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prohibition exists; but in our southern The North American Review restates, a coloured inhabitant of Penn marks, that the acquisition of Florida is sylvania or N. England, cannot support one of the most important occurrences a claim to his kidnapped wife or child, of our history. The acquisition of without invoking the aid of his whiter Louisiana, indeed, was hardly comneighbours. If a small community of plete without it, nor could there be coloured persons should be formed in any security to the south-western fronany of the non-slave-holding states, tier, while Florida remained in foreign where would be their remedy in case hands, and opened a way to one of the any of their number should be clan most vulnerable parts of the U. States. destinely conveyed to a southern mar Its acquisition, after a negociation ket? And are not the children in nu which had baffled the skill of our merous families of that people now
ablest statesmen for thirty years, entiin very nearly the same situation! tles Mr. Adams, by whom the nego
ciation was conducted, to a praise se
cond only to Mr. Jefferson's for the FLORIDA.
purchase of Louisiana. Florida is The following extract from Gads rapidly peopling and improving. The den's Address to the Florida Institute, address referred to above, is from the enumerates products as numerous and press of a settlement three years old. valuable as are to be found in any re The township granted General La gion of the world.
Fayette adjoins that of Tallahassee, “ Florida is no less remarkable for and is probably to be soon surrounded the natural, than the foreign produc- || by one of the most fruitful regions not tions which have been found conge
only of the United States, but of the nial to her soils. All the varieties of world. In the event of the completion pulse, the tuberous and the esculent of the great Florida canal, the citizens roots, the farinaceous grains, wheat,
of this territory will possess every inbarley, rye, oats, and the millets, peas, centive to industry which a free and beans, yams, and potatoes, have been enterprising people can wish.–Balt. cultivated to great advantage. Cot
American. tons, the black and the green seed, produce, as is natural to the climate; and the experiments in sugar cane
EQUALITY have been crowned with no ordinary The slaves in Virginia give that state success. The banana, the plantain, seven representatives in congress. The the pine-apple, the cocoa-nut, and free white population of Virginia is most of the tropical fruits, flourish only so much larger than the white near the southern extremity,
population of Massachusetts as to enit is believed, be gradually naturalized title her to two more representatives; to the northern limit; some few ex and yet the former has nine more than periments near St. Augustine have the latter. been very encouraging. Figs, oranges, The white population of North limes, lemons, and all the varieties of Carolina is not so great by 100,000 as citrons, nectarines, peaches, olives that of Massachusetts; and yet that and pomegranates, thrive in the east state has as many congressmen as ern section of the territory, as if indi Massachusetts. genous ; and if any conclusions to The number of white inhabitants in equal results from the similarity of South Carolina is not so great as that soils and climate can be relied on, a of Maine by 60,000—but South Carowell grounded expectation may be lina has two more representatives in entertained, that almonds and the congress than we have. The free palms, all the varieties of the grapes population of Maine is about 300,000 and the oleaginous grains which have --that of Georgia 189,000; and contributed alike to the luxury, the yet Georgia has as many representacomfort, and wealth of the south of tives as Maine. Europe, and of the countries washed Georgia, South Carolina, North Car. by the Mediterranean, may be success olina, and Maryland, with an aggregate fully introduced into Florida.”
of one million of freemen send as many
THE INJURED AFRICANS.
members to congress save one, as all ted. I mourned and cried, and would the New England states, with a mil not be comforted. lion and a half inhabitants. If those After several months, however, the states send 38, New England ought in hope of meeting her and my children proportion to send 57. She has but again in the kingdom of God, when 39. Is such a state of things equal ? we should never be separated, togethBut such are the advantages of slaves er with a promise from my master to the Southern states. And yet that I should at some future time go slaves do not vote. A white man at and see her, in some measure allayed the South has a representative power my grief, and permitted me to enjoy greater by about fifty per cent. than a the consolations of religion.”—The freeman at the North has.
other child is now a slave in KenFreedom's Journal. tucky, though the father has often en
deavoured in vain to purchase his freedom.
