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ticity to the smoke, which rises in great file was accordingly given to the first abundance. The combustion, under man they met, accompanied with its such circumstances, must be very in- little history, and a strict injunction, complete ; for the carburetted hydro- that inquiry should be made after the gen gas will be driven up the chimney unfortunate proprietor, to whom it uninflamed, and therefore the fuel will should be given, if he could be discobe used with little benefit.
vered; if not, it was to become his own By paying attention to the quantity property. of coals put on the fire at once, and Mr. Ellis says, that in these distant avoiding smothering it up, much will regions, since the art of printing has be contributed towards cleanliness been introduced, upwards of 7000 coand comfort; and more particularly pies of school books have been comso, if the following rules for properly pleted :--that since the establishment managing it be observed.
of the press at Eimeo, some hundreds Ist, Stirring of a fire is of use, be- of the natives had learnt to read from cause it makes a hollow, where the air, the newly printed books :--that some being rarefied by the adjacent heat, thousands were waiting for the gospel the surrounding air rushes into this of St. Luke, which was then in the hollow, and gives life and support to press :—that of the first sheet, 3000 the fire, and carries the flame with it.
copies had been printed off :-that two 2d, Never stir a fire when fresh coals natives assisted in the work :—and are laid on, particularly when they are that an increased attention was manivery small, because they immediately fested by all, to the unseen realities of fall into the hollow place, and there- the Eternal World. fore ruin the fire.
3d, Always keep the bottom bars clear,
4th, Never begin to stir the fire at the To counteract that strong propensity top, unless when the bottom is quite of emigration to America, which preclear, and the top only wants breaking. vailed in this country some months
since, and which has not yet wholly
subsided, the following piece of inforANECDOTE.
mation may perhaps prove serviceable The following Anecdote has been com- to some of our readers. The distresses municated in a letter, written by Mr. which many of our countrymen endure W. Ellis, residing in Eimeo, one of the on the western side of the Atlantic, we Society Islands in the Southern Paci- have too much reason to believe, and fic ocean, situate about four leagues this article confirms the fact. W. from the N. W. point of Otaheite. The first week in the present month,
Some time ago, two principal chiefs, the ship Magnet, with 160 emigrants Taati and Ahurido, walking by the on board, arrived at Liverpool from sea side, came to a place where a fish- New York; and on the Saturday folerman had been sharpening his hooks, lowing, the Betty from Baltimore, but had unfortunately forgotten his file, with an equal number. On board of which, in the estimation of all the na- the Rockingham, 32 lately reached tives, is an article of considerable Bristol ; and in two vessels 105 not value. As the fisherman had retired long since entered the Thames, in the from the place, and was totally un- greatest distress. They represent the known to the chiefs, they picked up condition of multitudes, whom they the file, and went on their way. They left behind, and who could not pay had not, however, proceeded far, before their passage home, as being truly deone of them, reflecting on the circum- plorable. Many, they say, having trastance, said to the other, “ This is versed the northern regions of the not our file: and is not our taking it a United States, have reached the Brikind of theft ?”—“Perhaps it is,” re- tish settlements in North America in plied the other ; “ yet as the real extreme wretchedness. owner is unknown, I do not know who If this communication, says our corhas a better right to it than ourselves.” respondent, shall prove the means of -“I am satisfied,” rejoined his com- preventing even one individual from panion, that it is not ours, and there- running into the same misery, the end fore think we had better give it away.' will be answered. To this the other consented ; and the Liverpool, Oct. 15, 1819.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL
Doctrine of the Church of England, re- | the term went down is used; because specting Christ's Descent into Hell. our ideas are lost whilst attempting to
measure heights, or fathom depths, in infinite space. All this is strictly true:
but, in accommodating our limited Sir, Liverpool, Oct. 4th, 1819. minds, we do not affix the idea of “ A Searcher”has, through the medium depth to heaven, or of elevation to hell
, of your Magazine, started an inquiry (the place of punishment;) but we affix respecting the descent of Christ into the idea of elevation to heaven, because hell, as mentioned in the Creed called it is a place of honour and felicity; and the Apostles'; and you have, in your the idea of depth to hell, because it is a last number, col. 631, displayed to your place of punishment and misery: and readers, the opinions of two corre- we do not affix the idea of either elespondents (“ Člericus Senex," and vation or depth to the invisible world; “A Friend”) respecting it, with some because it includes both heaven and proofs by“ A Constant Reader,” that hell, and consequently elevation and the members of the Established Church depth, within itself. The case being of England are bound to believe that this, we cannot say that the soul of Christ did descend into hell, whatever Christ went down into the invisible place is meant by the word hell. “Cle- world, when we are assured that it ricus Senex,” and “ A Friend,” both went up into that part of the invisible agree in the opinion, that the word world called heaven; therefore the hell in the Creed, means the state of se- words in the Article, as well as those parate souls, or the invisible world; in the Creed called the Apostles', must and, that consequently those persons refer to the prison of hell. who do not believe that Christ de- From the manner in which the words cended into the regions of the damned, stand in the Creed, it does not appear need feel no reluctance whatever in to me, that the assertion of Christ's declaring in the presence of God-I having descended into hell was added believe that Christ descended into hell. to confirm his death in opposition to To combat this opinion, as being in those who asserted that he did not consistent with the Articles of the Es- really die ;' for it is first asserted, 'I tablished Church, is my only object in believe-he(Christ) was crucified, dead, now addressing you ; and I will endea- and buried, and then, after affirming vour to prove, that“ A Searcher," or the belief that he was really dead, it is any other person of the same opinion asserted, ‘he descended into helli' and with him, cannot conscientiously use in the Article, the words as they stand the words of the Creed, while he con- need only to be properly examined, to tinues to hold his present belief on that show at once, that the invisible world subject.
