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of those below; but the offer was geI shall be much obliged to any of your nerally refused, through fear of giving Correspondents, who will inform me, offence by acceptance; and it was a through your Magazine, who were the mode of conduct which I found could Authors of the different parts of the not be tolerated, even by the most liUniversal History, modern as well as beral host. Two tureens of soup usually ancient. I am, yours,
make their appearance, as we often see
A. Z. them in England; but if a stranger Liverpool, Sept. 13, 1819.
should ask for that which is at the bottom of the table, the master of the
house regards him with dismay; the BARBAROUS ETIQUETTE.
rest all gaze at him with wonder; and when he tastes what he has obtained,
he finds it to be a mess of dirty and Barbarous Etiquette observed at Rus- abominable broth, stationed for per
sian Tables, from Dr. E. D. Clarke's sons who never venture to ask for soup Travels.
from the upper end of the table. The The curious spectacle presented at number of attendants in waiting is their dinners, has not a parallel in the prodigious. In the house of young rest of Europe. The dishes and the Count Orlof were not less than 500 wines correspond in gradation with servants; many of these sumptuously the rank and condition of the guests. clothed, and many others in rags.
It Those who sit near the master of the was no unusual sight to observe behouse, are suffered to have no con- | hind a chair, a fellow in plumes and nection with the fare or the tenants at gold lace, like a Neapolitan runningthe lower end of the table. In bar- footman, and another by his side lookbarous times we had something like it ing like a beggar from the streets. in England, and perhaps the custom is A droll accident befell two English not even now quite extinct in Wales, gentlemen of considerable property, or in English farm houses ; where all who were travelling for amusement in the family, from the master to the the south of Russia. They were at lowest menial, sit down together. The Nicholeaf, and being invited by the choicest dishes at the Russian table Chief Admiral to dinner, were placed, are carefully placed at the upper end, as usual, at the head of the table; and are handed to those guests sta- when they were addressed by the welltioned near the owner of the mansion, known title of Milords Anglois. Tired according to the order in which they of this ill-placed distinction, they assit; afterwards, if any thing remain, it sured the Admiral they were not Lords. is taken gradually to the rest. Thus a “ Allow me to ask” said their host, degree in precedency makes all the dif- " what is the rank you possess ?” The ference between something or nothing lowest Russian, admitted to an Adto eat ; for persons at the bottom of miral's table, has a certain degree of the table are often compelled to rest rank; all who are in the service of the satisfied with an empty dish. It is the crown are noble by their profession; same with regard to the wines; the and Russians are unable to comprebest are placed near the head of the hend the title of a mere Gentleman, table, but, in proportion as the guests without some specific title being anare removed from the post of honour, nexed. The Englishmen replied, howthe wine before them is of worse qua- ever, that they had no other rank than lity, until at last it degenerates into that of English Gentlemen : “ But simple quass. Few things can offer your titles? you must have some titles!” more repugnance to the feelings of an No, said they, we have no title, but Englishman, than the example of a that of English Gentlemen. A general wealthy glutton boasting of the choice silence, and many sagacious looks, folwines he has set before a stranger, lowed this last declaration. On the merely out of ostentation, while a num- following day they presented thember of brave officers and dependents selves at the hour of dinner, and were are sitting by him, to whom he is un- taking their station as before. To able to offer a single glass. I some- their surprise, they found that all the times essayed a violation of this bar- persons present, one after the other, barous custom, by taking the bottle placed themselves above them. One placed before
me, and filling the glasses was a general; another a lieutenant
a third an ensign; a fourth a police- him in danger, endeavoured to guide officer; a fifth an army surgeon; a sixth him by the speaking trumpet, and by a secretary; and so on. All this was signs; but the darkness, the whistling very well; they consoled themselves of the winds, the noise of the waves, with the prospect of a snug party at and the great agitation of the sea, prethe bottom of the table, where they vented the captain from seeing and would be farther removed from cere- hearing; and the ship was soon thrown mony: but, lo! when the dishes came upon the Pebble Bank, and struck round, a first was empty; a second about thirty fathoms below the pier. contained the sauce without the meat; | At the cries of the wretches who were a third the rejected offals of the whole about to perish, Boussard, disregardcompany; at length they were com- ing all representations, and the appapelled to make a scanty meal, upon the rent impossibility of success, resolved slice of black bread before them, and to go to their relief. He ordered his a little dirty broth from a humble wife and his children, who wished to tureen, behind whose compassionate keep him back, to be led away, and veil they were happy to hide their con- binding himself to a rope, one end of fusion, at the same time being more which was attached to the pier, he amused than mortified, at an adventure threw himself into the middle of the into which they now saw they had waves. He approached the vessel, brought themselves by their unas- when a wave hurried him back, and suming frankness. Had either of them threw him upon the bank ; he was thus said, as was really the case, that they twenty times dashed on the pebbly were in the service of his Britannic beach by the waves, covered by the Majesty's militia, or members of the wreck of the ship, which the fury of associated volunteers of London, they the sea broke to pieces: his ardour would never have encountered so un- did not slacken, a wave threw him favourable a reception.