About six years since, having hired
his time of his master for five years The report of the death of Major
previous, at. 120 dollars a year, ReuLaing, the celebrated traveller in Afri
ben had succeeded, by trafficking in ca, is contradicted on the authority of
rags, and in other ways, in collecting letters from the English consul at
a sum sufficient for the purchase of his Tripoli. It is said that Laing and
own freedom, for which he paid 700 Clapperton have met at Timbuctoo,
dollars, and not only so, but he was and are quietly living there.
enabled, with his surplus earnings, to build him a brick house, and to provide it with convenient accommodations.
By the dishonesty of his former masReuben Madison, was born in Vir ter, however, all was taken from him. ginia, near Port Royal, about the year Thus stripped of his property, he 1781. His parents, and all his con left Kentucky and went to New-Ornexions in this country were slaves. leans, that he might learn something His father died when he was about from his wife, and if possible, find and seven years old. His mother is now redeem her; but he only succeeded in living in Kentucky, enjoying freedom gaining the painful intelligence that in her old age, through the filial re she was dead. He there formed an gard of Reuben, who purchased her acquaintance with his present wife, liberty for seventy dollars. She is whose former name was Betsey Bond, seriously disposed, but not a professor and they were soon married.--The cir. of religion. He has now eight bro cumstances of her life are briefly thers and sisters living in Frankfort, these: Franklin county, Kentucky, all slaves, Betsey was born a slave, near and all, excepting one, members of a Hobb’s Hole, Essex County, Virginia, Baptist church in that place.
about 1763, was married to a slave at About a year after his conversion, about the age of twenty years. By Reuben was married to a slave, who him she had three children, one of had been kidnapped in Maryland, which, together with her husband, and sold to a planter in his neighbour died a few years after their marriage. hood. She was also hopefully pious. Soon after their death, she was led to While they lived together, she be reflect on her lost state as a sinner, came the mother of two children; but and after about seven months of deep about four years after their marriage, anxiety, was enabled, as she trusts, to she and one of the children, aged | resign herself into the hands of her eight months, were sold without his Saviour, and experience those consoknowledge, and transported to a dis lations which he deigns to grant to tant Spanish territory, and with so the broken-hearted penitent. much secrecy, that he had no oppor She gained the confidence and attunity even to bid her a last farewell. tachment of her mistress, who treated “This,' said he, 'was the severest trial her with much kindness, and was marof my life, a sense of sin only excep ried to a pious servant of the family,
where she remained about nine years. ligious purposes. Here they assemAt the close of this period, a planter || bled with others every Sabbath for from the vicinity of Natchez coming to the worship of God. But being conAlexandria, in Virginia, where she stantly exposed to be disturbed in then lived, for slaves, she was sold, their worship, they felt a great desire and carried with eight others to his to go to a free State, where they plantation, leaving her husband be might enjoy religious privileges unhind.
molested; where they could unite Her new master treated her with
with Christian friends in social prayer great severity, and she was compelled
and conversation, without a soldier to labour almost incessantly every day
with a drawn sword stationed at their of the week, Sabbath not excepted, to
door. save herself from the lash. With this They fixed upon New-York as the man she lived nineteen years, and he desired asylum; and having arranged then died, and left his slaves by will, their concerns, rented their house, and to another planter, who also dying collected their effects, they engaged soon after, she was again sold, and and paid their passage, which was transported to New Orleans, where seventy dollars, and sailed from Newshe arrived about the year 1812. Orleans about the 12th of July, 1825,
At the end of two years this master with pleasing anticipations for a land also died, and when his slaves were
of freedom and religious privileges. about to be sold, Betsey succeeded They suffered much on their voyage with some difficulty in hiring her time, through the cruelty of the captain; and in little more than a year, by being exposed without shelter during washing and other labour, she acquir the whole of the passage, either on ed sufficient property to purchase her deck or in the long boat. In consefreedom, for which she paid 250 dol. quence of this exposure, both of the lars. Her youngest son, with his wife women were taken sick, and in this being also slaves in New-Orleans, she condition they arrived at New-York, hoped by her industry and economy and were landed on the wharf in a to obtain money sufficient to purchase land of strangers, their money almost them also; but their master refused to expended, and none to commiserate part with them.