is not meant:- As Christ died for us, The third Article in the Creed of the &c. so also is it to be believed, that he Established Church runs thus “ As went down into hell.' Christ died for us, and was buried; so I heartily coincide with C. S. and also is it to be believed, that he went F. in their opinion, that the word hell
, down into hell." Mark the last five when used in reference to the soul of words,' he went down into hell:' do they Christ, in the scriptures, means the state convey to our minds the same mean- of separate souls, or the invisible world; ing as the words, he went into the invi- and taking hell in this sense, Christ did sible world, do ? Certainly not: the go into hell.— A Searcher will not phrase went down,completely does away find in the scriptures any passage with the possibility of the last word says, Christ descended into hell ; hell meaning the invisible world; for the will find in Luke xxiii. 43. sufficient phrase applies only to that hell which proof to the contrary; therefore, the is the prison of Satan and his angels. belief that he descended into hell
, is It may be objected, that the term unscriptural, and ought to be rejectwent down' is only figurative : that, ed; and if it is rejected, the man who strictly speaking, we cannot pply it rejects it, cannot“ declare in the imto any place unconnected with our mediate presence of an all-wise God” earth, because the centre of the earth I believe-he (Christ) descended into is the lowest point of descent which we hell.' can form any idea of: that it is only to Your's, with all due respect, accommodate our limited minds, that
which but he
mankind both in this world and in Review.-“ Deism Refuted, or Plain
that which shall suceeed it. Reasons for being a Christian. By
Into those nice metaphysical quesThomas Hartwell Horne, M. A. : 79, Cadel, London. Price one shit tions, on which the subtlety of Hume
and Gibbon founded those paradoxes, ling.”
whence they derived no small portion The little work before us, like the of their celebrity, this work does not sacred volume in defence of which it pretend to enter. The arguments are appears, brings with it such incon- popular; but they are energetic, and testable evidences of the author's sin- commanding; and are admirably calcerity to promote the best interests of culated to make a powerful impression mankind, as no impostor could em- upon the minds of those, into whose body in his pages. It is closely print- hands the pamphlet will probably fall. ed; and the price which it bears, fur- We sincerely hope that it will be read nishes demonstrative proof, that if with that attention which it deserves, profit were the object which the author and then we shall entertain no doubt bad in view, he has most egregiously whatever of the result. erred in his calculation.
Of many plausible objections, disMr. Horne does not profess to send tinct notice has been taken. These are this tract into the world as an original clearly stated, and then confronted composition, but as a selection from with the replies which they originally some of the most celebrated authors called into existence. Taken in the who have appeared on the frontiers of aggregate, this pamphlet presents to Christianity, to defend its outworks the reader such a compendium of evifrom the attacks of Infidelity. To no- dence, in favour of all that the Chrisvelty of argument, it makes no preten- tian holds dear in eternity, or in a state sions. Against frequently refuted ob- of preparation for it, that we feel no jections, when advanced with an air hesitation in saying, few tracts can be of originality, Mr. H. urges the replies found, which within the same compass which had been given when they first embodies, on this subject, such a conappeared ; and combats the appeals nected chain of proofs. which are made to the unholy passions Under this conviction, we not only of our nature, with weapons drawn most strongly recommend it to public from the armoury of truth.