under the vessel, and all thought him dead, when he reappeared, bearing in
his arms a sailor who had been washHumane Courage.
ed overboard, and whom he brought to land almost senseless. At last,
after an infinity of attempts and inMAGAZINE. SIR,
credible efforts, he got into the ship, If you think the following Anecdote, the crew who had strength to profit by
and got a rope on board. Those of translated from Goube's Histoire du this succour, attached themselves to Duché de Normandie, worthy of a it, and were drawn ashore. Boussard
, place in your Magazine, it is much at thinking he had saved all on board
, your service.
overwhelmed with fatigue, his body Goube, in his History of the Duchy lacerated and bruised, gained with of Normandy, enumerates among the difficulty the cottage where the flag is remarkable men born in the town of kept; there he fainted. They gave Dieppe, the pilot Boussard, and men him some assistance ; he had thrown tions him as follows:
up the salt water, and was recovering “ The pilot Boussard ought to oc- his strength, when he was told they cupy a distinguished rank among the still heard groans from the ship; praiseworthy men of the town of mediately, Boussard, escaping from Dieppe. This brave man (a name those who were assisting him, ran to which was given to him by the virtu- the sea, and threw himself in afresh; ous Louis XVI.) perceived on the 31st and he was so fortunate as to save one August, 1777, about nine o'clock in more of the passengers who was tied the evening, a ship from Rochelle, to the wreck, and whose weakness which was laden with salt, approach- had prevented him from profiting by ing the pier-heads of Dieppe, without the succour furnished to his compathe coasting pilot being able (after nions. Of ten men who were in the four vain attempts) to go out, to direct vessel, there perished but two, whose its entry into the port. The sea was bodies were found in the morning; very much agitated, and the wind very The king recompensed this intrepid impetuous: the intrepid Boussard, pilot, by an annual pension of three seeing that the helmsman of the ship hundred livres, independently of a made a false manoeuvre, which put present of 1000 livres.”
TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL
those truths which they have such It is melancholy to reflect, that the strong induoements to disbelieve, we world abounds with misery. Many in- cannot but attribute this astonishing stances of this we daily see; of many
effect to supernatural influence.
From a letter dated Demerara, July more we constantly hear; and little doubt can be entertained, that myriads Smith, we learn, that among the Ne
2d, 1819, written by the Rev. John in this comparatively happy country, are at this moment suffering in the groes in that colony, the work of God deepest distress. For these calamities exhibits a pleasing appearance. Se
veral members have been added to various causes may be assigned, which justly entitle the miserable to compas: months, and many others were then
the church during the few preceding sion. But it is to be regretted, that while the hand of benevolence is dili- waiting for admission.
To shew the readiness of the Negroes gently employed in wiping the tear of sorrow from the eye of suffering hu- to assist in promoting the cause of God,
Mr. S. makes the following remarks. manity, cases should occur, in which
“ We have altered and repaired our the wretchedness that some families endure, evidently originates in vicious chapel, though we have not made it
larger, but rather smaller. It will seat propensities, and in that want of common prudence and foresight, without about 650 people. It is a very decent which domestic economy is a name
and comfortable place of worship. destitute of meaning. The following
The Negroes raised £230, towards incident will illustrate this remark.
building a new one; but as a very se
rious obstacle was thrown in our way, A correspondent states to us, as an
we relinquished the design, and reindisputable fact, that there is now living, in a large town in the west of this occasion I was obliged to do as
solved to repair the old one. Upon England, a family who regularly re- Moses did, when the Israelites made ceive from Government £300 per ann. Such however is their mode of pro- 1 of the tabernacle, (Exod. xxxvi. 6.) re
such liberal offerings for the erection ceeding, that every morning their bed, &c. are carried to the pawn-shop, when strain them from bringing. The Whites
have not contributed so much as one the wearing apparel is taken out. farthing since I have been here, either When evening arrives, an exchange towards my support, or to defray the takes place; the bed is liberated by the apparel until the morning, when the expense of carrying on the public wor
It is true, I have not same transaction again succeeds. This ship of God.
asked them for any thing. mode of life has been practised for
But ought some time. “It is needless,” he says, good friend, who is a Roman Catho
they to require asking? We have one " to add, that they drink all day.”
lic; he lives about four miles from us, yet he attends our chapel sometimes.