their sufferings. About six years ago, a large num After a few days, however, Reuben ber of slaves were brought to New succeeded in obtaining a miserable Orleans from Virginia, and were about cellar in Chapel-street, at sixty dollars to be offered for sale, and Fanny was annual rent, where he remained until among the number. Having become quite recently, supporting the family accidentally acquainted with her, pre in their sickness, by his labour as a vious to the sale, and finding her a shoemaker, and by the sale of some of sister in Christ, Betsey's feelings were his effects. deeply interested, and she resolved to On his arrival at this port, his first purchase her, and to treat her not as a act was to grant entire freedom to slave, but as a child and companion. Fanny, giving her liberty to live with
This determination she communica. him, or to go where she pleased. She ted to Fanny, and with the aid of chose to remain with him, and now asa gentleman she succeeded in accom sists in the support of the family by plishing her object. The price was washing and other labour, and nurses 250 dollars. She paid 200, her all, her mistress who is evidently declining and obtained a short credit for the re with the consumption occasioned mainder. Soon after this, her present doubtless by the severity of her husband coming to New-Orleans, treatment on the passage from Newas before stated, they were married, Orleans. and the payment for Fanny was then Not being able to pay their rent in completed
advance, owing to their sickness and By their united industry, they were other expenses, their landlord not long soon able to build a comfortable house, since compelled them to quit their rein which they set apart a room for re sidence; and they have since been
SLAVE TRADE, A POEM.
obliged to put up with still more miserable accommodations in a cellar in Elm-street, where they now reside.
They appear to put their trust and confidence in God, and express their entire belief that all their trials are de. signed for their good. They seem to be one in sentiment and feeling, and to manifest a spirituality of mind rarely to be found. Every little attention is most gratefully received, and the best of blessings are implored on him who bestows it.
With some assistance from the benevolent, and with what they may receive from New Orleans for rents, it is believed they may be provided with a comfortable house, and be introduced to those privileges which they so ardently desire. No one of the family can read, though they are all desirous to learn, and from a little attention which friends have given them, it appears that they may be taught without difficulty.
We trust that the mere recital of these facts will be sufficient to awaken the sympathy of our Christian friends, and to induce immediate measures for the relief of the benevolent sufferers. A note from our correspondent informs us that within a few days the health of the sick woman has rapidly declined, owing doubtless to her miserable accommodations, and that she is now apparently in the last stages of the consumption.
In a few weeks at farthest, her spirit will ascend to that world where sorrow and sighing will cease, and all tears be forever wiped from her eyes.
We hope that the little remnant of her days on earth will be made happy, and that when she appears at the bar of the Great Judge, she will not have to speak of white men only in the language of accusation.
It is an affecting thought that the wrongs of this poor woman, which commenced at her birth, and were inAicted without interruption during the long years of slavery, still followed her on her passage to the land of freedom, and have been finally consummated in this city, the city of her hopes, her fancied asylum from the oppressor.--A Mott.
