead him to an inquiry, ments to your view, and give my opi- which might end in an enactment such nion as to what would, in a great as I have proposed. measure, rectify the growing evil ; which is mostly to be ascribed to the mismanagement and bad economy of the wives of the working class, who, to supply present necessities, IN 1732, the conspiring elements contake no proper thought for the future. signed to the bottom of the ocean, one It is quite a common practice, on the of the richest fleets that had ever sailed Monday morning to pawn the cloth- from the Western world. Universal ing, and on Saturday night to redeem horror and dismay accompanied the it. Some go further than this; pledg- intelligence of this disaster, particuing every morning, and redeeming larly among the Spaniards; who not every night; thus paying three hundred only repined at their loss, but viewed months interest in a year. I knew their calamity as a proof of the Divine one, who regularly pawned part of the displeasure. To a people plunged in bedding in the morning, and released superstition, every singular event is it at night, as often as the day revolv- either a judgment or a prognostic; ed; and another, who, to raise three and the gloomy passions of the soul, shillings, pledged and redeemed so which, on these occasions, are geneoften in the week, and this for several rally predominant, are always ready weeks, that she paid one shilling regu- to augment the evils which are visible, larly for tickets and interest. Some by some act of inhumanity. constant weekly customers, in order part of the habitable globe, perhaps, to “raise the wind,” will pay to the was this detestable feature in the hupawnbroker double interest, on condi- man character more conspicuous, than tion of receiving their usual sum with in South America. To recover the out the deposit of goods, that they favour of the Almighty in the present may pawn them elsewhere. But what instance, an Auto-de-was solemnly perhaps will most astonish you is, that appointed ; and thirty-eight human beI have heard of several, who, after ings perished in the flames, the unhaving saved a pound note towards happy victims of this detestable infatheir quarter's rent, have taken it to tuation. No. 2.-VOL I.

L

BARBAROUS EFFECTS OF SUPER

STITION.

In no ACCOUNT OF TWO CINGALESE PRIESTS.

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Lord, and my recompense with my [Concluded from Col. 62.]

God. “ Of the sincerity and purity of these If they be spared to get back to men's motives, I have the most satis Ceylon, I believe they will carry the factory evidence: they have sacrificed pure light of the gospel to their bemuch in order to come and seek the nighted countrymen; and should they Christian's God in a Christian land. never see the land of their nativity, it They have lost, for ever lost, their tem- will be still clear gain; for they will ple and its revenues; and that high have their own souls for a prey. Their honour and reverence which they had, expenses, I am satisfied, will never enas high-priests, and highly learned cumber the other parts of the Missioamong the highest orders among their nary work; for all who hear their countrymen: and although they doubt- story will rejoice to have the opporless have suffered many buffetings on tunity, by a little extra exertion, to this account, yet there is not the most

cover every thing of this kind. And distant wish remaining to trace back they will, I trust, do what will be of their steps.

greater consequence, send up their Dherma Rama is a young man of heartiest prayers to God for these invery high integrity, of an ardent and teresting strangers, and for him to strong mind, wishing to sift every thing whom their instruction has been conto the bottom; and never to take a fided. stand any where till he is fully satis

Through the mercy of God we have fied the ground will bear him. What been enabled to bring them thus far, he gets, he keeps.

through our winter's cold; indeed it Munhi Rathana has a fine mind; has been remarkably mild; and when truly spiritual, meek, and affectionate: they have heard us expressing our surseeks God, I believe, with his whole prise that we have had so little cold, heart; and enjoys many consolations frost, snow, &c. they have said, “ God from his Spirit. All that are acquaint- has sent this good weather on our aced with them, esteem Dherma, and love count, that we might not die.” InMunhi.

deed I often feared for their lives; and “ Were I hasty to catch at many my wife was frequently without hope; tokens of gracious influence which I our cares and anxieties were multisee, and draw those conclusions from plied on their account; and we were them which many others in my place obliged to deal with them as with chilwould do, I might make up a good dren born before their due time. I story, and perhaps as true as good. endeavoured to maintain the natural But I have always felt it my duty to be temperature of their bodies, as the cautious; and not to draw any conclu- cold increased, by a proper and grasions from evidences that appear to be dual application of calico, flannel, and at all equivocal, or that may be reason the warmth of the room.

