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not the case; and to convince you of when a long train of abuses and usurthis, I need but read a paragraph pations, pursuing invariably the same from the Gazette which I hold in my object, evinces a design to reduce hand.

them under absolute despotism, it is

their right, it is their duty, to throw “It appears that by a resolution of the City Council, published in the

off such government, and to provide Savannah Republican of the 10th in

new guards for their future security." stant, that all the free male negroes

Apply this to the coloured people, on

whom this is as completely accomshall be required to level a part of the line of fortifications in Farm-street,

plished as ever was contemplated by

the old government with respect to and to do such other work on the street as shall be pointed out by the

this country. If then it be right, and

the duty of an oppressed people, to street and lane committee,' and more

do themselves justice, surely justice over, that in case of refusal or ne

requires that the country should reglect; of any such free male negroes,

store them to the enjoyment of those to work as required by the resolution, blessings of which, under the sancthe marshal be, and he is hereby required, to comm the same to jail,

tion of oppressive laws, they have

been deprived. Nor can the governto be confined there one day for each

ment of this country act up to the day, he or they may be required to

spirit of the Declaration of Independ. work.'»

ence, nor redeem the pledge given In calling your attention, gentlemen, by the brave veterans who signed that to this subject, it is not with a view to

instrument, unless they adopt meaconvince you of slavery being inconsis sures which shall lead finally to the tent with the principles on which complete emancipation of the whole American Freedom and Independence population of the country. rest, nor to impress you with the injustice or criminality of the same. I am aware that I stand in the presence of men, as firmly attached to these

THE NEGRO BOY'S TALE. principles as myself, and who as well

By Mrs. Opie. understand them. I, therefore, have not spoken for the information of the * Haste, hoist the sails ! fair blows the present company; nor with a view to wind, produce any impression in this room. Jamaica, sultry land, adieu! My object is this: being aware that a Away, and loitering Anna find ! report of our proceedings will go be- || I long dear England's shores to view.' fore the public, I think it proper publicly to protest, and in so doing, I but || The sailors gladly haste on board, consider myself the organ of the sen Soon is Trevannion's voice obey'd, timents of this respectable meeting, And instant at her father's word, and, therefore, I may say, that on this His menials seek the absent maid. occasion, WE publicly protest against holding our fellow men in slavery, or But where was loitering Anna found? depriving them of any of those rights | Mute, list’ning to a Negro's prayer, which the white population enjoy; Who knew that sorrow's plaintive that we consider it as a violation of

sound the principles of justice, and incon- could always gain her ready ear; — sistent with the Declaration of Independence. That it is the greatest of all robberies, as it takes from them

* In the state of New York, by a the most valuable of all treasures, life

law passed in 1817, slavery ceases excepted: for, next to life nothing

on the 4th of July, 1827. It is much is so valuable as liberty, and he is the

to be regretted that the state of Delamost dishonest who robs a fellow be.

ware has not followed or anticipated ing of this treasure.

the example, or instituted a course

similar to that adopted by PennsylThe article I read to you says, “that vania, in the year 1780.

Who knew, to sooth the slave's dis

tress Was gentle Anna's dearest joy. And thence, an earnest suit to press, To Anna flew the Negro boy. Missa,' poor Zambo cried, 'sweet

land Dey tell me dat you go to see, Vere, soon as on de shore he stand, De helpless Negro slave be free.

And she shall learn for you dat prayer Dey teach to me to make me good; Though men who sons from moders

tear She'll think, teach goodness never

could.

* Ah! dearest missa, you so kind,
Do take me to dat blessed shore,
Dat I mine own dear land may find,
And dose who love me see once more.

Oh! ven no slave, a boat I buy. For me a letel boat vould do, And over wave again I fly Mine own lov'd negro land to view. “Oh, I should know it quick like tink, No land so fine as dat I see, And den perhaps upon de brink My moder might be look for me.-• It is long time since last ve meet, Ven I vas take by bad vite man, And moder cry, and kiss his feet, And shrieking after Zambo ran.