He encourages the Negroes, over It will be pleasing to all, who rejoice whom he is placed, to read the Bible, at the prosperity of Zion, to hear, that and to attend my preaching, the cause of God flourishes among the “Easter Monday, as usual, I preachheathen, in any portion of the world. ed to the children; the juvenile conTo the pious mind it is always gratify- gregation was, I think, more numering to learn, that the truths of Chris- ous than last year, and were very tianity are embraced; but more parti- attentive. They were nearly all dresscularly so, when circumstancess, arising ed in white, boys as well as girls. from unexpected causes, concurto During my discourse, I proposed seveplace its evidence and influence in a ral questions, which some of the chilcommanding light. According to our dren answered with such a degree of common principles of reasoning, it is correctness and confidence, as would scarcely possible for a slave, who makes have surprised you. a comparative estimate between his would rejoice to see them. It would own condition, and that of his master, be worth while for any Christian gento draw any conclusions in favour of tleman to come to Demerara, to see that religion by which the oppressor our sable congregations; and, in my pretends to be guided. When there- opinion, be far more rational than to fore we perceive with what cordiality travel into Egypt, to take the altitude the Negroes embrace and support of a pyramid.” No. 7.--Vol. I.
I know you
TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL
QUESTIONS TO DELTA.
tem is supported, deserve a candid Mr. Editor,
answer. I fully agree with Delta in SIR, --The writer who signs himself the passage I have selected, and shall Delta, in his ingenious Philosophical be very glad to see an answer to my Essay on Primeval Light, inserted col. questions. The questions I propose 257, has, I think, fully succeeded in his are the following: If the Almighty attempt to rescue the philosophy of could, had he been pleased, have disMoses from the snoers of infidelity. pensed with many of the instruments There is however one passage, on which he uses, without withholding effects, I intended some time to ask him a few why could he not equally dispense serious questions; but, from circum- with the whole of them? If he cocdd, stances, I have been obliged to delay it. and this I think cannot be denied, is
The writer very properly regards the not the existence of material agents sun as but an instrument in the divine useless ? And if they be useless, how hands, and as having no primitive can the creation of unnecessary agents agency: the same remark might be be reconciled with the infinite wisdom made of every material instrument of God, who does nothing in vain ? whatever ; they all derive their effi- I am, Sir, your's, respectfully, ciency from the will of God. The pas
SIGMA, sage on which I found my questions is that which occurs No. 3, column 261,
A Remarkable Dream. where the writer observes; “ I am not disposed to think, that there is any thing extravagant in supposing, that the Almighty might, if he had been so pleased, have dispensed with many of
Sir, Dublin, July 9th, 1819. the instruments he uses, without being SHOULD the following remarkable compelled to withhold those multiplied Dream, meet your approbation, its ineffects which now result from him, sertion in your periodical Miscellany, through their subordinate agency.'