This atténably disputed.

tion was found to be indispensable. In I believe God is at work on their their articles of food we were obliged understanding and hearts; and have to be equally attentive, and to provide never for a moment doubted the pro- them with the most easily digestible priety of their adoption by the Wes- and nutritive things. I trust we have leyan Missionary Society; but, on the succeeded. Munhi Rathana appears contrary, believe we should have sin- to have completely weathered the clined against God if we had hesitated mate. He has acquired even a stout to receive them. The expense, it is hardiness. Dherma Rama, who grew true, must fall upon the Missionary very thin, and had profuse nightFund; for except their sacerdotal robes, sweats, and a bad cough, appears also their books, and seven rupees, (about to have doubled the cape. He is gain14s. English,) they have brought with ing flesh, has entirely lost his cough; them no earthly treasure. Their ex- and does not feel the impressions of pense, however, will be only their food cold as he formerly did. He requires and raiment; as to their education, the great care: for his constitution is, and cares, anxieties, &c. of myself and I am persuaded ever was, weak and family, as no earthly good could in-delicate. duce me to undergo them, so “ Yesterday, for the first time in earthly good shall ever be received their lives, they saw what they had

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149
Account of two Cingalese Priests.

150 often heard of, but could hardly cre- though essentially necessary, are not dit; water in a solid form. I wrapped the only requisites: they should be them well up, and took them out to the men of learning, clear heads, and pond, about sixty or seventy yards sound judgments. What could the from the house, that they might see Baptist missionaries have done in this (to them) strange phenomenon. India, with all their zeal and piety, had It had frozen keenly in the night; and they not been men of first-rate talents they were struck with astonishment, and abilities? It is gross enthusiasm, to see that the water had become solid, that expects God to work without and to see my nephew skaiting upon means: He requires them; and he will it. They said, “It will be of no use ever use the choicest in preference to to tell this either to the Cingalese or the meanest: means are his creatures, Candians, for they can never believe and he will use them. What had we it.” They seem to view this as a far- been as a people, had we not, under ther evidence of the being of a God. God, had as our founder a man who My large copper sun-dial was covered for various learning, soundness of over with hoar frost, that had shot in judgment, unquenchable zeal, extenerystallizations, representing the most sive benevolence, deep piety, and beautiful foliage. At this they were vastness of mind, had few equals, beyond measure astonished; and after perhaps no superior, in the universe? admiring it for some time, Dherma “ Our schools in Ceylon will be, if Rama took out his pencil, and with properly encouraged, a very powerful the blunt end wrote on the icy incrus- means of correcting, and indeed detation, the following words, in Cinga- stroying, these evil and destructive lese: These leaves have been made by systems; and planting in their stead the Supreme God. All such effusions, not only the pure and holy principles which, to say the least of them, are of the religion of Christ, but eventuthe offspring of spontaneous impres- ally, of a sound philosophy. By this sions, I take care to improve, and thus means the natives will learn English; the impressions become a solid max- and from this language every thing im. Perhaps these things may appear pure in divinity, and sound in philosoto the Committee, too trifling to be phy, is to be learned; and before noted: but you will not think so when these, idolatry, superstition, and illuyou reflect, that they spring from sions of every kind will vanish. It is minds that have been deeply and phi- impossible to over-rate the importlosophically schooled in the opinion, ance of these schools, in whatever that there is no Supreme God; no Cre- light they may be viewed:--they should ator, no Governor of the universe: and be strongly recommended to the attenyou will at once perceive that it re- tion and patronage of all our congrequired much teaching, both from God gations; and encouraged and extendand man, to bring them to the reason ed by every possible means. Let the of these doctrines. It is compara- public know that we have such; and tively easy to deal with our common when their importance is once known, sinners: you begin with them on their we shall find many to assist: and own concessions, on their own convic- those who were backward to help us tions. They acknowledge God and his in our missions, not being entirely of word; and on this account three- our creed, such as the humane and fourths of your work is done. But benevolent Quakers, will find pleasure widely different must the mode of in lending their hand to the support procedure be with an atheistical and of a system of education among heathen philosophical heathen, deeply learned people, at once so holy and so necesin all the subtilties of a refined, impos- sary. The priests rejoice to hear of ing, and apparently sublime system of these establishments; and are very inMetaphysical Ethics: this considera- quisitive to know the number of Cingation should cause us to feel much for lese children under the instruction of our brethren among the heathen; and the missionaries. When I told them, especially among the philosophical some time ago, that we had nearly heathen, such as the Budhoo and 4,000 in the schools ; though they apBrahminical priests; and we should peared to be glad that there were so be very choice in the persons whom many, yet they could not help regretwe appoint to go into such regions. ting that these were very few in com. Deep piety, and soundness in the faith, parison of the many thousands u

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