notice, but we are decidedly of opiThe arguments which he has ad- nion, that if some gentlemen of induced, are not unworthy the names dependent fortune, having the welfare of Boyle, Porteus, Watson, Marsh, of their country at heart, were to purLardner, Leland, Macknight, Paley, chase a number of copies of this tract, Ryan, Wheeler, Gilpin, Hartley, and and of others of a similar nature, in others, from whose writings he has order to give them an extensive discollected his observations. Through- tribution, or if they were to exert out the whole, a forcible appeal is themselves to establish a fund for this made to the judgment and the under- purpose, that an essential service might standing, without attempting to enlist be rendered to the community through the passions in favour of the cause he their instrumentality. defends, by the fascinating, but artifi- At any period, and under any circial charms of eloquence, and the cant cumstances, the respectable pamphlet of unconvincing declamation.
on which we have made the preceding The interests of mankind, both in remarks, would be well worthy the attime and in eternity, are indeed close- tention of the public, independently of ly connected with the chain of reason the important subject of which it treats, ing which the author pursues; and the from the authorities it quotes, the arintimate connection subsisting between guments it contains, the erudition it our interests and our duty, is a fact displays, and the methodical arrangewhich he establishes on an immove- ment given to the valuable materials able basis. And from what he has ad- which the compiler has so judiciously vanced, this conclusion inevitably fol- selected. lows,--that no theological system, even But in the present day, while the including ethics and morals, hitherto enemies of our holy religion are inpresented to the human understand-dustriously circulating publications, ing, can urge so fair a claim as Chris- with the avowed design of subverting tianity, for promoting the welfare of its principles, and demolishing the No. 8.-Vol. I.
whole Christian system, this tract has subject himself to that charge of blasan imperious claim upon the public; phemy which Mr. Carlisle seems to and so far as it is known, we flatter our- have merited, is dishonourable to our selves, that every man friendly to or- common nature, as well as a disgrace der, to the welfare of his country, and to the age in which we live. But the to the interest of Jesus Christ, what- fact itself tends to shew that alarming ever his private opinion on disputable degradation of religious character, points may be, will readily use his en- which might be expected uniformly to deavours to give it publicity, and to prevail, should Mr. Carlisle prove as extend its circulation.
successful in extinguishing all religi
ous principles in others, as he has On former occasions, Infidelity, been in eradicating them from his own ashamed to appear in its native form, bosom. Should such an event happen, assumed an aspect and a name, calcu- the horrors of moral anarchy would lated to disguise reality, and to im- soon be associated with those proposc upon the unsuspecting. Paine, duced by that which is denominated however, when he published his Age civil; and England would exhibit to of Reason, put on a bolder tone; and, the nations of the earth, a melancholy with a degree of impudence unknown example of the complicated evils which before, threw forth his naked prin- would result from both. ciples before the public eye. These With men of Mr. Carlisle's theoloindeed, he endeavoured to accommo- gical character, it has long been a fadate to the degenerate propensities of vourite maxim to declaim against the the heart, by the licentious ideas which union which subsists between Church he contrived to interweave with the and State, under the pretext of indeleterious potion he attempted to con- troducing a reformation in each. They vey to the mind; and by that defiance seem, however, to have forgotten, that of authority, and contempt of what the between Infidelity, and the political friends of Revelation had been taught principles they appear solicitous to esto revere as sacred, which he well tablish, the connexion is not less conknew would always be received with spicuous, than that which they seem pleasure, and carefully cherished, by anxious to abolish. And if the declathe restless, the turbulent, the fero- rations of the defendant during the late cious, and the abandoned part of man- trial, may be considered as a fair spekind. But the impudence of Paine cimen of what will be public sentidefeated its own purposes. His Age ment, if his principles should gain the of Reason operated as a powerful an- ascendancy, we can be at no loss for å tidote to bis Rights of Man ; and mul- reasonable ground of analogy, to know titudes turned with disgust from his when civil anarchy shall march in the politics, as soon as they discovered his rear. The present occasion teaches an theological creed.
important lesson to all those who calAt this moment we perceive Infide- culate upon the advantages which they lity assuming a still more unblushing expect a convulsive change would proaspect. In the person of Mr. Richard duce, without adverting to the perniCarlisle, we have seen Infidelity bold- cious consequences which lurk in amly enter a British court of judicature, bush. Such characters would act a and, in the face of legal authority, at- prudent part, before they advance antempt to brand Christianity as an im- other step, to pause on the margin of posture; to represent her own claims as the gulf which yawns before them, and equal, if not paramount, to the religion contemplate, in the character of this of our country, which the wisest and blasphemer, the dangerous precipice best men this nation ever produced, on which they stand. Should the do have successively cherished, in every velopement of this man's principles, period of its history.