(Continued from page 192.) Plead not, in reason's palpable abuse, Their sense of feeling* callous and obtuse: From beads to hearts lies Nature's plain appeal, Tho' few can reason, all mankind can feel. Tho' wit may boast a livelier dread otshame, A loftier sense of wrong refinement claim; Tho' polish'd manners may fresh wants invent, And nice distinctions nicer souls torment; Tho' these on finer spirits heavier fall, Yet natural evils are the same to all. Tho' wounds there are which reason's force may
heal, There needs no logic sure to make us feel. The nerve, howe'er untutor'd, can sustain A sharp, unutterable sense of pain; As exquisitely fashion'l in a slave, As where unequal fate a sceptre gave. Sense is as keen where Gambia's waters glide, As where proud Tiber rolls his classic tide. Tho' verse or rhetoric point the feeling line, They do not whet sensation, but define. Did ever wretch less feel the galling chain, When Zeno prov'd there was no ill in pain? In vain the sage to smooth its horror tries: Spartans and Helots see with different eyes; Their miseries philosophic quacks deride, Slaves groan in pangs disown’d by Sivie pride.
When the fierce Siin darts vertical bis beams, And thirst and hunger mix their wild extremes; When the sharp iron* wounds his inmost soul, And his staind eyes in burning anguish roll; Will the parch'd Negro own, ere he expire, No pain in hunger, and no lieat in fire?
For him, when agony his frame destroys, What hope of present fame or future joys? For that have heroes shortend nature's date; For this have Martyr's gladly met their fate; But him, förlorn, no Hero's pride sustains, No Martyr's blissful visions sooth his pains ; Suilen, he mingles with his kindred dust, For he has learn'd to dread the Christian's trust; To him what mercy can that God display, Whose servants murder, and whose sons betray? Savage! thy venial error I deplore, They are not Christians who infest thy shores.
o thou sad spirit, whose preposterous yoke The great deliverer Death, at length, has broke! Releas'd from mistry, and escap'd from care, Gu, meet that mercy man deny'd thee here. In ihy dark home, sure refuge of th' oppress'd, The wicked vex not, and the weary rest. And, if some notions, vagte and undefin'd of future terrors has assail'd thy mind; If such thy masters bave presum'd to teach, As terrors only they are prone to preach; (For should they paint eternal Mercy's reign, Where were th' oppressor's rod, the captive's
chain ?) If, then, thy troubled soul has learn'd to dread The dark unknown thy trembling footsteps
tread; On Him, who made thee what thou art, depend; He, who withholds the means, accepts the end.
Nothing is more frequent than this cruel and stupid argument, that they do not feel the miseries inflicted on them as Europeans would do.
+ This is not said figuratively. The writer of these lines has seen a complete set of chains, fitted to every separate limb of these unhappy, in. nocent men; together with instrumentss for wrenching open the jaws, contrived with such ingenious cruelty as would gratify the tender mercies of an inquisitor.
The essays on Negro Slavery, are
suspended for the present number; their place being supplied by the essay of Simondi, translated from the Revue Encyclopedique, pour Juillet, 1827. With those who are conversant with the French literature of the present time, the character of Simondi will ensure a careful perusal of any production which bears his name. Should the editor obtain a copy of the work whose review is here given, it is probable some tracts may enrich the future numbers of this journal.
stupendous work. From the immense variety of facts which it contains, and of knowledge assumed as possessed, this treatise is scarcely susceptible of abridgment into a small number of pages. Besides, although the object of the author is not jurisprudence, as we might suppose from the title, but rather the laws to which man has been subjected by the hand of nature, we ought to acknowledge our want of the requisite acquirements to authorise an opinion on many of the important questions which he has discussed.
But we flatter ourselves, we shall be able to please our readers, and confer a benefit upon society, by detaching from this great work, one important book, a book which of itself composes a great whole, and on which we ardently desire to fix the attention of our cotemporaries. M. Compte has devoted his fourth volume, containing 536 pages to his fifteenth book, which he has entitled, “Of domestic slavery, consi
REVIEW, BY J. C. L. DE SIMONDI, Of A Treatise on Legislation, or an
Exposition of the Laws, according to which nations advance, decline, or remain stationary; by Charles Compte, counsellor at the royal court of Paris.
The space which we are allowed, is too limited to permit the attempt to furnish a complete analysis of this