O missa ! long, how long me feel Upon mine arms her lass embrace ! Vile in de dark, dark ship dwell, Long burn her tear upon my face. • How glad me vas she did not see De heavy chain my body bear: Nor close, how close ve crowded be, Nor feel how bad, how sick de air. •Poor slaves !-but I had best forget, Dey say (but tease me is their joy) Me grown so big dat ven ve meet My moder vould not know her boy. • Ah ! sure 'tis false! But yet if no, Ven I again my moder see, Such joy I at her sight vould show Dat she vould think it must be me.

‘Dey say me should to oders do Vat I vould have dem do to me ;But, if dey preach and practice too, A negro slave me should not be. ‘Missa, dey say dat our black skin Be ugly, ugly to de sight; But surely if dey look vidin, Missa, de negro's heart be vite, 'Yon cocoa-nut no smooth as silk, But rough and ugly is de rind; Ope it, sweet meat and sweeter milk Vidin dat ugly coat ve find. • Ah missa! smiling in your tear, I see you know what I'd impart; De cocoa husk de skin I vear, De milk vidin de Zambo's heart. “Dat heart love you, and dat good

land Vere every negro slave be free, Oh! if dat England understand De negro wrongs how wrath she be! *No doubt dat ship she never send Poor harmless negro slave to buy, Nor vould she e'er de wretch befriend Dat dare such cruel bargin try.

O missa's God! dat country bless!' (Here Anna's colour went and came; But saints might share the pure dis

tress. For Anna blushed at other's shame.) “But, missa, say; shall I vid you To dat sweet England now depart; Once more mine own good country

view, And press my moder on my heart?' Then on his knees poor Zambo fell, While Anna tried to speak in vain: The expecting boy she could not

tell He'd ne'er his mother see again. But, while she stood in mournful

thought, Nearer and nearer voices came; The servants loitering Anna’sought The echoes rang with Anna's name.

• Den, kindest missa, be my friend ;
Yet dat indeed you long become;
But now one greatest favour lend,-
O find me chance to see my home!
* And ven I'm in my moder's arms,
And tell de vonders I have known,
I'll say, Most best of all de charms
Vas she who feels for negro's woe

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My che stai be one negro': frend." Hwy 14T wana vy tier delay, Ah! Fate was near, that hope to foil;

To reach the rope poor Zazbo tries; * G**e tid **** upes betray, But, ere be grasps it, faini wth toil, "I kwow due 4, 'I cannot free

The struggling victim sinks, and The trimerous slaves that round me

dies.

Anna, I mourn thy virtuous woe; But one poor negro's friend to be, I mourn thy father's keen remorse : Might (hleswd chance!) might now But from my eyes no tear would be mine,

fiow But vainly Anna wept and prayed,

At sight of Zambo's silent corse:And Zambo knelt upon the shore ; The orphan from his mother torn, Without reply, the pitying maid And pining for his native shore,Trevunnion to the vessel bore.

Poor tortured slave-poor wretch for.

lorn Meun while, poor Zambo's cries to

Can I his early death deplore! And his indignant grief to tame, I pity those who live, and groan: Lager to act his brutal will,

Columbia countless Zambo sees; The negro's scourge-armed ruler For swell’d with many a wretch's

Came,

moan

The whip is raised the lash des.

cende And Anna hears the sufferer's groan; But while the air with shrieks she

rends, The signal's given the ship sails on.

Is Western India's sultry breeze. Come, Justice, come! in glory drest, 0 come! the woe-worn negro's

friend, The fiend-delighting trade arrest, The negro's chains asụnder rend?

"THE

African Observer

EIGHTH MONTH, 1827.

NEGRO SLAVERY.

(Continued from page 108.)