." will much oblige your sincere wellHowever distant this may be from the wisher, and doubtless gratify many of reveries of Dean Berkeley, it certainly your readers. I am, with every senbears a distant resemblance to his hy- timent of esteem, your's, respectfully, pothesis ; and the writer seems himself
AMICUS. perfectly aware, that he was in sight of " I have known (said Mr.L-) the grace volcanic ground, if not treading nearit. of God for nearly thirty years; but in
It is well known that Berkeley de- spite of all my advice, my five sons nied the existence of that unknown and two daughters, all grown up, ran substratum or something, which we call on in the broad road to destruction. matter, and which is believed to be the This cost me many a prayer and tear; support of those properties which are yet I saw no fruit of all my labour. In the causes of our sensations. He and January last, I dreamed that the Day his followers believe that its existence of Judgment was come. I saw the is entirely useless; since, even ad- Judge on his great wbite throne ; the mitting it to exist, the divine agency holy angels sitting round him, in the must still be called in, as the only suf- form of a half-moon; and all nations ficient cause of all events. The admis- were gathered before him. I, and my sion of its existence, they say, is con- wife, were on the right hand, but I trary to Newton's first rule ; namely, could not see my children. that no more causes of natural events “ I then thought that I must go
and ought to be admitted, than such as are seek them ; so I went to the left hand, both true, and are sufficient for explain and found them all standing together
, ing appearances.* The will of God, they tearing their hair, beating their breasts, consider as a sufficient cause of all our and cursing the day that ever they sensations and perceptions, and there- were born. As soon as they saw me, fore reject the existence of that insen- they all caught hold of me, and said, tient something, called matter, as use- “O father! we will part no more!" less. I am not a Berkeleyan; but I said, “ My dear children, I am come I do think that some of the argu- to try, if possible, to get you out of ments by which the anti-hyloistic sys- this dismal situation.” So I took them
all with me: but, when we were come * Kirwan’s Metaphysics, vol. I, page 339. within a bow-shot of the Judge, I
thought he cast an angry look, and vanced, we shall have no other part to said, What do thy children with act on this earthly theatre. thee now? they would not take thy the Lord while he may be found : call warning when upon earth : they shall upon him while he is near.” not share the crown with thee. De-moment's delay, may be an irreparapart, ye cursed !” At these words I ble loss,--may prove our irretrievable awoke, bathed in sweat and tears.--A ruin. few days after this, as we were sitting all together on a Sabbath evening, I
HIBERNIAN MISSIONARY SOCIETY, related my Dream to them: no sooner did I begin, but first one, then an
For the Crimea and Circassia; institutother, yea all of them, burst into tears: ed in Dublin, August, 1819. and God fastened conviction on their Lord Viscount de Vesci in the Chair. hearts. Five of them are now rejoi- P. E. Singer, Esq. introduced the bucing in God their Saviour: I believe siness of the Meeting, by reading the God is at work with the other two ; so translation of a Memorial, presented that I doubt not, that he will give them in February, 1819, at Moscow, from also to my prayers.”.
the Noble A. S. Sultan Prince KattegThis good old saint, before he ex- hery Kremghery, of Mount Caucasus, changed time for eternity, had the in Circassia, to the Emperor Alexanhappiness of seeing the remainder of der of Russia ; submitting various his children converted to the truth as
measures for spreading Christianity it is in Jesus, and adorning the doc- among his kindred and countrymen; trine of God our Saviour by useful to which a favourable answer was relives.-Reader, realize that awful tumed by Prince Galitzin, minister of scene, in which thou must shortly state, on the part of his Imperial Mabear a part. Behold the Judge seated jesty, with a promise of protection on his great white throne, and the and assistance to all Missionaries whole race of Adam summoned to his from Great Britain to the Crimea and tribunal. The angelic armies stand in Circassia. silent suspense. The books are open- It appeared, that the Edinburgh ed. The secrets of all hearts are dis
Missionary Society had embraced this closed. The hidden things of dark- opportunity; and being fully convincness are brought to light. O the per- ed of its utility, by two years' acquaintplexity! the distraction that must ance with the Sultan, they formed a seize the impenitent rebels, when, fund, to send out Missionaries to this speechless with guilt, and stigmatized neglected region; in which the most with infamy, they stand before all the fertile soil mourns because of iniarmies of the sky, and all the redeem- quity,” for the people are “ without ed of the earth! What a favour would God in the world.” The Crimea was they esteem it, to hide their ashamed deseribed as peculiarly advantageous heads in the bosom of the ocean, or for a Missionary station ; and the obeven to be buried beneath the ruins jeets in view immediately, are, Ist, to of the tottering world! What will send out a printing press, with Turkbecome of them in this day of severe ish type; 2d, to establish Lancaster visitation? this day of final decision? Schools; 3d, an Asylum for children, Whither betake themselves for shelter to be ransomed from Turkish captior for succour? Alas! it is all in vain; vity, as a slave-trade is carried on by it is all too late: to justify themselves, robbers on the Turkish frontiers, who is still more impossible; and to make steal the most beautiful grown-up chilany supplications, utterly unavailable. dren, and sell them in the marketReader, Behold! now is the ac-, places of the Turkish towns as slaves : cepted time; behold! now is the day 4th, to send out Schoolmasters and of salvation.”_
Missionaries, from Great Britain and Haste, haste, he lies wait, he's at the donr
Ireland; who, on their arrival, will Insidious Death! should his strong hand arrest,
have abundant supplies, grants of No composition sets the pris'ner free."
land, and powerful protection from The dead cannot seek unto God; the Russian troops. the living, the living alone, are pos- The Sultan then addressed the Meetsessed of this inestimable opportu- ing ;-a more extraordinary character nity.
is seldom offered to contemplation, When once this closing scene is ad- under all the circumstances of the