openly avowed on his trial, operate Into the trial itself of this man, we like those of Paine's Age of Reason, have no intention at present to enter. by proving an antidote to his political His guilt has been determined by a doctrines, the more thoughtful and rejury of his countrymen, one half of flecting will abandon the visionary whom he thought ought to have been in- schemes they have so eagerly pursued; fidels like himself; but the sentence of and the sentence which shall be passed the judge has not yet been pronounced. on Carlisle, may save our country from That a man in this country should impending commotions.
OPENING OF A CHURCH.
judicious exertions, we understand,
these afflicted objects have been inOpening of the Church attached to the Church, but in the whole of the Psalms
structed, not only in the Liturgy of our School for the Blind, in Liverpool. of David. On Wednesday, October 6, 1819, the When the congregation broke up, Church which has been erected for the Bishop and his suite, together this institution, was opened, for the with the ladies and their parties, refirst time, by the Right Rev. the tired from the church, through a subBishop of Chester. To the friends of terraneous passage, to the music-room religion, morality, virtue, and huma- of the institution, where a cold collanity, this was a truly gratifying spec- tion was provided by the committee. tacle; and it is with much pleasure Of this building, we hope in a future we state, that it excited a considerable number to furnish our readers with a interest. The text chosen for the oc- plate, and an architectural description. casion, was from 1st of Kings, chapter viii. verse 18th.—And the Lord said unto David my father, Whereas it was
Local Improvements in Liverpool. in thy heart to build an house to my The spirit of improvement in this name, thou didst well that it was in thine place, keeps pace with that spirit of heart. The discourse which accom- benevolence which we have noticed in panied this passage, embodied a the preceding article. In addition to powerful appeal to the hearts and un- the church for the Blind School,” derstanding of the hearers. We un- there are three churches now in a state derstand, that at the request of the of building or completing; namely, St. committee, his Lordship has consented Luke's, St. Michael's, and St. George's, that it shall be published. The col- which, when finished, promise in conlection which was made on the occa- junction with the “ Church for the sion, amounted to £282. 14s. 8d. It Blind,” to rank among the most handis pleasing to add, that the following some sacred edifices of the present age. ladies, supported by the gentlemen of On the eastern side of the town, in an the committee, condescended, in a elevated and salubrious spot, Abermanner characteristic of genuine bene- crombie-square has been laid out, on volence, to hold the plates, and re- an extensive scale. This is now nearly ceive the contributions of the congre- enclosed with iron palisades; and, gation :--the Countess of Sefton, Lady when completed, will rank among the Georgiana Grenfell, Lady Mary Stan- most elegant in the kingdom. One of ley, Lady Barton, Mrs. Blackburne, the most frequented streets in this poand Mrs. Patten Bold.
pulous town, having been found too The concourse of people assembled, narrow for public accommodation, has amounted to about 1300. These, by been widened considerably, the houses the judicious arrangements which had on one side having been taken down. previously been made, by the erection The work is now rapidly going on, and of seats over the altar,---by placing when finished, it will contribute much forms along the aisles,-and by the to the health of the inhabitants, to care which was taken in the distribu- the convenience of travelling, and to tion of the tickets, were furnished with commercial transactions. Through every suitable accommodation. The Clayton-square a new road has lately service was read in a very impressive been opened, which cannot fail to be manner, by the Rev. Edward Hale, of public utility, as it will afford an easy A. M. the minister of the church. Se- ascent to the higher parts of the town. lections of sacred music appropriate to Five new docks or basins are also in a the occasion were performed by the pu- state of great forwardness. Four of pils, associated with several instru- these are new, and one of them in parments, which gave additional effect to ticular is of such vast dimensions, that, the harmony. During the service, the when completed, it will stand among blind pupils delivered their responses, the proudest monuments of human inwith a degree of correctness, regula- genuity, exerted in gigantic labours. rity, and feeling, which reflected an On Monday the 18th, John Tobin, honour on themselves, and on their Esq. was chosen mayor for the ensuing zealous chaplain, the Rev. Wm. Blun-year. From this gentleman the inhadell; through whose unwearied and bitants have every reason to expect