The slave, both in the British West vation of the cane, by the agency of. Indies and in the United States, is extorted labour, a deep, and geneliable to be mortgaged or leased, at rally a losing, game of chance. “That the will of the master.

his estate is unmortgaged," observes Under the circumstances in which Stephens, “is, and always has been a large majority of the West Indian considered, in the West Indies, a rare

roprietors are placed, the liability to distinction of the sugar planter; to owe be mortgaged for the security of a more to his mortgagees than his estate master's debts, is an important article is worth, is his ordinary case.” “An in the mass of evils incident to the English mortgage,” says Edwards, condition of the slave. Lucrative as “is a marketable security, which a the business of sugar making has been West Indian mortgage is not. In Engsupposed to be, and large as the pro- || land, if a mortgagee calls for his mofits originally were, it is a well esta ney, other persons are ready to adblished fact, that the estates of the vance it; but this seldom happens in planters are now, with few excep respect to property in the West Intions, deeply indebted to European dies.” But it is well known, that secapitalists. The large amount of ca curities, if considered sufficient, are pital* required to a successful prose always marketable.

If, therefore, cution of this business, and the fluctu West Indian mortgages are not readiations of the market, added to physi- || ly converted into cash, the difficulty cal misfortune and the misconduct of must be owing to the character and agents, conspire to render the culti supposed insufficiency of the security.

In England, government loans are * B. Edwards estimates the amount of capital requisite to establish a su

easily negociated, because the integar plantation of a sufficient extent to rest is regularly paid, though the exbe conducted to advantage, at thirty | pectation that the principal will ever thousand pounds sterling.

be refunded, has long been given up, Vol. I.-17

When the possessor of slares is a mut him, the creditor, equally unknowmortgagor in possession, whose debts ing and unknown to the slave, holds we as great as the value of the pro tuin as an integrant part of a doubtperty, the evil must operate in a two ful security, from which he cannot be fold manner on the poor dependent readily separated The mortgaged slave. The forbearance of the credi slave can, therefore, have Ettle intor must be purchased, if possible, by ducement to cultivate either his pby. the regular remittance of the interest, sical or intellectual powers, or to es and hence the labour of the slaves, ercise any other care, than to shde and their supply of food, must be down the stream of life, with as Ittle graduated according to the scale of

attention as possible to the future. the master's necessities; and, if re The Eteral observance of the precept, demption is hopeless, his interest will

take no thought for the morrow, is the prompt him to look at immediate re

natural result of his situation; for to turns, rather than the eventual in him, it is emphatically true, that sufcrease of the estate. Experience suf. ficient to the day is the evil thereof. faciently attests the propensity of the Although the situation of the planters human mind, to defer, as long as pos in the slave holding states, is not exsible, the period of bankruptcy; even

actly similar to that of their West Inwhen the delay must inevitably ren. dian brethren, yet exemption from der the failure more deep and dis embarrassment and debt, is by no graceful. A cloud of West Indian au

means, their general lot; and, therethorities might be cited to prove, that

fore, the evils resulting from this inthe labour of the slaves is frequently cident of slavery, may be considered extorted, by the terror of the lash, and

as a part of the system in this repubunder the pressure of hunger, not for Lic. Among us it probably is not the the benefit of the ostensible owner, cause of much positive suffering on but to procrastinate the foreclosure of

the part of the slaves, but inasmuch the mortgage, a fate which neither

as it adds to the difficulty of emancistripes nor starvation can finally pre-pation, and, therefore, operates as a vent. But even when the condition

check to negro improvement, we may of the master is not thus desperate, a be permitted to desire that this part mortgage of the slaves for the security of the system may be revised and imof his debts, presents an insuperable proved. barrier between the slave and his A slave cannot be a party before a highest earthly hope. If, under these || judicial tribunal, in any action against circumstances, an active and industri

his master, however great may be the ous slave should find means to enlarge injury received. * his bard earned peculium, to the value of his own bones and sinews, they are

* An action for the recovery of freepledged above the power of redemp

dom, though an apparent exception

to this rule, is not strictly one, the tion, to a creditor beyond the Atlan

person held as a slave, and claiming tic. Though the master or overseer, his freedom, becomes by presumption to whom his faithfulness may be an

of law, a freeman; and a suit is intend. ample support to his claim of freedom,

ed to try the question, whether the

person held is, or is not legally a slave. should be willing or desirous to manu This plain principle of common law

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